Questions tagged [adverbs]

副詞. Words that typically modify 用言 (words that inflect and function as predicators, such as verbs and adjectives). However, 副詞 also modify other constituents, including other adverbs, nouns (under limited circumstances), and even entire sentences.

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2
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1answer
219 views

What is the meaning of 「ぞんぞん」?

In the following exercise, I'm asked to choose between 「どんどん」,「だんだん」 or 「ぞんぞん」to complete the sentence: 遠慮【えんりょ】しないで、____ 食【た】べてください。 Do not hesitate, eat ____ (adverb) please. I think that ...
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430 views

もっとも: distinguishing between 尤も and 最も

I found a page in Japanese with title "世界でもっとも汚染された10の都市". Having encountered the phrase 「もっとも」 for the first time, I looked it up on WWWJDIC and found two entries: 尤も 【もっとも】 (adj-na,adv,conj,n) ...
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182 views

Are both 遠く and 遠くに adverbs? If yes, are them interchangeable?

The i-adjective 遠{とお}い means far, distant. From what I know, I can make an adverb out of an i-adjective by replacing い with く, which should give me 遠く. Now, the word 遠く is also a noun itself, which ...
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1answer
107 views

Why does こっそり not use the particle に? [duplicate]

I am reading Disney's Aladdin to learn Japanese. Here is a portion at the start: 馬に乗って2人の男が、アラビアの砂漠のはずれで、約束の時間に、こっそりとあいました。 Two questions: Just to confirm, はずれ means "on the outskirts", right? ...
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845 views

Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men ...
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1answer
636 views

What's the difference between the constructs [adverb] なる (naru) and [adverb] する (suru)?

For example, what makes 相手になる different from 相手にする. I know that 「~になる」 is to be/become something, and 「~をする」 is to do something, but what does each imply when used?
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164 views

Help translating this paragraph: doubts about 「への」and「と共に」forms, and structure of a sentence beggining with 「これ」?

The paragraph is from the introduction to the wikipedia article on David Ben-Gurion: ポーランドのプロニスクで生まれ、パレスチナ移住後はユダヤ系住民のイギリス軍への参加を呼びかけると共に、ナチスの弾圧によって多くのユダヤ系難民がパレスチナへ押し寄せる様になると、...
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79 views

Does かえって処理 mean “altered process”

The following text is taken out of a novel. 「お人好しもいいですけど、hIE (インターフェース) が動いているところに手を出したら、かえって処理に負荷をかけますよ」 Kengo knew his computers and machines, though. “Best not interfere when an Interfacer is ...
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1answer
52 views

Reason for と particle after adverb さっき in sentence about something previously mentioned

I came across this sentence and I believe I understand what it is saying, but I don't understand why there is a と particle being used after さっき. Why is it not just さっき言ってる? As there is nothing that ...
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What does なんと mean here? [duplicate]

I'm reading this introduction to mahjong, and found this use of なんと I cannot match to anything in Daijisen. 1回目のツモがまったく関係ない西で、そこでローワンをアンカンしたら、なんとリンシャンからイーソウをツモ。 As I understand it, the line means ...
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132 views

The meaning of と in 未来の国からはるばると

未来の国からはるばると This is the name of the first chapter of "Doraemon" (1). What is the function of と in this case? Apparently, it's not for quoting, and it doesn't seems to mean "if/when," "with" or "...
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1answer
73 views

How are adverbs listed?

I know that nounss are listed with words like と, や, とか, and かつ, adjectives are listed with て-forms or the particle で, and that verbs and clauses are listed with the ます-stem, て-forms, and し. However, I ...
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なにも…良かったんじゃないのか? in this sentence [duplicate]

mc misread the time and thought he was late so he ran as fast as possible to school even though he had plenty of time. His friend makes fun of his frantic behavior as he entered まだ本鈴まで5分あるんだから、...
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Is there a rule to determine whether or not 「に」 should be attached after 「まま 」?

In the example sentences of my textbook for the grammar 〜まま, it is used either with 「に」 (①) or without 「に」 (②,③): In the case of ②, I understand that 「に」 is not necessary as まま is not acting as an ...
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1answer
83 views

Meaning of 全数 when talking about frequency

In an article about quality control, I found the following expression: 検査頻度: 全数 I read in the dictionary that 全数 means "total, complete". Since we are talking about frequency, I thought it could ...
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69 views

Relationship between temporal/adverbial nouns modified by relative clauses with verbs

I came across with the following sentence: 受験勉強で疲弊した深夜、グレープフルーツのへそに親指を挿入した瞬間、胸からぷしゅっと黄色の粒子が噴出した。 I was doubtful about how the sentences separated by commas were related to each other, so I asked a ...
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Making adverb form of verb + なります

I was reading an NHK article and came across this line: お金{かね}を払{はら}うとき「キャッシュレス」を利用{りよう}する人{ひと}が増{ふ}えて、現金{げんきん}をあまり使{つか}わなくなっているためです。 It comes after a line that says "This is the first time the ...
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188 views

Is there a negative form for adverbs?

