Questions tagged [compounds]

複合語. Words formed by putting two or more words or other elements together.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
194 views

Using the stem form of a verb like the て form, as in 燃えゆく or 飲みほして

What is the significance of sometimes using the stem form of a verb like how the て form would be? For example: 燃えゆく (from HANABI) 飲みほして (from Ambiguous) It's something I hear now and again, but ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Pronunciation of 年

The general rule to choose between kun (とし) and on (ネン) readings does not seem to work here. Are 今年, 去年, 来年, 毎年, 半年, etc. different kinds of compounds justifying using different readings? Is this the ...
2
votes
1answer
334 views

What does かけ mean in こわれかけのオルゴール?

If こわれかけのオルゴール was 壊れかけのオルゴール, 壊れ would be the stem of 壊れる, and かけ would probably be a noun. Since I'm just learning Japanese, I don't understand where かけ comes from. What meaning does かけ have in ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Do 山人 and 仙人 have the same meaning of they mean different things?

I find that the compounds mean "mountain people" or "hermit". Do these words have some difference in meaning or do they actually mean exactly the same?
2
votes
1answer
680 views

Are there kanji which are NOT words by themselves (written standalone)?

In other words, are there kanji, which can only be used as a part of a kanji compound and/or with okurigana? For example: 見 - standalone kanji, a word which means "view", "outlook" 見物 - kanji ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

そのようにする + Recognizing a compound

そのようにしてこの巨城は、二年の長きにわたってゆっくりと攻略されてきた。 The first thing I had kind of a problem with, is そのようにして... I just have no idea how to translate it. Also, as for 巨城, 巨 doesn't have a prefix form, nor there is ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

General guidelines for choosing 訓読み vs. 音読み in kanji reading

I am trying to come up with general rules for kanji reading. So far I have the following down: Compound kanji words are read as on'yomi Single kanji words are read as kun'yomi Verbs composed ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Explaning the phrase 「注{ちゅう}目{もく}特{とく}集{しゅう}」

I want to know exactly what the phrase 「注目特集」 means. Part 「注目~」 means "attention, focus" and 「~特集」 - "feature, special issue". I can understand the meaning, but how can I combine them - what is the ...
2
votes
2answers
439 views

「~ない」 vs 「無/不/非/未~」, 「的(な)<漢字>」, and general 熟語/漢語 affixes versus grammatical forms)

When trying to write in Japanese, I often come across words that have multiple possible translations into Japanese, and am unsure which one to use. Though it is difficult to make any general rule over ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

can the same compound have different readings when having the same meaning?

I know that kanjis can have many readings. But I thought compounds (combinations) had only one meaning. For what I've read in the board, a compound can have different readings for different meanings. ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Are 弱い相互作用 and 強い相互作用 unnatural?

In introductory physics books, when they introduce 弱い相互作用 "weak interaction" and 強い相互作用 "strong interaction", I almost always see a notification that these terms are supposed to be the name of the ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

The verb after conjugation in たり compound sentence, is still a verb? And if so, why is it despite する being the verb?

雨の日は滑ったり、転んだりする。 If する is the verb, then what is the role of the 転んだり in the grammatical sense? I understand that it is a verb which is transformed into 転んだり in a compound sentence but is it still ...
1
vote
2answers
335 views

Compound words with 漢字 and カタカナ? (例えば:新メニュー)

Today, a magazine about restaurants in my area arrived in my mailbox. It proudly proclaimed : 10月の新メニュー! I am quite curious as to the following points: How is this pronounced ? I would have gone ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Adding honorific prefix in a compound construction? (E.g. 買ってくれになる)

I'm currently learning how to use くれる/あげる correctly, and I want to practice using 敬語 in my sentence. However, I am not sure where I should put the pre-verb honorific prefix お used in おVERB+になります as I ...
1
vote
1answer
525 views

Size adjectives and prefixes

I know some size adjectives like 小さい (small), 大きい (big), and 並 (normal). Does anyone have a list of other size adjectives: something that could describe things ranging from micro things like Legos to ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What does 通常進行 mean in the context of a two week serialized mangaka job?

I can understand both words separately, and even together in some specific contexts. I can't understand the meaning of these two together in the following phrase and context: 「締切りを3日早めてほしいの。...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Meaning of verbal suffix ~てくたっとしてしまう

I've come across several cases of verbs with the suffix ~てくたっとしてしまう, but am unsure how to break this suffix down, or what it means exactly. It seems that this is the て-form of the base verb, followed ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Negation in a verbてverbてはならない/いけない compound

I saw this sample sentence while looking up 乗せる on a dictionary: バスが乗客を乗せたり降ろしたりしているときは注意して通らなくてはならない。 While a bus is loading and unloading, you must be very careful passing it. What I do not ...
0
votes
1answer
321 views

meaning of 名種設定? [closed]

A friend of mine asked me to give him a quick translation of an app he downloaded. One of the buttons in the main menu had this 名種設定 written. I wasn't able to find what it means.
0
votes
2answers
144 views

How should てあがる be used?

Ive seen 立ち上がる&乗ってあがる before,yet I can't tell the difference between them and 立つ|乗る。 For example 早速立ち上がれ!(Hurry and stand up!) エレベーターに乗ってあがる (=I take the elevator and go up.). I haven`t seen any ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

What does モンスター娘のいる日常 mean? [duplicate]

I can understand モンスター娘 and 日常, but I can't understand モンスター娘のいる.