Questions tagged [adjectives]

形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

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Does 悍ましい derive from a verb?

So I'm confused about おぞましい, because in 悍ましい, there's おくりがな. Atleast I'm sure of it, and as far as I know, おくりがな is added to a verb. So, I'd think that the ま in 悍ましい、is from the irrealis form of a ...
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Which noun is described by 大きな and 滑か in 「真珠貝は大きな滑かな縁の鋭い貝であった」

Is it 縁 or 貝? I have consulted two translations, and they both make different choices. The shell was big and smooth and sharp-edged. (Breaking into Japanese Literature; trans. Giles Murray) The ...
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そう、こう、ああ、どう confusion

So, I am confused with the こそあど adverbs. I saw そういう in a song used like this. 博愛とか慈愛とかそういうの大切に扱ってよ。I am confused about the sentence 博愛とか慈愛とかそういうの. Does it literally mean "the thing that is felt (...
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What's the origin of "さ", the nonsubjective (dunno how to call it nominalizer)

So, I know that the subjective nominalizer み comes from the imperfective/irrealis form of む, apparently the subjective particle that makes things into subjective verbs?? I just heard this on a website....
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難う and 早う in ありがとう and おはよう [duplicate]

what's the difference between their たい (you can edit this if you know what this is) (”早い” and ”ありがたい”) parts? is their おう parts not the same part of speech? How does gozaimasu make sense with them?
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Can you link adjectives in past tense?

I know you can link adjectives in Japanese this way: using -KUTE for -I adjectives, and DE for -Na adjectives. For example: Kirei(na) + Wakai + Yasashii + Onna --> "Kireide, wakakute, yasashii ...
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What are the proper usages and the meaning of くはある / くはない?

I recently learnt the contrastive usages of the は particle and I read the Tofogu article which has an interesting section which says I can use は contrast marker with the adjectives/nouns positive and ...
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4 votes
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What is the difference between 相応, 相当, 適当 and 適切

What is the difference between 相応, 相当, 適当 and 適切? All of them have the meaning suitable/appropriate but what is the difference and when do I use each of them?
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Why is it おいしかったです and not おいしかったでした? [duplicate]

There are a few other questions related to this, but they do not explain the why of the matter. As I understand it です is present tense while でした is past tense. As such, I would (wrongly) intuit to say ...
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What is the meaning と in this sentence containing a たる adjective?

Just wondering what function と is performing in this sentence ごく淡々と、ダンボール箱に彼の私物をしまっていく I understand that 淡々 is a たる adjective but my understanding was that と could only be used with a verb after a ...
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Why is the い in 多い left out in 「本が多すぎる」?

The translation I was going for was "(there's) too many books." I wrote 「本が多いすぎる」but autocorrect changed it to 「本が多すぎる」. I then tried to use a na-adjective instead of an i-adjective, writing ...
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Rashii, Rashiku, and Rashisa

I know Rashii(らしい) is an i-adjective. What are the forms Rashiku(らしく) and Rashisa(らしさ) that I see often used?
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Can いそがしい mean busy as in 'crowded'

I know 'いそがしい' means busy as in 'having important things to do', but can it also mean busy as in crowded like 'busy street'
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わからないし vs わからねいし

I was watching some anime and realised that some character says わからねいし instead of わからないし. Is this just a slur kind situation where they change it so it's easier to pronounce, like how native speakers ...
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「仕方なくです」 形容詞の連用形 く+ copula です?

I am stumped by 「仕方なくです」 which I have heard/seen occasionally. 用があり仕方なく広島へ。。。仕方なくですね (source) 一年ぶりに来ました。友人に行きたいと言われて仕方なくですが、、、鶏皮は一人5本に減ってました。(source) 仕方なくです!(笑) (source) I know 形容詞の連用形 く, apart ...
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How to tell when a na adjective is being used as a noun (as opposed to an adjective)

It is common knowledge that na-adjectives are in truth nouns that can be used as adjectives (edit: I now see this was a false generalization I was led into believing by some grammar sources); and the ...
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な with a な-adjective before another adjective

赤ちゃんも安全な温かい場所で大きく強くなる。 This sentence is from a book for young children. Why aren't the two adjectives connected with で (安全で温かい場所)? I'm not sure if it's important, but in the book the sentence is ...
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Subject of adjectives describing feelings

I think I have observed certain patterns regarding adjectives describing feelings. Are the following observations correct? Take うれしい as an example. The Wisdom English-Japanese Dictionary defines うれしい ...
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What does this paragraph mean in Wasabi's "Japanese Adjectives with Particle が" article?

