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Questions tagged [contractions]

縮約. The omission of sounds or letters from words. Contractions can be characteristic of dialects or modes of speech. A frequently observed contraction may become a new word in a language.

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Regarding chau and cha contractions, what happens in -って and -んで cases?

When contracting -てしまう or -でしまう to -ちゃう or -ちゃ, what happens in the -って and -んで cases? For example, does 洗ってしまう become あらちゃう or あらっちゃう? Similarly, does 喚んでしまわない become 喚んじまわない or 喚じまわない? I'm trying ...
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け as a contraction of 来い [duplicate]

I’d like to confirm my theory that 来い at the end of a sentence can be colloquially contracted to け. I met this sentence in a comics: 置いてけ。 A meaning “Leave it here!” would be very appropriate ...
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What しとっても means here?

陸ではのらくらしとっても水の中ではそりゃあ素早い I don't quite understand しとっても form here. I guess the whole sentence will be Even though they're slow on land, they're very quick in water. Is しとっても another form of ...
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サインもらっとけとでも言う - Breaking this phrase down

今のうちにサインもらっとけとでも言うんスか!? What I thought he was saying: "Are you saying we should get his signature now while we still can!?" I was stuck for several days on this sentence having trouble making sense ...
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Problem with some 縮約形

I just came across some of the "contracted forms" used in conversations, which I'm not really familiar with. May you help me decoding the ones that I found impossible to understand and to translate ...
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Can somebody give me a grammatical insight into the following very short sentence? [duplicate]

何してんの? The translated meaning is "what are you doing?", but I am having difficulty understanding how the て form of する is referring to the present tense (I would have expected している here). Also, I am ...
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What is なんでって a contraction of in this sentence?

The sentence I am analyzing: 「今じーちゃんとこなんでって…」 "Right now I'm at grandpa's" (source context) In this case the speaker is on the phone so his speech is casual and fragmented. I already have an idea ...
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Meaning of 欲ばっから and help with the following sentence

Context: Riku, the protagonist boxer of this manga, is fighting against an evasive opponent that is really good at dodging punches and who always tries to win on points rather than KOs. Riku tries to ...
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How to parse 何てこった

Is 何てこった a contraction of なんてこう行った, or なんてこう言った, or is this something totally different?
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Colloquial contraction “出しゃ[あ]” [duplicate]

I encountered this sentence. なめんなよ。てめえみていな雑魚、おれが本気をだしゃあ… I believe the context is quite obvious: The speaker feels stronger than his enemy, the listener. From how I understand it, I’d translate ...
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だけじゃ〜ない grammar question

I'm trying to figure out what this grammar is used for... My textbook presents this: a) 〜だけで、〜 b) 〜だけでは 〜ない c) 〜だけじゃ 〜ない I believe a) is just saying "by simply doing something/having ...
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Purpose of adj+kucha and noun+ja in this sentence

Though I think I've understood the gist of the following sentence, I struggle to interpret two of the used terms. こんなに小さくちゃ一人じゃ生きていけないわよね。 This small (cat) mustn't live alone. (?) What exactly ...
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Ambiguity about -masu forms of ていく and てくる in informal speech

いく and くる are usually considered a pair of antonyms and ていく and てくる is a pair of common constructions from them. When conjugated to the masu form, the first one becomes ていきます and the second one ...
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Meaning of ___はんは

In a manga about boxing, the protagonist is going to fight an american boxer. His trainer is telling him how he should train: 白人はんは"拳"を鍛えてるだろうがお前は"足"だ。 I don't understand what "…はんは" is. Is it a ...
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せいせいすらあ Meaning

This is from the manga Kaiji. A hated character is making his departure, and Kaiji thinks to himself, "消えろ!消えろ!。。。!” ”せいせいすらあ。。。。” The first part is pretty easy, basically like "Yeah, get outta here!"...
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Is こたぁねえ= ことはない? [duplicate]

Context: a group of men are walking down a secluded road, they get the feeling they're being followed and sure enough their hunch is proved right when they're suddenly attacked, a projectile is ...
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Is there a contracted/casual form of でないと?

