Questions tagged [conjunctions]

接続詞・接続助詞. Parts of speech that connect two clauses together. This tag covers both conjunctive particles and actual conjunctions.

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66
votes
4answers
197k views

でも (demo) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but”

I learned that you can use でも (demo) at the beginning of a sentence to mean "but," and that you can use けど (kedo) at the end of a sentence to mean "though." However, I don't see a difference between ...
33
votes
2answers
10k views

けど at the end of the sentence?

According to dictionaries, 「けど」 means ‘but’, ‘although’, ‘however’. However, it seems to have slightly another meaning at the end of the sentence. For example, here are few example sentences with ...
32
votes
3answers
25k views

The many ways to say “and” in Japanese

In English, we just have one word for the conjunction and which works just fine for many categories, but in Japanese, there are separate words: と joins nouns together in a closed list や joins nouns ...
27
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the differences between 〜ので and 〜から?

When I was studying this, my 先生 kind of brushed over the point, and then years later, I realize that they are different, but I don't know exactly how. The only thing I understand is that ので is more ...
19
votes
2answers
9k views

What are the various ways to express 'or' and when are they appropriate?

I'd like to get an idea of when it is appropriate to use different expressions for expressing disjunction (of the inclusive AND exclusive variety). 「AとBとCの中で...」、「どちら」、and 「か」 come to mind, but I ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

What does のですが mean in the following sentence?

焼き鳥屋さんで集まったのですが、とても楽しい、かつ有意義な時間を過ごしました。
13
votes
1answer
1k views

なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as conjunctions

I have been wondering about this, since every time I hand in a 作文 in a Japanese class, I'm corrected on conjunctions. It seems to me that whenever I use a てform as a conjunction, a response comes back ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the use of 後で fading from usage in Japanese?

When first studying Japanese, I learned that "after" in Japanese is 後で. But asking around and looking at regular usage, a lot of Japanese will tell me a sentence like the following is slightly ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Are there various ways to use ~し?

The many ways to say “and” in Japanese thread showed me that ~し, ~し can be used give reasons for something. この部屋は綺麗だし広いし間取りもいいから人気がある。This room is clean, wide and also good partition, so most of ...
12
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2answers
3k views

けど vs. が for “but” conjuction

This question covers the difference between でも and けど for "but", the difference being that でも can be used at the beginning of a sentence. But けど and が are used in very much the same way, syntactically....
11
votes
1answer
6k views

How to use から and だから as conjunctions?

Recently I was studying the use of から and だから as conjunctions. Could anyone explain why one is used in these examples while the other is not? Are there rules as to whether から and だから can follow a ...
9
votes
1answer
211 views

What does the に do in 表情から察するに?

その表情から察するに魔剣を所持している人は少ないみたいだ。 I'm having trouble figuring out what に does here. Does it have the same meaning as と?
9
votes
1answer
276 views

Can けれども be analysed further?

Consider the conjunction ども, e.g.: 行けども 言えども Formation rule: Verb Hypothetical form (仮定形) + ども This leads me to hypothesise that the conjunction けれども (meaning "but; however; although") is built ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Meaning of だけども / ですけども

I was watching はじめしゃちょー on youtube, and I noticed that he keeps adding だけども / ですけども at the end of sentences. I fully understand the usage of けど, however I have never encountered も (or is it もう?)...
8
votes
3answers
632 views

けれども as a neutral connector

In this thread on appositives, @OskarLindberg had mentioned that けれども could be used as a neutral connector. My understanding up until now was that it presented contrasting ideas, being translated as "...
8
votes
2answers
799 views

Is it possible to begin a sentence with または?

Japanese uses ’or’ less than Western languages, and I sometimes feel that I’m using または or あるいは an awful lot more than I should. Especially, is it legit to begin a sentence with these words? Let’s ...
8
votes
1answer
463 views

Why is this で wrong, and を preferable? 「信号を左です」

日本語 知り合いに道案内していた時に、 次の信号で、左です と言ったら、 次の信号を、左です という言い方のほうがいいと言われました。 「です」は本物の動詞ではありませんし、「を」と繋がっているのは間違いではないのでしょうか。省略された動詞があるという分析のほうがいいのですか?そして、どうして「で」はだめなのですか? English While giving an ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What exactly does とはいえ mean?

