Questions tagged [conditionals]

条件表現. Also known as if-then constructions. In Japanese conditionals are expressed with one of と, ~(れ)ば, ~たら, なら(ば).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
467 views

Can the conditional と be used to talk about a fact that will for sure happen if the condition is met?

I'm wondering if と, which the Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar says leads to a uncontrollable event, is, in addition to this, used with the meaning of a fact that will for sure happen if the ...
1
vote
2answers
216 views

Meaning of 〜たら in 好きな人に告白したら、サインを貰いました

好きな人に告白したら、サインを貰いました。(This comes from a manga) I get the gist of the sentence, in that it means something like "I confessed to the person I like, but I received his signature instead" or &...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Conditionals ば, なら and と, and differences in their usage [duplicate]

I wanted to ask about the specific difference between ば, なら and と. I know なら is used when we want to say that in the context of occurrence A, B will happen, a certain condition must be satisfied. For ...
139
votes
6answers
48k views

Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc

The Japanese language has a lot of patterns for "if" clauses. What are the differences among the following patterns and how do we choose to use one over the others?: 行くと 行ったら 行くなら 行けば 行くんだったら 行くのなら ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

are たときに and たら equivalent?

I was trying to say I'll give you a chance when I learn to love again I thought that I have to say something like 再び愛することを学んだら...何かする because that time of learn how to love again will come for ...
5
votes
2answers
818 views

Is it grammatically correct to use もし and/or 〜ば form along with the 〜たい form to convey desire in a conditional clause?

My impression when using conditionals, most of the time, you lose the ability to express desire. For example, when conjugating to -たら、you have to use the past tense of the verb. Is it grammatically ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Does って have a conditional usage?

I came across this sentence: そういえばさ、ここら辺に出るって噂のところがあるらしいじゃん? 行ってみない? I'm not so sure about the って usage in the 出るって part, so I checked the dictionary and found out that って can also indicate a ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Difference between ”conditional” いい and 方がいい for providing recommendations

I've noticed that there are multiple ways of providing or asking for a recommendation in Japanese. The sentence structures I'm talking about are as follows: したらいい すればいい したほうがいい In almost all ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

conditional ば with だ? [duplicate]

I found this: でも、考えてみればだ。 Actually this is the first time I've seen a だ with a conditional together. What does it mean?
2
votes
1answer
94 views

What Does Not Count as an Action for the ば Conditional Clause

I'm here for yet another confusing thing from the Dictionary of Japanese Grammar. In the ば conditional, it states the following: S2 can be a command, a request, or a suggestion, as in Exs. (e) and (f)...
4
votes
2answers
612 views

Having trouble making sense of the sentence "解いてから帰らないとすっきりしないんだ"

In the sentence 解いてから帰らないとすっきりしないんだ, from the context I know it means "If I don't go home after solving it, it won't be refreshing" but I just can't make sense of the grammar, below are the ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Why are these sentences with conditional forms not correct?

I'm struggling a lot with the use of conditional forms, especially using ~たら and ~なら. I recently had the following sentences corrected by my Japanese teacher: a. 専門書を買ったら、私にも見せてください。 b. 専門書を買うなら、...
3
votes
2answers
203 views

When to use としたら instead of たら for conditionals

When is it recommended to use としたら in place of simply たら? It seems that in many cases たら can serve the role of "if it you were..." so in what places do we need to use としたら? For example, ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Meaning of たりしたら

I was reading something and I found this thing attached to a verb. The sentence was this one: ふと脇を見て、そこに洗濯物がたたんであったりしたら。 What meaning does it have?
4
votes
3answers
269 views

Connotations of なら vs たら in conditional clauses

I am wondering about the choice of, and general necessity of, なら in the following sentence. ドイツでは、ウイルスがうつらないように気をつけているなら、店を開くことができます。(from NHK Easy) * In Germany, businesses may remain open if they ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Double conditional in same sentence? 「一人になれば不安になると。。。」

I was translating the song オレンジ by 7!! as an exercise, and I found the following sentence quite confusing: 一人になれば不安になると眠りたくない夜は話し続けていた So far, I get that 一人になれば不安になる -> If I become (remain) ...
3
votes
1answer
354 views

