Questions tagged [dialects]

方言. Language and vocabulary differences between specific regions of Japan.

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111 views

Particles じぇ and じょ

I am currently reading the manga 「咲」and the character 片{かた}岡{おか}優{ゆう}希{き} regularly ends her sentences with じょ and じぇ. I will give a few examples (each line isn't related to the next) ...
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84 views

What does 「うざいどす」 mean?

Source: https://b.hatena.ne.jp/entry/4685177829409008642/comment/kincity こういう語りをするやつがほんとに音楽業界全般見てるの?という疑問がいつもある。ジャズ寄り音楽家とかは毎晩ライブやって生きてたりするよね。CD3000枚でドヤるのも正直うざいどす。 goo.ne defines 「うざい」as: [形]《「...
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85 views

What kind of speech is sentence final 〜なも associated with?

In the game どうぶつの森, the character たぬきち ends most of his sentences with 〜なも, for instance: Is this a characteristic of any real dialect or demographic, or just a 口癖 specific to the game?
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2answers
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Pronouncing 俺 as おら

I heard in animes the term おら. I am assuming by context it is actually 俺. Why is it pronounced this way? Is the kanji for おら a different kanji and not 俺? Is おら a childish way to saying 俺?
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56 views

Is すか a shorthand for ですか? [duplicate]

I was watching the video below and noticed that it sounds like the lizard on the left was leaving out the で in ですか? I could be mishearing it of course, but I was wondering if that's a valid ...
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87 views

Intelligibility between Tohoku dialects

I have heard that not only can people outside of Tohoku have trouble understanding the dialect, but I have also heard that people from different regions of Tohoku can't understand each other either. ...
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57 views

東北弁 Pronunciation Question about J's

I'm interested in Tohokuben and recently found this website https://konnok3.sakura.ne.jp/dialect.html. I know pronunciation can vary all over the Northeast, but in one section it covers numbers and ...
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59 views

東北弁 Pronunciation Question about Ch's

I've been trying to learn Tohokuben and I have a question. I'm interested in Tohokuben and recently found this website https://konnok3.sakura.ne.jp/dialect.html. I know pronunciation can vary all ...
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1answer
119 views

Are 辞書形 + て and 「とらんで」 from some dialect?

I'm struggling to understand this sentence from a story I'm reading: 「あんたが心配することはない。高校ぐらいちゃんと通わせたる。それが、親の役目ってもんやないの」 おれ、高校に行ってもええのかと尋ねた息子に、母の由美子は一度、大仰に眉をひそめ、それから自分の胸をこぶしで叩き、はっきりと言い切った。 「...
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Usage of とwhere it seems てshould be used [duplicate]

I recently started playing Pokémon: Let's Go, Eevee! in Japanese, and I have seen this grammar come up a few times. Most recently in the following dialog. この ポケモンジムは 閉まっとる To me it seems as if the ...
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391 views

What is the etymology of パイセン?

As a slang term for [先輩]{せんぱい}, パイセン doesn't seem to be very popular. I occasionally hear it used among young people. Is it mostly a term used in Tokyo (dialectal)? Where did it come from? My ...
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75 views

「~だら」という一部遠州弁の使い方

For my understanding after being told by my friend what is だら means, its like でしょう in common mean but for most of the time my friends said ら to in another expression which I cannot notice. Could you ...
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249 views

What does はなはなはな mean in the Okinawan dialect?

What does はなはなはな mean? People were clapping and the expression was used after the karaoke song was completed. This term was used as more of a chant after the person finished singing. This expression ...
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Particle を with てある

Which particle, が(は)or を、 is correct to use with てある? According to my textbook, が(は)should be used. For example, ヒーターがつけてあります。 But a native Japanese speaker has told me that he'd use を instead of ...
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334 views

Help with understanding nuances of extremely popular Kyoto-ben (?) tweet

I noticed this tweet: 京都人は「死ねどす」なんて言わない 殺した後に「死んではるわ」って言う with 70K+ retweets https://twitter.com/sc_gloom03/status/1147066611762728960 and don't quite get why it's so popular. I half-get that it's ...
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331 views

“z” sound, which to choose?

