# Questions tagged [counters]

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513 views

### The meaning of 四五町ほど(隔たる)

While reading Ryūnosuke Akutagawa's "In a Grove," I came across the sentence; 「山科の駅路からは、四五町ほど隔たって居りましょう。」山科 I understand to be a place and everything else is understandable for me other than 四五町. ...
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### Can だ/だった be omitted before conjunctive が?

On the results of measuring the amount of plastic found in a sample of 31 fish: その結果、９匹の体の中から大きさが５ｍｍ以下のプラスチックが平均で１．１個見つかりました。 The result (was that) from 9 fish the size was at least 5mm of ...
879 views

### How many things? AとBがふたつ

「その上{うえ}には熱帯魚{ねったいぎょ}の水槽{すいそう}と何{なに}かのトロフィーがふたつのっている。」 This is a quote from "The wind-up bird and Tuesday's Women." How many fish tanks are there? How many trophies?
359 views

### 第 [dai-] vs 目 [-me] in forming ordinal numbers

As I understand fo now 第 [dai-] and 目 [-me] both turn 5 to fifth. 五匹の犬 [go-hiki no inu] five dogs 五匹目の犬 [go-hiki-me no inu] the fifth dog Here everything is clear. Articles and books say you ...
764 views

### Can the 歳 counter be used for architecture, furniture etc to tell its age?

While I understand that the 歳 counter is used to indicate ages of people and animals, I was wondering if it could be used to also talk about ages of inanimate things like architecture or furniture. ...
2k views

### How to list numbers of things

Where do you place the counter in Japanese when you want to specify how many of something there are, especially if you're listing multiple things? I believe the counter usually goes after the ...
57 views

### Syntactic Properties of “Bare Numerals”: 「一」in「其の一」

I am currently attempting to research the syntax of nominal classifiers (i.e. "counter" words like 「〜台」and 「〜個」) and wanted to look for references to the irregular phenomenon of "bare" numerals: ...
218 views

### 数詞 + も suitable location

How should I determine which place I need to locate 「数詞{すうし}　+ も」? From my text book example: 1: 毎年{まいとし}何百枚{なんびゃくまい}も年賀状{ねんがじょう}を出{だ}します 数詞も is now located in front of the noun 年賀状. 2: 卵{たまご}...
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### What is the counter for kanji characters?

I want to count the number of kanji characters in a word. What is the counter for characters? I am thinking that the term mai would be used as they are written on paper.
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### How do I count pieces of Halloween candy of different shapes?

I know that a bag of candy is counted as fukuro. Are the pieces counted differently based on the shape, long, thick, square, round, triangular, or is everything ko?
222 views

### Are Japanese counters the same when viewing items online?

As an example, I read three books online, would the counter 冊 still be used?　I know that counters are based on size and shape of physical items, do the same rules apply when reading a book online?
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### Would the same counter be used to order a slice of pizza and a whole one?

When I order a pizza, would I use ichimai 一枚 to order a slice or the whole thing? Thank you.
203 views

### /h/ sound changing in some Japanese counters

I just noticed that the quantifying words that have an initial sound as /h/ such as 本、匹、分 For example: 本 hon /h/ becomes /p/ : 1,6,8,10 /h/ becomes /b/ : 3,?? and ん sound before /b/ becomes /m/ (is ...
127 views

### What is the difference between 「女性一人」 and 「一人の女性」?

So far, I've learnt that a quantity (number + counter) can be attached to a noun to quantify it by using の: 一人の女性。One woman. However, I came across a sentence in my textbook where the noun an the ...
871 views

My first question is, are counters always required when counting things? Can't I just slap a number in front of the noun? For example,「いちりんご」for 1 apple? Secondly, in Lesson 5 of the Japanese For ...
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### Is みんな being used as a “counter”?

This is from Minna no Nihongo Chapter 15. It's a description of Santa Claus. でも世界の子供はみんな私を知っています。 みんな seems like a counter of sorts (I don't know how else to describe it) for　世界の子供. I always ...
2k views

### How to read 24-hour clock format

There are a lot of topics on forums in what case Japanese people use 24-hour clock format. But I have never seen how it should be pronounced. It's not hard to say something like 8:05. This is common ...
160 views

### what does 人の　mean?

I'm learning Japanese and using busuu. A native speaker corrected my exercise but I dont understand what the green corrections mean. They teach me vocab and not much grammar. Please help!
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### Differences between “何度も or 何度でも” and 何回も?

Things like 何度も and 何回も are somehow common. In what cases would there be differences between the two? Are they the same differences between the plain 回 and 度? Thanks.
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### Is there a counter for part-time jobs?