でないと as in the conditional phrase. 例:これをやれ。でないと殺す。 例えば、じゃないと? Never heard of it though. If there is no such thing then is でないと even considered formal in the first place or just neutral if it doesn't ...
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Help me understand spoken Japanese

I don't understand this whatsoever: やれやれ だから言わんこっちゃない especially the bolded part. What real words does that come from? Context is that the main character got a cold from staying outside all ...
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Causative-passive contracted form

I'm working through the book Nihongo So-matome N3 Choukai and on one page there is a side note about contracting the causative-passive form (e.g. 待たせられる=待たされる). Underneath it says 「食べる、話す、する、来る、...
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What's the un-contracted form of 何を言うてんねん?

I'm assuming that the first ん, after て, stands for る. However, I simply cannot parse the ねん that comes afterward. How exactly does "what the hell are you saying" become 何を言うてんねん, or if my first ...
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また上手くなってく 理由の Why is there a く after なって?

言い訳が また上手くなってく 理由の Is く there to connect the sentence? I'm probably overthinking this but it bugs me not understanding the purpose of this く. By the way, this is a lyric from this song; https://www....
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About ておいてね, what does it mean?

I was watching a Japanese TV drama and came across this sentence: そのへんのこと よ〜く念頭に置いといてね. I think といてね comes from ておいてね. Can anyone please tell me how do we use this ておいてね and when it is conjugates with ...
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Two different katakana for 'wo' in the Genki textbook

According to the 'Genki' textbook, katakana for 'wo' can be written in two ways; Contracted using the 'o'-katakana; ウォ Non-contracted using just the 'wo'-katakana; ヲ What are the differences ...
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Explanation of the grammar in 逮捕しといてくれ。 [duplicate]

逮捕しといてくれ。 I know the sentence is a command/plea, and that's why くれ, but I don't understand the しといて. Why is that or what does it mean?
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Why progressive tense (~ている) is not used in this case?

I was reading something which is supposed to mean "Why is it moving?". I would translate it as なんで動いているか? but it actually says なんで動いてんだ? What's the difference between them? I think I cannot capture ...
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Male speech pronunciation changes for i-adjectives

i learn japanese from many sources including movie or anime. unfortunately japanese often pronounce it different from actual word that make me often failed to find the translation, for example すごい ...
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Use of 悪ィ over 悪い

それが良{い}いのか悪{わり}ィのか正{ただ}しいことなのか、少し考{かんが}える。 I interpret this clause from 僕のヒーローアカデミア as "As to whether that is a good thing or a bad thing or something correct, I will think about it a little." Why ...
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What is the difference between ~してる and ~している?

When do you omit the い? Is it ungrammatical to use してる?
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What does なきゃ mean in this situation? [duplicate]

Due to some circumstances a guy brings a girl to a hotel in order to loose some pursuers. In there they get swept away by the situation and end up doing some foreplay. The girl ends up fainting ...
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use of すんな and ってもんがある

It's a male character saying thing this 抜け駆けすんなっ、まずは順序ってもんがあるだろ "Don't get a head start, first of all, there is a proper order of doing things" (?) Is すんな = the negative imperative するな? Is ...
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Questions about の→ん contraction, でござる→でございます shift

【原文】Original version 各これらの語の特徴はいつからなの?何時代ですの? 第一、「のです」と「なのです」を書いて「んです」と「なんです」を書かなかったことはいつからなの? 第に、「でござる」を書いて「でございます」を書かなかったこともいつからなの? 私の日本語がよくないですと、すみません! Edited version I have two questions ...
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Meaning of なっちゃねぇ

Context: a boy tells to a trainer that he wants to become a boxer, so the trainer starts testing the boy's skills. After seeing that he's strong, the trainer says "なっちゃねェな". I think it is a ...
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How to interpret ないって

