Questions tagged [adverbs]

副詞. Words that typically modify 用言 (words that inflect and function as predicators, such as verbs and adjectives). However, 副詞 also modify other constituents, including other adverbs, nouns (under limited circumstances), and even entire sentences.

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23
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2answers
4k views

<adv> versus <adv>+と versus <adv>+に

I often see adverbs used in one of three ways: 1) Adverb appears in isolation in a sentence: あまり 好きじゃないんですが。 2) Adverb is followed by に 別々に お願いします。 1970年代後半、多くの罪もない日本の一般市民が 次々に 失踪した。 3) ...
36
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3answers
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全然 {ぜんぜん} with positive adjective / na-adjective

In Japanese classes, I was taught that 全然 can only be used with negative-meaning words/phrases/clauses, for example: 全然出来ません 全然だめです However, I've observed that, especially in spoken Japanese, ...
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4answers
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とっても versus とても

I've had a teacher flatly tell me that とっても is incorrect, but I do see it written here and there and I'm pretty sure I hear it as well. Is it just so informal relative to とても that I should never use ...
10
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1answer
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Meaning and usage of やっぱり (矢っ張り)

I got "As expected" is the meaning of this word from Google Translate (is it correct?) and I guess this word is used in casual conversation (what is the polite version?). I would like to know it's ...
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2answers
393 views

How does 甘く work in this sentence?

お汁粉は、甘く{あまく}煮た小豆の汁に餅などを入れた温かい食べ物です。 Oshiruko is a hot food with a rice cake in a sweetly boiled adzuki bean broth. I think I must be misunderstanding how 甘く is used here, since you can't boil ...
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1answer
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What does adding と after an adverb do? [duplicate]

For example, what is the difference between ゆっくり and ゆっくりと?
14
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2answers
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Can placements of adverbs be altered freely?

I'm curious if there is any difference in nuance between these two sentences: 彼は少なくとも週に一度車を洗う。 彼は週に少なくとも一度車を洗う。 I'm aware that grammatically speaking both are 100% right, but this question is not ...
9
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2answers
981 views

are there any concrete rules for using いっぱい たくさん and よく?

Of course I can use these but sometimes I am corrected by Japanese people when I use them in the wrong circumstance. For example, 「よくしってるやん」 = "You know it quite well don't you!" 「よくいきます」= "I go (...
9
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2answers
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_っ_り form adverbs

I keep seeing these onomatopoeic adverbs popping up with the form: _っ_り. Some examples include ぐっすり、ぴったり、すっきり、etc…. Is there a name for these adverbs, and why are they in this specific form?
4
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1answer
185 views

Uncertain about なにも

I encountered a short sentence that I'm having trouble understanding completely. なにも遊ぶのは人間だけじゃない。 The context is, a young girl is playing with a dog for the first time. I'm pretty sure I at least ...
4
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2answers
879 views

Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men ...
12
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1answer
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Is 感じる {かんじる} transitive or intransitive? Which particle to use?

Please consider 一段 {いちだん} verb 感じる {かんじる}. Sometimes I see particle に applied and sometimes particole を. In the Jisho.org vocabulary it is not specified if this verb is 他動詞 {たどうし} (transitive) or 自動詞 {...
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1answer
932 views

How can verb て become an adverb?

I found a sentence 医者が「大丈夫ですか」と重ねて尋ねた。 with translation The doctor repeatedly asked "Is it OK?". As far as I know The concatenation of て verb represents several actions which are done one ...
8
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1answer
671 views

What's the difference between the constructs [adverb] なる (naru) and [adverb] する (suru)?

For example, what makes 相手になる different from 相手にする. I know that 「~になる」 is to be/become something, and 「~をする」 is to do something, but what does each imply when used?
6
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1answer
319 views

Meaning of 素直に甘える in the following sentence

Context: a person is trying to convince another that having other people worry about you is a good thing. 『心配』って『勝手にさせておけばいい』ものらしいよ。してくれる人がいる時はただ素直に甘えちゃえばいいんだって。 My attempt: "Worrying" is like "...
5
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1answer
169 views

difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
3
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1answer
335 views

What's the meaning of the く in 赤くありません?

The way of turning 赤 into an adjective is adding い, but what does it mean when instead of a い you put a く? I found it in this phrase: 私のリンゴは赤くありません。 I get the meaning but not the meaning of く.
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1answer
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Adverbial Nouns and Temporal Nouns

I'm wondering about the difference between adverbs, adverbial nouns, and temporal nouns.* I know that adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. They usually tell amount, weight, time, ...
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2answers
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way to use さっぱり (sappari) and すっかり (sukkari)

Maybe it's just me, but I keep mixing up As in すっかり忘れてた I've completely forgot and さっぱりわからない I haven't the faintest idea / I really don't know are there other expressions to use them?...
16
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1answer
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Is there a difference between ほんとう (hontō) and ほんとうに (hontō-ni) when used alone as interjection or question?

