Questions tagged [adjectives]

形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What is the meaning of な+ほう

I have had a conversation with a Japanese person and I asked the question 幸せですか? The reply was: 幸せなほうだと思います I have seen ほう used in the same context as より when comparing two things but I've not seen it ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Is 二人 a の-adjective in [今日のサイクリングレースでは、**二人**の選手が最後まで抜きつ抜かれつ一番争いをして いた。]?

if it's not a の-adjective, what do i have to consider it in the sentence? Do I read '二人の選手' as 'athlete/player of two persons'? If it's a の-adjective i think i can read it as 'two players' or 'pair of ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

Word types + に/を + する

There have been a few times where I have come across にする and をする and I am asking about different situations of when it is used and its meaning. The first example is Adjective (specifically な) + にする: ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

What is the meaning of て-forms in this sentence?

While reading a travel blog I stumbled upon this paragraph: この日は-25℃。寒くて落ち着いて歩いていられません。 In my understanding, 寒くて is a て-form of 寒い, 落ち着いて is a て-form of 落ち着く, and 歩いて is a て-form of 歩く. However, I'...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Noun or Adjective?

I am new to qualifying nouns. Why is the adjective of 好きな used here instead of just 好き as a noun? 猫が好きな女の人は私の友達です Does that means it is wrong to say: 猫が好きあの女の人は私の友達です I am used to seeing 猫が好き,...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Why does やすい conjugate to やすく in 分かりやすくいえば?

I was wondering how やすい becomes やすく in 分かりやすくいえば? Here is the full sentence: 分かりやすくいえば あいつらにとって葉山は友達で
3
votes
1answer
319 views

What is the purpose of のある in 人気のある?

The full sentence was 人気のある情報を見る, found on a button. Why would のある instead of for instance な
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

Why do these sentences end differently?

This clip is taken from the Genki 1 CD (page 145, practice B) https://clyp.it/0hidoxpi?token=a6a5bcee7235ba7a1de2723699d145c4 I am confused about why some sentences end differently: かったです でした ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is the word ムキムキ a deliberate visual pun?

I recently learned the word ムキムキ and what instantly struck me was how it appears to be some kind of a visual pun. ム representing a flexed arm 💪 キ representing a classic barbell Together they ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

How do you describe or specify a person with verbs? (convert verbs to adjectives)

How do you describe or specify a specific target person by their current verb in action? Or perhaps more simply, how do you use a verb as an adjective? Here are some examples: The man wearing a hat ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

What's the point of adding とした here in this sentence? [duplicate]

Here is the sentence of my question. 希望に満ち溢れていたはずの"あなた"がなぜあんなに荒凉とした場所にうずくまっていたの。 I can understand what it's trying to say to some degree yet it confuses me why とした is used in the sentence. With the ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Comparing adjectives to describe a noun

I get the use of Aの方がB, but so far all the examples I've seen are strictly used for comparing nouns. So my question is, what if I'm trying to compare adjectives? As in, trying to explain that one ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What is 「長い」 modifying in the sentence 「もう日本に来て長いんですか」?

NOTE: The title of the post is regarding the most bugging part of the sentence to me (長い), but my problem is with the sentence as a whole. I came across a sentence in my grammar exercises book I can't ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Is there a kanji for いいですね? [duplicate]

Is there kanji for いいですね? I see that よいですね can be written as 良いですね. In context, is 良いですね understood and read as いいですね?
1
vote
0answers
47 views

か細く暗い (Usage of く to describe adjective?) [duplicate]

みんなの声は、か細く暗い。 When linking two adjectives, why does this sentence use an adverb (か細く) to describe another adjective (暗い) ? Shouldn't it be the te-form instead to represent "and"? From what I can ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Use of adverb with いる

I was reading an explanation online regarding the difference between いつも, いつでも and いつまでも. At the bottom of the article there was this sentence, which seems to be taken from a banner ad: ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Suffixes: らしき versus っぽい

I came across the following sentence recently: バイトらしき女の子に優しく教えてくれた。 Strangely, it was my first time encountering this form of らしい and I understood the meaning immediately, but it brought to mind ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Relative Clauses and Adjective Placement

How would you add adjectives inside a relative clause to the thing being modified? Is the placement set? For example, in this sentence, can "new" come directly before computer (1) or should it be ...
-3
votes
1answer
169 views

How is Kanojo used in this sentence?

