Questions tagged [contractions]

縮約. The omission of sounds or letters from words. Contractions can be characteristic of dialects or modes of speech. A frequently observed contraction may become a new word in a language.

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3
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1answer
758 views

Meaning of …ていいから and other puzzles

Uncle is blocking the doorway and waving his hand. He says: 「わしゃ松阪牛のステーキなんて、とてもとても、おかあさん、気ィ使わなくていいから、そんな、わしのために買い物に行かなくていいから、松阪牛なんていいから、ステーキなんていいから。」 I'm really struggling to understand this ...
8
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3answers
240 views

What does the 「たあ」 do in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. はったりにせよ おれたちをこいつらよばわりするたあ りっぱな度胸だぜ。 Is it a particle for emphasizing the sentence or making the verb よばわりする as imperative or something else?
5
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3answers
685 views

What does the word 「ばあ」mean?

It is highlighted in the bold part of the below sentence. さいきんじゃドヤ街【がい】のがきらをぞろぞろひきつれてそのへんばあねり歩【ある】いてよ。
2
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1answer
162 views

僕がついてればいいんですけど。いそがしいもんですね。

「僕がついてればいいんですけど。いそがしいもんですね。」 はどういう意味ですか? 「ついてればいい」は辞書を調べてもまだよく分かりません。T。T
6
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2answers
542 views

Is 食べてたい correct?

The following sentence was written by a Japanese. 最近のお気に入りケーキ🍰💕 毎日食べてたい Is 食べてたい just a typo, or is it a short form of something, like 食べておきたい or 食べていただきたい?
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1answer
400 views

ーているの construction and use of もの

Take the following sentences. The context is, one girl talks to another after having been caught examining someone's collection of stuffed animals. (Very out of character for the second girl.) The ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Meaning of verb followed by ちゃ

A mother is scolding her daughter. The uncle (Tomozou) speaks first: 「おかあさん、お歳暮の広告見ちゃダメ?」 友蔵が頼んでもおかあさんは首を縦に振らなかった。 「ダメですっ。」 "Mother, is looking at year-end adverts not allowed?" Even though ...
6
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1answer
209 views

What is the nuance of わかりゃあせん vs regular わかりません?

I heard the following phrase spoken in Osaka: そう泣いてばかりではわかりゃあせん Is it regional? Does it have any nuance to it? Is it a more regular pattern or just an intonation of this particular phrase? (...
2
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1answer
287 views

Difficulty understanding なんないのも

ほめられるために、あんなに努力しなきゃなんないのも大変だね In order to win praise, unless you put in great effort like that, ????? The only way I can translate the end of the sentence is "not having hardship is difficult" i.e "...
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1answer
127 views

Use of ン in place of の

家ン中でさか立ちやって障子ブッこわして... I was doing headstands in the house and wrecked the door and... Presumably ン is a contraction of の. Why is it written in katakana? I guess it's adding some kind of emphasis; ...
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1answer
83 views

What is うろついとる?

で、モンスターはどこら辺うろついとるか、わかるか? What is うろついとる? I'm not sure if it's a different word from うろつく or if it is short for うろついておる.
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2answers
162 views

なっ at the start of a sentence

The parents are comparing themselves to comedy characters: Father:「なっ長さん」 Narrator: 長さんと言われたお母さんはにがりきった顔になった。 Father: ?? Narrator: Mum, who had been called Chou, made a bitter face. I can ...
8
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1answer
665 views

Contractions in やんなっちゃう

A person is comparing herself to some disreputable school mates, thinking that she might be similar to them, and says: やんなっちゃうなぁ Is this a contraction of (い)やになっちゃうなぁ meaning "I ended up becoming ...
5
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1answer
241 views

えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, I'm ...
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4answers
2k views

Use of ~のか (~んですか) in questions not seeking a yes/no answer

I would like to know if there is a shift in nuance in questions such as these: 誰が参加したんですか。 vs. 誰が参加しましたか。 いつ着いたんですか。 vs. いつ着きましたか。 I wish to limit discussion to only non-yes/no questions (so ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What does てくんない ending on a verb mean?

丸尾君、ちょっと辞書かしてくんない? I think it means "maruo, won't you lend me your dictionary?" But I'm really confused about the verb ending on かす. A look at some other posts suggests that it might expand to ...
2
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1answer
126 views

「何言わせんのよ」=「何言わせるのよ」?

