Questions tagged [contractions]

縮約. The omission of sounds or letters from words. Contractions can be characteristic of dialects or modes of speech. A frequently observed contraction may become a new word in a language.

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What is なんでって a contraction of in this sentence?

The sentence I am analyzing: 「今じーちゃんとこなんでって…」 "Right now I'm at grandpa's" (source context) In this case the speaker is on the phone so his speech is casual and fragmented. I already have an idea ...
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What does the word 「とくら」 mean?

Here is the context said by a boy who was training in boxing. 左ジャブで敵の体勢をくずし 突破口を見いだしたらば すかさず右ストレートを打つべし これ拳闘の攻撃における基本なり...とくら I have found some sites explaining that it is changed from と来る but I ...
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Colloquial contraction “出しゃ[あ]” [duplicate]

I encountered this sentence. なめんなよ。てめえみていな雑魚、おれが本気をだしゃあ… I believe the context is quite obvious: The speaker feels stronger than his enemy, the listener. From how I understand it, I’d translate ...
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346 views

Sound change of verbs (違う → ちげー)

I find some (young?) people say ちげー when they mean 違う. Is there other verb that is frequently sound-reduced? (BTW, what is the correct way to describe this phonological phenomenon or the word for this ...
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709 views

te form + takunaru

I was watching a "Chibi Maruko Chan" episode about Maruko wanting to pet a fluffy dog. In the subtitles, I saw「ずっと触ってたくなるよね」. So I understand that ずっと means "continuously," and that さわって is the te-...
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Use of 悪ィ over 悪い

それが良{い}いのか悪{わり}ィのか正{ただ}しいことなのか、少し考{かんが}える。 I interpret this clause from 僕のヒーローアカデミア as "As to whether that is a good thing or a bad thing or something correct, I will think about it a little." Why ...
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Is there a difference when using ~ものか/~もんか?

I was wondering if there's any difference in meaning when contracting this sentence-final. For example: ボーナスもくれない会社でもう働くものか。 ボーナスもくれない会社でもう働くもんか。
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Are 行きゃあ and 行きゃ both contractions of 行けば?

I started playing another old game, Game Boy Wars Advance 2, and I ran across this bit of dialogue: ま、どのみち、マクロランドに行きゃあ、 いやでも戦わなきゃなんねえんだ。 I think this is something like: ま、どのみち、マクロランドに行けば、 ...
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ありっちゃあり meaning?

I've seen several sources explain the colloquialism in different ways. One says the っちゃ is a slang way of saying よりの, as in ありよりのあり. Another says it's a slang way of saying と言えば as in ありと言えばあり (which ...
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Can 〜てなんかいない contract to 〜てなんかない?

In this answer, nkjt gives the following example of なんか insertion:     待ってないんだから → 待ってなんかないんだから On the left-hand side, it appears that 〜ていない is contracted to 〜てない. This is very common, of course, ...
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What is this colloquial / dialect form? 〜たるけんね

I'm still playing Final Fantasy VI, and I came across this bit of dialogue: マリアの頭にオモリ 落としたるけんね。 I understand it up to 落とし. Orthros is going to drop the weight on her head! I can't make heads ...
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What is the difference between ~してる and ~している?

When do you omit the い? Is it ungrammatical to use してる?
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What does しちゃい mean?

I know it is some form of する。The context is this tweet: いいえ!無視は しちゃい けませんな(^-^)/気持ちは受け取って♪(´ε` )RT @PuyoPuyoStar: @shinji_sid すみません。先程ツイート送ったんですが、「無理してはいけません」と書きたかったところ、「無視してはいけません」と書いてしまいました。本当すみませ
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What does ガッポォオォイ mean?

I tried searching in jisho.org with different iteratons of the オ to no avail. Thanks in advance.
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What does てくんない ending on a verb mean?

丸尾君、ちょっと辞書かしてくんない? I think it means "maruo, won't you lend me your dictionary?" But I'm really confused about the verb ending on かす. A look at some other posts suggests that it might expand to ...
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Is 「short past + ろう」 like 「だろう」?

