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Questions tagged [aspect]

相(アスペクト). A verbal category mainly indicating the speaker's view of the temporal structure of the situation the clause describes, such as whether it is habitual or complete.

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4
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1answer
168 views

Difference between 溺れた人, 溺れている人 and 溺れる人

そのとき海岸の近くでは、州の職員などがドローンを使って溺れた人を助ける練習をしていました。 At that time, near the coast, some people were practicing rescuing people who have drowned using a drone. 男の子たちが溺れたことを知った人たちは、ドローンを沖に飛ばしました。 The ...
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1answer
105 views

Why this is written using past form?

This is the text: ああ 僕 まだ 名乗ってませんね。 あした お会いしたときに。 It is referring to tomorrow, so I would naturally say: お会いするときに instead. Why does he use a past form? Thanks!
4
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1answer
327 views

Why is it wrong to say 覚えていきます?

if you conjugate a て形動詞 with いく does it mean "I'll do this from here on"? I understand that it's natural to say 覚えておきます because of the meaning you get when you conjugate with おく (doing in preparation,...
4
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1answer
147 views

te form negative vs negative form (HW: やっていない, why not やらなかった or やっていなかった)

I've been studying Japanese here in Tokyo from scratch for a good 2 months now. I've been struggling with daily conversation but I try to improve each day by studying. Lately, I am trying to ...
4
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1answer
172 views

Does the use of ていたら in the first clause require it in the second?

From my JLPT N1 grammar text, explaining special uses of the ている form, in describing 事実に反すること; the text explains that ている marks the sentence more emphatically as non-reality, than the use of 過去形. ...
4
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2answers
668 views

行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a ...
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2answers
139 views

usage of ていた in 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれていた

I see this kind of thing occasionally, and by that I mean the usage of ていた forms: 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれていた in narrative where the た form: 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれた would have meant the same ...
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2answers
375 views

The usage of 侮れなかった

This question is a mix between the usage of 侮れない and the usage of なかった instead of ない in the sentence 意外と、うちのカノジョも侮れなかった The usage of 侮れない like in the example below seems to refer to one who you ...
3
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2answers
216 views

Why do people say 分からない and not 分かっていない?

Based on what I've been learning, it seems that by saying 分からない, your suggesting that you just don't do "the act of understanding," but if you say 分かっていない, you are saying that "right now, I don't ...
3
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1answer
620 views

What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
3
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2answers
152 views

Can you explain この建物は築100年以上たっている to me?

I was studying the word 以上 and I found some examples with them. The meaning of 以上 in my textbook is "or more" and they put an example: 30度以上の日 = A day of 30 degrees or more. Then I was searching ...
3
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2answers
141 views

What does ゴミが落ちていない mean when replying the question 日本に来て、驚いたことは何ですか?

There is a dialogue as follows, A: 日本に来て、驚いたことは何ですか。What struck you when you arrived in Japan? B: ゴミが落ちていない。The trash is not falling down. I am confused in translating ゴミが落ちていない。. My attempt ...
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2answers
4k views

How to say “I will have arrived home by 6 pm.”

I've just started Japanese, so please go easy on the grammar! I see from this website that ~madeni means "by that time," but I'm not sure if you just append that to the time you want to specify (i.e.,...
3
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1answer
288 views

Difference between 付く and 付いている

I read this sentence and got confused: この曲には「昔のほうがよかったと言っても何の意味もありません。今を大切にしましょう」と、市民を元気にするような歌詞がついていました The song had lyrics to cheer up the people which said "Even though we say the old days ...
3
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1answer
751 views

When to use Vている and when to use the dictionary form?

Say that I am currently eating something, would I say 今食べています, or would I say 今食べます? Similarly, if I want to say that I know English, would I use 英語をしります or would I use 英語を知っています? What's the ...
3
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1answer
128 views

Motion verbs in ている form?

I've heard that when a motion verb is seen in ている form, such as 来ている, it is translated as "I came and am now here." If someone were to ask "What are you doing?" and I wanted to respond with "I'm ...
3
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1answer
145 views

A consistent explanation about the various forms of ていくand てくる?

I don't know if my question will be well received but I searched a pretty long time and didn't found a good answer so I try. I was trying to read this NHK article and I found this form: 「いや、実はそもそも、...
3
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1answer
371 views

なったような vs なるような Any differences in nuance?