Kansai variant(s) of ~しちゃ危ない/だめ

What would be some Kansai-ben equivalents to the following two sentences? (a) 火遊びしちゃ危ないよ! (b) 火遊びしちゃだめだよ!
0
votes
1answer
81 views

ぼうやったら Dragonball Vol1. 84

This is what the old country lady says when Goku "パンパン" her to check if she's a woman. Just before meeting Oolong for the first time. What I can understand would be something like: "...
4
votes
3answers
286 views

て form + なら meaning

I'm used to only seeing なら, when used with verbs, to be used with either the dictionary form or the た form of a verb, but recently I saw it with the て form 麻雀を通してならお姉ちゃんと話せる気がする With a presumed ...
3
votes
3answers
428 views

ば conditional - combinations of action/state verb and same/different subject

The following sentences are ば conditional sentences, with combinations of action/state verb and same/different subjects. Which of these are correct / wrong, and why? Volition 1 Action verb + same ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

What is the nuance of using 連用形 with すれば rather than other forms of conditionals?

Recently I came across 優希から直取りすれば逆転トップだぞ!? And I was surprised to see it written like that rather than 優希から直取れば逆転トップだぞ!? Is this a general thing that can be done with any 連用形 form of a verb? If ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

Standard Formula for Past Counterfactual Conditional (what is the role of -te iru?)

What is the standard formula for making a counterfactual conditional sentence that talks about the past? That is, English conditionals that have this pattern: "If ..... had ..... , ..... would ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Use of だと when not quoting

Is だと used similarly to って or は but it also largely emphasises what's has come before it so that you can commented? This is why I get a feeling of it meaning something along the lines of "This ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

"Should" in Japanese

The word "should" in English has these uses when not used as a question: To express the expectation of the speaker (Probabilistic reasoning). The train should arrive in 10 minutes. To express a ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Understanding あるとは珍しい [duplicate]

「おおっ、こんなぜいたくな物がうちにあるとは珍しいね」 Oh, finding such luxurious presents at our place is unusual. I'm a bit confused by the と in this sentence. I can only imagine that it is a conditional と. I guess "if ...
5
votes
2answers
491 views

~ばいい for suggestions

I am aware that ~ばいい can be used to suggest or imply something. For example, in the sentence: 自分ですればいいだろ (Do your own work) However, I tried to make the sentence: Come with her to the party / It is ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

The different ways to translate "when"

This is more an observation on English, than Japanese, but the word "when" is used in quite a few different ways. And I've been wondering how to translate these different meanings into ...
2
votes
0answers
237 views

Meaning of た form + なら

What I've studied is that in Japanese, you don't use past tenses in conditional sentences to express a lower probability (like if I were instead of if I am). I know there's a conditional formed with た ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What is the function of から in this sentence? [duplicate]

I found this sentence in the lyrics of a song: 振り返ればもう戻れないから I don't understand the context and the function of から placed in this sentence. The song is this: http://m.kget.jp/lyric.php?song=260055
0
votes
1answer
95 views

How to translate this 点だった知識が線につながることを経験していただけたら幸いです

How should I interpret this? 点だった知識が線につながることを経験していただけたら幸いです In my mind, mostly it seems like, based on -tara: If 《 condition 》, then you are fortunate. Or: when 《 condition 》, I am fortunate. On ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

What does '練習しなければ' mean on its own?

I found the following sentence in a Japanese textbook: "明日の試合に勝ちたいなら、きっと練習しなければ。 If you want to win tomorrow's game, you must practice." This was in a section to do with なら, there was no ...
3
votes
2answers
933 views

English 2nd and 3rd conditional in Japanese

I have recently been trying to learn how to translate 2nd and 3rd conditional sentences accurately into Japanese, but didn't found a clear, detailed answer. By gathering different bits, it seems that ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Is it considered natural to use ども (in the context of 'even if') in written or spoken Japanese today?

A beautiful thought by 小林先生 in 窓ぎわのトットちゃん is conveyed as follows: 世に恐るべきものは、目あれど美を知らず、耳あれども楽を聴かず、心あれども真を解せず。。。の類である。 I haven't seen this usage of ども much. How natural is it to use this form in ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

How certain is たら?

