Questions tagged [adjectives]

形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

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Adjective rules

First and foremost, I am a beginner, and I have just started studying Japanese. At my university we use Shokyu Nihongo 1 as the main student, so let's get to the point. In chapter 2 there are rules ...
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Using i-adjectives at the end of (Or really anywhere in...) a sentence?

For instance, if I wanted to ask if a food was tasty, I want to know all linguistic options that I have and, preferably, the nuances between them. These are all the short, potentially appropriate ...
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何も+Verb / Noun (?) / Adj (?)+ない

According to jlptsensei and other sources (google), for the 何も〜ない construct, all of verbs, nouns, and adjectives can be used. But however, from all of the sources and my intuition, I can't find ...
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What is the etymology of ~らぐ verbs?

What is the etymology of verbs like [安]{やす}らぐ, [和]{やわ}らぐ, [薄]{うす}らぐ, [平]{たひ}らぐ, etc.? I know they all come from adjectives, but where does the 〜ぐ come from? Maybe [揺]{ゆ}らぐ could also fit into this ...
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I'm confused by all the different ways to modify a noun. How do I know when to use what?

意味不明,学校全体,現実可能 安定した収入 もやもやとした記憶、もやもやしていた気持ち (1) I keep coming across examples like this where a na-adjective is placed after the noun and with the な omitted. Why is the order reversed in these ...
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What does だなんて mean? [duplicate]

I came across with the next sentence: 「そんな呼び方をして、馴れ馴れしくはありませんか?」 「そんな、馴れ馴れしいだなんて」 Why is there a だ with a いadj? And what is the meaning or nuance of that だなんて?
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-く form for な-adjectives [duplicate]

My textbook (A course in modern Japanese, volume two) states the following (Lesson 11 p.26): In spoken language, sentences are connected with the て-form. And in written language, they are connected ...
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Relative clause vs. の to "categorize" a noun

According to my low level of Japanese, I know two ways to "categorize" a noun with an another noun + adjective: 髪が長い男の人が少しいる。 長い髪の男の人が少しいる。 Are these two sentences grammatically correct? ...
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Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない?

Is 海は青くないです less correct than 海は青ではない? I am just starting to learn and someone said my basic sentence was not polite. I'm trying to practice conjugating adjectives. My goal was to say ”The ocean is ...
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Adjective + は + Adjective

I think I have heard this kind of sentence before, and searching on google I found a couple instances. When you repeat an adjective (and perhaps verbs as well) to show that you've done / feel a ...
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役に立ち vs 役に立つ, when to use which?

Why are there two different forms of the adjective "useful"? 役に立つ 役に立ち When I looked up on Jisho.org (here), the page would show an entry for the former even if I typed the latter in the ...
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良かった vs 良かったじゃない [duplicate]

When I watch an anime, the character to use 良かったじゃない to say something is good, but isn't the word じゃない be a negative expression? Why would it still have the same meaning as 良かった which is the positive ...
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Adverbializers of adjectives in Japanese (に, く, と)

I went upon some adverbializers that turn the adjective they follow into an adverb, but don't figure out if there is any rule, such as whether one particular particle (e.g. と, に) is used with one ...
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What's the origin of ~み following a 形容詞?

I found a HiNative question where someone asked about the difference between [痛]{いた}さ and [痛]{いた}み. A native Japanese speaker gave this answer: 「痛さ」は形容詞「痛い」が名詞化した名詞です。 「痛み」は動詞「痛む」の連用形が名詞化した名詞です。 I ...
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How do you join たる-adjectives?

When joining い-adjectives and な-adjectives, you simply put them in 連用形 + て: この料理は美味しくて安いです。 田中さんは綺麗で親切です。 However, I have a bit of trouble with たる-adjectives. I couldn't find any resources on it. ...
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Why are 近く and 多く nouns?

