Questions tagged [causation]

使役. Japanese has a causative morpheme -(s)ase-, which turns verbs into causative verbs. Japanese also has a number of lexical causative verbs, as well.

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9
votes
2answers
4k views

Causative-Passive Verbs: Vせられる and Vされる

Looking at the answer to this question, it seems that both 行かせられる and 行かされる are valid forms of the causative-passive of 行く. I've only been taught the first usage, so I have a number of related ...
4
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1answer
908 views

Is 行かされた a typo?

I have the following to translate for class. 病気になって 頭と首が痛くて 熱もあったので 銀行の隣の病院に 行かされた This is what I have so far. I became sick and my head and neck hurt and I also had a fever so to ...
4
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1answer
458 views

Potential and Causative form clarification - 倒せる / 倒せない

Hopefully this is a nice easy one, but it's something I need clarification on. So I have a sentence here, using (I think) -せる form. (倒せない) アイテムを使わないと倒せない敵もいるが、戦いの基本はやはり剣だ。 My question is a general ...
7
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1answer
2k views

causative passive potential form

I've been reading into a little bit of more advanced grammar and am trying to get my head around the causative and the passive form. (yes yes N1 people. That's not actually advanced.) The causative I ...
2
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1answer
130 views

Translation of それを持って来させる

I have the following translation for class. 勉強しなかった悪い学生に、 家で漢字を三百回書かせて、 それを持って来させて、 それから、教室の前に一時間立たせた。 So far I have the following. Bad students who didn't study I made them write kanji 300 times ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Causative くれる and もらう

I am learning causative forms. 先生が参加させてくれました。 The teacher allowed me to participate. What does 先生が参加させてもらいました mean?
13
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2answers
1k views

Difference between にさせる vs にする(as in 幸せにさせる vs 幸せにする)

What's the difference when we say 幸せにさせる compared to 幸せにする? I'm now confused between using させる and にする. Can anyone please provide an in-depth explanation?
12
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1answer
910 views

What's the difference between these two transitive verb forms?

I've always been little fuzzy on transitive verbs, something which I was reminded of when looking at this answer. The answer says that 終{お}わらせる, 終{お}える, 済{す}ませる, and 済{す}ます are all transitive. They ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Confusion between causatives and intransitive-transitive

I read the answer to this question How different is 冷やかす from 冷やす? And 散らかす from 散らす? but somehow wasn't satisfied. What's the difference between the 2 causative forms ~す and ~せる, e.g. 待たす and 待たせる?...
19
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1answer
2k views

When the agent takes を in the causative form

I've seen a few sets of terminology when referring to the causative form, so for the basic case, I will use the following: instigator が agent に 〇〇 を v-させる。 In its most basic, text-book form, we have ...
3
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1answer
278 views

Dictionary entry and derived forms, were they equal at some point?

I will first state the dictionary entry, and then other formations that also yield the dictionary entry. Consider the following : 思える - to seem/appear, potential form of 思う - can think 合わせる - to ...
7
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1answer
373 views

How does うんざり work in the Present Indicative, Causative, Passive, and Causative-passive tenses

Consider the following: そいつはひどく鼻持ちならないやつで、私をすっかりうんざりさせる。(That guy is so obnoxious that he really turns me off.) あなたをうんざりさせるものは何ですか?(What turns you off?) 痛み以上に私をうんざりさせるものはない。(Nothing turns me off ...

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