Questions tagged [counters]

助数詞. Suffixes attached to numbers to indicate what is being counted. In linguistics, these are sometimes called 'classifiers'. The combination of a number plus a classifier forms a type of 'quantifier', and the movement of quantifiers into other parts of the sentence is called 'quantifier float'.

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11
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1answer
2k views

How to read 24-hour clock format

There are a lot of topics on forums in what case Japanese people use 24-hour clock format. But I have never seen how it should be pronounced. It's not hard to say something like 8:05. This is common ...
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2answers
217 views

数詞 + も suitable location

How should I determine which place I need to locate 「数詞{すうし} + も」? From my text book example: 1: 毎年{まいとし}何百枚{なんびゃくまい}も年賀状{ねんがじょう}を出{だ}します 数詞も is now located in front of the noun 年賀状. 2: 卵{たまご}...
4
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1answer
733 views

More complicated examples of allotting items with ずつ

ずつ can be used when talking about allotting/diving things evenly (e.g. 飴を2つずつあげる), or having equal numbers of different things (e.g. ネギマとレバーを2本ずつ下さい). But what about cases where multiple things are ...
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2answers
117 views

Could 十角形、九角形、七角形 be read as デカゴン、ノナゴン、ヘパタゴン?

As per dic.yahoo.co.jp the following four geometric figures seem to be read as (ateji / gairaigo) 十角形、九角形、七角形、十二角形 (decagon, nonagon, heptagon, dodecagon). As per the same dictionary, all the other ...
3
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1answer
2k views

mittsu vs san - what's the difference and what are these two forms called?

I am trying to learn the numbers and I see there are two different translations for the number 3 (and other numbers). When should I use one and when should I use the other? Is there a name for the ...
2
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2answers
871 views

ichi-gatsu vs hitotsuki

Can some help me by explaining what the difference between these two is?
3
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2answers
138 views

幾人も or 一杯? Kanji or hiragana?

I am writing the following sentence: サン・パウロに日本人がいっぱいいるから。。。よかったですね! And I'd like to know if 幾人も could be a more respectful/more natural replacement for 一杯, and whether I should be using kanji.
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2answers
360 views

What's the difference between 度 and 回? [duplicate]

Both are counters for occurrences. Would they be interchangeable in the following sentence? パリ行きの電車は一日に二回出発します。
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2answers
262 views

How to count with rare counters

How do you pronounce "1–10 + some counter"? I have seen lists of common counters, but they may not contain less common counters, such as ~話 or ~膳. How do I know how to count with rare counters?
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1answer
219 views

How would you say “please give me 10 of this”?

for example, これを一つください is please give me 10 of this. then how should I say if it were 10, 11, 12, and more...?
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2answers
413 views

counters for weight?

After looking online, I found a counter supposedly for grams: 匁(monme). Is this right? Also, would I just use it with the noun + particle + counter + verb form? Like 食べ物の一千匁をもって来る.
3
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1answer
165 views

Can I use だけ and しか with amounts?

When I was learning how to use だけ and しか, I was told that だけ and しか both means "only". But the latter requires the verb to be in the negative form. For example: あの人だけが好きだ。 I only like that ...
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2answers
185 views

Why is 1st floor written as ikkai いっかい?

Should it not be い かい as I thought the counter for floors was -kai ?
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3answers
159 views

Counters 本 and 話 within the context of anime production (need sakuga fans' insight)

We know 話 can be used as a counter for, including but not limited to, anime franchise episodes. But if I understand it right, 話 refers to an episode as a completed, ready-for-consumption work. That ...
3
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1answer
111 views

てもいい + a counter?

I still can't get my head around how I am supposed to place the counters. According to my textbook (which of course may have oversimplified some things), there are two possibilities: counter + の + ...
11
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1answer
664 views

Are Japanese counter words still being created?

That is, are counters (助数詞) an open class of words? If yes: Is there an example of a counter that was added recently (say, post-Taishō) and is now in current use by a community of speakers (i.e. not ...
2
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1answer
147 views

What counter should be used for baked pastries? 焼菓子は何で数えますか?

