Questions tagged [adjectives]

形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

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79 views

When to use -masu forms of -i adjectives as opposed to -kunaidesu?

I am doing the exercises for a course in Japanese, which I cannot attend, because it overlaps with my mandatory course. The exercise requires to form the past negative masu form of i-adjectives. ...
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Applying the same adjective to multiple nouns

Let's take an example where a woman have a red bag, red shoes and red glasses (multiple items (nouns) described by the same adjective : red). To describe her, if I write : 女{おんな}の人{ひと}は赤{あか}い鞄{かばん}...
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珍 vs 珍しい (na-adjective and i-adjective)

珍 is a noun but also a na-adjective while 珍しい is an i-adjective. In terms of usage, is there some rule of when we should use one and not the other? For words that have a i-adjective and a na-adjective ...
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Do all な-adjectives come from Chinese?

In this video it is said that "な-adjectives come from Chinese and tend to be written in all kanji or sometimes in hiragana because the original kanji is too complicated." But い-adjectives are written ...
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How to use adjectives to qualify nouns in between the の particle?

For example, how would I say "my dad's old car's broken wheel"? Where does the adjective go w.r.t the の particle? 父の古い車の駄目な車輪 ? Is it right for the adjective to appear near の? It sounds odd
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Compound word ending with an adjective stem (形容詞語幹) and used as a noun or a na-adjective

The word 大忙{おおいそが}し is classified as a noun or a na-adjective. If I analyze it correctly, the word 大忙し consists of the prefix (接頭語) "大" and the i-adjective stem of "忙しい." In addition, there is no ...
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Using 「に」, 「にとって」 and 「に対して」 with adjectives

I read these two questions but I still don't understand the relation between the use of the 「に」 particle with adjectives and other structures such as 「にとって」 and 「に対して」. On the first link, Axioplaseさん ...
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Meaning of 小せェサル in the following sentence

A Japanese boxer that has never been beaten in Japan is fighting against a Cuban boxer in his first match against a foreigner. After easily taking the lead of the match, the Cuban boxer says: ...
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How to create adjectives in Japanese?

Look at the following words: 意 Idea 圧 Pressure おとこ Man 女性 Woman 子 Child ヘア Hair 想い Thought Some of the above words are single kanjis, some kana, and some combination of kanji-kana. Is there a ...
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な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
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What is the meaning of ケタ外れ in this situation..?

I have a sentence which says, 2030年、日本が迎えるのはケタ外れの「ひとりさま社会」。 The dictionary says the word means; incredible, extraordinary, exceptional or phenomenal, but it doesn't really make sense when ...
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Questions about Noun+が+Adjective

Here is a phrase: ねだんが たかいレストランは あまり すきじゃない I don't like high price restaurant very much Now, the questions. If I used たかいねだん レストラン, would it be wrong? Or would mean something different? ...
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Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後{はいご}で聞{き}き覚{おぼ}えのある声{こえ}がして、思{おも}わず一歩後{いっぽあと}ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that ...
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Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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When do you use the particles “ga” or “wo” for certain adjectives? [duplicate]

I understand the differences between using "ga" and "wo" for action verbs and static verbs, but what about for adjectives? For example, typically you would say Xが怖い, but I see several cases where it's ...
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multiples noun, noun modifiers other noun?

I have a question multiple nouns ( noun + noun ), noun working as adjective? Recently, I've been researching noun modifiers, I wonder if multiple nouns can modify one as an adjective? for example: ...
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Is で unnecessary for time references or does direct noun modification have different connotations?

I've seen a lot of sentences where で was omitted, like: 今朝サンタさんが来なかった Here we have 今朝 which is a point in time so the sentence should be: 今朝でサンタさんが来なかった But it's not. Is there any difference ...
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Why can't 最中(に) be preceded by an adjective? (Adj. + 最中(に) )

You can use 最中(に)as follows: NOUN + の + 最中(に) V ている + 最中(に) Why can we not use 最中(に) preceded by an adjective? Can anyone provide me with a grammatical reason for this?
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Clarification on colours and い [duplicate]

Is it red ? あかですか?あかいですか? It is red. あかです。あかいです。 Which of each is correct or would both options be correct ?
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Understanding the connection between adverbs and adjective negation

い-adjectives negate in the following way. 「大{おお}きい」→「大きくない」 How I've always interpreted process is that we're basically changing the adjective 「大きい」 into the adverb form 「大きく」 and then tacking on 「...
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Does linking adjectives allow you to talk about multiple variations of something?

For instance, if I want to say: I want to see traditional and modern culture I would try to use: 近代的{きんだいてき}で伝統的{でんとうてき}な文化{ぶんか}を見たい。 But does this imply the culture I want to see is ...
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Is there a negative form for adverbs?

So if you want to say you walk quickly you say 早く歩く. Great. Now, suppose you want to say you walk unquickly. Could you potentially say something like 早くなく歩く? The obvious answer is you simply say you ...
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What does 気楽 mean when attached to ビール or お酒?

I first found this here: https://www.ettoh.jp/ 楽酒=気楽なお酒 Does this mean the drink is easy to drink? Or that it's meant to be drunk in a carefree setting? One example I was taught for 気楽 is in ...
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Can だ be left off in informal sentences?

