Questions tagged [dialects]

方言. Language and vocabulary differences between specific regions of Japan.

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おはよう pitch accent in 関西弁

I think in 標準語 it goes おはよう{LHHH}. I just heard someone from 大阪 say おはよう, but I wasn't sure it was おはよう{LHLL} or something else, but it sounded very different from 標準語. How is it pronounced in 関西弁?
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What does で mean in the end of a sentence in Hida dialect

明日は私が作るでね〜 Is the で in this sentence the particle で? what is the function of で in this case? This is from 君の名は manga and one of the settings of the story is in Gifu prefecture so this seems to be a ...
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「困っから」、「文句あっか」 dialectal?

水分塩分ちゃんと取ってよ 今死なっでも困っから (source) アトピーだ、文句あっか。(河野太郎) These seem to follow a common pattern: あるか→あっか, 困るから→困っから and I wonder if this is dialectal, and if yes what dialect exactly. 河野太郎 seems to be ...
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Are すっど and すっがら contractions of すると and するから?

I encountered these words in トロ子’s speech in a game 洞窟物語 / Cave Story. …あたしがスーと仲良くすっどキングが機嫌悪くすっがら。 I am not really sure what the words すっど and すっがら are supposed to mean. I guess they are ...
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8 votes
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「わし」 used by young males in Western Japan

I noticed something very interesting in the adaptations of the novel 『バッテリー』 across media forms. For context, the story is set in a fictional city in 岡山県. The protagonist 原田巧 is described to have been ...
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Is the 帰らせん the same as 帰らせる? [duplicate]

「他のプロセッサーの三倍も整備の手間をかけさせてるのもおれですが」 ぐっとアルドレヒトは喉を鳴らした。サングラスの奥から苦々しげに見下ろしてくる双眸を、見返してシンは肩をすくめる。 「ったくおめぇは……たまに冗談言ったと思ったらそれかよ」 「これでも申し訳ないと思ってはいるんです。行動で示せてはいませんが」 「馬鹿野郎。お前らガキどもを生きて帰らせんのが整備班の仕事だ。...
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Are there cases where a 漢字 in a given context has a different 読み just because it is spoken in a different dialect?

As is well known there are many different dialects in Japan. There are many examples where the vocabulary, the grammar and/or the pronunciation are different in different dialects. It recently ...
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I don't get the meaning of 思うたより [duplicate]

I recently encountered the following sentence みんな思うたより緊張しとらんのぉ I understand it means "everyone is less stressed than I expected." What I don't understand is why it is 思うたより rather than ...
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2 votes
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「ちょっといいだか」と言う表現は茨城弁?

ビーデルさん、ちょっといいだか?(source) 少将、ちょっといいだか?(source) と、ずっと横で聞いていたシャンロウが手を挙あげて、「ちょっといいだか?」と発言を求めた。(source) 「ちょっといいだか?」「なんです?」ウドリガが出ていこうとした職員を呼び止める。(source) This seems to contradict what we know about だか: ...
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Is the をば particle combination an abbreviated version of XはXを? [duplicate]

As far as I know when the topic and the object are the same we drop the object from the sentence to avoid redundancy. For example the following sentence is not correct: ラーメン は もう ラーメン を 食べました。 ...
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4 votes
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What meaning exactly does べ have in the Hokkaido dialect?

In the Hokkaido dialect, it's common to end sentences with particles such as だべ, だべさ, べや, べか and others which involve the particle べ. However, what comes as strange to me is the fact that the meanings ...
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-1 votes
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Tokyo Dialect, 東京弁 : 形容詞 vs 形容動詞

In Tokyo Dialect, they transform some i-adjectives so that they become sugoi - suggee/sugee yabai - yabee itai - ittee / is there any in na-adjectives? Like shizukana shizukka genkina - genkki
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Final ん on a verb

I'm reading a book which I think use some dialect, not sure if Kansai or what else; there is a form I encountered a couple of times pages, and I'm not sure what it means: 亜也{あや}は勉強できるからいいじゃん。...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is the non-slurred version for 叫んどんねん? 叫んでおらない?

I have trouble understanding 叫んどんねん in this panel. I thought it must be 叫んでおらない but I don't think it makes sense in this context.
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3 votes
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To when, and where, did 合拗音 still have a notable presence in Japan, and are there any dialects, however minor, that still preserve the 合拗音 today?