I've read about if "z" sound is pronounced /z/ or /dz/ and found the answer here that: Typically, though not consistently, [dz] occurs at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word ...
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269 views

to say + tara form

I am a beginner of Japanese. Currently I've been studying for 1 month already and I am still n5. I try to watch Japanese TV as much as possible even though I don't understand what most of them say ...
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117 views

Is “わけわかんねーよ!” some shorten casual form of speech?

This phrase is from a jrpg set in feudal japan. Is "わけわかんねーよ!" some shortened casual form of speech? Is わかんね is short for わからない? What is the grammar for it? Is it right to translate it like "I don't ...
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248 views

What does 水をこざく mean?

I was reading something and saw the following lines spoken by an old male artist: 船が、水の下の者どもに気を配っていて大海原を往けるだろうか? 芸術も、人生も、しょせん水もの… 水をこざいて浮き上がった者だけが勝つのだ! Someone else then responds: ...
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105 views

Weird Inflection -されていかん

I am reading Alita Battle Angel, and I came across a sentence that I do understand, but for some reason is conjugated to the negative. Please could someone break the sentence down for me? (...
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102 views

What しとっても means here?

陸ではのらくらしとっても水の中ではそりゃあ素早い I don't quite understand しとっても form here. I guess the whole sentence will be Even though they're slow on land, they're very quick in water. Is しとっても another form of ...
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286 views

What is the meaning of the slang ~じゃてえ?

I'd like to know what ~じゃてえ exactly means when located at the end of verbs and/or adjectives. Do young people use it rhetorically? The whole sentence is: なのにのう ズイブンじゃてえ
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124 views

ぬ in place of の

The lyrics of the song go like this: 教科書に書いてある事だけじゃわからない 大切な物がきっとここにあるはずさ それが島人ぬ宝 Why is ぬ used where の is expected? It this something Okinawan?
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1answer
149 views

Is 知{し}らんけど a phrase in every dialect or just kansai?

I was looking on a forum of some sorts and I saw people use 知{し}らんけど. After I looked it up, some of the results said it was from the kansai dialect. Is this common throughout or just in kansai?
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416 views

Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
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2answers
315 views

I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
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174 views

Words in the Kagoshima dialect

Using this Wikipedia article here, I learnt that words in Standard Japanese may encounter something called sonorant gliding while converting to Kagoshima dialect. For what is written here, these are ...
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1answer
1k views

叱られる時に「うるさい!」と「やかましい!」のどちらがきついですか?

辞書では意味がとても近いので、聞きたいのですが、例えば、ビニール袋などで音を立てている時に、知らないおっさんに急に「うるさい!」または、「やかましい!」って言われたら、その言葉のチョイスで叱られた感は違いますか? また、そのキツさは「あほ」と「ばか」のように地域・方言によって変わりますか?
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2answers
121 views

Where does “行かれん” come from and what are its characteristics?

Thanks to Weblio, I know that it means 行ってはいけない but I don't understand well the story with 《標準語》(that is in the definition page), its level of politeness,etc
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119 views

Long sentence with Kansai dialect

Once again, from a manga. A gangster explains who his gang is up against. 手を汚す程やなくても このまま立ち消えるなら それに越したことないゆう 連中もそれを助けとるらしい He speaks Kansai-ben (I think), so やなくても is じゃなくても, ないゆう is ないという ...
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1answer
94 views

Usage of じゃ in 西瓜を買うと、俺もあいつも好きじゃで両得じゃ

西瓜を買うと、俺もあいつも好きじゃで両得じゃ。 じゃ means then, well then. But what does じゃ in the above context? Seems the definition of then, well then can't fit in this sentence.
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119 views

What does でござんしょうな mean in 馬車はいつ出るのでござんしょうな

馬車はいつ出るのでござんしょうな Does this sentence mean "When will the horse cart come out?" But what does でござんしょうな mean here? Should this be broken down into three parts as で + ござんしょう + な? I know ございます means ...
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519 views

Meaning of 閉店ガラガラガラ in the following sentence

An American boxer has been living in Japan for 3 years. He lives in the Kansai area, so he speaks Kansai dialect. He complains that after 3 years in Japan he still hasn't fought against a really ...
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217 views

pronunciation, dialects/background: わたす、すた?

