Questions tagged [counters]

助数詞. Suffixes attached to numbers to indicate what is being counted. In linguistics, these are sometimes called 'classifiers'. The combination of a number plus a classifier forms a type of 'quantifier', and the movement of quantifiers into other parts of the sentence is called 'quantifier float'.

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2answers
834 views

What is the Japanese word for “counter” and how do I ask questions with it?

How do I ask questions like this? "What is the counter word for umbrellas?" How do I give answers like this? "The counter word for umbrellas is 本."
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1answer
242 views

What is 一個 in Japanese used in context of cooking?

On cookpad.com, it says "chicken broth 一個", even though I'm pretty sure chicken broth is a liquid... So what does it mean here? A tablespoon, a teaspoon? An arbitrary figure? Actual words for ...
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3answers
709 views

Why are counters necessary to describe the quantity of objects?

Why are counters (助数詞) necessary to describe the numerical quantity of objects in Japanese? I'm interested in the linguistic explanation specifically, but also curious as to how strict those who are ...
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1answer
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Reading of 七時: why しちじ and not ななじ [duplicate]

Why does 7時「七時」use "しちじ" and not use "ななじ" ?
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1answer
243 views

つ at the end of a number

I just recently started to learn Japanese and I am a bit confused with some numbers. For example, what is the difference between 七 (なな) and 七つ (ななつ). Is there no difference? Is it just another way of ...
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Questions about counters

My first question is, are counters always required when counting things? Can't I just slap a number in front of the noun? For example,「いちりんご」for 1 apple? Secondly, in Lesson 5 of the Japanese For ...
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1answer
64 views

“二つ目のお話しのtheme” vs. “二つのお話しのtheme” nuance difference?

(1) 二つ目のお話のthemeは愛と失意{しつい}です。 (2) 二つのお話のthemeは愛と失意です。 Fundamentally, both sentences mean The two themes of this talk are love and despair. What is the difference in meaning / nuance between #...
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1answer
187 views

Use of particles in counter grammar and a confusing sentence

I often get really confused with grammar involving counters. I'm having trouble parsing the bold part of this sentence: 夕食としてテーブルにのるのが一品であることの、むなしさ、さびしさ、...彼らには通用しない。 I think it should translate ...
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1answer
952 views

Use of も with counter

The writer is complaining that men are useless at cooking. They burn pans, they make more mess than is necessary and: ...、何枚も皿をつかう、... I can't fully understand this construction. I know the ...
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1answer
1k views

Why is kazoku/family used twice in this sentence?

The exercise was to translate: "we are 6 in my family" The answer given is: "watashi no kazoku wa roku-nin kazoku desu" I can understand the role of all words except for the second occurrence of ...
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1answer
922 views

What is the counter for coins?

What is the counter for coins?
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1answer
143 views

で and counters in NHK article

I have two questions concerning the first clause in the following sentence: NHKが熊本市などにある73の避難所で聞くと、多くの避難所で食べ物が足りないと言っていました。 When the NHK asked at 73 of the shelters in Kumamoto-shi, they (the ...
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1answer
177 views

“め” in “五匹め” implies some sort of “ordering”? Where it makes sense, the default is “time”?

め after a counter implies some sort of ordering, right? Say that you are shopping for a cat. scenario #1 You look into a room with 5 cats in it. Does saying 五匹めが好きです。 mean anything? In that ...
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1answer
97 views

Tracing subject sentence and missing classifier

In the following sentence I am not sure if the subject is 始末したコボルト or not. I guess it is the subject and not the group in which is plunged searching for shelter. Is it correct? ...
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1answer
254 views

Use of number+ counter as a noun

I didn't know that you can use a number+counter combination as a noun, but it seems from this sentence that you can. 一番上に置いてあった一枚を手に取った She picked up the sheet that had been placed at the top Is ...
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1answer
239 views

Is repetition of words in questions, such as the 番 in 電話番号は何番ですか common in Japanese?

