Questions tagged [dialects]

方言. Language and vocabulary differences between specific regions of Japan.

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5
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0answers
80 views

Do speakers that distinguish all four yotsugana in speech preserve the non-rendaku ぢ and づ in writing?

According to Wikipedia (and some posters here), Kagoshima Japanese resists the じ・ぢ and ず・づ mergers, much in the same way that various English dialects retain differences between words like meet and ...
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1answer
338 views

Kansai variant(s) of ~しちゃ危ない/だめ

What would be some Kansai-ben equivalents to the following two sentences? (a) 火遊びしちゃ危ないよ! (b) 火遊びしちゃだめだよ!
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98 views

っちゅう after a verb

To be clear, I am not asking about なか after a verb (which can mean "during"/"while"). While reading, I encountered: うちらに確実に勝てるっちゅうんか!! Presumed meaning: You think you can ...
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80 views

Does any Japanese dialect consistently NOT mute vowels?

Dropping randomly from question to answer I came across this answer from which I quote: Note that vowel muting is a feature of some dialects of Japanese including the Tokyo dialect. (The linked ...
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1answer
88 views

Is the use of "だって” regional or is it used everywhere?

I recently came across "datte" for example: "だって眠くないんだもの" Is this specific to a dialect or used all over Japan?
4
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1answer
74 views

かつおぶし but かつをぶし

While explaining かつおぶし via the English Wikipedia. There is a picture that has かつをぶし on a のれん: In the dialect that I speak, we do make vocal substitutions, but we generally write with standard かな。If ...
4
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1answer
173 views

Abbreviation and meaning of 「よか」?

The sentence is taken from the manga 「イエスタデイとうたって」 The person who utters this sentence told her friend that he loves her a few days ago. His friend said that she rather wants to be/stay friends. On ...
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1answer
76 views

How would I translate ’期待されとっても倒れたら’ in this sentence

Here's the full sentence: ’なんぼ期待されとっても倒れたら元も子もないんやから。’ And here's where I ended up: 'Because no matter what you say, even if you have hopes, you'll lose everything if you burn out.' The context ...
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2answers
148 views

Particles じぇ and じょ

I am currently reading the manga 「咲」and the character 片{かた}岡{おか}優{ゆう}希{き} regularly ends her sentences with じょ and じぇ. I will give a few examples (each line isn't related to the next) 学食でタコス買ってきたじぇー ...
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1answer
182 views

What does 「うざいどす」 mean?

Source: https://b.hatena.ne.jp/entry/4685177829409008642/comment/kincity こういう語りをするやつがほんとに音楽業界全般見てるの?という疑問がいつもある。ジャズ寄り音楽家とかは毎晩ライブやって生きてたりするよね。CD3000枚でドヤるのも正直うざいどす。 goo.ne defines 「うざい」as: [形]《「...
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1answer
124 views

What kind of speech is sentence final 〜なも associated with?

In the game どうぶつの森, the character たぬきち ends most of his sentences with 〜なも, for instance: Is this a characteristic of any real dialect or demographic, or just a 口癖 specific to the game?
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2answers
247 views

Pronouncing 俺 as おら

I heard in animes the term おら. I am assuming by context it is actually 俺. Why is it pronounced this way? Is the kanji for おら a different kanji and not 俺? Is おら a childish way to saying 俺?
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98 views

Intelligibility between Tohoku dialects

I have heard that not only can people outside of Tohoku have trouble understanding the dialect, but I have also heard that people from different regions of Tohoku can't understand each other either. ...
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62 views

東北弁 Pronunciation Question about Ch's

I've been trying to learn Tohokuben and I have a question. I'm interested in Tohokuben and recently found this website https://konnok3.sakura.ne.jp/dialect.html. I know pronunciation can vary all ...
4
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1answer
153 views

Are 辞書形 + て and 「とらんで」 from some dialect?

I'm struggling to understand this sentence from a story I'm reading: 「あんたが心配することはない。高校ぐらいちゃんと通わせたる。それが、親の役目ってもんやないの」 おれ、高校に行ってもええのかと尋ねた息子に、母の由美子は一度、大仰に眉をひそめ、それから自分の胸をこぶしで叩き、はっきりと言い切った。 「...
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Usage of とwhere it seems てshould be used [duplicate]

I recently started playing Pokémon: Let's Go, Eevee! in Japanese, and I have seen this grammar come up a few times. Most recently in the following dialog. この ポケモンジムは 閉まっとる To me it seems as if the ...
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1answer
436 views

What is the etymology of パイセン?