I was watching a few episodes of the anime for 魔法遣いに大切なこと and I couldn't help but notice that the main character, a girl from 岩手県 in this story, pronounced some words containing し as though they ...
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213 views

Question about the verb 失う [duplicate]

I came across the sentence from a Manga which I think it would be Kansai-dialect form. なんや ようわからんうちに気をうしのうてしまったが... I think that it would be volitional form so I have looked it up and found that ...
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275 views

Can hiragana & katakana “spell” the sounds of all Japonic, etc. topolects?

Japan has a lot of topolects. Most of them are all classified under Japonic. These include Ryukyuan, Hachijō, Kyūshū and obviously eastern and western Japanese. Can hiragana & katakana "spell" ...
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528 views

Is this use of 「こみ」 instead of 「ごみ」 in 「ごみ収集ステーション」 accidental or a variation?

In this question on the Travel SE OP is asking about こみ収集ステーション that he has seen, and provided this image of a notice on one of those from Higashidori, Aomori: The pic is blurry, but not so bad ...
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959 views

How to use 終助詞 -わ

I've looked up a lot on how to use the feminine 終助詞 "-わ", but I still don't understand concretely grammatically where it is ok and where it is incorrect. I do not use it for multiple reasons, but I ...
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2answers
326 views

meaning of みんべえ

The full sentence comes from the story of 力太郎. Here it is: 「ばあさん や。この あか で にんぎょう を つくって みんべえ。」 I understand all the words except みんべえ, which I couldn't find in my dictionary. Is this an old ...
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1answer
125 views

Difficulty of comprehension of Japanese in a video and identification of dialect

I came across the following video when doing research: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlkoq4WZrTE&t=358s&authuser=1 At first I could not comprehend at all what was being said, but after ...
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215 views

Can anyone confirm チックン is Kyushu-ben for チングイ and give its scientific name?

In southern Kyushu, you hear people speak of a biting bug called チックン that lurks in shallow water near beaches. Researching the word a bit comes up with the more standard term チングイ, and it appears to ...
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2answers
245 views

what does なってしもう mean?

うち、あんたなしじゃあ生きていかれへん体になってしもうたんや。 My unsure translation: "House (うち), I become(なってしもう??) a body(体) who can't go on living(生きていかれへん) without you(あんたなし)". whats going on with the なってしもう? Is it a casual/...
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98 views

What does 上 mean here?

ずるいずりい、うちのほうが上やったのに上やったのに Taking 「やった」 as 関西弁の「だった」, does this basically mean: [Not fair! I was above you.. I was above you...] or does わたしは「X」のほうが上です。 have another meaning?
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1k views

words for snail

I have seen かたつむり and でんでんむし and ででむし listed as "snail." What are the differences between these words?
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240 views

Question about まんず

I'm trying to translate one of the Japanese stories (currently this one: 節分の鬼) to get better understanding of the language (as I'm still a beginner, but stubborn) and the whole thing was going ...
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1answer
260 views

勉強ばできん - particle ば

In Gabaibaachan, in ch. 15, at a climax in the story, the protagonist's mother finally makes an appearance and cheers him on at a running race. He calls back: 勉強ばできんばってん足が早かろうが--! "I'm a terrible ...
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1answer
212 views

Etymology of 「ボンボン」 meaning “green young man from a well-to-do family” in Kansai dialect

I came across this word and the most fitting definition in JMdict was the fifth one here. What does it come from? None of the 擬*語 defined in JMdict describe a "green young man from a well-to-do ...
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3answers
345 views

けん in 佐賀 dialect

I have encountered a number of passages with 〜けん in 佐賀のがばいばあちゃん. I'm not quite sure what it means exactly. I've seen instances where it appears to mean から and others where it appears to mean けど. I'm ...
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723 views

The meaning of やわこく in archaic dialog

Reading a novel and there's a part of a sentence that I don't quite understand. For context, the person speaking is at a small party, being completely drunk while speaking to this fit, sober woman. ...
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3answers
326 views

Omission of く in negative form of い-adjective

I learnt that the negative form of い-adjective is: remove the trailing い, then add くない. Example: 赤い→赤くない However, I've been watching Japanese livestream and following her twitter. Sometimes, she omit ...