I needed to translate the sentence "Mary has three part-time jobs." What's the counter for "jobs" (baito, shigoto)? Also, how do I say that "I organized my room"?
358 views

### Using 何 with the general counter ~つ

Is there a way to use 何 with the general counter ~つ to ask "how many..." in the same vein as in sentences like "何歳ですか。" or "本は何冊買いましたか。"? If not, how do you ask something like "How many ideas do you ...
633 views

### How to pronounce 1ターン?

I've seen the phrase 1ターン1度 "once per turn" used in the Yu-Gi-Oh! Card game, so it seems like ターン is a legit counter. But I'm not sure how to pronounce it. From what I've googled so far, some people ...
172 views

### Counters for animals: 匹 vs 頭: roughly how big is “big” and how small is “small”?

I find the distinction between 匹 and 頭 is rather tricky, because it is based on the size of the animal in question, and size is very relative and varies greatly among animals, even within the same ...
5k views

### Why was “一匹” used for Godzilla?

I've heard someone say that "一匹{いっぴき}" was used at the end of the original Godzilla movie, with Dr. Yamane saying that Godzilla wasn't the last one of "them". Why did he use that, as opposed to "一頭{...
749 views

### Counter for 熊 (bears): ひき or 頭?

While hiking I saw 3 bears, and I have heard a lot of people say ひき to count them. There was a mother and two small ones, if that matters. But when talking about it I also have been told that 頭 ...
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### Which counter do you use for counting TV series episodes?

I want to say "I saw 10 episodes", but I can't find the appropriate counter. I may use "つ" counter (十エピソードを見ました), but it's not very classy.
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### What is the counter for kingdoms?

I'm trying to write that a person is a citizen of two kingdoms, one earthly, one spiritual. What is the counter for kingdom? (王国). Also, what is the best website to find a list of counters? I've found ...
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### Are there native Japanese numbers greater than 10? What use are they?

Most people who've taken a Japanese 101 class know the 10 native Japanese numbers (一つ、二つ・・・十). It's always seemed odd that a system would stop at 10 when so many things in life need larger numbers. ...
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### Difference between tatami mat counters 帖 and 畳

What is the difference between tatami mat counters 帖 and 畳 (both pronounced じょう)?
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### What is the correct counter to translate 'One Piece'?

I was wondering whether the anime is actually called that way because it is hard to convey this meaning in japanese with a single word. For those who are not aware, One Piece is the greatest treasure ...
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### Confusing use of ずつ

このバスの会社によると、東京では１週間に３日、昼と夜の２回ずつ走る予定で、予約が必要です。 According to the company that runs these buses, they plan to run the Tokyo bus three times a week, twice each in the afternoon and evening. A ...
143 views

### Do unit words belong to a word or a specific object?

I recently though about words that have multiple forms as real objects. For example a ticket can be a paper slip, or an email receipt. Does the way of counting them change based on what it is, or ...
77 views

### ＃回に＃度: probability or sequence?

In a game manual, there is a description of a rare item that sometimes appears instead of a regular one. The rule determining when this rare item appears is this: 16回に１度、Ｘのかわりに出現。 In an earlier ...
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### How do you count train stations?

What would be the counter for train stations? For example, "two more stops" would be 後駅を二つ...? It seems a bit unnatural.
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### Are Japanese counters an adoption from the Chinese language?

The Japanese language uses counters to count different kinds of items, animals as well as people such as 一本 to count a long cylindric object or 二枚 two count flat objects (in thi case two flat objects)....
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### What is the term used for a baby's age at birth?

Is a babies age determined by date of conception or date of birth? What is the term used for determining the age? A Japanese friend told me that a pregnancy is 10 months. I have always used tanjoubi ...
243 views

### What do you treat as an animate and inanimate object when counting?

In Japanese animate and inanimate objects are treated differently. For people: the verb exist いる is used the generic counter (一{ひと}つ, 二{ふた}つ, 三{みっ}つ, ...) cannot be used the specific counter (一{ひと}人{...
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### How do you say “question”, and which counter should be used?

I'd like to know the word for "question" itself. For example if I wanted to say: I have a question わたしは (question) があります。 I've had a hard time finding an answer to this question because when ...
132 views

### How do you express time duration when mixing time units?

When you want to express a passage of time mixing time units like days, hours, and minutes is it best to use for example 間 once at the end to show duration, or should words showing duration be used ...
612 views

### How to say “The other sister” and “I don't have any brothers”

Can someone explain to me how to say the other (younger) sister when talking about family? I have to younger sister and want to discuss their professions, like in One sister is a... and the other ...
851 views

### When to use the counter word mei 名 over nin 人?

Beginner here. When would you use the counter word 名 over 人? I read online that 名 is used for formal situations, and literally every website gave counting customers as the example (as in, asking how ...
757 views

### More complicated examples of allotting items with ずつ

ずつ can be used when talking about allotting/diving things evenly (e.g. 飴を2つずつあげる), or having equal numbers of different things (e.g. ネギマとレバーを2本ずつ下さい). But what about cases where multiple things are ...
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### Reading and translation for “1日目”, “2日目”, “3日目”, etc

I have a list referring to days of classes that reads this way: 1日目 - Ichinichime - Day 1 2日目 - Futsukame - Day 2 3日目 - Mikkame - Day 3 4日目 - Yokkame - Day 4 5日目 - Itsukame - Day 5 And so on (until ...
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### 名 vs 人 for counting people?

We were asking for seats at a restaurant in Kyoto and were unsure whether to ask for nimei or futari. Which would be more appropriate? What are the distinctions in usage between these two counters?
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### Use of も with counter

The writer is complaining that men are useless at cooking. They burn pans, they make more mess than is necessary and: ...、何枚も皿をつかう、... I can't fully understand this construction. I know the ...