Baked pastries 焼菓子【やきがし】 encompass a wide array of items. What are some ways to count some of them? As one might in a request.
3
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1answer
136 views

What does this mean in context? [幾本も幾本も]

From 銀河鉄道の夜(宮沢賢治) 二人がその白い道を 、 肩をならべて行きますと 、 二人の影は 、 ちょうど四方に窓のある部屋 の中の 、 二本の柱の影のように 、 また二つの車輪の輻のように幾本も幾本も四方へ出るのでした. What does 幾本も幾本も mean exactly and how is it used? How is it pronounced? Is it ...
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2answers
722 views

What is the Japanese word for “counter” and how do I ask questions with it?

How do I ask questions like this? "What is the counter word for umbrellas?" How do I give answers like this? "The counter word for umbrellas is 本."
3
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1answer
230 views

What is 一個 in Japanese used in context of cooking?

On cookpad.com, it says "chicken broth 一個", even though I'm pretty sure chicken broth is a liquid... So what does it mean here? A tablespoon, a teaspoon? An arbitrary figure? Actual words for ...
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3answers
635 views

Why are counters necessary to describe the quantity of objects?

Why are counters (助数詞) necessary to describe the numerical quantity of objects in Japanese? I'm interested in the linguistic explanation specifically, but also curious as to how strict those who are ...
3
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1answer
659 views

Reading of 七時: why しちじ and not ななじ [duplicate]

Why does 7時「七時」use "しちじ" and not use "ななじ" ?
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1answer
197 views

つ at the end of a number

I just recently started to learn Japanese and I am a bit confused with some numbers. For example, what is the difference between 七 (なな) and 七つ (ななつ). Is there no difference? Is it just another way of ...
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3answers
855 views

Questions about counters

My first question is, are counters always required when counting things? Can't I just slap a number in front of the noun? For example,「いちりんご」for 1 apple? Secondly, in Lesson 5 of the Japanese For ...
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1answer
59 views

“二つ目のお話しのtheme” vs. “二つのお話しのtheme” nuance difference?

(1) 二つ目のお話のthemeは愛と失意{しつい}です。 (2) 二つのお話のthemeは愛と失意です。 Fundamentally, both sentences mean The two themes of this talk are love and despair. What is the difference in meaning / nuance between #...
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1answer
148 views

Use of particles in counter grammar and a confusing sentence

I often get really confused with grammar involving counters. I'm having trouble parsing the bold part of this sentence: 夕食としてテーブルにのるのが一品であることの、むなしさ、さびしさ、...彼らには通用しない。 I think it should translate ...
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1answer
552 views

Use of も with counter

The writer is complaining that men are useless at cooking. They burn pans, they make more mess than is necessary and: ...、何枚も皿をつかう、... I can't fully understand this construction. I know the ...
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1answer
493 views

Why is kazoku/family used twice in this sentence?

The exercise was to translate: "we are 6 in my family" The answer given is: "watashi no kazoku wa roku-nin kazoku desu" I can understand the role of all words except for the second occurrence of ...
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1answer
720 views

What is the counter for coins?

What is the counter for coins?
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1answer
134 views

で and counters in NHK article

I have two questions concerning the first clause in the following sentence: NHKが熊本市などにある73の避難所で聞くと、多くの避難所で食べ物が足りないと言っていました。 When the NHK asked at 73 of the shelters in Kumamoto-shi, they (the ...
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1answer
170 views

“め” in “五匹め” implies some sort of “ordering”? Where it makes sense, the default is “time”?

め after a counter implies some sort of ordering, right? Say that you are shopping for a cat. scenario #1 You look into a room with 5 cats in it. Does saying 五匹めが好きです。 mean anything? In that ...
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1answer
94 views

Tracing subject sentence and missing classifier

In the following sentence I am not sure if the subject is 始末したコボルト or not. I guess it is the subject and not the group in which is plunged searching for shelter. Is it correct? ...
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1answer
211 views

Use of number+ counter as a noun

I didn't know that you can use a number+counter combination as a noun, but it seems from this sentence that you can. 一番上に置いてあった一枚を手に取った She picked up the sheet that had been placed at the top Is ...
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1answer
197 views

Is repetition of words in questions, such as the 番 in 電話番号は何番ですか common in Japanese?

