Questions tagged [conjunctions]

接続詞・接続助詞. Parts of speech that connect two clauses together. This tag covers both conjunctive particles and actual conjunctions.

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5
votes
1answer
232 views

When is it possible to use “だったって”?

I asked a Japanese friend of mine whether I can rephrase the following two sentences with the bold words: これがかの有名なマリー・アントワネットが座った椅子ったって、今見て彼女がいるわけじゃないのにね。(original) これがかの有名なマリー・...
19
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2answers
9k views

What are the various ways to express 'or' and when are they appropriate?

I'd like to get an idea of when it is appropriate to use different expressions for expressing disjunction (of the inclusive AND exclusive variety). 「AとBとCの中で...」、「どちら」、and 「か」 come to mind, but I ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Meaning of それと in this sentence [duplicate]

うちで[子供]{こども}と[お母さん]{おかあさん}が[話しています]{はなしています}。[お母さん]{おかあさん}は[何]{なに}を[買います]{かいます}か。 [男]{おとこ}:[お母さん]{おかあさん}、[今日]{きょう}は[僕]{ぼく}が[夕食]{ゆうしょく}[作る]{つくる}よ。[卵]{たまご}はあるんだよね。きゅうりとじゃがいもは? [女]{おんな}:きゅうりはある。...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

“But”, “but also”, “yet”, and “and yet” when listing things?

How do I express the these ideas in Japanese while listing things? For example, how should these sentences be translated into Japanese while carrying the same tone? He has a scary face but a heart ...
32
votes
3answers
25k views

The many ways to say “and” in Japanese

In English, we just have one word for the conjunction and which works just fine for many categories, but in Japanese, there are separate words: と joins nouns together in a closed list や joins nouns ...
66
votes
4answers
197k views

でも (demo) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but”

I learned that you can use でも (demo) at the beginning of a sentence to mean "but," and that you can use けど (kedo) at the end of a sentence to mean "though." However, I don't see a difference between ...
5
votes
1answer
459 views

さて vs. そして: When should you use one or the other?

The title pretty well summarizes the question. さて vs. そして: When should you use one or the other? How are they different? To me, they come across as being used very similarly, at least when at the ...
4
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2answers
129 views

When to use “イ形容詞” plus “ったって”

I found the following sentences containing "形容詞語幹+い+ったって" in dictionaries 「大きいったって、それほどじゃないよ」(小学館) 「行きたいったって、先立つものがないとね」(明鏡国語辞典) and also the definition of "たって" written in 大辞林, "活用語の終止形に付き,「…...
0
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1answer
72 views

Can you separate clauses using ついて/ use a clause ending with ついて as an entire subject/topic?

Here's the sentence I've composed. すしを買うことについて、母を尋ねる。 The meaning I intend is something like, "I'll ask my mom about buying sushi," like I'm telling my friend I'll be asking her for permission to do ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

How to link two cause–effect statements in close succession?

Take for example the following sentence, Since I didn't have time, I couldn't go, so I declined the offer. Here we have two cause–effect statements: Since I didn't have time, I couldn't go. (...
5
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1answer
201 views

「というのは」と「というのも」の違いは何ですか。

「というのは」と「というのも」の違いは何ですか。 また、下の文章でこの二つの接続語が交換してもいいですか。 わたしたちは感心した。というのは、桜の開花日が気象予報士の予想通りだったからだ 明日は各地とも花見客でにぎわうだろう。というのも、あしたは花見日和になりそうだからだ。 よろしくお願いします。
12
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1answer
3k views

Are there various ways to use ~し?

The many ways to say “and” in Japanese thread showed me that ~し, ~し can be used give reasons for something. この部屋は綺麗だし広いし間取りもいいから人気がある。This room is clean, wide and also good partition, so most of ...
4
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1answer
104 views

Understanding of 働かせ in the sentence below

I came across the following sentence: 4000万円までは借金を膨らませて働かせ、5000万円になると自殺するのでそれ以上の借金はさせない How 働かせ is understood in this context? It looks like an imperative form of 働かす, but the imperative form over ...
3
votes
2answers
495 views

Why is し added at the end of this sentence?