I found this form I'm not sure about: 少なくとも最後の最後、ばあさんはいいやつに会ったんだ。それで、きもちのいい運転でドライブを楽しんだ。車に乗ってるあいだは、楽しかったろう The character is speaking about an old woman who, after taking a taxi, killed herself; ...
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上手ではありません or 上手じゃありません

I've read somewhere that to say you are not good at something say for example Japanese language, you use: 日本語は上手ではありません but can I also use: 日本語は上手じゃありません Is there anything wrong with this? ...
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Meaning of the phrase 「さわいどるんかの?」

Here is the full sentence. いったいなにをさわいどるんかの? What does the bolded part mean?
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しとけ and sentence translation

I've some trouble with the translation of this sentence: どこにも行くなここにしとけ I don't know what しとけ stands for. Could you please tell me how would you translate this sentence? Something like: You ...
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Purpose of adj+kucha and noun+ja in this sentence

Though I think I've understood the gist of the following sentence, I struggle to interpret two of the used terms. こんなに小さくちゃ一人じゃ生きていけないわよね。 This small (cat) mustn't live alone. (?) What exactly ...
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About ておいてね, what does it mean?

I was watching a Japanese TV drama and came across this sentence: そのへんのこと よ〜く念頭に置いといてね. I think といてね comes from ておいてね. Can anyone please tell me how do we use this ておいてね and when it is conjugates with ...
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Unknown contractions and grammar in harsh language using 置いてくもん

I'm playing a game and I came across a dialog where a person says: 置いてくもん置いてきゃ 許してやらなくもないぜオラァ! And I'm having a difficult time understanding how this grammar was formed. I am mainly lost on the ...
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えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, I'm ...
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Regarding chau and cha contractions, what happens in -って and -んで cases?

When contracting -てしまう or -でしまう to -ちゃう or -ちゃ, what happens in the -って and -んで cases? For example, does 洗ってしまう become あらちゃう or あらっちゃう? Similarly, does 喚んでしまわない become 喚んじまわない or 喚じまわない? I'm trying ...
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Meaning of 欲ばっから and help with the following sentence

Context: Riku, the protagonist boxer of this manga, is fighting against an evasive opponent that is really good at dodging punches and who always tries to win on points rather than KOs. Riku tries to ...
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Is 何と read as なにと or なんと in 何と言いましたか?

彼は何と言いましたか. What is the reading of 何と in 何と言いましたか. Is it (なに or なん) + と?
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Meaning of てさ after て form

I could not find anything about it. What does it mean? 崇君は漫画ばっかり読んでてさ。
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Does contraction and elision affect formation of relative clauses?

For example, やらなければならない can modify 時 to form やらなければならない時 and I know that the adjective い ending can simply have a noun appended after it. However when it's contracted to やらなきゃ can I simply add a ...
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サインもらっとけとでも言う - Breaking this phrase down

今のうちにサインもらっとけとでも言うんスか!? What I thought he was saying: "Are you saying we should get his signature now while we still can!?" I was stuck for several days on this sentence having trouble making sense ...
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How to parse 何てこった

Is 何てこった a contraction of なんてこう行った, or なんてこう言った, or is this something totally different?
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せいせいすらあ Meaning

This is from the manga Kaiji. A hated character is making his departure, and Kaiji thinks to himself, "消えろ!消えろ!。。。!” ”せいせいすらあ。。。。” The first part is pretty easy, basically like "Yeah, get outta here!"...
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Meaning of よく見りゃ

「だけど成虫になったら、立派なカブトムシになるし、よく見りゃ幼虫だってかわいいもんだよ」 But if it reaches adulthood it will become a splendid rhinoceros beetle, and even ??? grubs are cute. My guess is that よく見りゃ means 'good-looking' but I ...
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Meaning of まん in ほっとかれちゃたまんない

あんなところにいつまでもほっとかれちゃたまんない I can't understand what まん means in this sentence. Literally I'm reading There is no まん that got neglected forever in such a place. which is gibberish.
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「行くときゃ誰とゆく」— what's this きゃ and the とs?