I found a book published in 1886, which contained an interesting statement pertaining to the realization of the 合拗音: Natives of Tōkiō and the Northern and Eastern provinces omit the w after k and g ...
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2 votes
2 answers
180 views

Question regarding 「と」in dialect (probably 九州弁)

Taken from the fifth’s episode of Zombieland Saga 「あの… 何しとるとですか?」 The show takes place in 佐賀県 and sometimes the characters throw in some bits of dialect (mostly 九州弁 and what I assume is 博多弁) I am ...
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What is the たれ in 「もう一本止めたれ」?

In the sentence: "もう一本止めたれ" (spoken) Is the たれ just the "command form" of the たり grammar?
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What does 飼っとっと mean?

For example: ポニーを一応飼っとっとです. The speaker is from Kumamoto. I'm guessing its a dialect, but struggling to understand the meaning.
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Meaning of "しとーば"

Context: Character introduced himself as a baseball player part of the 二軍 team then says: 野球選手ちゅうても、筋トレしすぎてケガしとーば、1軍に上がったことはないがや I assume it's some kind of dialect but I was not able to find what it ...
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1 answer
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What is the difference between 「でがす」 and 「です」?

Here is the sentence I came across the word 「でがす」. とりあえず これはアッシからのおみやげでがす。 受け取っておくんなせえ。 I'm not sure if it is an archaic form of the copula「です」. Is there any nuance between them?
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9 votes
1 answer
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Do speakers that distinguish all four yotsugana in speech preserve the non-rendaku ぢ and づ in writing?

According to Wikipedia (and some posters here), Kagoshima Japanese resists the じ・ぢ and ず・づ mergers, much in the same way that various English dialects retain differences between words like meet and ...
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3 votes
1 answer
362 views

Kansai variant(s) of ~しちゃ危ない/だめ

What would be some Kansai-ben equivalents to the following two sentences? (a) 火遊びしちゃ危ないよ! (b) 火遊びしちゃだめだよ!
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2 votes
1 answer
121 views

っちゅう after a verb

To be clear, I am not asking about なか after a verb (which can mean "during"/"while"). While reading, I encountered: うちらに確実に勝てるっちゅうんか!! Presumed meaning: You think you can ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is the use of "だって” regional or is it used everywhere?

I recently came across "datte" for example: "だって眠くないんだもの" Is this specific to a dialect or used all over Japan?
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4 votes
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かつおぶし but かつをぶし

While explaining かつおぶし via the English Wikipedia. There is a picture that has かつをぶし on a のれん: In the dialect that I speak, we do make vocal substitutions, but we generally write with standard かな。If ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Abbreviation and meaning of 「よか」?

The sentence is taken from the manga 「イエスタデイとうたって」 The person who utters this sentence told her friend that he loves her a few days ago. His friend said that she rather wants to be/stay friends. On ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How would I translate ’期待されとっても倒れたら’ in this sentence

Here's the full sentence: ’なんぼ期待されとっても倒れたら元も子もないんやから。’ And here's where I ended up: 'Because no matter what you say, even if you have hopes, you'll lose everything if you burn out.' The context ...
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0 votes
2 answers
183 views

Particles じぇ and じょ

I am currently reading the manga 「咲」and the character 片{かた}岡{おか}優{ゆう}希{き} regularly ends her sentences with じょ and じぇ. I will give a few examples (each line isn't related to the next) 学食でタコス買ってきたじぇー ...
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1 vote
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What does 「うざいどす」 mean?

Source: https://b.hatena.ne.jp/entry/4685177829409008642/comment/kincity こういう語りをするやつがほんとに音楽業界全般見てるの?という疑問がいつもある。ジャズ寄り音楽家とかは毎晩ライブやって生きてたりするよね。CD3000枚でドヤるのも正直うざいどす。 goo.ne defines 「うざい」as: [形]《「...
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3 votes
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What kind of speech is sentence final 〜なも associated with?

In the game どうぶつの森, the character たぬきち ends most of his sentences with 〜なも, for instance: Is this a characteristic of any real dialect or demographic, or just a 口癖 specific to the game?
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2 votes
2 answers
321 views

Pronouncing 俺 as おら

I heard in animes the term おら. I am assuming by context it is actually 俺. Why is it pronounced this way? Is the kanji for おら a different kanji and not 俺? Is おら a childish way to saying 俺?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Intelligibility between Tohoku dialects

I have heard that not only can people outside of Tohoku have trouble understanding the dialect, but I have also heard that people from different regions of Tohoku can't understand each other either. ...
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2 votes
0 answers
62 views

東北弁 Pronunciation Question about Ch's

I've been trying to learn Tohokuben and I have a question. I'm interested in Tohokuben and recently found this website https://konnok3.sakura.ne.jp/dialect.html. I know pronunciation can vary all ...
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4 votes
1 answer
196 views

Are 辞書形 + て and 「とらんで」 from some dialect?