As the equivalent of Enlgish "Oh really?" / "Yes really." as lone utterances I seem to hear both "本当" (hontō) and "本当に" (hontō-ni) in Japanese - is there a difference? It seems that hontō is a noun ...
14
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1answer
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What's the difference between ぜひ and きっと when inviting someone to do something?

You can say for example ぜひパーティーにいらしてね そのうちまた是非お出かけください 「今晩お伺いしてもいいですか」「ぜひどうぞ」 and きっと来てくださいね きっと訪ねて来てください I would translate both ぜひ and きっと in these sentences with "by all means", but I'm sure (...
13
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1answer
485 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
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2answers
390 views

How else can you use 「だい」as in 大好き or 大嫌い?

I understand that you can use だい in the sense of "very", to emphasise すき and きらい. So だいすき is "very loved" and だいきらい is "very hated". Can だい be used for the same meaning in any other words? Can you use ...
8
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2answers
315 views

How do adverbs work with multiple clauses in a sentence?

Using two somewhat different uses of the te form as examples. 彼女はいつになくはしゃいでよくしゃべった Does the adverb "unusually" describe both "being in high spirits" and "being talkative"? 船はすこしの絶間{たえま}なく黒い煙{...
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3answers
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Explain the meaning of という or と + いう?

Here is the sentence: それは改良を必要としますが、すぐにということではありません。 I can't understand this part: すぐに_Adverb + という_Particle? + こと_Noun + では_DEWA + ありません_Verb. I know that という is an expression "said; called thus", ...
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1answer
562 views

ここんとこ (ここん所) and other “every now and then” adverbs

I have been in the market for some good synonyms for ときどき, and I encountered one today that I wanted to share, and also ask for some opinions, since I can not find a correct definition online. The ...
7
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2answers
308 views

How do adverbs denoting amounts such as たくさん and ちょっと work?

Japanese counters such as 一つ are adverbs even though they describe nouns such as in the following sentence. りんごを一つ食べた It is clear that 一つ refers to the amount of apples. However, what do adverbs ...
6
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1answer
229 views

Can adverbs modify adjectives?

For instance: 昔の日本は身分の差が大きく厳しい上下関係があります。 Is 大きく modifying 厳しい? But the way I understand this sentence is in ancient Japan, there were large social divides and strict social hierarchy, which is in ...
3
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1answer
351 views

Usage of さぞ and きっと

I looked these words and means surely. Usually I see きっと, but is usual to use さぞ? きっとお疲れでしょう。 さぞお疲れでしょう。 It's ok use both?
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3answers
252 views

How do I translate 「コロッと転がってたりする」 to english?

I've encountered the following sentence in a game: 時には後ろを振り返ると案外役に立つ事がコロッと転がってたりするもんだ。 First, I'd like to understand why the "to" in コロッと isn't in katakana like the rest of the word, why the ...
8
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1answer
199 views

Using のうちに to construct an adverb

For the full text see here. The fourth line from the bottom of the linked text is: イヤリングをつけ終わると、無意識のうちに、ドアの耳に口をよせた。 When he'd finished attaching the earring he unconsciously put his mouth to the ...
6
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1answer
173 views

Using particles with a time as a topic

If I wanted to say "I ate something this morning" or "Did you eat something this morning", would I use a particle with "this morning"? Example: けさ、なにかたべましたか? vs けさはなにかたべましたか?
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1answer
524 views

How does 一目 work in this sentence?

Trying to make sense of this sentence: 自分は死ぬ前に一目{ひとめ}思う女に逢{あ}いたいと云った。 Daijirin lists 一目 as a noun. However, it doesn't connect with 思う according to normal rules (there is no particle). To connect ...
4
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1answer
433 views

The various uses of いちいち?

I was wondering if you guys could help me understand the adverb いちいち a little better. From my understanding in the following sentence it serves the purpose of "Every single" as in " Because you don't ...
4
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2answers
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Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things that ...
3
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1answer
526 views

Do the adverbial forms of verbs and nouns exist?

I know there are adverbial forms of: adjectives (Adj), 形容詞{けいようし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 早い→早く); adjectival nouns (AdjN), 形容動詞{けいようどうし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 上手だ→上手に). Are there adverbial forms of nouns (名詞{...
3
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2answers
634 views

Why is this sentence grammatically incorrect?

On a separate question about Japanese pitch, one of the examples I left was: '甘美(うまみ)の花は赤を見える' (Your flower looks red [talking to Umami]). One of the commenters claimed that it was grammatically ...
2
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2answers
115 views

Understanding what 逆に means in context with an emotion

I'm having trouble understanding exactly what this person is saying to me. The context being that I was asked a question by them, and after responding they said this: そうでしたか!それを聞けて逆に安心しました…!笑 I ...
2
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1answer
230 views

“Joinery” as a place name in Japanese?

I've been working on the incorporation of a community center LGBTQIA+ people and allies to hang out and feel safe. I learned "kin tsugi" means golden joinery after I woke up with the memory of a door ...