I saw this in an anime clip: the context was, "What're you making me say." Is that simply a contraction or am I missing some conjugation or inflection here? The first is the original and the second ...
1
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1answer
107 views

Personal name contractions and bad connotations - いず as a contraction of 泉 (いずみ)

Are there any negative connotations associated with having いず as a contraction of the name 泉(いずみ)? I know in English you could have 'Randy' as a contraction of Randall, which would generate quite a ...
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2answers
749 views

落としちまった - what form is this?

The phrase is pretty simple: デスノート 落{お}としちまった Which is obviously, "I dropped my Death Note". The verb (and the kanji) is for おとす or おちる, which is "to drop" or "to let fall", yet this is a ...
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2answers
839 views

ありっちゃあり meaning?

I've seen several sources explain the colloquialism in different ways. One says the っちゃ is a slang way of saying よりの, as in ありよりのあり. Another says it's a slang way of saying と言えば as in ありと言えばあり (which ...
2
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1answer
380 views

What does the word 「いいんスよ」 mean?

Here is the conversation that includes the word. A: そんな つめてえこといわないで...   ひと目{め}でいいんスよ ほんのちょいとあうだけでいいんだから B: だめっていったら だめーっ And I'm curious why the syllable 「ス」 in the word has to be written ...
4
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1answer
4k views

上手ではありません or 上手じゃありません

I've read somewhere that to say you are not good at something say for example Japanese language, you use: 日本語は上手ではありません but can I also use: 日本語は上手じゃありません Is there anything wrong with this? ...
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1answer
233 views

Contraction of や, the variant of は

In an answer to this question, Tsuyoshi Ito correctly points out that you can sometimes change the consonant や, a variant of は, into a glide but sometimes you cannot. 聞きやしない 聞きゃ(ー)しない  大きすぎやしない * ...
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3answers
638 views

Does contraction and elision affect formation of relative clauses?

For example, やらなければならない can modify 時 to form やらなければならない時 and I know that the adjective い ending can simply have a noun appended after it. However when it's contracted to やらなきゃ can I simply add a ...
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2answers
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What are these forms: かけちゃお, つないじゃお?

I'm trying to understand the lyrics of a closing song of 「崖の上のポニョ」. First verse is simple, but the second stopped me: ペタペタ ピョーンピョン 足っていいな かけちゃお ニギニギ ブンブン お手てはいいな つないじゃお What happened to arms and ...
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1answer
3k views

Relationship between どゆこと and どういうこと

I came across the expression "どゆこと" in the show "世界の日本人妻は見た!". For example, at 21:12 in an episode involving a Mongolian husband. The phrase is also mentioned in the Wikipedia article about the show: ...
4
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1answer
193 views

Meaning of the phrase 「さわいどるんかの?」

Here is the full sentence. いったいなにをさわいどるんかの? What does the bolded part mean?
3
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1answer
338 views

What is オレたちゃ a contraction of?

I came across this line of dialgue, and I'm wondering what the lengthened version would be. For context, the series is in the middle of a tournamet (there are teams, but players compete individually), ...
4
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1answer
400 views

「行くときゃ誰とゆく」— what's this きゃ and the とs?

I'm trying to understand the lyrics to the children's song 雨降りお月さん (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21JW-j5JJdc ; analysis here http://homepage3.nifty.com/funahashi/sonota/hoka23.html ). What's up ...
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1answer
413 views

Is 「やってもた」 the same as 「やってしまった」? What is the grammatical rule behind this?

I have recently seen 「やってもた」 used in a Japanese conversation, I don't remember the context exactly, but it was something like: 久々にやってもた。 After asking my Japanese friend, it turns out to be some ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the usage of 「つー」, what does it mean and what other ways are there to express the same thing ?

I've seen this many times in mangas, here's one example: アンタなんかが手にしていいお金じゃないっつーの!!! Context: A girl catches a thief that stole today's takings at the shop she's working at. Thank you! ...
5
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1answer
317 views

Can 〜てなんかいない contract to 〜てなんかない?

In this answer, nkjt gives the following example of なんか insertion:     待ってないんだから → 待ってなんかないんだから On the left-hand side, it appears that 〜ていない is contracted to 〜てない. This is very common, of course, ...
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1answer
782 views

Etymology of the copula だ

I think of だ as being the only copula, which can be inflected to で and な. In my mind all other copula-like words are derived from these forms, i.e. です ⇔ であります じゃない ⇔ ではない だろう ⇔ であろう etc. But ...
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2answers
352 views

苦労せん is the contracted form of what?

