Questions tagged [contractions]

縮約. The omission of sounds or letters from words. Contractions can be characteristic of dialects or modes of speech. A frequently observed contraction may become a new word in a language.

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49
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6answers
10k views

What does っす at the end of a sentence mean?

I saw a sentence like: 「それ使{つか}ってるっす。」 and none of my dictionaries have an entry for just "っす". Is it a verb form, gobi, or something else?
31
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3answers
11k views

What connotation does なんだ add?

Specifically, in the expression 好きなんだ (I love you) why not just say 好きだ or 好きです?
24
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1answer
5k views

What does っつの mean?

I recently saw 冗談だっつの. What does it っつの mean, or how does it modify the meaning of a sentence?
22
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1answer
4k views

What is the meaning of りゃ in this phrase?

I came across this phrase while reading an interview. そういう時はなんて答えりゃいいんだ。 I think it means "At a time like that, such a reply/response is good." But I don't understand the usage of りゃ. I couldn't ...
18
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5answers
8k views

のだから vs のだ (んだから vs んだ)

When I learnt this grammar point a while ago, my teachers told me not to use it with "から". There reasoning for this was that のだ already implies a reason or supporting information for a conclusion. ...
17
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4answers
1k views

Use of ~のか (~んですか) in questions not seeking a yes/no answer

I would like to know if there is a shift in nuance in questions such as these: 誰が参加したんですか。 vs. 誰が参加しましたか。 いつ着いたんですか。 vs. いつ着きましたか。 I wish to limit discussion to only non-yes/no questions (so ...
16
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1answer
3k views

Where does the verbal form しとく come from?

In a manga I am currently reading, one of the character exclaims: 安心しな。秘密に しとく から。 The general meaning of the second part ("I'll keep it a secret") is quite obvious, and it seems that "しとく" (...
16
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3answers
717 views

Can I end sentences with ん?

One friend of mine told me when she was living in Japan, she liked to end her sentences with ん (maybe instead of の). Examples: 明日学校にいくん? 明日学校に行かないと思う…風邪引いたん。 Actually I've never seen it! But my ...
15
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2answers
539 views

Why is the て-form being used before ん?

In the following sentence: 誰{だれ}探{さが}してんの What is the grammatical reason for 探{さが}す to be used in て-form before ん?
15
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1answer
8k views

Difference between ~なきゃ and ~なくちゃ

I know that one of them is なくてはいけません and the other one なければなりません, I just don't know which is which, also a few example sentences would help a lot, thank you.
14
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2answers
16k views

What is the difference between そうか and そっか?

Is そっか just more slangy? Is そうか the same as saying ああそう? Or, is this more a spoken thing? If so, what is used when writing?
13
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1answer
480 views

Contraction of particle の to ん before nouns in colloquial Japanese

I am familiar with contraction of の to ん before です (and variants で, だ, でした etc) but I noticed that の is also contracted before 家 in spoken set-phrases like あたしんち and おれんち. Are there any other ...
13
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2answers
490 views

Colloquial Contraction Confusion

This is taken from one of the mindless pop songs I shouldn't even be listening to: なんてったって ラッキー! I know what なんて and ラッキー mean, of course, but I can't figure out in a way that makes sense to me ...
12
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2answers
345 views

苦労せん is the contracted form of what?

I'm translating a manga in which one character use a very slangy or contracted way of speaking while the others talk more standard-like. I've already encountered the stem+ん as a short form the ...
12
votes
2answers
395 views

Where does the suffix 〜がる come from?

I've read that several bits of Japanese come from contractions with ある: だ comes from で + ある (source) なる comes from に + ある (source) たり comes from て + あり (source) たり comes from と + あり (source) ...
12
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2answers
1k views

What does the word 「ありゃしねえ」mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods. Here is the full sentence. こんなお買【か】いどくはどこの世【せ】界【かい】へいったって ありゃしねえよ
12
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3answers
655 views

What are the rules for substituting の with ん?

I've noticed that sometimes the hiragana の can be shortened to ん. For example, 部屋のなか → 部屋んなか (inside of the room) 俺のうち → 俺んち (my house) 俺のところ → 俺んとこ (my place) (More examples can be ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Colloquial contraction of だろう into ろ after past tense verb (e.g. 言ったろ)

I noticed in many anime I watched that 「言っただろう」 is often contracted into 「言ったろ」 in conversations between friends and families. I'm guessing this contraction is both colloquial and standard (as in, ...
10
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2answers
999 views

What is the verb ending of われん mean?