In this other question, the answers say that 電話{でんわ}番号{ばんごう}は何番ですか is a common way of asking for someones number. I was thrown off by the repitition of 番, but the answers say it's commonly used. So ...
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3answers
4k views

Common ways of asking for someones phone number

I saw somewhere today that [電話]{でんわ}[番号]{ばんごう}は何番ですか is used to ask for someone's phone number. It seemed strange to me since I usually hear it as [電話]{でんわ}[番号]{ばんごう}何ですか, and also because the literal ...
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1answer
151 views

Counter for ordinal dates?

More information about ordinal dates here. Say I have the ordinal date 2016-162 (the 162nd day of the year 2016, which would be Friday, June 10, 2016). Could I write it like this in Japanese: ...
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2answers
805 views

Difference in counters for spoons

I know that there are several types of counters of spoons/cups. For example, a counter for cup is はい while another counter is カップ。 Also さじ and はい are also counters for spoons. What exactly are the ...
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1answer
753 views

Counter for islands?

I have found the following sentence in my practising book (only 日本 is written in kanji because it's in one of the first lessons): 日本は しまが 6852 とう あります。 I am guessing that とう is the counter for ...
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1answer
615 views

What's the counter for seasons?

I want to say, "the third season is fall".
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2answers
3k views

Is it okay to use つ counting for everything?

Instead of using the proper counter for each thing, is it okay to just use the つ counter? Like in: 彼女は子猫2匹を持っている。 Use つ instead of 匹: 彼女は子猫2つを持っている。 Are there situations when this is ...
5
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1answer
92 views

Decimal points and sound change of counters

I understand that when a series of numbers in Japanese includes a decimal point each number is voiced individually with the decimal point pronounced as てん as in the following example: 9.76 = ...
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3answers
942 views

Usage of “六日目”, “七日目”, “八日目”, etc.?

"六日" means "the 6th day of the month". "六日間" means a "time period of six days". In a textbook, I found this example: "六日目の朝". How would you say that in English? I think that "六日目" means an ...
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1answer
1k views

Japanese counter for exercise repetitions

Recently, I've been attempting to incorporate Japanese into my daily life more frequently. As I went through my morning exercises, I realized that I wasn't sure if simply counting 一,二,三... was correct,...
4
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1answer
216 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not not ...
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1answer
108 views

Letter change in counting strides

Here is something that has been bothering me for a while now: How to know how the letter changes inside words like for example 一杯、二杯? More concretely, I really need to know how to correctly count ...
4
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1answer
5k views

What's the counter for episodes?

How can I say "I watched 13 episodes so far" in Japanese? What is the counter for episodes? I also would like to know the right word for episode. Is it 挿話? That's what I found on jisho.org but since ...
2
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1answer
116 views

How to refer to a fixed number of things

Once again I find myself unable to count. What is the best way to express the following in Japanese The three pigeons over there are noisy あそこにいる鳩が3わ煩い (my attempt) The four seasons are ...
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2answers
5k views

Is there a counter for part-time jobs?

I needed to translate the sentence "Mary has three part-time jobs." What's the counter for "jobs" (baito, shigoto)? Also, how do I say that "I organized my room"?
3
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1answer
97 views

Use of numbers in descriptions

So far I've only learned how to use numbers in the context of counting e.g. このピザは 5枚ある (this pizza has five slices). How do I express it in the following way: This is a five-slice pizza I would ...
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0answers
35 views

Counter before or after noun [duplicate]

When I first learnt about counters I was taught that the number with its counter comes after the noun e.g. 鳥を二羽見た。 I saw two birds Recently I've been seeing constructions like this: ...