In skype conversations and the subtitles of a lot of shows I see たら being translated as "when" in some of them it seems quite morbid almost to use たら for example 帰ったら to me sounds more like "if you go ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Wich Conditional sounds more natural? [duplicate]

I've learned that we can express "if" by using 「と」,「なら」, by conjugating the verb such as in 「食べる」-> 「食べれば」, and by conjugating in the past and adding 「ら」 such as 「食べる」->「食べたら」. Wich one of this four ...
8
votes
2answers
429 views

What is the difference between「ものなら」 and 「(の)なら」?

I would like to understand the nuance between two sentences. I found on a website the sentence : この問題{もんだい}を解{と}けるもんなら解いてみろ。 : If you can solve this problem then try solving it. And I wondered ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Can ば conditional form be interpreted as a conjunction? [duplicate]

I was just introduced a new grammar point, the も~も construction as shown on https://core6000.neocities.org/dojg/. I understand the main function of も and how it is the inclusionary particle and I can ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Why is this 頼んでたら and not 頼んだら in this sentence?

I've come across this construction before and never not anything of it but after coming across a sentence in a light novel I am reading, やはり俺の青春ラブコメはまちがっている, I started to wonder why this conditional ...
6
votes
2answers
324 views

Use of ら conditional form plus なら

I need some help with the grammar in this sentence: ボストンに居たらなら、何で会いに来なかったんだい。 I understand the conditional -たら form and the なら conditional alone. But I have not seen the two together. Does the ...
7
votes
1answer
188 views

ものを and conditional

I read the following sentence while learning about ~ものを: すぐに病院へ行けばいいものを、行かないで悪化させてしまった。 Which I would translate into (probably not perfectly natural English, but something like that): Though it ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the meaning of Noun + なら

So in my N4 textbook, I have the following explanation for a grammatical construct: Noun + なら: Use "〜なら" when you say that options are no good, but "〜" is possible, okay or not a problem. The ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

~てからでなければ vs ~なければ

I'm learning the ~てからでなければ... grammar pattern, which my textbook defines as: Until/unless ~ happens or is done, ... cannot happen or be done either. Used in negating or negative statements. One of ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

How is したら acting in this sentence: こいつからしたら当然の反応だが

Can anyone help me find out what したら is doing in this sentence: くそ。こいつからしたら当然の反応だが I assume こいつから to be "from these guys", 当然の反応 to be "natural response" and だが to be "but/however". Now for ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Difference between ほど and かぎり

I read the following sentence in an exercise: 私たちの目標は競争に打ち勝つことでもなければお金を儲けることでもありません。可能な____すごい製品を作ることだ。 A. あまり、B. ほど、C. はず、D. かぎり The correct answer was D, but I picked B. I understand the sentence ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Difference between にすれば にしたら にしてみれば "from the viewpoint of..."

I'm using 新完全マスター N2 grammar book. It lumps にしたら、にすれば、にしてみれば and にしても together. It makes no attempt to explain the differences between these, even though, on inspection of the examples and practice ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

How can I use the conditional ~ば and desiderative ~たい together?

I think the title is self-explanatory. I've been wondering how to combine the desiderative (たい) and the conditional (えば/たら). For example, if I want to say "Excuse me, what should I do if I want to ...
-1
votes
1answer
71 views

Help a translating this phrase

I was reading a manga and the grammar of this phrase kinda confused me: 今日三条くんの会社からなかったことにしてくれって連絡あったらしくて。 For context, the character is saying this to a second character about a third character's ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

What does「電車に乗ってたらなんだっていうんだろね」mean in this context?

For context, in the light novel Hige wo Soru, Soshite Joshikousei wo Hirou's chapter 12: the main character Yoshida leaves for work and his friend Sayu is left alone at their apartment. He's thought ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

How to say "if a is happening or b is happening" using たら?

If I wanted to say: If I am cooking or washing clothes, please help. 料理をしている[or]洗濯していたら、手伝ってください。 I know sometimes か is used to mean "or", but wouldn't that be confused with the question of ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Can you say Dekiba

Can you say Dekiba as in Dekiru (to do) + ば (the suffix for 'be able to do'), so that dekiba becomes 'if you are able to'?