I know Kanojo can be used to refer to her or also mean girlfriend. I found this sentence and was curious 甲矢もねじれの親友として彼女と想いが通じ合っている様子が描かれていた In this sentence, how is it being used and what is it ...
5
votes
1answer
222 views

How did 沢山 (たくさん) come to mean “many”?

There are understandably a lot of words in Japanese that are made of Kanji totally unrelated to the meaning of the actual word. However, it's hard to ignore the ubiquitous 沢山. How did a combination ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Other types of adjectives (besides い and な)

I recently started learning Japanese in my home country. Last lesson we learned about the 2 types of adjectives, い and な. Are there other types , like rare ones ?
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Is there a difference between ”をなる” and ”なっていて”

I was understanding なる verb today, as well as adjectives. I know the fact that adjective + verb can be mixed together with each other. So, I came across an example stating: "家が赤くなっています" (House is ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Can な Adjectives be also used for combination with verbs

I am new to Japanese and found out that Adjectives can also be used along with verbs in て forms. I came to know that there are two adjectives い-adj and な-adj. い is an adjectival verb. Whereas, な is an ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Is 直感的 a noun or adjective?

I'm a bit confused why jisho.org marks the word 直感的 as a noun in a sentence (直感的な人) while it's a Na-adjective in the dictionary. Based on the meaning and translation (intuitive person) it's also ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Interpreting the past tense of 形容動詞 / 形容詞 / adjectives

In Japanese 形容動詞 can be used as part of a noun phrase in the past tense (contrary to adjectives in English), e.g: 「綺麗だった花」 → "the beautifulpast flower" → "the flower that was beautiful" We can ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

When to use -masu forms of -i adjectives as opposed to -kunaidesu?

I am doing the exercises for a course in Japanese, which I cannot attend, because it overlaps with my mandatory course. The exercise requires to form the past negative masu form of i-adjectives. ...
7
votes
1answer
143 views

Applying the same adjective to multiple nouns

Let's take an example where a woman have a red bag, red shoes and red glasses (multiple items (nouns) described by the same adjective : red). To describe her, if I write : 女{おんな}の人{ひと}は赤{あか}い鞄{かばん}...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

珍 vs 珍しい (na-adjective and i-adjective)

珍 is a noun but also a na-adjective while 珍しい is an i-adjective. In terms of usage, is there some rule of when we should use one and not the other? For words that have a i-adjective and a na-adjective ...
4
votes
1answer
443 views

Do all な-adjectives come from Chinese?

In this video it is said that "な-adjectives come from Chinese and tend to be written in all kanji or sometimes in hiragana because the original kanji is too complicated." But い-adjectives are written ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

How to use adjectives to qualify nouns in between the の particle?

For example, how would I say "my dad's old car's broken wheel"? Where does the adjective go w.r.t the の particle? 父の古い車の駄目な車輪 ? Is it right for the adjective to appear near の? It sounds odd
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Compound word ending with an adjective stem (形容詞語幹) and used as a noun or a na-adjective

The word 大忙{おおいそが}し is classified as a noun or a na-adjective. If I analyze it correctly, the word 大忙し consists of the prefix (接頭語) "大" and the i-adjective stem of "忙しい." In addition, there is no ...
6
votes
1answer
141 views

Using 「に」, 「にとって」 and 「に対して」 with adjectives

I read these two questions but I still don't understand the relation between the use of the 「に」 particle with adjectives and other structures such as 「にとって」 and 「に対して」. On the first link, Axioplaseさん ...
4
votes
2answers
164 views

Meaning of 小せェサル in the following sentence

A Japanese boxer that has never been beaten in Japan is fighting against a Cuban boxer in his first match against a foreigner. After easily taking the lead of the match, the Cuban boxer says: ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

How to create adjectives in Japanese?

