Questions tagged [conjunctions]

接続詞・接続助詞. Parts of speech that connect two clauses together. This tag covers both conjunctive particles and actual conjunctions.

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What is もしくは doing in this comparision

I saw this sentence in an episode of Attack on Titan ライナーができないと言うようにもしくはライナーでさえここで休まざるを得ない現状を鑑みるに The speaker is referencing something that ライナー said they can't do I don't understand why you would ...
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Is などなど a phrase-ending expression or it can be used in the middle of a sentence?

I recently learned the word などなど which means "etcetera", just like the good ol' など : 日本のものはポップでクール!車、オーディオ、家電製品、ファッション、文房具などなど。 フルーツが好きです。りんご、みかん、バナナなどなど。 Judging from these examples, I ...
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Are 接続詞 a syntactically unified class or classes of words, and what are the rules governing them?

A recent comment under a question of mine prompted me to consider how 接続助詞 work syntactically, and to discover that different ones follow different 形 (Japanese Wikipedia has a nice list). However, no ...
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Are 並立助詞 (Parallel-marking particles such as とか・や・…) coordinating conjunctions?

Assuming that a coordinating conjunction is a conjunction which links two phrases of the same phrase type (e.g. NPs) and create a larger phrase of the same type, it seems to me 並立助詞 should be ...
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わからないし vs わからねいし

I was watching some anime and realised that some character says わからねいし instead of わからないし. Is this just a slur kind situation where they change it so it's easier to pronounce, like how native speakers ...
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Does [だけど] have some grammatical function with [ほど]?

I saw this combination in the following part of a story: ステータスを見る限りではブラさんすら負けるほどだけど、ブラさん的にはそんなに脅威ではないっぽい? I read that normally ほど is used in several patterns, for example "A + ほど + B" to ...
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NHK News Easy article: Constant tense changes, and そこに as a conjunction

In this NHK News Easy story, the second paragraph describes an online video showing a river suddenly flooding. 初めは、水は静かに流れています。そこに、急に水がたくさん流れてきます。川はすぐに茶色の水でいっぱいになりました。流れる水の力もとても強くなりました。 The tense is ...
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Different meanings of ですが [duplicate]

I have started reading 「魔女の宅急便」, and I found a sentence I quite understand, but for the exact meaning of 「ですが」: キキのばあいも、十歳の中ごろ、魔女になる決心をしたのですが、そのあとすぐ、コキリさんの持っている魔法を習いはじめました As far as I know, 「ですが」 ...
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Why is「伊藤さんは仕事が多くて休みすぎのようです。」Wrong?

How come 「伊藤さんは仕事が多くて休みすぎのようです。」isn't grammatically correct? According to native speakers, this means something like: Itou-san has a lot of work, therefore he seems to be resting too much Which, yea,...
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2 votes
1 answer
439 views

けど・が with "conjugated" adjective

I came across this example about "けど": 野菜{やさい}は好{す}きじゃないだけど体{からだ}にいいから食{た}べる。 This example feels wrong to me because the "だ" before "けど" doesn't have to be there; ...
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Usage of のに contrary to what I expected

The meaning of のに is "despite", "although". But in the sentence, it seems to have another role. Could you explain? Context: another character wants to join the team consisting of ...
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Meaning of してならぬ

I found this instance of してならぬ in the following passage: 養父を殺した騎士! 報仇の念が胸に猛った。 血の脈動と共に衝動が全身を駆け、目的を唯一事に定めて走り出そうとする。 そうしてならぬ理由が、何処にあろう。 そんなものは何処にも―― I'm well aware of the usage of してならない to mean "...
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How do you join たる-adjectives?

When joining い-adjectives and な-adjectives, you simply put them in 連用形 + て: この料理は美味しくて安いです。 田中さんは綺麗で親切です。 However, I have a bit of trouble with たる-adjectives. I couldn't find any resources on it. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How do I introduce something new and then describe it in the same sentence?

I recently learned how to use これ, この, それ, その etc. but I was wondering how to introduce something new to someone, like これはゲームです and then adding onto that sentence to describe it (for example in English ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why is 及び being used to mean "a.k.a." in this sentence?

So this sentence in a Vtuber video (which has English and Chinese translation available) caught my interest: 今回の事件ははあちゃま及び赤井はあとがデビュー当初から秘められし能力を封印していたこと原因であり、すべてははあちゃまの責任です。 I initially went into ...
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How can I express "wearing multiple clothings" in a sentence?