I'm trying to understand the lyrics to the children's song 雨降りお月さん (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21JW-j5JJdc ; analysis here http://homepage3.nifty.com/funahashi/sonota/hoka23.html ). What's up ...
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What's the structure of this lyric sentence? 「置いてかなくちゃいけないのかな」

The sentence is: [明日]{あした}の[入]{い}り[口]{ぐち}に、[置]{お}いてかなくちゃいけないのかな? Now I know the former part is "tomorrow, at the entrance (of our school)", and the following phrases: おく ーー 置いて, to put, かな ーー is ...
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use of すんな and ってもんがある

It's a male character saying thing this 抜け駆けすんなっ、まずは順序ってもんがあるだろ "Don't get a head start, first of all, there is a proper order of doing things" (?) Is すんな = the negative imperative するな? Is ...
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Meaning of なっちゃねぇ

Context: a boy tells to a trainer that he wants to become a boxer, so the trainer starts testing the boy's skills. After seeing that he's strong, the trainer says "なっちゃねェな". I think it is a ...
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なっ at the start of a sentence

The parents are comparing themselves to comedy characters: Father:「なっ長さん」 Narrator: 長さんと言われたお母さんはにがりきった顔になった。 Father: ?? Narrator: Mum, who had been called Chou, made a bitter face. I can ...
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Relationship between どゆこと and どういうこと

I came across the expression "どゆこと" in the show "世界の日本人妻は見た!". For example, at 21:12 in an episode involving a Mongolian husband. The phrase is also mentioned in the Wikipedia article about the show: ...
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Ambiguity about -masu forms of ていく and てくる in informal speech

いく and くる are usually considered a pair of antonyms and ていく and てくる is a pair of common constructions from them. When conjugated to the masu form, the first one becomes ていきます and the second one ...
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Expansion and politeness of 飲んじゃいなよ

Dad says he'll take his daughter out in an hour, after having a beer. The daughter says: 「そんなのあと一時間もかかんないじゃん。ぐ~~っと飲んじゃいなよ」 After one like that it won't take even an hour will it? Gulp it down in ...
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Contracted verb: Negative, positive, which one is it and why? [duplicate]

I've encountered the negative contraction several times since I started to study japanese, and I understand the logic behind the transformation from 開かない/開かぬ to 開かん in the first picture. A similar ...
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Understanding わかんないこと言うんじゃないのっ

A) 「ちがうっ、量が肝心だよォ」 A) That's wrong. Quantity is vital. B)「わかんないこと言うんじゃないのっ」 B) Didn't I say that I don't understand. The context is that A is trying to get B to buy more stuff. B explains that ...
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What is じゃねんじゃ.. My friend say it is Tsukkomi but I don't get it

I posted this タイからこんにちは! in the web somewhere with my Twitter ID. And then there is someone new followed me in Twitter with a tweet タイからこんにちは! じゃねんじゃ in his timeline. I wonder what that actually means....
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Meaning of verb followed by ちゃ

A mother is scolding her daughter. The uncle (Tomozou) speaks first: 「おかあさん、お歳暮の広告見ちゃダメ?」 友蔵が頼んでもおかあさんは首を縦に振らなかった。 「ダメですっ。」 "Mother, is looking at year-end adverts not allowed?" Even though ...
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129 views

人のことをいっときながら DB Chapter 2

This is Bulma alone complaining about Goku rudeness. Translated as: "I can't believe he had the nerve to call me stuff like witch or fairy". 人のことを = things to people (like in saying things to people) ...
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322 views

Difficulty understanding なんないのも

ほめられるために、あんなに努力しなきゃなんないのも大変だね In order to win praise, unless you put in great effort like that, ????? The only way I can translate the end of the sentence is "not having hardship is difficult" i.e "...
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437 views

What does the word 「いいんスよ」 mean?

Here is the conversation that includes the word. A: そんな つめてえこといわないで...   ひと目{め}でいいんスよ ほんのちょいとあうだけでいいんだから B: だめっていったら だめーっ And I'm curious why the syllable 「ス」 in the word has to be written ...
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っちゅう after a verb

To be clear, I am not asking about なか after a verb (which can mean "during"/"while"). While reading, I encountered: うちらに確実に勝てるっちゅうんか!! Presumed meaning: You think you can ...
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202 views

What does 断っといたから mean?

I'm trying to read manga and came across this sentence. How is "から" used here? It does definitely not mean "because", as you can see from the picture, the character is explaining his action, he does ...