I'm translating a manga in which one character use a very slangy or contracted way of speaking while the others talk more standard-like. I've already encountered the stem+ん as a short form the ...
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1answer
454 views

Are 行きゃあ and 行きゃ both contractions of 行けば?

I started playing another old game, Game Boy Wars Advance 2, and I ran across this bit of dialogue: ま、どのみち、マクロランドに行きゃあ、 いやでも戦わなきゃなんねえんだ。 I think this is something like: ま、どのみち、マクロランドに行けば、 ...
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2answers
473 views

Help to understand the ending verb “動かねーんじゃね”

Original sentence: アドビやら、お絵描き系のアプリは、誰かが実証しない限り、動かねーんじゃね? I can't understand the structure of the last verb. So far I understood that 動か(conjugated form) + ねー(negative particle) + んじゃ(???) + ね(question ...
12
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2answers
414 views

Where does the suffix 〜がる come from?

I've read that several bits of Japanese come from contractions with ある: だ comes from で + ある (source) なる comes from に + ある (source) たり comes from て + あり (source) たり comes from と + あり (source) ...
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1answer
424 views

What is じゃ in じゃない?

Since there is possibility of "じゃありません" instead of "じゃないです" (which is logical, given "ありません" is polite "ない"), and it also seemed that I have seen "じゃ" used without "ない", I'd like to ask, what "じゃ" ...
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3answers
725 views

Can I end sentences with ん?

One friend of mine told me when she was living in Japan, she liked to end her sentences with ん (maybe instead of の). Examples: 明日学校にいくん? 明日学校に行かないと思う…風邪引いたん。 Actually I've never seen it! But my ...
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2answers
996 views

<te form> + っと (conditional particle)

こんなとこで寝てっと風邪ひくぞ Is this a contraction of something? How does it differ from something like 寝ると or 寝てると?
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2answers
6k views

How is 〜んじゃない different from 〜じゃない?

Is it possible to say ~んじゃない? If it is, how it differs from ~じゃない? In what situation I should use ん/の for it, and what does ん/の express? Examples: [~い + ん] いいんじゃない 行きたいんじゃない 吸えないんじゃない ...
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3answers
704 views

what does 言われなくちゃなんねェんだよ mean?

A manga character says this to someone who told him to やめろ: なんで やめろまで言われなくちゃなんねェんだよ!! Is that 言われなくてはならない and if it is, how can it be part of a question (with "nan de")? I don't really understand ...
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1answer
392 views

can we use ねー as a question?

I've read that people usually change ない to ねー to make it more manly, like: したくないよ becomes したくねーんだ So basically i often heard questions ending with ない but have not heard anyone end a question with ねー ...
14
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2answers
493 views

Colloquial Contraction Confusion

This is taken from one of the mindless pop songs I shouldn't even be listening to: なんてったって ラッキー! I know what なんて and ラッキー mean, of course, but I can't figure out in a way that makes sense to me ...
27
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1answer
5k views

What does っつの mean?

I recently saw 冗談だっつの. What does it っつの mean, or how does it modify the meaning of a sentence?
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1answer
575 views

What does 染めちゃえ mean here? [closed]

Saw this on twitter: A: マオにゃん、シドギャの彼女が出来ない僕に一言くれたら幸いです ... B: 付き合った後に染めちゃえ What is 染めちゃえ here?
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1answer
1k views

What does しちゃい mean?

I know it is some form of する。The context is this tweet: いいえ!無視は しちゃい けませんな(^-^)/気持ちは受け取って♪(´ε` )RT @PuyoPuyoStar: @shinji_sid すみません。先程ツイート送ったんですが、「無理してはいけません」と書きたかったところ、「無視してはいけません」と書いてしまいました。本当すみませ
8
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1answer
585 views

ここんとこ (ここん所) and other “every now and then” adverbs

I have been in the market for some good synonyms for ときどき, and I encountered one today that I wanted to share, and also ask for some opinions, since I can not find a correct definition online. The ...
15
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2answers
18k views

What is the difference between そうか and そっか?

Is そっか just more slangy? Is そうか the same as saying ああそう? Or, is this more a spoken thing? If so, what is used when writing?
6
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1answer
2k views

How to understand the contractionしていて、/-てて

I am trying to better understand this sentence: 金さんは、微妙なニュアンスまで気にされてて、すごいですね。 It's amazing how interested you are in these subtle nuances. Is the following an accurate understanding of this ...