So if you want to say you walk quickly you say 早く歩く. Great. Now, suppose you want to say you walk unquickly. Could you potentially say something like 早くなく歩く? The obvious answer is you simply say you ...
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73 views

What does 事前 refer to in this sentence?

What does 事前{じぜん} refer to in this sentence? その前提{ぜんてい}であれば、事前{じぜん}にテキストを確認{かくにん}しながら、お客様{きゃくさま}の環境{かんきょう}でトレーニングの準備{じゅんび}ができると思います{おもいます}。 Does it refer to: "checking the text"? -- as in ...
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94 views

そのまま and parts of speech

こんにちは、、、 私はこの文が分かりますが、文法を考えてみると、はっきり分からなくなります。 「北斗七星のひしゃくのえの部分を、そのまま曲がり具合に沿って伸ばしていきます」 二つの動詞、二つの副詞が見えます。「曲がり具合に」と「沿って」はペアです。「そのまま」は、「伸ばして」とペアになりますか? そうなら、「北斗七星のひしゃくのえの部分を、そのまま伸ばしていきます」と言ったら、...
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1answer
75 views

Can「他【ほか】に」and「それに」be used interchangeably when conveying “in addition”?

I am looking for any difference in terms of nuance, usage or frequent collocations so I can tell in what situation I should use one instead of the other. On the other hand, if the case is that the ...
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77 views

いつしか+noun , what does it mean?

In a Dragon Ball's novel, a paragraph says: しかし、いつしかサイア人は、圧倒的な力を持つコルド大王に支配されていた。 This could be? : However, an unknown sayajin was taking control of Cold Great Kind who had an overwhelming ...
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1answer
90 views

Finding a Notion for もう

I tried to find a notion for もう that combines all of its different meanings into one concept. This is what I came up with: もう shapes the entire feeling of a sentence by emphasizing change. ...
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1answer
163 views

What does むわりと mean?

I was reading something and saw the following: 小さな和室で、古い造りなので風呂とトイレは別になっている。換気があまりよくないので、白羽さんの入った後の風呂場のドアから、湿気と湯気がむわりと部屋にたちこめていた。 I can't find むわり or むわりと in any dictionaries. I'm guessing むわりと ...
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1answer
193 views

What is the difference between 「結局【けっきょく】」and 「とうとう」?

According to the dictionary I use to study, both are adverbs and their definitions are so similar that I can't tell the difference: 結局【けっきょく】: after all; in the end; ultimately; eventually ...
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1answer
74 views

Meaning of ちゃっかり in ちゃっかり口には入れてた

I found a definition for ちゃっかり:自分の利益のために抜け目なく振る舞うさま however I'm still not quite sure of the nuance of this word example below. 「ムキィッ! カズさんだけズルイよ!みんな、僕にも『あーん』してっ?」 ジュー! ジュー! ジュー! ...
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What nouns can ながら turn into adverbs, and how does this differ from に? (残念ながら、当然ながら…)

I learned 残念ながら quite early on and simply took it at face value, but as I've gained experience in Japanese I've come to question why this piece of grammar has two seemingly unrelated uses - expressing ...
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1answer
108 views

What is 露わになる affecting in the following sentence, '才能の持ち主' (持ち主 to be specific) or '才能'?

それも生死に関わる窮地に陥って、 初めて露わになる才能の持ち主です。」 I know that 才能の持ち主 (as the の is a possessive の) can mean 'owner of talent'. Question is, what is 露わになる affecting in the above sentence, the 'talent' itself, or ...
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1answer
198 views

Meaning of 前を歩いてた人

Context: in the manga りくどう, a girl named Naeshiro is thinking over the friendship between her boyfriend Riku and a boy named Mihara. Both of them are boxers, but Mihara is older than Riku and is ...
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3answers
1k views

Meaning of すきっとした

白い十字架がたって、それはもう凍った北極の雲で鋳たといったらいいか、すきっとした金いろの円光をいただいて. From 銀河鉄道の夜. What is exactly the meaning of すきっとした. Also what is いったらいいか? Maybe らしい?
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1answer
814 views

「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違い

「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違いは何ですか。 例)「まだずいぶんと時間があります。」 この例文で「ずいぶん」も使ってもいいですか。それとも、これは正しくないですか。 よろしくお願いします。
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1answer
441 views

初めてです, is '初めて' an adverb?