The context is about two teachers talking in a kindergarten. Quoted as below: 奈良:毎年クリスマス会で、誰かがサンタに扮{ふん}するものの、子供たちに絶対見破られて、“奈良先生だ”とか言われますよね。 磯山{いそやま}:ええ、あれ言われると、せっかくの扮装{ふんそう}が水の泡になったような気がして、...
3
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1answer
216 views

Japanese て form with いる verb groups

In my textbook it states there are three groups of verbs used with て form when followed by the helping verb いる (1) verbs that describe continuous states (2) verbs that describe activities that ...
3
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1answer
463 views

How does one say “It was probably enough”?

To say it will probably be enough, one might say 「十分でしょう」. But what if you wanted to refer to something in the past? でしょう or だろう cannot be inflected to indicate any temporal information, can it? How ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Use of ところ in this sentence [duplicate]

永沢君たちって、...なんていうかジメジメしてるところが怒られるもとになってるでしょ? As for Nakasawa's crew,...how do I put it? Their gloominess becomes the source of them getting told off. Right? (my best-guess translation) I thought ...
3
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1answer
604 views

The 普通形 of a verb in Japanese - future and habitual interpretations [duplicate]

According to my grammar book, the 普通形 of a verb in Japanese usually has two functions: it shows a regular common action and the action that the subject is going to do in the future. For instance: (...
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4answers
381 views

Is 行く stative, continous or instantaneous?

My textbook says 行く is instantaneous (expresses changes from one state to another) and can only be used to describe the result of a change, not movements that are currently in progress. But a ...
2
votes
2answers
312 views

Motion verbs and ところ

As I understand it, something like 帰るところだ usually means you are in the process of going home, say on the train. But ところ often has the meaning of "just about to do something." Does something like ...
2
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1answer
363 views

What does かけ mean in こわれかけのオルゴール?

If こわれかけのオルゴール was 壊れかけのオルゴール, 壊れ would be the stem of 壊れる, and かけ would probably be a noun. Since I'm just learning Japanese, I don't understand where かけ comes from. What meaning does かけ have in ...
2
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1answer
136 views

An additional て for some reason [duplicate]

I've heard this: ありがとう お腹すいてたんだ Why "-te" form? And is て there at all? It looks to me ungrammatical. Why not this? ありがとう お腹すいたんだ
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2answers
186 views

動物を使った言い方 or 動物を使う言い方?

In this comprehension passage that I'm reading about figurative speech, I came across this sentence: 猫だけではなく、犬、牛、馬など、人と昔から生活してきた動物たちを使った言い方がたくさんあります。 Why is 使う in past tense here? Not only in this ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to say that I've had an interest in the Japanese culture since x?

The origins of my interest in the Japanese language is something that natives often ask about, but I'm always having trouble with the grammar for answering that and want to rest this case once and for ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Japanese grammar "てある” [duplicate]

So I just encountered the grammar "te aru" and according to Japanesetest4you it means that something has been done. They provide the following sentence as an example: 君の靴下も全部洗濯してある。 Kimi no ...
2
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2answers
84 views

Question about ている ていた for explaining state for something

What is difference between 財布が落ちていた and 財布が落ちている? Both refer to the state of 財布, right? So, what is the difference? (My main question is I want to know the difference between (が/は)~ていた and (が/は)~ている ...
2
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1answer
249 views

Progressive tense used as adjective

Progressive tense verbs are usually simple and straight forward. 食べる -> 食べている Eat -> Eating But in some cases, when translated into English, it can be interpreted as an "adjective" rather ...
2
votes
1answer
369 views

Why is the “-masen” form used to convey the meaning of negative present perfect here?

I was reading the basic dictionary of Japanese grammar, an entry on が to be exact, and they used this interesting example sentence: 走っていますが、ちっとも痩せません。 and translated it as "I'm running, but I haven'...
2
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2answers
356 views

Having troubles understanding aspect in Japanese (unclear word choice in this sentence written by native)

I'm reading the Genki books and there was this story about an old man who was poor so he went to the market to sell some hats he had made. He didn't manage to sell any and is now returning home, which ...
2
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1answer
115 views

Understanding tense in 見たまんまだ

だが、藤木{ふじき}はぼーっと空中を見たまんまだ。 However, Fujiki vacantly looked at the sky. Literally "...in a state where he looked at the sky". I'm struggling to understand the difference between this sentence and ...
2
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1answer
282 views

Using -ている form in the past tense

What's the difference between きのう、いちじかんほんをよみました。 and きのう、いちじかんほんをよんでいました。 ? What would be the equivalent English translations for the two sentences?
2
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1answer
337 views

買う, durative or instantaneous?