I am reading the Fullmetal Alchemist manga and came across the following in the first volume: 祈り信じよ されば救われん The subtitles of the anime translate this to be: "Pray and you shall be saved." ...
10
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1answer
402 views

What is じゃ in じゃない?

Since there is possibility of "じゃありません" instead of "じゃないです" (which is logical, given "ありません" is polite "ない"), and it also seemed that I have seen "じゃ" used without "ない", I'd like to ask, what "じゃ" ...
10
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2answers
5k views

How is 〜んじゃない different from 〜じゃない?

Is it possible to say ~んじゃない? If it is, how it differs from ~じゃない? In what situation I should use ん/の for it, and what does ん/の express? Examples: [~い + ん] いいんじゃない 行きたいんじゃない 吸えないんじゃない ...
8
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1answer
11k views

Usage of nan desu?

In a few songs I've heard recently I've noticed that nan desu (without the か) has been used in what seems to be maybe a declarative or emphatic sense (not really sure), is this possible? I'm not ...
8
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1answer
661 views

部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな。 Understanding this て and the meaning of this どーも

小島:塾なんかやめればいーじゃん オレ家庭教師にしたぜ 伊藤:うざいんだ 家庭教師って 部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな I am struggling with the bolded phrase, I think he says something to the meaning of "What are you going to do with just two people ...
8
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2answers
425 views

ておく → とく in other contexts; similar 2-kana to 1-kana shortcuts?

Recently I learned that おいておいて ("leave it there") can be shortened in casual speech (or speech to subordinates) to おいといて. (ておく → とく). I also learned that this can be used for any verb attached to ておく ...
8
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1answer
716 views

Etymology of the copula だ

I think of だ as being the only copula, which can be inflected to で and な. In my mind all other copula-like words are derived from these forms, i.e. です ⇔ であります じゃない ⇔ ではない だろう ⇔ であろう etc. But ...
8
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1answer
1k views

What is the usage of 「つー」, what does it mean and what other ways are there to express the same thing ?

I've seen this many times in mangas, here's one example: アンタなんかが手にしていいお金じゃないっつーの!!! Context: A girl catches a thief that stole today's takings at the shop she's working at. Thank you! ...
8
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1answer
384 views

can we use ねー as a question?

I've read that people usually change ない to ねー to make it more manly, like: したくないよ becomes したくねーんだ So basically i often heard questions ending with ない but have not heard anyone end a question with ねー ...
7
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2answers
1k views

What is the って in 連れてってくれる?

ALC can give several examples of this, not only in 連れてって: いつ私たちを湖に連れてってくれるの? When are you going to take us to the lake? これ、帰りに叔母さんとこ、持ってってちょうだい。Will you take this to your aunt on your way home ...
7
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2answers
1k views

What are these forms: かけちゃお, つないじゃお?

I'm trying to understand the lyrics of a closing song of 「崖の上のポニョ」. First verse is simple, but the second stopped me: ペタペタ ピョーンピョン 足っていいな かけちゃお ニギニギ ブンブン お手てはいいな つないじゃお What happened to arms and ...
7
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3answers
229 views

What does the 「たあ」 do in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. はったりにせよ おれたちをこいつらよばわりするたあ りっぱな度胸だぜ。 Is it a particle for emphasizing the sentence or making the verb よばわりする as imperative or something else?
7
votes
1answer
573 views

ここんとこ (ここん所) and other “every now and then” adverbs

I have been in the market for some good synonyms for ときどき, and I encountered one today that I wanted to share, and also ask for some opinions, since I can not find a correct definition online. The ...
7
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1answer
199 views

formality of ちゃう・じゃう

Is it sometimes considered politer or more formal to say ちゃう・じゃう as opposed to してしまう? Does it give a more positive nuance than してしまう? An example: One time I was going to be late to a dinner date and ...
6
votes
1answer
400 views

Is 「やってもた」 the same as 「やってしまった」? What is the grammatical rule behind this?

