Questions tagged [contractions]

縮約. The omission of sounds or letters from words. Contractions can be characteristic of dialects or modes of speech. A frequently observed contraction may become a new word in a language.

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why does "ru" turn into "n" at times?

Since the first time I saw this occurrence I've been wondering how Japanese people conjugate the "ru" into a n" (ex: 邪魔すんな or なにしてんの?)
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Are すっど and すっがら contractions of すると and するから?

I encountered these words in トロ子’s speech in a game 洞窟物語 / Cave Story. …あたしがスーと仲良くすっどキングが機嫌悪くすっがら。 I am not really sure what the words すっど and すっがら are supposed to mean. I guess they are ...
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What contraction is this?「何言っとんだ」 [duplicate]

I occasionally see 何言っとんだ? where I would expect 何言ってんだ? but I am not sure that とん comes from ておくの. I thought ん 縮約形 only occurred with ら行. 今さら、何言っとんだ? (source) 何言っとんだ。ようやってると思ってたのにこれでマイナスポイントだよ。 (...
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How to parse わかってるって 例のニセモノがやったに決まってんだ

Shoudn't there be a nominalizer after やった? I think it's just a casual contracion, but have not seen it before. Moreover, I have seen 決まっているだろう, or contracted to 決まってんだろう before, but in this particular ...
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What is せんな a contraction of?

In a Manga a character says: 神域{しんいき}とはまたゾッとせんな I guess it is a contraction of しない because of the phrase ゾッとしない - pretty disgusting. But (1) I am not completely sure and (2) how does the contraction ...
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Tokyo Dialect, 東京弁 : 形容詞 vs 形容動詞

In Tokyo Dialect, they transform some i-adjectives so that they become sugoi - suggee/sugee yabai - yabee itai - ittee / is there any in na-adjectives? Like shizukana shizukka genkina - genkki
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「ここで漫画読んでっから」=「ここで漫画読んでいるから」?

『ジョジョの奇妙な冒険』 ハイジャッカー:こんな後ろにいるんじゃねぇ、前へ行け! ジョジョ:ハイジャックされたのはスピードワゴンの爺さんだろう。一緒にいただけの僕には関係ないね。ここで漫画読んでっから、いいから、気にせず勝手にやってくれ。 My understanding is 「ここで漫画読んでっから」=「ここで漫画読んでいるから」, but what is this ...
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What's the meaning of じゃねーよ and じゃねえん?

I'm actually getting a little confused about these words' meaning, The original sentence is: 生まれちゃった☆ じゃねーよ! ハムスターじゃねえんだぞ! Does じゃねーよ mean "Not....., you know?" Something like that? Is it ...
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What does なきゃともがいてる mean in this context?

What kind of meaning does "なきゃともがいてる" convey in both of the sentences in one of the panel above?
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Is there any difference between でしょう and でしょ besides politeness level?

I understand that でしょ is a contraction of でしょう used in very casual speech. Besides that difference in the degree of politeness, do they also have any difference in meaning or usage?
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What is the たれ in 「もう一本止めたれ」?

In the sentence: "もう一本止めたれ" (spoken) Is the たれ just the "command form" of the たり grammar?
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What does 冷静になんかなんなよ mean?

This is from the manga Blue Period. Meaning of the sentence aside, I also want to understand what role is なんか and なん playing here.
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Understanding 「いん」in なんでお前がここにいんのよ [duplicate]

I'm following Tae Kim's grammar guide, and am confused about this sentence: なんでお前がここにいんのよ, which is translated as 'why are you here?'. I'm pretty sure that いん is some form of いる but I can't figure out ...
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What does 「見ちゃいない」mean?

I came across this in a manga, and I still can't figure out what the ちゃいない means. Does any help please?
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2 votes
1 answer
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っちゅう after a verb

To be clear, I am not asking about なか after a verb (which can mean "during"/"while"). While reading, I encountered: うちらに確実に勝てるっちゅうんか!! Presumed meaning: You think you can ...
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Questions about dialogue in this picture (omitted を、一歩も歩けん) [duplicate]

The dialogue in this picture is simple enough for me up until 一歩も歩けん. The first half makes me expect the whole sentence to be 一歩も引かない but the sentence as a whole confuses me. What is this 歩けん ...
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What does かかっといで mean? [duplicate]