A person says these phrases: 嫌ではないです(it's not disgusting) というか... (I mean...) どっちかっていうと (If I had to choose) - /I'm not sure about this translation I made here/ ...気持ちいいし (and it ...
5
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1answer
332 views

い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
5
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1answer
111 views

Not using くて in i-adjective Conjunctions

I've been reading 猿蟹 from this website. I've come across a sentence that puzzles me grammatically: まだ青い固い柿の実を、蟹に投げつけました。 Here, there is a conjunction of two i-adjectives, but the writer doesn't ...
0
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1answer
221 views

JLPT sentence order section [duplicate]

I keep on trying this type of jlpt questions and I keep on failing. Do you have any recommendation on what to read or what to review? An example question that I answered wrong is : れいぞうこにくだもの__ * ...
2
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1answer
846 views

Soredewa versus Sorekara

Read the following please: ... このホテルはどちらもありません。それから、冷蔵庫もエアコンもありません。このホテルは便利ではありませんでしたが、山や湖で色々なことができました。 Can それでは be used in place of それから in the sentence above (both mean "then")? By the way, ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Is the use of 後で fading from usage in Japanese?

When first studying Japanese, I learned that "after" in Japanese is 後で. But asking around and looking at regular usage, a lot of Japanese will tell me a sentence like the following is slightly ...
2
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1answer
337 views

Many Usages of the term “you ni” in conversational speech [closed]

I am having trouble in using or interpreting a sentence that uses the japanese grammatical term 'you ni". Please don't confuse it with other grammatical structures such as 'no you ni" or "you'. This ...
4
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1answer
112 views

ながら sentence sample clarification

Sample sentences from A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar page 270: A: ちょっと話がしたいんですが。 B: じゃ、コーヒーを飲みながら話しましょう。 C: じゃ、話しながらコーヒーを飲みましょう。 It states that B is an acceptable response to A ...
2
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1answer
97 views

The verb after conjugation in たり compound sentence, is still a verb? And if so, why is it despite する being the verb?

雨の日は滑ったり、転んだりする。 If する is the verb, then what is the role of the 転んだり in the grammatical sense? I understand that it is a verb which is transformed into 転んだり in a compound sentence but is it still ...
2
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0answers
110 views

Do Japanese use commas or “and”? [duplicate]

In English when we have sentences like I ate an apple, pear and orange we use a comma to separate the words in a list instead of constantly using "and". Does one use commas in Japanese in a ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

What is the difference between 「『の』ための」, 「『の』ために」and 「に」?

I am vaguely aware of how to use 「のために」in sentences, but I have recently encountered the following sentence: 「日本語がわかるようになるには、そんな風にゴロゴロしていないで。」 Would there be any significant difference when 「に」is ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Can し act as replacement for て when listing a series of adjectives?

I was watching an anime and one of the characters said this: 優しいししっかりしてるし可愛いし I was a bit surprised because I was told that you should connect adjectives with て. Why is this characters using し ...
4
votes
1answer
508 views

What is the difference between でありながらも and でありながら?

On this site, I came across this JLPT N2 question: これはシンプルで _______ 純粋で魅力的なスピーチです あってながら あるながら ありながら ありながらも I chose 4 while 3 is correct. I was having difficulties choosing ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

し at the end of the sentence

I learned that shi is used to connect two or more sentences. But sometimes I hear it at the end of the sentence. What does it mean? Can you explain on these sentences? 濃くなってきちゃったら、...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Conjunction し and particle も

I've got a big question about し and も. カロリーも少なくなるし、おなかも張ります。 Can we not use も here? Will the meaning be changed? カロリーが少なくなるし、おなかが張ります。 Why does し usually go with も? Does も add some ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What is the meaning of 「れど」 in the waka poem title 「忍ぶれど」?

「忍ぶれど」 is the title of Taira no Kanemori's waka poem in Ogura Hyakunin Isshu and I'd like to know the translation of this title in English. I already looked up the meanings and 「忍ぶ」 means to ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Significance of ところ in set phrases ところで and ところが

In two conjunctions 「ところで」 and 「ところが」 that mean "by the way / incidentally" and "however / nevertheless" respectively, what is the significance of the word 「ところ」? How does ところ + で give the nuance of ...
5
votes
2answers
166 views

Can the て-form be used as a た-form substitute?

I've been reading manga by myself for some time, and I've been noticing sentences where the て-form takes the role of a past tense marker (that is, the role of the た-form). At first I was letting it ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Why is て form used here?