I came across the structure [V simple-past]とはいえ、、、、 and I can't figure out exactly what it means. I found this いえ is 言え, and it means the same as とは言うものの... which I don't really understand perfectly ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Significance of ところ in set phrases ところで and ところが

In two conjunctions 「ところで」 and 「ところが」 that mean "by the way / incidentally" and "however / nevertheless" respectively, what is the significance of the word 「ところ」? How does ところ + で give the nuance of ...
6
votes
1answer
961 views

How is ほか used as a conjunction?

What does ほか mean when it is used in a sentence like this: [situationA] ほか, [situationB]" Specifically I would like a little help clarifying the following sentence: 事件事故が減ったほか、...
6
votes
1answer
809 views

から and ので formation/conjugation differences

Consider the case when から and ので follows a noun, な-adjective, or noun-equivalent: から:静かだから... "Because it is quiet..." (Subjective causality) ので:静かなので... "Because it is quiet..." (Objective ...
6
votes
4answers
789 views

「のだろう、」 mid-sentence

私は自分では淋しくも何ともないから、彼女と私とでは、一般的にいう「不幸」という点で、どっこいどっこいのような気がするのだが、彼女は自分のほうが私よりも「ちょっと幸せ」だと感じているのだろう、結婚には失敗したけれど、子供が三人いる。これが彼女が私よりも幸せだと思う最大の理由だと推理したのである。 What is the meaning of のだろう here and how does it ...
5
votes
1answer
459 views

さて vs. そして: When should you use one or the other?

The title pretty well summarizes the question. さて vs. そして: When should you use one or the other? How are they different? To me, they come across as being used very similarly, at least when at the ...
5
votes
3answers
360 views

Is there a past tense conjugation form for ば?

I have been looking at conjunctive forms of verbs and my grammar books shows me a negative and affirmative version of ば but what about a past tense and a past tense negative? Would they be じゃなてれば and ...
5
votes
2answers
571 views

と conjunction vs. て-form conjunction?

In the Genki series of textbooks, we are taught that both the て-form of a verb and the conjunction と can join sentences. I'm slightly unclear on their semantic differences. Some examples with my best ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

「こわいだから。」 versus 「こわい、だから[…]」

In an answer on another question, @TsuyoshiIto wrote: [U]nlike commas in English, 読点 in Japanese is rarely (if ever) grammatically required. Authors are free to use 読点 wherever they feel that it ...
5
votes
1answer
376 views

Did “soshite” develop from an overused “te”-form?

I'm helping out as a tutor for Japanese in my university and a student asked me, if "soshite" may be derived from a verb in "-te" form. Now, I know that there are a lot of similar-sounding words in ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

から ending a sentence

I've seen this in a few texts now and since it's appeared with some frequency I thought to post the question here. I tried searching online but came up with no real conclusions. ありませんから or plain form ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

だが attached to the subject/topic

だが is often attached to the subject/topic of a sentence as follows, with my supposed translation. 近くに住む叔父だが, 最近具合が悪いと聞いている. 'Speaking of my uncle who lives close-by, I've heard lately he's isn't ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

Not using くて in i-adjective Conjunctions

I've been reading 猿蟹 from this website. I've come across a sentence that puzzles me grammatically: まだ青い固い柿の実を、蟹に投げつけました。 Here, there is a conjunction of two i-adjectives, but the writer doesn't ...
5
votes
2answers
166 views

Can the て-form be used as a た-form substitute?

I've been reading manga by myself for some time, and I've been noticing sentences where the て-form takes the role of a past tense marker (that is, the role of the た-form). At first I was letting it ...
5
votes
1answer
418 views

Is けど a 接続詞 (conjunction) or 助詞 (particle)?

A book I've read states that けど is a 接続詞 (conjunction). However, another book I had read states that it is a 助詞 (particle). Who is right?
5
votes
1answer
232 views

When is it possible to use “だったって”?

I asked a Japanese friend of mine whether I can rephrase the following two sentences with the bold words: これがかの有名なマリー・アントワネットが座った椅子ったって、今見て彼女がいるわけじゃないのにね。(original) これがかの有名なマリー・...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

「というのは」と「というのも」の違いは何ですか。

「というのは」と「というのも」の違いは何ですか。 また、下の文章でこの二つの接続語が交換してもいいですか。 わたしたちは感心した。というのは、桜の開花日が気象予報士の予想通りだったからだ 明日は各地とも花見客でにぎわうだろう。というのも、あしたは花見日和になりそうだからだ。 よろしくお願いします。
5
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1answer
333 views

い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
5
votes
2answers
236 views

Why do textbooks teach が as “but” when けど is more common?