The く-form of 近い and 多い can be used as nouns and adverbs. For most adjectives, however, the く-form is only used as an adverb. So why do these exceptions exist?
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What does “stem” mean in “Adj (na) stem”

In A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, I have (at least tried to) read the grammatical terms and list of abbreviations very carefully, but maybe something is missing. Or maybe I missed something. ...
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Confusion on the pedagogy of adjective conjugation and interpretation of helper verbs and adjectives

As a disclaimer, I have read this link, Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives) and it could be because it hasn't processed in my brain yet, but I'm not sure ...
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why つぎの じゅぎょう is correct?when おもしろい じゅぎょう is without の?

Why つぎの じゅぎょう is correct when おもしろい じゅぎょう is without の? Can you explain, please? つぎ and おもしろい are both adjectives, are not they?
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How do I introduce something new and then describe it in the same sentence?

I recently learned how to use これ, この, それ, その etc. but I was wondering how to introduce something new to someone, like これはゲームです and then adding onto that sentence to describe it (for example in English ...
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na-adjective + noun: can I negate na-adjective in this case?

I read articles and watch videos but no one mention it is possible to negate na-adjective if it before the noun. Everywhere just mention that case when no noun after the na-adjective: これ は かんたん です。 --&...
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i-adjective + noun: is there a difference which part negate?

Is the following two sentence correct? And is the translate correct too?: それ は おそくない くるま です。- That car is not slow. それ は おそい くるま じゃ ありません。- That car is not slow. Or has it somthing difference in the ...
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Can 悪魔 mean something else other than devilish / demonic?

I am watching this video of a Japanese girl covering a rock song, and she uses the word 悪魔 in an odd way (at least for me), I think it is being used as a の-adjective. 1st sentence (https://youtu.be/G--...
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japanese adjectives [duplicate]

赤のボウル 赤ワイン 赤いセーター What is the rule here? When do i use の particle, when i use nothing and when do i make い adjective(if i understand it correctly) Someone explain please.
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Why is 色んな an adjectival and not an adjective?

I encountered the word here: 世界で色んな人が食べ物がないから、食べ物を捨ててはならない!と子供の頃から両親 が教えてくれた。 and the 'adjectival' definition in https://jisho.org/search/%E8%89%B2%E3%82%93%E3%81%AA Edit: Both @Leebo 's and @Aeon ...
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Function of が instead of な here

あなたのへんがお写真を、シアトル市におくります。 What is the function of が here?   why not あなたのへんなお写真?
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栄光の Glorious as a username does it make sense? [closed]

I want to set my username as glorious and google translate gave me 栄光の and I want to ask if it will make sense to write it alone or does it have to be written with a sentence
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Odd position of adjective

In one exercise I'm doing, it has the following sentence: 世界で一番木の古い建物は法隆寺です。 In this case, the position of the adjective 古い looks odd to me. I normally find it appear before noun or noun phrase, so ...
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What is the meaning of な+ほう [duplicate]

I have had a conversation with a Japanese person and I asked the question 幸せですか? The reply was: 幸せなほうだと思います I have seen ほう used in the same context as より when comparing two things but I've not ...
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Is 二人 a の-adjective in [今日のサイクリングレースでは、**二人**の選手が最後まで抜きつ抜かれつ一番争いをして いた。]?

if it's not a の-adjective, what do i have to consider it in the sentence? Do I read '二人の選手' as 'athlete/player of two persons'? If it's a の-adjective i think i can read it as 'two players' or 'pair of ...
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Word types + に/を + する

There have been a few times where I have come across にする and をする and I am asking about different situations of when it is used and its meaning. The first example is Adjective (specifically な) + にする: ...
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What is the meaning of て-forms in this sentence?

While reading a travel blog I stumbled upon this paragraph: この日は-25℃。寒くて落ち着いて歩いていられません。 In my understanding, 寒くて is a て-form of 寒い, 落ち着いて is a て-form of 落ち着く, and 歩いて is a て-form of 歩く. However, I'...
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Noun or Adjective?