I'm trying to understand this post on using Japanese adjectives and am stumped by this paragraph under the I-adjectives section When you use i-adjectives as a subject complement, you MUST NOT do the ...
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Tokyo Dialect, 東京弁 : 形容詞 vs 形容動詞

In Tokyo Dialect, they transform some i-adjectives so that they become sugoi - suggee/sugee yabai - yabee itai - ittee / is there any in na-adjectives? Like shizukana shizukka genkina - genkki
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What's the Grammar Form at Work Here and How to Use it? 「あまり難しく考えるなよ」

Looking at the Japanese lines of a game, and I came across this line...: あまり難しく考えるなよ。 ...which I believe translates to "Don't think about it too much" or the like. However, I don't ...
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Adjective rules

First and foremost, I am a beginner, and I have just started studying Japanese. At my university we use Shokyu Nihongo 1 as the main student, so let's get to the point. In chapter 2 there are rules ...
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Using i-adjectives at the end of (Or really anywhere in...) a sentence?

For instance, if I wanted to ask if a food was tasty, I want to know all linguistic options that I have and, preferably, the nuances between them. These are all the short, potentially appropriate ...
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何も+Verb / Noun (?) / Adj (?)+ない

According to jlptsensei and other sources (google), for the 何も〜ない construct, all of verbs, nouns, and adjectives can be used. But however, from all of the sources and my intuition, I can't find ...
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What is the etymology of ~らぐ verbs?

What is the etymology of verbs like [安]{やす}らぐ, [和]{やわ}らぐ, [薄]{うす}らぐ, [平]{たひ}らぐ, etc.? I know they all come from adjectives, but where does the 〜ぐ come from? Maybe [揺]{ゆ}らぐ could also fit into this ...
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I'm confused by all the different ways to modify a noun. How do I know when to use what?

意味不明,学校全体,現実可能 安定した収入 もやもやとした記憶、もやもやしていた気持ち (1) I keep coming across examples like this where a na-adjective is placed after the noun and with the な omitted. Why is the order reversed in these ...
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2 votes
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What does だなんて mean? [duplicate]

I came across with the next sentence: 「そんな呼び方をして、馴れ馴れしくはありませんか?」 「そんな、馴れ馴れしいだなんて」 Why is there a だ with a いadj? And what is the meaning or nuance of that だなんて?
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-く form for な-adjectives [duplicate]

My textbook (A course in modern Japanese, volume two) states the following (Lesson 11 p.26): In spoken language, sentences are connected with the て-form. And in written language, they are connected ...
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Relative clause vs. の to "categorize" a noun

According to my low level of Japanese, I know two ways to "categorize" a noun with an another noun + adjective: 髪が長い男の人が少しいる。 長い髪の男の人が少しいる。 Are these two sentences grammatically correct? ...
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Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない?

Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない? I am just starting to learn and someone said my basic sentence was not polite. I'm trying to practice conjugating adjectives. My goal was to say ”The ocean is ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Adjective + は + Adjective

I think I have heard this kind of sentence before, and searching on google I found a couple instances. When you repeat an adjective (and perhaps verbs as well) to show that you've done / feel a ...
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役に立ち vs 役に立つ, when to use which?

Why are there two different forms of the adjective "useful"? 役に立つ 役に立ち When I looked up on Jisho.org (here), the page would show an entry for the former even if I typed the latter in the ...
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良かった vs 良かったじゃない [duplicate]

When I watch an anime, the character to use 良かったじゃない to say something is good, but isn't the word じゃない be a negative expression? Why would it still have the same meaning as 良かった which is the positive ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Adverbializers of adjectives in Japanese (に, く, と)

I went upon some adverbializers that turn the adjective they follow into an adverb, but don't figure out if there is any rule, such as whether one particular particle (e.g. と, に) is used with one ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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What's the origin of ~み following a 形容詞?

