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Questions tagged [adjectives]

形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

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What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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Why is 高いです acceptable but 高いではあります not acceptable?

This interesting thread got me thinking about the various forms of the copula and how です is a contraction of で(は)あります. I am wondering why the standard X は Y で(は)あります does not seem to work for certain ...
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140 views

Aozora versus Aoi sora

Can we use 青空 and 青い空 interchangeably? Is there any difference between the two? Which is the most natural? Thank you!
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1answer
825 views

Is the use of 真面目な a modern way to refer to sentimental relationships as “serious” or has it always been standard?

If someone can think of a better title, please edit or suggest a better one. Recently, I have started noticing some Japanese people using the adjective 真面目な paired to words such as 出会い, 関係, etc, when ...
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0answers
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Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
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115 views

Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. For example: ...
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Using だ as a Verb

I was reading through the following blog and came across a particularly interesting example on the use of は and が. The author explains that in the context of a young man pointing at a number of ...
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past tense na adjective + noun

I have two sentences that im using to try to understand how na adjectives are conjugated in Japanese. 私の友達は綺麗な人 - My friend is a beautiful person 私の友達は綺麗だった人 - My friend was a beautiful person In ...
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410 views

How do you describe something “spicy”?

When I typed "spicy natto" on Google Translate, I got this: スパイシーな納豆 Here are two things that confused me: 1) why do we need な? 2) why not use 辛い? Does anyone know?
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Is a negative nuance possible with しっとり when used to describe moisture of an object?

じっとり always has a negative nuance to it when used, such as when describing perspiration. しっとり has several meanings, but in this context it is used to describe the dampness of something. An example ...
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1answer
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How does 好き work in relative clauses?

I'm trying to say something like "I want to make friends with people who like x" but I can't figure out how to say it. I think 「xが好きな友達を作りたい」but that doesn't seem quite right. Thanks.
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Why is 温かい used instead of 熱い when ordering a hot drink?

In English, "warm" and "hot" are usually interchangeable when ordering a hot drink. In my experience, "hot" is more frequently used. I was corrected with 温かいコーヒー when asking for an 熱いコーヒー so I ...
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2answers
163 views

Can every noun be a na-adjective?

I know that na-adjectives are nouns which can also act like adjectives by affixing themselves to nouns, but can every noun do this simply by adding な or can only certain nouns have the property of ...
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短し: What is し doing here replacing い [duplicate]

I saw this conjugation in the title of a novel/animated feature: 夜は短し歩けよ乙女 The reason why I suspect it is a conjugation is that, on the Wiki page, the kana is laid out as よるはみじかしあるけよおとめ. This makes ...
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1answer
111 views

I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
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1answer
150 views

「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違い

「ずいぶん」と「ずいぶんと」の違いは何ですか。 例)「まだずいぶんと時間があります。」 この例の文章で「ずいぶん」も使ってもいいですか。または、これが正しくないですか。 よろしくお願いします。
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3answers
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形容動詞 attributively before a noun: な or conjugated だ

So, I thought I understood the use of the 連体形 of だ, な, after a "な-adjective" when used before a noun, however I'm a bit confused. On IMABI and a number of other sites, I've found the suggestion to ...
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1answer
106 views

Why would you use な for そう forms of い adjectives?

I am just now really diving into adjectives and how they work in Japanese. It was to my surprise that I heard 『楽{たの}しいそうなお祭{まつ}りね』 being used. Does the そう usage require な even for い adjectives?
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Why is くなかった wrong and ではありません preferred in this sentence?

I was taking a n5 grammar test and I came across the question: あの人{ひと} は有名{ゆうめい} ____ The answer I chose was くなかった. However, the quiz said the correct answer was ではありません. Why is that?
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Grammatical correctness of 〜好きくない

I saw 未来のミライ the other day. The boy said 〜好きくない regarding many people. Was he making a grammar mistake?
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Grammatical Correctness of 最終+noun

I lived in Japan for some time and can communicate quite well. However, sometimes there are some constructs in Japanese which I know but can't explain with grammatical rules. 最終 + noun is one of them....
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Difference between 大変{たいへん} and 難しい{むずかしい}

What is the difference between 大変{たいへん} and 難しい{むずかしい} which can both mean difficult. In which context should i use one or the other? Thanks in advance.
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What is the difference between あお and あおい?

I know あおい means "blue (adj.)" and あお means "the color blue". What does "blue (adj.)" mean? Like "I am feeling blue?" Note I have just started with Japanese. I am on first column of Hiragana. I did ...
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How can I say of a person that he or she has an open or closed personality?

How can I say of a person that he or she has an open or closed personality? Is there a standard adjective for that?
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1answer
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Difference between 粗い and 荒い

I would like to know when 粗い is used. According to the dictionary, it means "rough", but I'm not able to see the difference between 粗い and 荒い. Is 粗い used only when a picture has bad quality? Or in ...
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Why do you use に with 欲しい?

I recently encountered the sentence 「あなたに嬉しくなって欲しい」, which means “I want you to be happy.” Why is に used to mark “you”? If you rephrase the sentence as 「あなたが嬉しくなることが欲しい」, the meaning still comes ...
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What is the meaning of adjectives ending in 〜く?

I understand that the following words are adjectives: 早{はや}い early/fast 近{ちか}い close/near すごい awesome/great However I’m unsure how to use the forms ending in 〜く such as: 早{はや}く ...
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What does い adjective くform + noun signify?

