Questions tagged [counters]

助数詞. Suffixes attached to numbers to indicate what is being counted. In linguistics, these are sometimes called 'classifiers'. The combination of a number plus a classifier forms a type of 'quantifier', and the movement of quantifiers into other parts of the sentence is called 'quantifier float'.

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1answer
97 views

On age counter(s) 「歳 、才 / 年齢 、 年令」

disclaimer: this question regards only the age counter for humans. For age counters regarding innanimate things(such as how old are cars or trees) please refer to this thread: General expression for ...
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1answer
102 views

Is いっしゅるい the correct reading of 1種類?

「いろいろやると大変【たいへん】になるから」と、メニューはカレーライス[1種類]【いっしゅるい】のみ He opened a small curry shop with only one type of curry rice on the menu, saying, "If I do too many things, it will be too much work." Is ...
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923 views

How many things? AとBがふたつ

「その上{うえ}には熱帯魚{ねったいぎょ}の水槽{すいそう}と何{なに}かのトロフィーがふたつのっている。」 This is a quote from "The wind-up bird and Tuesday's Women." How many fish tanks are there? How many trophies?
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reading of the counter 種

How does one read the counter 種 in this dictionary entry? https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/word/三毒/#jn-91663 仏語【ぶつご】。人【ひと】の善心【ぜんしん】を害【がい】する3種の煩悩【ぼんのう】。貪【とん】・瞋【しん】・痴【ち】。 There are three kinds of vexations ...
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189 views

How do you say "n out of m" with 目?

I'm writing an application which features pagination, and I would like to translate it into Japanese. I have the following English text: Page 2 / 115 Before adding pagination, I would have ...
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Is1人 always ひとり? [duplicate]

This sentence appeared in Mainichi the other day: [1人]【ひとり】のために[10人]【じゅうにん】の未来【みらい】をつぶしていいんですか Is it okay to destroy the future of ten people for the sake of one person? Is the reading of 1人 in this ...
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Counters with and without の

I'm currently reading a short paragraph here that has the following sentences: 男{おとこ}はそう言{い}うと、もう一枚{いちまい}マントを出{だ}して、急{いそ}いで着{き}ました。北風{きたかぜ}は二{に}枚{まい}のマントを脱{ぬ}がせるために、もっと強{つよ}く風{かぜ}を吹{ふ}きました。 In ...
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What is the correct counter for "frames"?

What is the correct counter word to use when talking about a number of "frames" in a time? Ex: a time in a video game.
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1answer
142 views

Why are there so many words that mean "first" (and other ordinal numbers)? What are the differences?

Here are the words that roughly mean "first" that I'm aware of, but feel free to add more: 最初 一番 一番目 一次 第一次 第一 第一位 一位 首位 What are the differences (if any) between all of them?
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Anything special with the number 20? [duplicate]

When counting, the number 20 is always quite different than other numbers. For example, you have 二十日 (はつか) and 二十歳 (はたち). Where does this difference come from? Is the number 20 special in Japan?
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105 views

Counting number of numbers

So I'm a Japanese learner just coming across how to count stuff like cars, or buildings, or bottles, or anything! But I was just wondering, is there any counter to count numbers? For example, you ...
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Is there a counter for a dog's barking? Or more generally, a counter for sounds?

Had the thought while chatting online about whether there is a counter for barks from a dog or possibly one for distinct sounds in general.
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1answer
565 views

Does 両目 have a special meaning or is it just a mistake?

Today I found this sentence on my Japanese textbook (みんなの日本語中級I - 本冊 pg. 70) And it didn't make any sense to me. 前から2両目の電車を降りたところで待っています。 I looked for 両目 on 電子辞書 and it says it means both eyes. ...
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What is the grammatical function of "が" in this context of counting people?

In an anime I've been watching, the protagonist goes to a village where one of his friends came from, where all the people in the village have the same hair color as his friend. (with "〇" ...
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87 views

新しい回 counter use

I heard the use of 新しい回 to say "the last episode released" : do I understand it right ? is it a common expression ? I have some doubt because according to me the counter for episode is 話。
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Why use 一本 in the expression 一本取る

I was watching an episode of ファニエスト外語学院 on judo. At 6:26, the judoka remarked how his opponent ボビー could win him just by his horrid face, saying 「顔で一本取られた」って感じです. I am interested in understanding why ...
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Pronunciation of bird counters: 三羽 and 四羽

We have: 一羽 いちわ 二羽 にわ but it seems the pronunciations of the counter for 3 and 4 are irregular. In each case, are both pronunciations acceptable, or we must use the former? 三羽 さんば、さんわ 四羽 よんば、よんわ ...
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How do you pronounce amounts of damage, as in a video game?