As a slang term for [先輩]{せんぱい}, パイセン doesn't seem to be very popular. I occasionally hear it used among young people. Is it mostly a term used in Tokyo (dialectal)? Where did it come from? My ...
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76 views

「~だら」という一部遠州弁の使い方

For my understanding after being told by my friend what is だら means, its like でしょう in common mean but for most of the time my friends said ら to in another expression which I cannot notice. Could you ...
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1answer
263 views

What does はなはなはな mean in the Okinawan dialect?

What does はなはなはな mean? People were clapping and the expression was used after the karaoke song was completed. This term was used as more of a chant after the person finished singing. This expression ...
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104 views

Particle を with てある

Which particle, が(は)or を、 is correct to use with てある? According to my textbook, が(は)should be used. For example, ヒーターがつけてあります。 But a native Japanese speaker has told me that he'd use を instead of ...
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2answers
415 views

Help with understanding nuances of extremely popular Kyoto-ben (?) tweet

I noticed this tweet: 京都人は「死ねどす」なんて言わない 殺した後に「死んではるわ」って言う with 70K+ retweets https://twitter.com/sc_gloom03/status/1147066611762728960 and don't quite get why it's so popular. I half-get that it's ...
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1answer
961 views

“z” sound, which to choose?

I've read about if "z" sound is pronounced /z/ or /dz/ and found the answer here that: Typically, though not consistently, [dz] occurs at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word ...
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1answer
293 views

to say + tara form

I am a beginner of Japanese. Currently I've been studying for 1 month already and I am still n5. I try to watch Japanese TV as much as possible even though I don't understand what most of them say ...
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1answer
142 views

Is “わけわかんねーよ!” some shorten casual form of speech?

This phrase is from a jrpg set in feudal japan. Is "わけわかんねーよ!" some shortened casual form of speech? Is わかんね is short for わからない? What is the grammar for it? Is it right to translate it like "I don't ...
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1answer
265 views

What does 水をこざく mean?

I was reading something and saw the following lines spoken by an old male artist: 船が、水の下の者どもに気を配っていて大海原を往けるだろうか? 芸術も、人生も、しょせん水もの… 水をこざいて浮き上がった者だけが勝つのだ! Someone else then responds: キレイな言葉でボヤかしてやがるが、『...
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1answer
109 views

Weird Inflection -されていかん

I am reading Alita Battle Angel, and I came across a sentence that I do understand, but for some reason is conjugated to the negative. Please could someone break the sentence down for me? (...
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1answer
117 views

What しとっても means here?

陸ではのらくらしとっても水の中ではそりゃあ素早い I don't quite understand しとっても form here. I guess the whole sentence will be Even though they're slow on land, they're very quick in water. Is しとっても another form of ...
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1answer
328 views

What is the meaning of the slang ~じゃてえ?

I'd like to know what ~じゃてえ exactly means when located at the end of verbs and/or adjectives. Do young people use it rhetorically? The whole sentence is: なのにのう ズイブンじゃてえ
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1answer
130 views

ぬ in place of の

The lyrics of the song go like this: 教科書に書いてある事だけじゃわからない 大切な物がきっとここにあるはずさ それが島人ぬ宝 Why is ぬ used where の is expected? It this something Okinawan?
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1answer
479 views

Does any Japanese dialect use the schwa?

Pronunciation of [ə] is notoriously difficult for Japanese speakers, and while trying to communicate its importance in languages such as English and French, I started to wonder: do any dialects of ...
2
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1answer
180 views

Is 知{し}らんけど a phrase in every dialect or just kansai?

I was looking on a forum of some sorts and I saw people use 知{し}らんけど. After I looked it up, some of the results said it was from the kansai dialect. Is this common throughout or just in kansai?
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1answer
477 views

Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
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2answers
385 views

I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
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0answers
185 views

Words in the Kagoshima dialect

Using this Wikipedia article here, I learnt that words in Standard Japanese may encounter something called sonorant gliding while converting to Kagoshima dialect. For what is written here, these are ...
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1answer
2k views

叱られる時に「うるさい!」と「やかましい!」のどちらがきついですか?