Linked はく and きる or just きる? ぼうしをかぶるじょせい。 ワンピスをきるじょせい。 How can I express in Japanese the combinations of above sentences, eg: "woman that is wearing hat and onepiece" or, "woman that ...
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1 answer
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Conjunctions using stems, and its conjugation

While working through the Tobira textbook, I came to a grammar point Chapter 1 - #5. This stated verb stems and adverbial い-adj form could be used to combine sentences as in: 昨日は友達とレストランで晩ご飯を食べ、その後、...
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2 votes
2 answers
530 views

What is the difference between そして and そしたら

Both そして and そしたら translated by most dictionaries as THEN. Is there any difference in usage between these conjunctions?
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What's the difference between と思いきや and と思った

What would the difference between と思いきや and と思ったが in the following sentence: やっと富士山の頂上に着いたと_____、まだ8合目だった。 I feel that they can both translate to "I thought~" but I think there's a finer nuance ...
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3 votes
2 answers
282 views

How to express alternative options where the options use different verbs

I was about to answer this question when I realised I had a problem. If I want to say "Please do A or B" where the actions involve different verbs then, hopefully: 本を買うのに店に行くかインターネットを使うかどちらかしてください。...
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2 votes
1 answer
85 views

メアリーがアメリカに帰って悲【かな】しいです meaning

This is an example て-form sentence from bunpro where the translation is "Mary returned to the USA and I am sad." I'm wondering if this could also mean "Mary returned to the USA and she is sad" as ...
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1 vote
0 answers
104 views

Mixing 〜し and 〜ので in an explanation

In the Genki Chapter 13 reading section, an exchange student describes going to a restaurant with her host family and unwittingly eating turtle for the first time. Her host-father insists it is tasty. ...
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やり い-form conjunction vs て-form conjunction

From Assimil's "Japanese With Ease" volume 2, lesson 72, sentence 10. その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから,そのたんびに起【お】こしてやり,半【はん】日【にち】かかって,やっとひとつの山【やま】から降【お】りられた。 その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
339 views

で at the beginning of a sentence

I hear native speakers using で or was it でー when speaking a lot at the beginning of a sentence. Judging by context, I think it translates to either "and" or "therefore" or "so" or "because of that", ...
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1 answer
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Can someone explain the usage of Verb+り in these sentences please

I previously practice reading beginner’s japanese book and was surprised by this verb form, the verb+り. Can someone please help explain about its usage or where I can study more about this form of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
663 views

Meaning of それと in this sentence [duplicate]

うちで[子供]{こども}と[お母さん]{おかあさん}が[話しています]{はなしています}。[お母さん]{おかあさん}は[何]{なに}を[買います]{かいます}か。 [男]{おとこ}:[お母さん]{おかあさん}、[今日]{きょう}は[僕]{ぼく}が[夕食]{ゆうしょく}[作る]{つくる}よ。[卵]{たまご}はあるんだよね。きゅうりとじゃがいもは? [女]{おんな}:きゅうりはある。...
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2 votes
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Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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2 votes
4 answers
1k views

"But", "but also", "yet", and "and yet" when listing things?

How do I express these ideas in Japanese while listing things? For example, how should these sentences be translated into Japanese while carrying the same tone? He has a scary face but a heart of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
208 views

When to use "イ形容詞" plus "ったって"

I found the following sentences containing "形容詞語幹+い+ったって" in dictionaries 「大きいったって、それほどじゃないよ」(小学館) 「行きたいったって、先立つものがないとね」(明鏡国語辞典) and also the definition of "たって" written in 大辞林, &...
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4 votes
1 answer
402 views

When is it possible to use "だったって"?

I asked a Japanese friend of mine whether I can rephrase the following two sentences with the bold words: これがかの有名なマリー・アントワネットが座った椅子ったって、今見て彼女がいるわけじゃないのにね。(original) これがかの有名なマリー・アントワネットが座った椅子だって、...
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1 answer
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Can you separate clauses using ついて/ use a clause ending with ついて as an entire subject/topic?

Here's the sentence I've composed. すしを買うことについて、母を尋ねる。 The meaning I intend is something like, "I'll ask my mom about buying sushi," like I'm telling my friend I'll be asking her for permission to do ...
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3 votes
1 answer
138 views

How to link two cause–effect statements in close succession?