友達申請をしてくださって、ありがとうございます。 =>"Thank you that you have given the favor of doing a friend request." What I expressed in my translation is something which usually gives me a lot of trouble when I try to ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

I need help translating as I'm Confused with かのような

So I'm trying to translate a sentence that contains the following hiragana at the end of the first part: かのような and I'm not sure if its 'kano - particle' followed by 'like/similar to', or if かのような ...
5
votes
2answers
570 views

と conjunction vs. て-form conjunction?

In the Genki series of textbooks, we are taught that both the て-form of a verb and the conjunction と can join sentences. I'm slightly unclear on their semantic differences. Some examples with my best ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Temporal sequence conjunctions

I am currently facing an exam in beginner Japanese where I will have to describe a picture of a person's entire day. I've prepared a list of conjunctions I can use to go from event to event, but I am ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

can たら be translated as “because”?

アイスクリームを食べたら、おなかがいたくなりました コーヒーを飲んだら、ねられませんでした In the above examples, can たら be translated as "because"? If not then why?
0
votes
2answers
189 views

「ので」のように、「のに」も略せますか?

「ので」が略せるように、接続助詞の「のに」も略せますか? 「ので」が「んで」か、「なんで」か、「なので」になれるなら、 「のに」も「んに」とか、「なんに」とか、「なのに」になれますか? これを思えば、そうですか? また、私の日本語がよくなかったら、すみません!
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Is there a secret meaning in PPAP song?

I wonder if PPAP song by Kazuhito Kosaka actually has a secret meaning? As far as I know, words in Japanese can mean several different things depending on their conjuctions or one's interpretation. ...
8
votes
2answers
799 views

Is it possible to begin a sentence with または?

Japanese uses ’or’ less than Western languages, and I sometimes feel that I’m using または or あるいは an awful lot more than I should. Especially, is it legit to begin a sentence with these words? Let’s ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

とは言え conjunction

I often hear とは言え used as a conjunction between sentences. What does it mean? ALC didn't offer much help.
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Confusing use of けど

「ねえねえ、このまえ本で読んだんだけど、犬に追われたら、こうやって腕を胸の前で組むと一瞬、犬が弱気になるんだって」 Hey, I was reading in a book recently (but) if you're chased by a dog, when you fold your arms in front of your chest like this, it gets ...
4
votes
2answers
525 views

Use of -です/-ます in the middle of a complex sentence

I have always thought that -です/-ます should be use only at the end of a sentence but some japanese friends told me it sound more polite to use it with every verbs. What should I say between, by exemple: ...
5
votes
1answer
376 views

Did “soshite” develop from an overused “te”-form?

I'm helping out as a tutor for Japanese in my university and a student asked me, if "soshite" may be derived from a verb in "-te" form. Now, I know that there are a lot of similar-sounding words in ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

て used as “because”?

My (Japanese) friend gave me a suggested translation of this sentence: 普段ワインはなかなか飲まないのだけど、いろんな味、風味、渋味甘味が感じられて良き体験でした。 By no means do I usually drink wine but, it was a good experience because ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Usage of ゃ で, when buying countable nouns

パン屋{や}でパンを買{か}います。 Not sure what ゃ で means here. Noun, ゃ で, noun.
5
votes
2answers
236 views

Why do textbooks teach が as “but” when けど is more common?

I personally learned beginner Japanese using the Genki textbooks, though I think this is similar for other beginner textbooks. In these textbooks, they teach が to mean "but", as in "日本料理が好きですが、生卵が嫌いです。...
3
votes
1answer
483 views

What is the difference between し and て-form in connecting verbs together?

Are there any differences between these sentences? Are they correct? 彼女は優しくて、綺麗で、楽しいんだ。だから大好きだ。 彼女は優しいし、綺麗だし、楽しいし。だから大好きだ。 How do し and て-form differ? How about these sentences: 今日はたくさん食べて、...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Using て-form to indicate purpose

Someone asked me: どんな本を使って日本語を勉強していますか I'm confused about the て-form here. The only sensible translation I can think of is: What kind of books do you use (in order) to study Japanese I've not ...
-2
votes
1answer
176 views

What does 「かかと」 mean?

Here's my sentence. It's describing an attack. 強力なかかと落してで周囲を攻撃する I know what everything else means but does anyone know what 「かかと」 means? I've never seen it before.