「もう一度かかっといで」。 At the beginning, I thought it was 掛かって + ぐ ending verb turned into its imperative mood; then I've found かかってこい, it would make sense. If so, why does で appear? Is と the contraction for ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Casual speech - できんでえ / てやんでえ

I've come across both できんでえ and ~てやんでえ today but I'm not sure what they mean or what their origin is. There's some information relating to ~てやんでえ online which seems to point to it being a question (&...
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Unknown contractions and grammar in harsh language using 置いてくもん

I'm playing a game and I came across a dialog where a person says: 置いてくもん置いてきゃ 許してやらなくもないぜオラァ! And I'm having a difficult time understanding how this grammar was formed. I am mainly lost on the ...
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Grammar confusion with use of 頼みてえ [duplicate]

I came across this sentence: ちょうどいい! 頼【たの】みてえ事【こと】がある! My translation: Just in time! I have a favor to ask! I'm not really sure what grammar rule is being applied to the bold part. It seems like ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Sound change of verbs (違う → ちげー)

I find some (young?) people say ちげー when they mean 違う. Is there other verb that is frequently sound-reduced? (BTW, what is the correct way to describe this phonological phenomenon or the word for this ...
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How would I translate ’期待されとっても倒れたら’ in this sentence

Here's the full sentence: ’なんぼ期待されとっても倒れたら元も子もないんやから。’ And here's where I ended up: 'Because no matter what you say, even if you have hopes, you'll lose everything if you burn out.' The context ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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How to interpret 入っちゃって as a command?

A mother is telling her kid: 「お風呂わいたから入っちゃって」. From the context, I am guessing it means "The water's heated up, come in (take the bath)!". I don't understand how「入っちゃって」 could mean a request / ...
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What's the structure of this lyric sentence? 「置いてかなくちゃいけないのかな」

The sentence is: [明日]{あした}の[入]{い}り[口]{ぐち}に、[置]{お}いてかなくちゃいけないのかな? Now I know the former part is "tomorrow, at the entrance (of our school)", and the following phrases: おく ーー 置いて, to put, かな ーー is ...
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What is "られん" in "付き合ってられん"? I can't found it in dictionary?

Context:https://www.pixiv.net/en/artworks/81045594 The google translate split "付き合ってられん" to words as "付き合って られん" but it seem is not a regular word I can't understand what do "られん" meaning or find out ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How is たる being used here? [duplicate]

I got this sentence from My hero academia anime and I am confused on the usage of したる. The line is said in season 3 episode 9 at the 4 minute 45 second mark. こいつらの方針が変わんねえうちに2~3人ぶっ殺して脱出したる! The ...
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How does 時くれえ function here? [duplicate]

最初にまみえた時くれえ 呆けてた方が可愛げがあって良いんじゃねえか My rough understanding of the 2nd sentence is "You were so amazed that it was cute, so it's fine, right?" I'm not sure how the first sentence works here. ...
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1 answer
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What does the verbal contraction/suffix -kkya or -kya at the end of a clause mean? [duplicate]

I seem to hear and read this construction often, but can't seem to find any information about it on Google (or other search engines), as well as other sites I've checked. I've tried several different ...
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2 votes
1 answer
170 views

Meaning or nuance of 調きょ?

Here's the line I'm trying to understand: 責任をもって調きょ…指導してあげるのよ I've gotten a bit over my head reading a comedy yuri manga written by one of those big Twitter authors... It's chock full of slang, ...
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4 votes
1 answer
469 views

がってんなら - what kind of contraction am I dealing with in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand how to parse the がってんなら in this sentence (it's from Tales of Vesperia, in case anyone's curious): 帝国がってんなら、 この旅の間にも 何度か見てきたろ? This is how it's translated in the English ...
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3 votes
2 answers
378 views

What does ガッポォオォイ mean?

I tried searching in jisho.org with different iteratons of the オ to no avail. Thanks in advance.
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2 votes
1 answer
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人のことをいっときながら DB Chapter 2

This is Bulma alone complaining about Goku rudeness. Translated as: "I can't believe he had the nerve to call me stuff like witch or fairy". 人のことを = things to people (like in saying things to people) ...
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1 answer
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だったらはやくいやあいいのに DB

I'm still learning. This is Goku tied to a tree in first chapter of DB. Translated as: "She should've said it earlier". Can someone give me a literal translation? Something is preventing me from ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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「ずっと触ってたくなるよね」: te form + たくなる

I was watching a "Chibi Maruko Chan" episode about Maruko wanting to pet a fluffy dog. In the subtitles, I saw「ずっと触ってたくなるよね」. So I understand that ずっと means "continuously," and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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I need some help with んです/ので/ん

I was studyng from a book and I can't answer this question (and I don`t have the answers) the question is: 普通の言い方に直すとどうなりますか。 私に予約してくれんか。 a)予約してくれないのですか。 b)予約してくれるのですか。 c)予約してくれませんか。 To me all of ...
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2 answers
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Is 「short past + ろう」 like 「だろう」?