Take for example the following sentence, Since I didn't have time, I couldn't go, so I declined the offer. Here we have two cause–effect statements: Since I didn't have time, I couldn't go. (...
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3 votes
1 answer
628 views

「というのは」と「というのも」の違いは何ですか。

「というのは」と「というのも」の違いは何ですか。 また、下の文章でこの二つの接続語が交換してもいいですか。 わたしたちは感心した。というのは、桜の開花日が気象予報士の予想通りだったからだ 明日は各地とも花見客でにぎわうだろう。というのも、あしたは花見日和になりそうだからだ。 よろしくお願いします。
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3 votes
1 answer
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Understanding of 働かせ in the sentence below

I came across the following sentence: 4000万円までは借金を膨らませて働かせ、5000万円になると自殺するのでそれ以上の借金はさせない How 働かせ is understood in this context? It looks like an imperative form of 働かす, but the imperative form over ...
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
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  • 499
3 votes
1 answer
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Soredewa versus Sorekara

Read the following please: ... このホテルはどちらもありません。それから、冷蔵庫もエアコンもありません。このホテルは便利ではありませんでしたが、山や湖で色々なことができました。 Can それでは be used in place of それから in the sentence above (both mean "then")? By the way, ...
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13 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is the use of 後で fading from usage in Japanese?

When first studying Japanese, I learned that "after" in Japanese is 後で. But asking around and looking at regular usage, a lot of Japanese will tell me a sentence like the following is slightly ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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JLPT sentence order section [duplicate]

I keep on trying this type of jlpt questions and I keep on failing. Do you have any recommendation on what to read or what to review? An example question that I answered wrong is : れいぞうこにくだもの__ * ...
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12 votes
3 answers
819 views

Meaning of 然 in conjunctions and other grammatical words

Here are a few grammatical words that use 然 according to jisho.org: 然し(しかし) however; but 然して(そして) and; and then; thus; and now; and finally 然うして(そうして) and; like ...
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8 votes
1 answer
451 views

Use of ~ても but what follows ~ is obvious rather than contrary to expectations

The gist of my question is that for the following statements, the ~ても feels out of place. More specifically, it almost feels absurd to make the exasperated "even if/although" statement in ...
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2 votes
0 answers
126 views

Do Japanese use commas or "and"? [duplicate]

In English when we have sentences like I ate an apple, pear and orange we use a comma to separate the words in a list instead of constantly using "and". Does one use commas in Japanese in a ...
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4 votes
1 answer
147 views

Not using くて in i-adjective Conjunctions

I've been reading 猿蟹 from this website. I've come across a sentence that puzzles me grammatically: まだ青い固い柿の実を、蟹に投げつけました。 Here, there is a conjunction of two i-adjectives, but the writer doesn't ...
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4 votes
1 answer
500 views

What is the difference between 「『の』ための」, 「『の』ために」and 「に」?

I am vaguely aware of how to use 「のために」in sentences, but I have recently encountered the following sentence: 「日本語がわかるようになるには、そんな風にゴロゴロしていないで。」 Would there be any significant difference when 「に」is ...
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1 vote
1 answer
102 views

Can し act as replacement for て when listing a series of adjectives?

I was watching an anime and one of the characters said this: 優しいししっかりしてるし可愛いし I was a bit surprised because I was told that you should connect adjectives with て. Why is this characters using し ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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The verb after conjugation in たり compound sentence, is still a verb? And if so, why is it despite する being the verb?

雨の日は滑ったり、転んだりする。 If する is the verb, then what is the role of the 転んだり in the grammatical sense? I understand that it is a verb which is transformed into 転んだり in a compound sentence but is it still ...
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5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the difference between でありながらも and でありながら?

On this site, I came across this JLPT N2 question: これはシンプルで _______ 純粋で魅力的なスピーチです あってながら あるながら ありながら ありながらも I chose 4 while 3 is correct. I was having difficulties choosing between 3 and 4. 1 and 2 ...
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6 votes
3 answers
7k views

し at the end of the sentence

I learned that shi is used to connect two or more sentences. But sometimes I hear it at the end of the sentence. What does it mean? Can you explain on these sentences? 濃くなってきちゃったら、...
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2 votes
1 answer
364 views

Conjunction し and particle も

I've got a big question about し and も. カロリーも少なくなるし、おなかも張ります。 Can we not use も here? Will the meaning be changed? カロリーが少なくなるし、おなかが張ります。 Why does し usually go with も? Does も add some ...
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1 vote
1 answer
451 views

Many Usages of the term "you ni" in conversational speech [closed]

I am having trouble in using or interpreting a sentence that uses the japanese grammatical term 'you ni". Please don't confuse it with other grammatical structures such as 'no you ni" or "you'. This ...
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2 votes
1 answer
193 views

What is the meaning of 「れど」 in the waka poem title 「忍ぶれど」?

「忍ぶれど」 is the title of Taira no Kanemori's waka poem in Ogura Hyakunin Isshu and I'd like to know the translation of this title in English. I already looked up the meanings and 「忍ぶ」 means to ...
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