I'm playing Slay the Spire in Japanese, and often see like 4ダメージ and stuff like that, but I don't know how you'd actually say that aloud. There's lots of information about counting in Japanese on the ...
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153 views

What is the measure word for a flag (on a pole/stick)?

Let's say there is a building with six flags on the roof. The flags are on small poles/sticks that can be carried by a person. The rectangular flag itself makes me think of 枚 while the pole makes me ...
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choice of ひと ふた vs イチ ニ etc. with counters

Scanning a long list of counters, the Chinese derived イチ ニ numerals seem to be prevalent. Is there any pattern or logic to the exceptions, i.e. when the native ひと ふた numerals are used?
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「計」「全」 before ~times counter (~回)

Today I heard a sentence like 「松本さんは クライムゲームを計【けい】 4回担当しました。」. I searched Google and found that there's also 「全」 but I can't find their usage explanation. How to use 「計」 and 「全」 before counters?
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Does the tsu つ counter have a kanji associated with it?

I can't seem to find anything online or in any dictionary. My conclusion is that there is no kanji but can anyone confirm this? Is there an archaic version that has gone out of use?
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219 views

How would you say 16 and 18 with the counter mai? [closed]

My textbook [Japanese from zero 1, George Trombley] gives 6 and 8 as roku mai and hachi mai. But then gives 16 and 18 as じゅうろっまい juu rommai and じゅうはっまい juu hammai. Is this correct ? I am only learning ...
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Counters and their placements with nouns

I have been practicing writing recently where I use counters, but I keep getting corrected by native speakers on there usage. For example I write 3個のりんごを食べたいです。 I want to eat 3 apples. But I keep ...
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Japanese counters

In Japanese, there are so many counters(助数詞). So I'm asking more counters other than 月(しがつ、しちがつ、くがつ) or 時(よじ、しちじ、くじ). i) What counter makes 4 read よ or し? ii) What counter makes 7 read しち? iii) What ...
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How to say "garlic", "garlic clove" and "garlic bulb" in Japanese?

I was thinking how I'd write a recipe in Japanese which uses 2 garlic cloves, so I've put those terms on google translate and got the following results: garlic: ニンニク garlic clove: にんにく garlic bulb: ...
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580 views

Leaving away the 目 suffix for ordinal numbers

I've seen 「1ページ」 refer to "page 1" of e.g. a book. Wouldn't this technically mean "one page" and 「1ページ目」 be correct for "page 1"? Is leaving away the 目 when referring to ...
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Minna no nihongo wago counting

おはよう, In lesson 11 of minna no nihongo: Counting is always done in wago. It seems when I look online, kango is used for nearly all the example counters in minna no nihongo. Is minna no nihongo just ...
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Units for stock indexes

When reading Japanese financial news, I found that different units were used for different stock indexes. For example, ドル/セント was used for Dow Jones Industrial Average, while ポイント was used for NASDAQ ...
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二百十日 is read as にひゃくとおか. What about 百十日 or 三百十日? [duplicate]

十日 is read as とおか and 二十日 is read as はつか. 二百十日 is read as にひゃくとおか (not にひゃくじゅうにち) and 二百二十日 is read as にひゃくはつか. 三十日 is read as さんじゅうにち or みそか, 四十日 is read as しじゅうにち or よそか, 五十日 (50 days/50th day) is ...
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Do we use odd day pronunciations outside of calendar ranges?

After reading @jkerian's comment in this post, I started thinking about this. Here's the comment in full: On a side note, all days ending in '4' are also irregular, and use ~よっか. So the 14th is じゅう・...
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1answer
419 views

What's the difference between the -banme and -ban counters?

I found these two sentences in RosettaStone kochira no sanbanme no seki desu kanojo wa hachiban no seki ni suwatte imasu Why is the first one not "sanban" and the second one not "...
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What is the term used for a baby's age at birth?