I'm at the point in my textbook where it explains the use of -ている and the three kind of verbs related to its use: stative, durative, instantaneous. The book says I should ask myself if saying ...
2
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0answers
101 views

“If I have done that” in the continuous form? [duplicate]

I saw this sentence on TV: 日々心によぎる「あのとき こうしていれば」という言葉。。。 and I wonder why していれば is used here and not すれば. When I asked my teacher he said it is an N1 grammar point, he tried to explain it to me ...
2
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0answers
288 views

Why is it 入っている not 入れてある [duplicate]

I was wondering about this expression 入っている for something being inside. I always wondered about it, since it literally should mean being in the process of entering.. It would make more sense to me if ...
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vote
2answers
335 views

How can 若い時 and ずっと work in this sentence?

I'm trying to write "I have wanted to study Japanese from a young age" And I have "若い時に私は日本語をずっと勉強したいです." Does this work? How can I make it more correct?
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1answer
97 views

What is the conjugation form, grammar of もうすぐ込んできそう ?

アナウンス:皆様、本日はご来場ありがとうございます。午前十時現在の各館の 混雑状況と催しものの お知らせをいたします。まず、ロボット館はただいま、 一時間待ちとなっております。ロボット館のレ ストランではロボットがランチ をお席までお運びをするサービスをしております。お昼近くになります と、さ らに混雑が見込まれます。次に、未来館は現在すぐにお入りいただけます。なお、 ...
1
vote
1answer
273 views

思っています・思います・思いました

Q.この日記を書いた人は、数学のテストについてどう思いましたか。 A.この日記を書いた人は、数学のテストはとてもむずかしかったと思いました。 This is a test question and a sample of a student response to it. I am wondering if the form 思いました used with この日記を書いた人 clearly ...
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vote
2answers
461 views

Difference between 好きだった and 好きになった

In this sentences I am referring to a book: 1年前に読んで、本が好きだった。 1年前に読んで、本が好きになった。 Are both of them correct? What's the difference between だった and になった in this case? I would like to say "I read it one ...
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vote
1answer
130 views

褒めてねえぞ sounds defensive?

I'm trying to write "this is not a praise/compliment." I consulted my friend about it and he said I wrote "I'm not praising you!" Like I'm being defensive... what do you think?
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1answer
400 views

Stative verbs treatment

I'm currently going through a review-all Japanese Linguistics reading. Now I've got to the part where verb types are described and it's been bothering me how this particular topic has been addressed. ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

もう used with 〜ている

In the following sentence: 特別警報が出たときは、もう被害が出ているかもしれないぐらい危険なときです。 what is the meaning of もう?
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0answers
93 views

Sleeping verbs and まで vs までに

So I was wondering, pretty much all of the sleep related verbs switch meaning with まで and までに. Was it always like that? Or was there a time when 8時まで寝る meant "going to bed at 8"? Or take the even ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

perfective aspect vs resultative present progressive vs resultative past progressive

Firstly, I am not a linguist and will probably use linguistic terminology inappropriately. よろしくお願いします。 What is the difference in meaning between verbs in the perfective aspect (~た), present ...
1
vote
1answer
307 views

Usage of Verb て-form あります [duplicate]

Q: かばんはかいましたか。 A: 1. はい、もうかいました。  2. はい、もうかってあります。 Both answers also correct, but when should I use the second answer?
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1answer
174 views

In the phrase 「褒められたものではない」, why is 「褒められた」 in past tense (as opposed to present tense 「褒められる」)? [duplicate]

For reference, there's an entry in 実用日本語表現辞典: 褒められたものではない
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1answer
113 views

Why is “not knowing” 知らない and not e.g. 知っていない? [duplicate]

I remember reading a bit about this topic in the answer of another post, but I specifically wanted to make this its own question: It seems to make sense that "to know" is typically 知っている, because 知る ...