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Questions tagged [auxiliary-ず]

打消しの補助動詞. Classical auxiliary for negating a predicate, having the same function as ない. This auxiliary is still commonly found in fixed patterns (e.g. ~ざるを得ない or ~ずに) or its 連体形 can merely be used instead of ない to give a formal and archaic tone.

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変わらず, 忘れず - is ず a way to negate the word? [duplicate]

Taken from the song 明日への手紙, they have these: ... 変わらずに (unchanged) ... 忘れずに (remember) ... which is something new to me. is that ず a way to conjigate the word into their negative form? How is it ...
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The meaning of しなければならず in this article

What's the meaning of しなければならず in this article? 「拘束中に、事情があってイスラム教に改宗しなければならず、そこで自分で『ウマル』というのを選んでいた。彼らが設定したルールに従って言った」と説明し link to the original and complete phrase
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Difference ~ぬ and ~ず [duplicate]

What is the difference between the negatives ~ぬ and ~ず, e.g. 。。。飲まず 。。。飲まぬ Thanks
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How is 百にも足らぬ used here?

How is 百にも足らぬ used here? 「算え{かぞえ}十九の若さで御供頭の大役を仰せつかるとは、冥加{みょうが}な話よのう」背戸{せど}の畑から戻ってきた叔父は、野良着のまま囲炉裏端に座りこむと、まるきり他人事のように言った。 「お言葉ではございますが叔父上、冥加と申されるのもいかがなものかと」 一路{いちろ}は憮然として抗った。...
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せず - What does it come from?

気にするまいと思っても、気にせずにはいられない。 In above sentence, I guess せず means しない, but what is the original form, and how does it become せず?
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When ない becomes ぬ

Does anyone know what to call the outdated, high form of language which will say for example "ならぬ" rather than "ならない" or more accurately "だめだ"? Specifically, I would like to know if there is a name ...
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Conjugation of negative auxiliary 〜ぬ

〜ない functions the same way as an adjective, and so it can be conjugated to 〜なかった, 〜なくて, and so on. As far as I can tell, this is not case for 〜ぬ. Does it function as a standalone suffix, or is it able ...
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What does the ぬ in 詰まぬ mean?

I encountered a Shogi saying: 三桂あって詰まぬこと無し And I'm pretty confused about the ぬ there. If it was る I'd expect the meaning to be something like: "If you have 3 knights, you can't be mated" But ...
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What does 見ぬ/minu mean in this sentence?

The phrase is: mada minu kimi e tsudzuku. I believe the kana is: まだ見ぬきみへつづく。
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Translation for 食べ物を腐らせずに保存する

Saw this in my textbook. The translation is "to preserve food from decay". I get it, but I am not clear about the ず after 腐らせる. Where is it coming from?
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What is the difference between 〜ないではいられない and 〜ずにはいられない

I was taught that these two phrases are interchangeable and have the same meaning. However, I recently wrote a few practice sentences using this grammar point and they were corrected to use ずには ...
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Help for this expression: 猿は人間に毛が[三筋]{みすじ}足らぬ

I read this expression in a text. It seems to be an old proverb about monkeys. But I am not sure about its meaning. Why 筋, for instance? Does it mean muscle? reasoning faculty? Why would they be ...
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What is the difference between the negative forms -ず and -ぬ?

-ず and -ぬ are two alternatives to the negative form -ない / -ません. But I noticed that depending on the word, it's either -ず or -ぬ, although it seems like some words can take both suffixes. Some examples ...