I am new to qualifying nouns. Why is the adjective of 好きな used here instead of just 好き as a noun? 猫が好きな女の人は私の友達です Does that means it is wrong to say: 猫が好きあの女の人は私の友達です I am used to seeing 猫が好き,...
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Why does やすい conjugate to やすく in 分かりやすくいえば?

I was wondering how やすい becomes やすく in 分かりやすくいえば? Here is the full sentence: 分かりやすくいえば あいつらにとって葉山は友達で
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What is the purpose of のある in 人気のある?

The full sentence was 人気のある情報を見る, found on a button. Why would のある instead of for instance な
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Why do these sentences end differently?

This clip is taken from the Genki 1 CD (page 145, practice B) https://clyp.it/0hidoxpi?token=a6a5bcee7235ba7a1de2723699d145c4 I am confused about why some sentences end differently: かったです でした ...
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Is the word ムキムキ a deliberate visual pun?

I recently learned the word ムキムキ and what instantly struck me was how it appears to be some kind of a visual pun. ム representing a flexed arm 💪 キ representing a classic barbell Together they ...
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How do you describe or specify a person with verbs? (convert verbs to adjectives)

How do you describe or specify a specific target person by their current verb in action? Or perhaps more simply, how do you use a verb as an adjective? Here are some examples: The man wearing a hat ...
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What's the point of adding とした here in this sentence? [duplicate]

Here is the sentence of my question. 希望に満ち溢れていたはずの"あなた"がなぜあんなに荒凉とした場所にうずくまっていたの。 I can understand what it's trying to say to some degree yet it confuses me why とした is used in the sentence. With the ...
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Comparing adjectives to describe a noun

I get the use of Aの方がB, but so far all the examples I've seen are strictly used for comparing nouns. So my question is, what if I'm trying to compare adjectives? As in, trying to explain that one ...
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What is 「長い」 modifying in the sentence 「もう日本に来て長いんですか」?

NOTE: The title of the post is regarding the most bugging part of the sentence to me (長い), but my problem is with the sentence as a whole. I came across a sentence in my grammar exercises book I can't ...
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229 views

Is there a kanji for いいですね? [duplicate]

Is there kanji for いいですね? I see that よいですね can be written as 良いですね. In context, is 良いですね understood and read as いいですね?
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か細く暗い (Usage of く to describe adjective?) [duplicate]

みんなの声は、か細く暗い。 When linking two adjectives, why does this sentence use an adverb (か細く) to describe another adjective (暗い) ? Shouldn't it be the te-form instead to represent "and"? From what I can ...
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Use of adverb with いる

I was reading an explanation online regarding the difference between いつも, いつでも and いつまでも. At the bottom of the article there was this sentence, which seems to be taken from a banner ad: ...
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Suffixes: らしき versus っぽい

I came across the following sentence recently: バイトらしき女の子に優しく教えてくれた。 Strangely, it was my first time encountering this form of らしい and I understood the meaning immediately, but it brought to mind ...
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Relative Clauses and Adjective Placement

How would you add adjectives inside a relative clause to the thing being modified? Is the placement set? For example, in this sentence, can "new" come directly before computer (1) or should it be ...
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How is Kanojo used in this sentence?

I know Kanojo can be used to refer to her or also mean girlfriend. I found this sentence and was curious 甲矢もねじれの親友として彼女と想いが通じ合っている様子が描かれていた In this sentence, how is it being used and what is it ...
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376 views

How did 沢山 (たくさん) come to mean "many"?

There are understandably a lot of words in Japanese that are made of Kanji totally unrelated to the meaning of the actual word. However, it's hard to ignore the ubiquitous 沢山. How did a combination ...
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85 views

Other types of adjectives (besides い and な)

I recently started learning Japanese in my home country. Last lesson we learned about the 2 types of adjectives, い and な. Are there other types , like rare ones ?
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231 views

Is there a difference between ”をなる” and ”なっていて”

I was understanding なる verb today, as well as adjectives. I know the fact that adjective + verb can be mixed together with each other. So, I came across an example stating: "家が赤くなっています" (House is ...

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