In declarative statements I’ve gathered that saying just 「これ新聞だ」for example would be too forward or a bit aggressive. So could you just say 「これ新聞」or even just 「新聞」for informal sentences? I understand ...
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What part of speech is the 「〜たい」 form of a verb?

To say that one wants to do something, one uses the 「〜たい」 form of the verb, for example, 「日本に 行きたい です」. In the 「〜たい」 form, the word behaves like an adjective, using similar patterns such as 「〜くない」 ...
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What does adjective + め means [duplicate]

On this informational sign in ramen shop they use -i adjectives ending with め. I can understand plain かたい, 多い and such, but what purpose does ending an adjective in め serves?
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What does らん in 「強からん事を祈る」 mean?

I came across this sentence while reading Osamu Dazai's Ningen Shikkaku. The sentence is pretty long, so I have only included the relevant part. あまりに人間を恐怖している人たちは、かえって、もっともっと、...
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How does “suku” (empty) become “suite”?

Just started learning Japanese two weeks ago. I have so many questions. If my question sounds a little silly, please bear with me. I just learned that adjectives + desu and verb + imasu. But how do I ...
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ii vs yoi in japanese [duplicate]

Could anyone explain me when exactly ii and yoi is used in japanese sentences
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Meaning of 感じの in this sentence

「なんか男らしくない感じの人。」 if らしく already gives the meaning of “seeming, characteristic of, ish,” etc then what is the purpose of adding 感じの?
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Where does っぱい derive from?

As it says in the title, I'm hoping to find out where the adjective ending -っぱい comes from (like in 酸っぱい 'sour'). Is it related to -っぽい (X-like, X-ish) at all? I can't seem to find an etymology for it ...
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How to say 'I want to be red' in Japanese?

Watasi wa akaku sitai. ? Watasi wa akakaritai. ? How to say 'Be red!'? Akaku siro! ? Akakare! ? How to say 'It's being red at the moment (as in: it will turn purple and then blue soon)'? Kore wa ...
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Relative clauses: 多い人 vs 多くの人

I was practising a grammar pattern, so in my personal example I wrote: 多いオーストラリア人 However, a native speaker corrected me with: 多くのオーストラリア人 I understand that in relative clauses that adjectives ...
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Is “面白いな陸” correct? [closed]

https://youtu.be/z4eWwEVQOTs?t=133 Shouldn't it be "面白い陸"? Or does "面白いな陸" have a different meaning?
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What is the definition of 凶々?

I tried searching on Jisho for the following kanji (凶々) as written in the book, but nothing shows up, even after I type in only the ruby script (magamaga), none of the kanji match what is in the book. ...
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Negative adjectives + です vs adjective + ではありません

For example, to translate : This dog is not cute. We can use : この犬{いぬ}は可愛{かわい}くないです。 or : この犬{いぬ}は可愛{かわい}いではありません。 Is there a difference between those two sentences? Are there conditions ...
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Is the adjective インディペンデント actually used as an adjective?

I saw a movie labeled インディペンデント作品 The adjective インディペンデント does not end in i and is followed by neither na nor no here. Is this meant as a strange compound noun (katakana + kanji)? Or is this a ...
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Express the idea of something being suitable for something: “a Baby friendly hotel”

I'm just wondering how I can use Japanese to express the idea of something being suitable for something. In my specific case, I was trying to express to a friend that I found a "baby friendly" hotel. ...
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How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
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Meaning of 有難 with missing ending

Context: the manager of a boxing gym is arguing with a strong but problematic boy (問題児, he is arrogant and often violently beats other trainees) named Kamishiro and his trainer-sister that train in ...
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Usage of 断然 as の-adjective?

今年の欧州マイル路線では古馬や牡馬を交えても断然のNO・1 At this year's European Mile route, even with other types of horses participating, (アルファセントーリ) is the absolute number one I know that 断然 is a taru adjective so shouldn'...
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How can I express sentences like “How long is …” or “How old is … ” or “How convenient is …” etc.?

I want to know if there's a grammar structure that can be used when you want to know the extent of an adjective. E.g. 会長は若いね >> How young is he? この映画はとっても長いよ! >> How long is it? ...
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Can an adjective come after a verb?

I was trying to say "I write slow". I figured it would be: おそい(が)かく。 But a native speaker didn't understand me and said it was: かくのがおそい。 Now I understand how の after a verb makes it a noun, ...
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What is the difference between 適切、適当 and 適宜?

As the title says, I've been having some trouble with recognizing the difference between 適切、適当 and 適宜 as in dictionaries they are all translated to "appropriate, suitable". According to this site 適当{...
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What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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Why is 高いです acceptable but 高いではあります not acceptable?

This interesting thread got me thinking about the various forms of the copula and how です is a contraction of で(は)あります. I am wondering why the standard X は Y で(は)あります does not seem to work for certain ...
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324 views

Aozora versus Aoi sora

Can we use 青空 and 青い空 interchangeably? Is there any difference between the two? Which is the most natural? Thank you!
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863 views

Is the use of 真面目な a modern way to refer to sentimental relationships as “serious” or has it always been standard?

If someone can think of a better title, please edit or suggest a better one. Recently, I have started noticing some Japanese people using the adjective 真面目な paired to words such as 出会い, 関係, etc, when ...
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Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
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142 views

Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. For example: ...