I found a HiNative question where someone asked about the difference between [痛]{いた}さ and [痛]{いた}み. A native Japanese speaker gave this answer: 「痛さ」は形容詞「痛い」が名詞化した名詞です。 「痛み」は動詞「痛む」の連用形が名詞化した名詞です。 I ...
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How do you join たる-adjectives?

When joining い-adjectives and な-adjectives, you simply put them in 連用形 + て: この料理は美味しくて安いです。 田中さんは綺麗で親切です。 However, I have a bit of trouble with たる-adjectives. I couldn't find any resources on it. ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Why are 近く and 多く nouns?

The く-form of 近い and 多い can be used as nouns and adverbs. For most adjectives, however, the く-form is only used as an adverb. So why do these exceptions exist?
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What does “stem” mean in “Adj (na) stem”

In A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, I have (at least tried to) read the grammatical terms and list of abbreviations very carefully, but maybe something is missing. Or maybe I missed something. ...
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1 answer
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Confusion on the pedagogy of adjective conjugation and interpretation of helper verbs and adjectives

As a disclaimer, I have read this link, Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives) and it could be because it hasn't processed in my brain yet, but I'm not sure ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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why つぎの じゅぎょう is correct?when おもしろい じゅぎょう is without の?

Why つぎの じゅぎょう is correct when おもしろい じゅぎょう is without の? Can you explain, please? つぎ and おもしろい are both adjectives, are not they?
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How do I introduce something new and then describe it in the same sentence?

I recently learned how to use これ, この, それ, その etc. but I was wondering how to introduce something new to someone, like これはゲームです and then adding onto that sentence to describe it (for example in English ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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na-adjective + noun: can I negate na-adjective in this case?

I read articles and watch videos but no one mention it is possible to negate na-adjective if it before the noun. Everywhere just mention that case when no noun after the na-adjective: これ は かんたん です。 --&...
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1 vote
1 answer
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i-adjective + noun: is there a difference which part negate?

Is the following two sentence correct? And is the translate correct too?: それ は おそくない くるま です。- That car is not slow. それ は おそい くるま じゃ ありません。- That car is not slow. Or has it somthing difference in the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
186 views

Can 悪魔 mean something else other than devilish / demonic?

I am watching this video of a Japanese girl covering a rock song, and she uses the word 悪魔 in an odd way (at least for me), I think it is being used as a の-adjective. 1st sentence (https://youtu.be/G--...
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japanese adjectives [duplicate]

赤のボウル 赤ワイン 赤いセーター What is the rule here? When do i use の particle, when i use nothing and when do i make い adjective(if i understand it correctly) Someone explain please.
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2 answers
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Why is 色んな an adjectival and not an adjective?

I encountered the word here: 世界で色んな人が食べ物がないから、食べ物を捨ててはならない!と子供の頃から両親 が教えてくれた。 and the 'adjectival' definition in https://jisho.org/search/%E8%89%B2%E3%82%93%E3%81%AA Edit: Both @Leebo 's and @Aeon ...
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2 votes
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Function of が instead of な here

あなたのへんがお写真を、シアトル市におくります。 What is the function of が here?   why not あなたのへんなお写真?
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栄光の Glorious as a username does it make sense? [closed]

I want to set my username as glorious and google translate gave me 栄光の and I want to ask if it will make sense to write it alone or does it have to be written with a sentence
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4 votes
2 answers
232 views

Odd position of adjective

In one exercise I'm doing, it has the following sentence: 世界で一番木の古い建物は法隆寺です。 In this case, the position of the adjective 古い looks odd to me. I normally find it appear before noun or noun phrase, so ...
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1 vote
1 answer
165 views

What is the meaning of な+ほう [duplicate]

I have had a conversation with a Japanese person and I asked the question 幸せですか? The reply was: 幸せなほうだと思います I have seen ほう used in the same context as より when comparing two things but I've not ...
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