I have recently seen 「やってもた」 used in a Japanese conversation, I don't remember the context exactly, but it was something like: 久々にやってもた。 After asking my Japanese friend, it turns out to be some ...
6
votes
1answer
375 views

Help me understand 言わんこっちゃない

I don't understand this whatsoever: やれやれ だから言わんこっちゃない especially the bolded part. What real words does that come from? Context is that the main character got a cold from staying outside all night; ...
6
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2answers
460 views

Help to understand the ending verb “動かねーんじゃね”

Original sentence: アドビやら、お絵描き系のアプリは、誰かが実証しない限り、動かねーんじゃね? I can't understand the structure of the last verb. So far I understood that 動か(conjugated form) + ねー(negative particle) + んじゃ(???) + ね(question ...
6
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1answer
452 views

Saying い adjectives without pronouncing the い

As the title above, why do japanese locals remove theいfrom the いadjective when speaking. For example, I have heard words like 早、やば、高 being used when speaking. Is this only used amongst friends (very ...
6
votes
1answer
754 views

What is な-particle doing in `ってなわけで`?

I noticed that ってなわけで is commonly used as a substitute for というわけで in colloquial speeches, but what exactly is the purpose of the な-particle in that phrase? Does it make the context that the phrase ...
6
votes
2answers
464 views

Is 食べてたい correct?

The following sentence was written by a Japanese. 最近のお気に入りケーキ🍰💕 毎日食べてたい Is 食べてたい just a typo, or is it a short form of something, like 食べておきたい or 食べていただきたい?
6
votes
1answer
176 views

Is there a difference when using ~ものか/~もんか?

I was wondering if there's any difference in meaning when contracting this sentence-final. For example: ボーナスもくれない会社でもう働くものか。 ボーナスもくれない会社でもう働くもんか。
6
votes
1answer
786 views

っては replaced with っちゃ?

My friend said: うたっちゃだめだから。 Is the っちゃ a colloquial replacement for っては in this case?
6
votes
1answer
529 views

Contractions in やんなっちゃう

A person is comparing herself to some disreputable school mates, thinking that she might be similar to them, and says: やんなっちゃうなぁ Is this a contraction of (い)やになっちゃうなぁ meaning "I ended up becoming ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

How to interpret 入っちゃって as a command?

A mother is telling her kid: 「お風呂わいたから入っちゃって」. From the context, I am guessing it means "The water's heated up, come in (take the bath)!". I don't understand how「入っちゃって」 could mean a request / ...
6
votes
1answer
184 views

What is the nuance of わかりゃあせん vs regular わかりません?

I heard the following phrase spoken in Osaka: そう泣いてばかりではわかりゃあせん Is it regional? Does it have any nuance to it? Is it a more regular pattern or just an intonation of this particular phrase? (...
6
votes
2answers
590 views

落としちまった - what form is this?

The phrase is pretty simple: デスノート 落{お}としちまった Which is obviously, "I dropped my Death Note". The verb (and the kanji) is for おとす or おちる, which is "to drop" or "to let fall", yet this is a ...
5
votes
3answers
647 views

What does the word 「ばあ」mean?

It is highlighted in the bold part of the below sentence. さいきんじゃドヤ街【がい】のがきらをぞろぞろひきつれてそのへんばあねり歩【ある】いてよ。
5
votes
3answers
818 views

Can 【~たら】 be a short form of 【~てから】?

I picked up a bad habit of using ~たら (a form of conditional) when I mean ~てから (once something happens, something else will happen) from a friend many years back while learning Japanese. In the years ...
5
votes
1answer
433 views

がってんなら - what kind of contraction am I dealing with in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand how to parse the がってんなら in this sentence (it's from Tales of Vesperia, in case anyone's curious): 帝国がってんなら、 この旅の間にも 何度か見てきたろ? This is how it's translated in the English ...
5
votes
1answer
297 views

Any hints on how to translate the 'Nanny' in Totoro?

I'm working through translating となりのトトロ and I was doing ok until the Nanny starts talking. Going through her sentences and translating them piece by piece is an exercise in extreme patience. I find ...
5
votes
3answers
287 views

What does the word 「とくら」 mean?

Here is the context said by a boy who was training in boxing. 左ジャブで敵の体勢をくずし 突破口を見いだしたらば すかさず右ストレートを打つべし これ拳闘の攻撃における基本なり...とくら I have found some sites explaining that it is changed from と来る but I ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What is なんでって a contraction of in this sentence?

The sentence I am analyzing: 「今じーちゃんとこなんでって…」 "Right now I'm at grandpa's" (source context) In this case the speaker is on the phone so his speech is casual and fragmented. I already have an idea ...