I personally learned beginner Japanese using the Genki textbooks, though I think this is similar for other beginner textbooks. In these textbooks, they teach が to mean "but", as in "日本料理が好きですが、生卵が嫌いです。...
4
votes
2answers
258 views

Is “断ったとは信じがたい” a nominalization?

I'm not comfortable with how ~~とは... is used in my textbook: 彼{かれ}がひどいことをしたとは信{しん}じがたい。 That 信じる is only transitive makes me think that ~~とは... is a nominalization method. But, I've never seen ...
4
votes
3answers
343 views

omitting conjunction で for emphasis?

In an essay I'm reading called 料理, the author says the following (note: the full sentence is very long, so I've omitted a few of the clauses while keeping enough to get the general point across): ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

し at the end of the sentence

I learned that shi is used to connect two or more sentences. But sometimes I hear it at the end of the sentence. What does it mean? Can you explain on these sentences? 濃くなってきちゃったら、...
4
votes
1answer
300 views

Meaning of 身もフタもない

怒られるタイプの人のことを考えていて、自分が怒られたんじゃ、身もフタもないじゃないの I've been thinking about people who are the type to get scolded and, I scold myself... I can't make any sense out of the part in bold. Literally I get, "...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

How to link two cause–effect statements in close succession?

Take for example the following sentence, Since I didn't have time, I couldn't go, so I declined the offer. Here we have two cause–effect statements: Since I didn't have time, I couldn't go. (...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Understanding of 働かせ in the sentence below

I came across the following sentence: 4000万円までは借金を膨らませて働かせ、5000万円になると自殺するのでそれ以上の借金はさせない How 働かせ is understood in this context? It looks like an imperative form of 働かす, but the imperative form over ...
4
votes
1answer
509 views

What is the difference between でありながらも and でありながら?

On this site, I came across this JLPT N2 question: これはシンプルで _______ 純粋で魅力的なスピーチです あってながら あるながら ありながら ありながらも I chose 4 while 3 is correct. I was having difficulties choosing ...
4
votes
1answer
457 views

What does ただ mean in this context, following a verb and before ひとり?

怒られるタイプの男子に囲まれているただひとりの怒られるタイプの女子。 I'm surrounded by boys who are the "getting scolded" type (but?) I'm the only girl of that sort. Does ただ mean 'but' in this context? If so, when/how should I use ...
4
votes
1answer
380 views

What is the function of の particle after Conjunction?

Here is the sentence: それなのにの言い換えや別の言い方。 Taking it apart: それなのに_Conjunction + の_Particle + 言い換え_Noun + や_Particle + 別_Noun? + の_Particle + 言い方_Noun。 This construction puzzles me. What is の doing right ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

ながら sentence sample clarification

Sample sentences from A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar page 270: A: ちょっと話がしたいんですが。 B: じゃ、コーヒーを飲みながら話しましょう。 C: じゃ、話しながらコーヒーを飲みましょう。 It states that B is an acceptable response to A ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Confusing use of けど

「ねえねえ、このまえ本で読んだんだけど、犬に追われたら、こうやって腕を胸の前で組むと一瞬、犬が弱気になるんだって」 Hey, I was reading in a book recently (but) if you're chased by a dog, when you fold your arms in front of your chest like this, it gets ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How would you say “I like sth/sb because of [that reason]” in Japanese?

For example how would you say I like John, because I think he is charming and attentive. Is there any other way to say "because" besides of kara (& node)? kara makes the sentence sound like "...
4
votes
1answer
367 views

Stem of ます-form as conjuction

おはよう! I came up with the stem of the ます-form while trying to read a book. I already checked the questions Connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form and なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

When to use “イ形容詞” plus “ったって”

I found the following sentences containing "形容詞語幹+い+ったって" in dictionaries 「大きいったって、それほどじゃないよ」(小学館) 「行きたいったって、先立つものがないとね」(明鏡国語辞典) and also the definition of "たって" written in 大辞林, "活用語の終止形に付き,「…...