I'm struggling to understand this sentence from a story I'm reading: 「あんたが心配することはない。高校ぐらいちゃんと通わせたる。それが、親の役目ってもんやないの」 おれ、高校に行ってもええのかと尋ねた息子に、母の由美子は一度、大仰に眉をひそめ、それから自分の胸をこぶしで叩き、はっきりと言い切った。 「...
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1 vote
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Usage of とwhere it seems てshould be used [duplicate]

I recently started playing Pokémon: Let's Go, Eevee! in Japanese, and I have seen this grammar come up a few times. Most recently in the following dialog. この ポケモンジムは 閉まっとる To me it seems as if the ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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What is the etymology of パイセン?

As a slang term for [先輩]{せんぱい}, パイセン doesn't seem to be very popular. I occasionally hear it used among young people. Is it mostly a term used in Tokyo (dialectal)? Where did it come from? My ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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「~だら」という一部遠州弁の使い方

For my understanding after being told by my friend what is だら means, its like でしょう in common mean but for most of the time my friends said ら to in another expression which I cannot notice. Could you ...
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0 votes
1 answer
281 views

What does はなはなはな mean in the Okinawan dialect?

What does はなはなはな mean? People were clapping and the expression was used after the karaoke song was completed. This term was used as more of a chant after the person finished singing. This expression ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Help with understanding nuances of extremely popular Kyoto-ben (?) tweet

I noticed this tweet: 京都人は「死ねどす」なんて言わない 殺した後に「死んではるわ」って言う with 70K+ retweets https://twitter.com/sc_gloom03/status/1147066611762728960 and don't quite get why it's so popular. I half-get that it's ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

"z" sound, which to choose?

I've read about if "z" sound is pronounced /z/ or /dz/ and found the answer here that: Typically, though not consistently, [dz] occurs at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word ...
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4 votes
1 answer
310 views

to say + tara form

I am a beginner of Japanese. Currently I've been studying for 1 month already and I am still n5. I try to watch Japanese TV as much as possible even though I don't understand what most of them say ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is "わけわかんねーよ!" some shorten casual form of speech?

This phrase is from a jrpg set in feudal japan. Is "わけわかんねーよ!" some shortened casual form of speech? Is わかんね is short for わからない? What is the grammar for it? Is it right to translate it like "I don't ...
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4 votes
1 answer
280 views

What does 水をこざく mean?

I was reading something and saw the following lines spoken by an old male artist: 船が、水の下の者どもに気を配っていて大海原を往けるだろうか? 芸術も、人生も、しょせん水もの… 水をこざいて浮き上がった者だけが勝つのだ! Someone else then responds: キレイな言葉でボヤかしてやがるが、『...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Weird Inflection -されていかん

I am reading Alita Battle Angel, and I came across a sentence that I do understand, but for some reason is conjugated to the negative. Please could someone break the sentence down for me? (...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What しとっても means here?

陸ではのらくらしとっても水の中ではそりゃあ素早い I don't quite understand しとっても form here. I guess the whole sentence will be Even though they're slow on land, they're very quick in water. Is しとっても another form of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
364 views

What is the meaning of the slang ~じゃてえ?

I'd like to know what ~じゃてえ exactly means when located at the end of verbs and/or adjectives. Do young people use it rhetorically? The whole sentence is: なのにのう ズイブンじゃてえ
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1 vote
1 answer
133 views

ぬ in place of の

The lyrics of the song go like this: 教科書に書いてある事だけじゃわからない 大切な物がきっとここにあるはずさ それが島人ぬ宝 Why is ぬ used where の is expected? It this something Okinawan?
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7 votes
1 answer
668 views

Does any Japanese dialect use the schwa?

Pronunciation of [ə] is notoriously difficult for Japanese speakers, and while trying to communicate its importance in languages such as English and French, I started to wonder: do any dialects of ...
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0 votes
1 answer
200 views

Is 知{し}らんけど a phrase in every dialect or just kansai?

I was looking on a forum of some sorts and I saw people use 知{し}らんけど. After I looked it up, some of the results said it was from the kansai dialect. Is this common throughout or just in kansai?
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10 votes
1 answer
563 views

Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
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