辞書では意味がとても近いので、聞きたいのですが、例えば、ビニール袋などで音を立てている時に、知らないおっさんに急に「うるさい!」または、「やかましい!」って言われたら、その言葉のチョイスで叱られた感は違いますか? また、そのキツさは「あほ」と「ばか」のように地域・方言によって変わりますか?
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2answers
144 views

Where does “行かれん” come from and what are its characteristics?

Thanks to Weblio, I know that it means 行ってはいけない but I don't understand well the story with 《標準語》(that is in the definition page), its level of politeness,etc
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1answer
129 views

Long sentence with Kansai dialect

Once again, from a manga. A gangster explains who his gang is up against. 手を汚す程やなくても このまま立ち消えるなら それに越したことないゆう 連中もそれを助けとるらしい He speaks Kansai-ben (I think), so やなくても is じゃなくても, ないゆう is ないという ...
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1answer
101 views

Usage of じゃ in 西瓜を買うと、俺もあいつも好きじゃで両得じゃ

西瓜を買うと、俺もあいつも好きじゃで両得じゃ。 じゃ means then, well then. But what does じゃ in the above context? Seems the definition of then, well then can't fit in this sentence.
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1answer
148 views

What does でござんしょうな mean in 馬車はいつ出るのでござんしょうな

馬車はいつ出るのでござんしょうな Does this sentence mean "When will the horse cart come out?" But what does でござんしょうな mean here? Should this be broken down into three parts as で + ござんしょう + な? I know ございます means ...
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2answers
532 views

Meaning of 閉店ガラガラガラ in the following sentence

An American boxer has been living in Japan for 3 years. He lives in the Kansai area, so he speaks Kansai dialect. He complains that after 3 years in Japan he still hasn't fought against a really ...
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3answers
242 views

pronunciation, dialects/background: わたす、すた?

I was watching a few episodes of the anime for 魔法遣いに大切なこと and I couldn't help but notice that the main character, a girl from 岩手県 in this story, pronounced some words containing し as though they ...
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2answers
223 views

Question about the verb 失う [duplicate]

I came across the sentence from a Manga which I think it would be Kansai-dialect form. なんや ようわからんうちに気をうしのうてしまったが... I think that it would be volitional form so I have looked it up and found that ...
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1answer
284 views

Can hiragana & katakana “spell” the sounds of all Japonic, etc. topolects?

Japan has a lot of topolects. Most of them are all classified under Japonic. These include Ryukyuan, Hachijō, Kyūshū and obviously eastern and western Japanese. Can hiragana & katakana "spell" ...
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3answers
538 views

Is this use of 「こみ」 instead of 「ごみ」 in 「ごみ収集ステーション」 accidental or a variation?

In this question on the Travel SE OP is asking about こみ収集ステーション that he has seen, and provided this image of a notice on one of those from Higashidori, Aomori: The pic is blurry, but not so bad ...
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1answer
1k views

How to use 終助詞 -わ

I've looked up a lot on how to use the feminine 終助詞 "-わ", but I still don't understand concretely grammatically where it is ok and where it is incorrect. I do not use it for multiple reasons, but I ...
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2answers
382 views

meaning of みんべえ

The full sentence comes from the story of 力太郎. Here it is: 「ばあさん や。この あか で にんぎょう を つくって みんべえ。」 I understand all the words except みんべえ, which I couldn't find in my dictionary. Is this an old ...
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1answer
131 views

Difficulty of comprehension of Japanese in a video and identification of dialect

I came across the following video when doing research: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlkoq4WZrTE&t=358s&authuser=1 At first I could not comprehend at all what was being said, but after ...
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1answer
217 views

Can anyone confirm チックン is Kyushu-ben for チングイ and give its scientific name?

In southern Kyushu, you hear people speak of a biting bug called チックン that lurks in shallow water near beaches. Researching the word a bit comes up with the more standard term チングイ, and it appears to ...
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2answers
292 views

what does なってしもう mean?

うち、あんたなしじゃあ生きていかれへん体になってしもうたんや。 My unsure translation: "House (うち), I become(なってしもう??) a body(体) who can't go on living(生きていかれへん) without you(あんたなし)". whats going on with the なってしもう? Is it a casual/...
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1answer
110 views

What does 上 mean here?

ずるいずりい、うちのほうが上やったのに上やったのに Taking 「やった」 as 関西弁の「だった」, does this basically mean: [Not fair! I was above you.. I was above you...] or does わたしは「X」のほうが上です。 have another meaning?