In this other question, the answers say that 電話{でんわ}番号{ばんごう}は何番ですか is a common way of asking for someones number. I was thrown off by the repitition of 番, but the answers say it's commonly used. So ...
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Common ways of asking for someones phone number

I saw somewhere today that [電話]{でんわ}[番号]{ばんごう}は何番ですか is used to ask for someone's phone number. It seemed strange to me since I usually hear it as [電話]{でんわ}[番号]{ばんごう}何ですか, and also because the literal ...
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1answer
190 views

Counter for ordinal dates?

More information about ordinal dates here. Say I have the ordinal date 2016-162 (the 162nd day of the year 2016, which would be Friday, June 10, 2016). Could I write it like this in Japanese: ...
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Difference in counters for spoons

I know that there are several types of counters of spoons/cups. For example, a counter for cup is はい while another counter is カップ。 Also さじ and はい are also counters for spoons. What exactly are the ...
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1answer
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Counter for islands?

I have found the following sentence in my practising book (only 日本 is written in kanji because it's in one of the first lessons): 日本は しまが 6852 とう あります。 I am guessing that とう is the counter for ...
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870 views

What's the counter for seasons?

I want to say, "the third season is fall".
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Is it okay to use つ counting for everything?

Instead of using the proper counter for each thing, is it okay to just use the つ counter? Like in: 彼女は子猫2匹を持っている。 Use つ instead of 匹: 彼女は子猫2つを持っている。 Are there situations when this is ...
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1answer
110 views

Decimal points and sound change of counters

I understand that when a series of numbers in Japanese includes a decimal point each number is voiced individually with the decimal point pronounced as てん as in the following example: 9.76 = ...
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Usage of “六日目”, “七日目”, “八日目”, etc.?

"六日" means "the 6th day of the month". "六日間" means a "time period of six days". In a textbook, I found this example: "六日目の朝". How would you say that in English? I think that "六日目" means an ...
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Japanese counter for exercise repetitions

Recently, I've been attempting to incorporate Japanese into my daily life more frequently. As I went through my morning exercises, I realized that I wasn't sure if simply counting 一,二,三... was correct,...
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1answer
223 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not not ...
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1answer
112 views

Letter change in counting strides

Here is something that has been bothering me for a while now: How to know how the letter changes inside words like for example 一杯、二杯? More concretely, I really need to know how to correctly count ...
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1answer
8k views

What's the counter for episodes?

How can I say "I watched 13 episodes so far" in Japanese? What is the counter for episodes? I also would like to know the right word for episode. Is it 挿話? That's what I found on jisho.org but since ...
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1answer
119 views

How to refer to a fixed number of things

Once again I find myself unable to count. What is the best way to express the following in Japanese The three pigeons over there are noisy あそこにいる鳩が3わ煩い (my attempt) The four seasons are spring, ...
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2answers
7k views

Is there a counter for part-time jobs?

I needed to translate the sentence "Mary has three part-time jobs." What's the counter for "jobs" (baito, shigoto)? Also, how do I say that "I organized my room"?
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1answer
100 views

Use of numbers in descriptions

So far I've only learned how to use numbers in the context of counting e.g. このピザは 5枚ある (this pizza has five slices). How do I express it in the following way: This is a five-slice pizza I would ...
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0answers
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Counter before or after noun [duplicate]

When I first learnt about counters I was taught that the number with its counter comes after the noun e.g. 鳥を二羽見た。 I saw two birds Recently I've been seeing constructions like this: 二羽の鳥を見た。 Is ...
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1answer
214 views

Difference between 遍 and 度/回 in occurences

I have known for a while about 度 and 回 when counting occurrences, but recently I found a passage that used 遍 as well, which surprised me. 一[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・十[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・百[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・ If I understand ...
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920 views

Why is another photo referred to as もう一丁?