How to interpret ないって in the following sentence? アイスには賞味期限がないって本当ですか? がない looks like negative form of ある, but what is って then? Can it be a contraction of quoting particle と?
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Expansion and politeness of 飲んじゃいなよ

Dad says he'll take his daughter out in an hour, after having a beer. The daughter says: 「そんなのあと一時間もかかんないじゃん。ぐ~~っと飲んじゃいなよ」 After one like that it won't take even an hour will it? Gulp it down in ...
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Verb conjugations such as 思わん、言えん [duplicate]

I have seen these forms used in manga: 1) いや一概にあほとは言えん 2) そう思わんですか! 3) 入らん人々は... Are these simply the negative forms, or are they something else?
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formality of ちゃう・じゃう

Is it sometimes considered politer or more formal to say ちゃう・じゃう as opposed to してしまう? Does it give a more positive nuance than してしまう? An example: One time I was going to be late to a dinner date and ...
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Contracted verb: Negative, positive, which one is it and why? [duplicate]

I've encountered the negative contraction several times since I started to study japanese, and I understand the logic behind the transformation from 開かない/開かぬ to 開かん in the first picture. A similar ...
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Meaning of しゃいどったで?

The speaker says the following: 二人ともオメデトさん!コイツ久々に着物新調する言うてエライはしゃいどったで? He points to his colleague standing behind him who responds with: 今あたしの話はいいでしょう…!? I find the speaker's line very ...
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Is レジ used as a contraction of registration?

The page 自分で手続きワーキングホリデー seems to be using レジ as short for "registration". But as far as I know, レジ is used as short for "[cash] register", not "registration", and the Australian English slang for "...
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Meaning of てさ after て form

I could not find anything about it. What does it mean? 崇君は漫画ばっかり読んでてさ。
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っては replaced with っちゃ?

My friend said: うたっちゃだめだから。 Is the っちゃ a colloquial replacement for っては in this case?
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なってしまいました conjugation

So I was talking to this girl and she sent me this message: あたしもラーメン食べたくなっちゃったw (She always send me the same message in English, which I got admit that makes my life easier) Since I was not ...
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Is there a difference when using ~ものか/~もんか?

I was wondering if there's any difference in meaning when contracting this sentence-final. For example: ボーナスもくれない会社でもう働くものか。 ボーナスもくれない会社でもう働くもんか。
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Meaning of よく見りゃ

「だけど成虫になったら、立派なカブトムシになるし、よく見りゃ幼虫だってかわいいもんだよ」 But if it reaches adulthood it will become a splendid rhinoceros beetle, and even ??? grubs are cute. My guess is that よく見りゃ means 'good-looking' but I ...
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Meaning of まん in ほっとかれちゃたまんない

あんなところにいつまでもほっとかれちゃたまんない I can't understand what まん means in this sentence. Literally I'm reading There is no まん that got neglected forever in such a place. which is gibberish.
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Is 何と read as なにと or なんと in 何と言いましたか?

彼は何と言いましたか. What is the reading of 何と in 何と言いましたか. Is it (なに or なん) + と?
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Any hints on how to translate the 'Nanny' in Totoro?

I'm working through translating となりのトトロ and I was doing ok until the Nanny starts talking. Going through her sentences and translating them piece by piece is an exercise in extreme patience. I find ...
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Meaning of わりィ in this sentence

わりィのはその関口って奴じゃねぇか。 I'm guessing that this って is という rather than は. So I get something like It's that idiot Sekiguchi isn't it? I can't even begin to guess at what the わりィ part is though.
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Meaning of そんだけ in this context

丸尾 is assertively ensuring that his teacher remembers his name. The teacher replies: そんだけ売りこめば忘れたくても忘れないよ。 If you sell yourself (arrogantly?) I won't forget even if I wanted to. Im guessing that ...
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Can the last い in かわいい be dropped?

In the Genki I textbook, it says that the i and the u vowels are sometimes dropped when placed between voiceless consonants or at the end of an utterance preceded by voiceless consonants. The example ...