I found this form I'm not sure about: 少なくとも最後の最後、ばあさんはいいやつに会ったんだ。それで、きもちのいい運転でドライブを楽しんだ。車に乗ってるあいだは、楽しかったろう The character is speaking about an old woman who, after taking a taxi, killed herself; ...
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「戦って勝たなくたっていい..」 [duplicate]

In this YouTube video from an anime 暗殺教室 渚 殺気② t=44s what I hear the character is saying is the following: 戦{たたか}って勝{か}たなくたっていい、殺{ころ}せば勝{か}ちなんだ。 I don't understand where the part in bold comes ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Interpretation of にはな in this sentence

I know that based on the title it might sound a bit odd, but thing is, there's a video game I like and it only has an English dub and Japanese subtitles. There's a line (which is spoken by a guy), ...
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1 vote
1 answer
293 views

Which is more polite, ではまた or じゃまた?

Context: The terms are used when leaving chat sessions. Some people type deha/wamata and others, jya/jaomata. Which one is more polite?
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How's ちゃわなきゃ working in this sentence?

I have a question about the usage of ちゃわなきゃ with 寝る in the following sentence, 先週みたいに途中に寝ちゃわなきゃいいけど。 I believe that the ちゃ is for things that must not be done, but I have no clue what わなきゃ is doing ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Saying い adjectives without pronouncing the い

As the title above, why do japanese locals remove theいfrom the いadjective when speaking. For example, I have heard words like 早、やば、高 being used when speaking. Is this only used amongst friends (very ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな。 Understanding this て and the meaning of this どーも

小島:塾なんかやめればいーじゃん オレ家庭教師にしたぜ 伊藤:うざいんだ 家庭教師って 部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな I am struggling with the bolded phrase, I think he says something to the meaning of "What are you going to do with just two people ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What does 断っといたから mean?

I'm trying to read manga and came across this sentence. How is "から" used here? It does definitely not mean "because", as you can see from the picture, the character is explaining his action, he does ...
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2 votes
1 answer
215 views

Do native Japanese speakers always omit い after て in present continuous tense across all conjugations in informal language?

言っている > 言ってる 欲しがっています > 欲しがってます 見ていた > 見てた 行っていました > 行ってました I'm trying to sound as native as possible, so I would like to know which the more common way is of speaking in the present ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Regarding chau and cha contractions, what happens in -って and -んで cases?

When contracting -てしまう or -でしまう to -ちゃう or -ちゃ, what happens in the -って and -んで cases? For example, does 洗ってしまう become あらちゃう or あらっちゃう? Similarly, does 喚んでしまわない become 喚んじまわない or 喚じまわない? I'm trying ...
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1 vote
0 answers
75 views

け as a contraction of 来い [duplicate]

I’d like to confirm my theory that 来い at the end of a sentence can be colloquially contracted to け. I met this sentence in a comics: 置いてけ。 A meaning “Leave it here!” would be very appropriate ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What しとっても means here?

陸ではのらくらしとっても水の中ではそりゃあ素早い I don't quite understand しとっても form here. I guess the whole sentence will be Even though they're slow on land, they're very quick in water. Is しとっても another form of ...
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3 votes
2 answers
151 views

サインもらっとけとでも言う - Breaking this phrase down

今のうちにサインもらっとけとでも言うんスか!? What I thought he was saying: "Are you saying we should get his signature now while we still can!?" I was stuck for several days on this sentence having trouble making sense ...
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5 votes
2 answers
328 views

Problem with some 縮約形

I just came across some of the "contracted forms" used in conversations, which I'm not really familiar with. May you help me decoding the ones that I found impossible to understand and to translate ...
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17 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is the て-form being used before ん?

In the following sentence: 誰{だれ}探{さが}してんの What is the grammatical reason for 探{さが}す to be used in て-form before ん?
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