一丁 is a cut of tofu or konyaku, so why is it also used for photos? I always imagined it as a Polaroid, flat, like もう一枚 but can't find out the original reason もう一丁 was used for it.
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1answer
292 views

How do you indicate sections in a report if there are more than 5? (まず、つぎに、さらに、そして、最後に)

If you need to indicate more sections in a report than five (beginning each section with 「まず」、「つぎに」、「さらに」、「そして」、「最後に」 respectively), what word(s) should you use to indicate the start of the additional ...
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Differences between “何度も or 何度でも” and 何回も?

Things like 何度も and 何回も are somehow common. In what cases would there be differences between the two? Are they the same differences between the plain 回 and 度? Thanks.
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What is the correct way to read chapter numbers? (e.g.: 第1話)

I see this form often in manga book indexes. My dictonary gives me ダイ and テイ as possible readings for the first kanji, and I'm also not sure if the number should be read as a counter (like 一つ is read ...
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1answer
172 views

What is a newspaper 段, exactly?

Does this bit contain 2段, for instance? Would 3段抜き refer to a write-up containing 3 such 段?
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1answer
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Looking for a kanji/symbol used for counting noodles

Just to add some context: I was with a Japanese friend at a うどん and そば restaurant in 浅草 where they had a small sign by the counter to buy their fresh noodles. However, the size of the portion was not ...
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Placing a quantifier between a noun and particle?

this is my first question here so please bare with me. Until the other day I was aware of two different ways use counters As an adverb. ペンを3本買いました。 As a noun. 3本のペンを買いました。 The ...
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1answer
605 views

Counter word for prepackaged instant ramen

What would be the most adequate counter word for this type of instant noodles? Like '1 package of ramen'.
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184 views

What does it mean when a number is followed by こ

れいぞうこ の なか に ケーキ は 3こ ありました. せんしゅう 、かんじ を 20こ おぼえ ました. In the above examples, why does こ come after the number? Is it a counter? If yes, at what instances can it be used? If not, please advise how ...
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842 views

How do you refer to items in a list?

Given a list of things... dog cat fish How would you say... the second item in the list: 2目番? all three of them: 全部三つ? two of them (not regarding the position in the list): 2匹 or 2目? Is this ...
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1answer
1k views

Exceptions in pronouncing the counter for minutes (分)

I'm learning the counter for minutes, which is 分. I know, there are several exceptions in when it comes to pronunciation. 1 min = いっぷん 2 min = にふん 3 min = さんぷん 4 min = よんぷん 5 min = ごふん 6 min = ろっぷん 7 ...
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357 views

Can number + 部 mean the number of copies?

For an upcoming conference, I'm supposed to bring copies of my own materials. One sentence contains a phrase that I'm a little unsure how to understand. First the Japanese sentence in its entirety: ...
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3answers
5k views

Why was “一匹” used for Godzilla?

I've heard someone say that "一匹{いっぴき}" was used at the end of the original Godzilla movie, with Dr. Yamane saying that Godzilla wasn't the last one of "them". Why did he use that, as opposed to "一頭{...
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1answer
3k views

How to list numbers of things

Where do you place the counter in Japanese when you want to specify how many of something there are, especially if you're listing multiple things? I believe the counter usually goes after the particle ...
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2answers
307 views

Counters for graphs in oral presentations?

I have to make a Japanese presentation and I'd like to say "I'll explain japanese demographics using three graphs", but then realized I didn't know the counter for graphs. Can someone help me out?
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293 views

Why is this [二番目]{に・ばん・め} counter used for a person?

Here is a small passage from my Japanese Bible, where a king is summoning his servants. さて、彼は...帰って来ると、...[僕]{しもべ}を呼んで来させ、...。 最初の者が...。二番目の者が来て... Why is it referring to the second servant as ...
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1answer
375 views

What do you use for a general-purpose counter when there are more that 10?

I've seen multiple language books, videos, etc. refer to this great, wonderful, magnificent general-purpose counter known as つ. The problem? I've also seen multiple source say that つ doesn't work ...