Is a babies age determined by date of conception or date of birth? What is the term used for determining the age? A Japanese friend told me that a pregnancy is 10 months. I have always used tanjoubi ...
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1answer
145 views

List number of family members with counters

I learnt that to say: I have two younger brothers and one younger sister? in Japanese, I can use: 弟と妹が二人います。 (Otōto to imōto ga futari imasu). The grammar structure is the following: Noun + ...
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Why can “39” be pronounced as 「ミク」? [duplicate]

I was recently listening to someone talk about a game called “初音ミク Project DIVA MEGA39’s”. The English localization is changed to “MEGAMIX”. They actually noted that 3 and 9 can be pronounced as ミ ...
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316 views

Counter word for (western) chess pieces

If you were counting pieces in chess, say, one, two, three pawns, how would you do that in Japanese? Would you use ほん hon, ぽん pon, ぼん bon 本? I am not sure whether this makes a difference: by counting ...
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Exceptions in pronouncing the counter for minutes (分)

I'm learning the counter for minutes, which is 分. I know, there are several exceptions in when it comes to pronunciation. 1 min = いっぷん 2 min = にふん 3 min = さんぷん 4 min = よんぷん 5 min = ごふん 6 min = ろっぷん 7 ...
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578 views

How does one express uncertainty when describing numbers e.g. 170-odd cases

I found myself stuttering when I tried to tell my boss that I had finished sending a-hundred-some-odd emails yesterday. I've ask a similar question on HiNative a long time ago, and here I quote the ...
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1answer
912 views

Meaning of 見る in 「1日から2日は見て」

In this JLPT N1 listening practice transcript, a manager at a company is talking to his employee: じゃ、お客様には、私の方からお詫びの電話を入れておくから。番号はこのメモの通りでいいんだよね。君は今すぐ管理部に連絡して、同じ商品の在庫があるか聞いてみて。...
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1answer
118 views

What is independent form of numeral 10?

An old Dover grammar-book of Japanese shows it to be to (it has no kana but I assume it's と), but Wikipedia shows to̅ (とお). Which one is correct?
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581 views

The meaning of 四五町ほど(隔たる)

While reading Ryūnosuke Akutagawa's "In a Grove," I came across the sentence; 「山科の駅路からは、四五町ほど隔たって居りましょう。」山科 I understand to be a place and everything else is understandable for me other than 四五町. ...
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160 views

Can だ/だった be omitted before conjunctive が?

On the results of measuring the amount of plastic found in a sample of 31 fish: その結果、9匹の体の中から大きさが5mm以下のプラスチックが平均で1.1個見つかりました。 The result (was that) from 9 fish the size was at least 5mm of ...
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第 [dai-] vs 目 [-me] in forming ordinal numbers

As I understand fo now 第 [dai-] and 目 [-me] both turn 5 to fifth. 五匹の犬 [go-hiki no inu] five dogs 五匹目の犬 [go-hiki-me no inu] the fifth dog Here everything is clear. Articles and books say you ...
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1answer
797 views

Can the 歳 counter be used for architecture, furniture etc to tell its age?

While I understand that the 歳 counter is used to indicate ages of people and animals, I was wondering if it could be used to also talk about ages of inanimate things like architecture or furniture. ...
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1answer
4k views

How to list numbers of things

Where do you place the counter in Japanese when you want to specify how many of something there are, especially if you're listing multiple things? I believe the counter usually goes after the particle ...
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1answer
81 views

Syntactic Properties of "Bare Numerals": 「一」in「其の一」

I am currently attempting to research the syntax of nominal classifiers (i.e. "counter" words like 「〜台」and 「〜個」) and wanted to look for references to the irregular phenomenon of "bare" numerals: ...
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238 views

数詞 + も suitable location

How should I determine which place I need to locate 「数詞{すうし} + も」? From my text book example: 1: 毎年{まいとし}何百枚{なんびゃくまい}も年賀状{ねんがじょう}を出{だ}します 数詞も is now located in front of the noun 年賀状. 2: 卵{たまご}...
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1k views

What is the counter for kanji characters?

I want to count the number of kanji characters in a word. What is the counter for characters? I am thinking that the term mai would be used as they are written on paper.
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98 views

How do I count pieces of Halloween candy of different shapes?

I know that a bag of candy is counted as fukuro. Are the pieces counted differently based on the shape, long, thick, square, round, triangular, or is everything ko?
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1answer
247 views

Are Japanese counters the same when viewing items online?

As an example, I read three books online, would the counter 冊 still be used? I know that counters are based on size and shape of physical items, do the same rules apply when reading a book online?

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