Look at the following words: 意 Idea 圧 Pressure おとこ Man 女性 Woman 子 Child ヘア Hair 想い Thought Some of the above words are single kanjis, some kana, and some combination of kanji-kana. Is there a ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

What is the meaning of ケタ外れ in this situation..?

I have a sentence which says, 2030年、日本が迎えるのはケタ外れの「ひとりさま社会」。 The dictionary says the word means; incredible, extraordinary, exceptional or phenomenal, but it doesn't really make sense when ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

Questions about Noun+が+Adjective

Here is a phrase: ねだんが たかいレストランは あまり すきじゃない I don't like high price restaurant very much Now, the questions. If I used たかいねだん レストラン, would it be wrong? Or would mean something different? The が ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後{はいご}で聞{き}き覚{おぼ}えのある声{こえ}がして、思{おも}わず一歩後{いっぽあと}ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

When do you use the particles “ga” or “wo” for certain adjectives? [duplicate]

I understand the differences between using "ga" and "wo" for action verbs and static verbs, but what about for adjectives? For example, typically you would say Xが怖い, but I see several cases where it's ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

multiples noun, noun modifiers other noun?

I have a question multiple nouns ( noun + noun ), noun working as adjective? Recently, I've been researching noun modifiers, I wonder if multiple nouns can modify one as an adjective? for example: ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Is で unnecessary for time references or does direct noun modification have different connotations?

I've seen a lot of sentences where で was omitted, like: 今朝サンタさんが来なかった Here we have 今朝 which is a point in time so the sentence should be: 今朝でサンタさんが来なかった But it's not. Is there any difference ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Why can't 最中(に) be preceded by an adjective? (Adj. + 最中(に) )

You can use 最中(に)as follows: NOUN + の + 最中(に) V ている + 最中(に) Why can we not use 最中(に) preceded by an adjective? Can anyone provide me with a grammatical reason for this?
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Clarification on colours and い [duplicate]

Is it red ? あかですか?あかいですか? It is red. あかです。あかいです。 Which of each is correct or would both options be correct ?
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Understanding the connection between adverbs and adjective negation

い-adjectives negate in the following way. 「大{おお}きい」→「大きくない」 How I've always interpreted process is that we're basically changing the adjective 「大きい」 into the adverb form 「大きく」 and then tacking on 「...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Does linking adjectives allow you to talk about multiple variations of something?

For instance, if I want to say: I want to see traditional and modern culture I would try to use: 近代的{きんだいてき}で伝統的{でんとうてき}な文化{ぶんか}を見たい。 But does this imply the culture I want to see is ...
7
votes
1answer
377 views

Is there a negative form for adverbs?

So if you want to say you walk quickly you say 早く歩く. Great. Now, suppose you want to say you walk unquickly. Could you potentially say something like 早くなく歩く? The obvious answer is you simply say you ...
2
votes
1answer
293 views

What does 気楽 mean when attached to ビール or お酒?

I first found this here: https://www.ettoh.jp/ 楽酒=気楽なお酒 Does this mean the drink is easy to drink? Or that it's meant to be drunk in a carefree setting? One example I was taught for 気楽 is in ...
1
vote
2answers
121 views

Can だ be left off in informal sentences?

In declarative statements I’ve gathered that saying just 「これ新聞だ」for example would be too forward or a bit aggressive. So could you just say 「これ新聞」or even just 「新聞」for informal sentences? I understand ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

What part of speech is the 「〜たい」 form of a verb?

To say that one wants to do something, one uses the 「〜たい」 form of the verb, for example, 「日本に 行きたい です」. In the 「〜たい」 form, the word behaves like an adjective, using similar patterns such as 「〜くない」 ...

1
2 3 4 5 6