I saw following quotes: アメリカは初めてです。 This is my first time to America. I've learned about <n.> は <n.|adj.> です. Checking at several dictionaries, '初めて' is an adverb. Is it OK to use an ...
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1answer
195 views

On なる and Adverbs

I'm a beginner learner, just learnt about なる and I'm curious about なる vs other verbs when it comes to adverbs. When using an adverb like 早く on a verb, it modifies the action or manner of the verb. ...
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1answer
501 views

Is 訴え連日通い a single word? If not, why no particles in between?

I'm reading イン. ザ. プール, where I found the following clause in one of its lines: 身体の不調を訴え連日通いつめる和雄 I roughly translated it to "Kazuo who strictly complains about his bad health on a daily basis." ...
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1answer
177 views

Does 特別に戦 mean 'special battle' or 'specially battle'?

特別に戦が神 (とくべつに いくさが かみ) I think placing に after とくべつ makes it into an adverb, right? However, I'm having a lot of trouble working out whether it means 'especially' or 'specially' or just 'special'. (...
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1answer
99 views

こんな、そんな、あんな、どんな + na-adjectives

How do they interact with each other? I know that depending on the part of speech these words may have/have no particle after them, but what about na-adjectives? Do these pronouns have any particle in ...
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197 views

Using のうちに to construct an adverb

For the full text see here. The fourth line from the bottom of the linked text is: イヤリングをつけ終わると、無意識のうちに、ドアの耳に口をよせた。 When he'd finished attaching the earring he unconsciously put his mouth to the ...
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3answers
274 views

Word order and emphasis with たくさん

Genki (second edition) gives the following example sentences using たくさん, but doesn't explain any distinction regarding word order: 私は京都で {写真をたくさん / たくさん写真を} 撮りました。 I took many pictures in Kyoto. and ...
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1answer
2k views

Is 感じる {かんじる} transitive or intransitive? Which particle to use?

Please consider 一段 {いちだん} verb 感じる {かんじる}. Sometimes I see particle に applied and sometimes particole を. In the Jisho.org vocabulary it is not specified if this verb is 他動詞 {たどうし} (transitive) or 自動詞 {...
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2answers
559 views

も particle after an adverb

I know that も particle can be used in place of は、が、を. And it means "in addition", "also". What function does it have in this adverb "不運にも"? Should we treat it as a separate word here?
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3answers
151 views

Does あたかも only add emphasis to a sentence?

Does あたかも only add emphasis, without introducing any new meaning to a sentence? Would the sentence mean the same without it? It's translated as as if, but most sentences I find it used with already ...
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3answers
288 views

Are に and と interchangeable when used with adverbs?

Are sentences A, B, and C all correct? If not, which are incorrect and why? If they are all correct, does it mean that に and と can always be used interchangeably with adverbs? And that に and と aren't ...
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1answer
81 views

How do adverbs change when changing くれる to もらう?

Consider the following part of a sentence: 親切に教えてくれた。 Here, the subject of the sentence is the person who is the "giver". Furthermore, "親切に" is like an adverb for 教えてくれた. In English, a potential ...
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1answer
116 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 唯一

For the word (or composition of two words): 唯一, sometimes also written as: 唯一つ, Two possible pronunciations come to my mind: ゆいいつ [yuiitsu] -onyomi and ただ ひとつ [tada hitotsu] -kunyomi Which one is ...
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2answers
208 views

決して~ない vs まったく~ない

What is the difference between 決して~ない and まったく~ない?
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1answer
113 views

Does anyone knows the meaning of “モゾリと”?

An example of where it was found: 慌てて口元を塞ぎながら、部屋の中でモゾリと動いていた影に、慌てて蹴りを入れる。
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2answers
347 views

What is the meaning of adjectives ending in 〜く?

I understand that the following words are adjectives: 早{はや}い early/fast 近{ちか}い close/near すごい awesome/great However I’m unsure how to use the forms ending in 〜く such as: 早{はや}く ...
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2answers
100 views

Adverb Word Choice

I was writing the following message to an exchange friend and I struggled to find adverbs to pair with the verb 遊ぶ, and now I'm wondering a broader question about adverbs in general: 兄はカリフォるニアから来ました。...
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2answers
736 views

difference among もちろん、きっと、必ず、ぜひ

もちろん、きっと、必ず、ぜひ。 どうやって区別しますか? ところで、似たような言葉がありますか。教えてください。よろしくお願いしますm(_ _)m
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2answers
196 views

How to apply more than one adverb to a verb

無料か安いお金で食べることができます。 You can eat for free or with cheap money/cheaply. I'm finding 安いお金 a bit strange. If I wanted to say "You can eat for free", I'd write: 無料で食べることができます。 If I wanted to say "...