The title of this news article is 将棋の[藤井]{ふじい}[聡太]{そうた}さん 今まででいちばん若く「[七段]{しちだん}」になる Why is 若く used here instead of 若い? As far as I know, い adjectives change into く form when they come before verbs ...
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Why does 悪く(は)ない give a condescending feeling?

I thought it just meant "It's not bad" but I read some comments from Japanese people who said that it can sound too condescending or like the speaker feels superior to the listener. Why is that? In ...
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Why does “aka” become “akai” in “Kuruma wa akai desu”?

I checked the dictionary and found out that red is "aka" Why does Google Translate turn aka to akai? Kuruma wa akaidesu (By the way, why is akai joined with desu?)
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What's the difference between an adjective's adverbial form and continuative form?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/adverbs http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/verb_sequences <-also covers adjectives Following Tae Kim's guide, those two forms of 青黒い are ...
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How to interpret 全然 + positive adjective + とは思わない

As explained in this question, I know that 全然 used with positive adjective means "completely, entirely", while when it is used with negative adjectives/verbs it means "not at all, absolutely not". ...
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What does なる mean in words like 完全なる&聖なる?

It doesn't seem to have any of the "to become" meaning that the normal meaning has. In most translations there is usually no mention of "becoming" at all. Then what purpose does naru serve then? Also ...
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1answer
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Does ピンク use a な-particle?

Page 82 of Fluent Forever's "Awesome Word List" for Japanese says that ピンク is a noun or a な-adjective. However, jisho.org says it's a の-adjective, and I recall hearing elsewhere that it is a の-...
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84 views

“の” or “な”? Which one is correct?

赤いのかばん or 赤いなかばん? Which one is correct? "な" is used to connect adjective and noun, "の" is a possessive noun, but it can also be an adjective.
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63 views

Why isn't there の in this sentence?

素晴らしい迷路庭園デス。 Isn't 迷路 a "no-adjective"? I would have expected the sentence to be: 素晴らしい迷路の庭園です。Are they both correct or is my version incorrect?
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About “no adjective”

I have been encountering this "no-adjectives" as in the image when I browse the dictionary, but I've never heard about them before. Can someone please explain to me the use of these no-adjectives, ...
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Using な and の interchangeably?

Using them as descriptors, can they be interchanged? E.g. 親切な人 vs 親切の人 Is の only acceptable if referring to a specific new person from a certain place that has been established earlier in the ...
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1answer
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How do you use comparatives for Japanese adjectives?

I am currently writing a section about the Japanese writing system. I have previously stated that Japanese was originally written completely in Kanji. However, people found it very difficult. ...
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534 views

How does one use daisuki properly?

I know "daisuki" means "big like," but what if I said "I like (daisuki) smart people" in Japanese, instead of telling a single individual that "I like him"? Would I be implying that I love/am sexually ...
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Are 汚い and いやらしい the same?

Is one exclusively for actual dirty while one is for just the feeling of dirtiness, e.g. talking to a lewd pervert?
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1answer
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What does してた in 元気してた means?

What does してた in 元気してた means? How it came to being してた? I know that the original form of し is する, then what does 元気する means? It's really confusing. For context please see the images below: These ...
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1answer
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Concatenating an i-adj with a no-adj/noun

I have a question regarding concatenating i-adj with a no-adj/noun. This is the sentence I'm attempting to translate: Those are black lenses to protect your eyes against sunlight. My try: ...
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Can you omit the な between な-adjectives and nouns? [duplicate]

書く時には書くスタイルに合った書き言葉的表現、そして、話す時には話すスタイルに合った話し言葉的表現があることを覚えておいてください。 The above quote is from the second chapter of Tobira. My question concerns 書き言葉的表現 and 話し言葉的表現. The book states that (書き/話し)言葉的 is a ...
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1answer
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How do I use adjectives like 気持ち悪い?

At the moment I can only remember 気持ちいい and 気持ち悪い, but I am sure there are more adjectives like this. They consist of a noun and then an adjective. I'm confused about them because I've seen 気持ちの悪い and ...
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How to say a pet/human has a characteristic rather than 'it is something'- How to say something has (adjective) [duplicate]

I am trying to describe what my pet looks like. Let's say her name is 'inu'. I know how to say inu is big. You would say; inu wa ookii desu. You could say what she is by putting a different adjective ...
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4answers
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How to express that something “must be + adj” as in “we must be strong”?

I am not talking about consequences, such as in "I can't find my wallet, I must have lost it" in which case I think something like ~に違いない could be used. Rather, I would like to know how to express ...
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3answers
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How to describe screaming in a happy/excited sense?

I am trying to describe the action of screaming in excitement, kind of like a stereotypical fan-girl. But I'm concerned that the translations I'm finding are more along the lines of screaming in ...
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3answers
501 views

About combining adjective

I have some confusion I want to clarify. I understand that to combine adjective we need to use で for な adjective and て form of い adjective. So I'm pretty sure that these sentences below are correct. ...
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1answer
127 views

Understanding adjectives with noun phrase eg 髪がきれいな女性 [duplicate]

I am trying to complete my understanding of adjectives, and I came across this example phrase from the wasabi-jpn guide: 髪がきれいな女性 - A woman with beautiful hair. I would have thought this would mean ...