Questions tagged [abbreviations]

略語. Shortened forms of words or phrases.

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32
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the origins of ヶ?

The ヶ in e.g. 一ヶ月 is a bit of an odd character - it looks a lot like a small version of the katakana ケ, but is it derived from that katakana originally? Or is it a normal kanji? Or is it something ...
32
votes
2answers
35k views

When Japanese say KY on the Internet, what does it mean exactly?

This comment can be seen very often on Japanese message boards.
30
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4answers
36k views

What is the meaning of all those “w”s in email and SNSs?

You see a lot of w and ww and even www in Twitter and casual chat. What does it mean? I've always thought it was わいわい but never found out. How is it pronounced? Here's an example from Twitter ...
19
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2answers
4k views

What is the significance of ココ and サ in emoji?

I am wondering what these emoji mean. Like, why would they create these ones specifically? I'm trying to think of a translation for ココ, but all I can think of is "cocoa" or a shortened long word, but ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Temperature abbreviations?

A certain dialog in my book has a man describing the symptoms of his cold to the doctor. It reads thus: 医者:熱はありますか。 患者:はい、きのうから。夕べはぞくぞく寒気がしたので、高熱が出るんじゃないかとひやひやしたんですが、今のところ7度8分【なな・ど・はち・ぶ】...
17
votes
2answers
882 views

What is the difference between 日曜日【にちようび】and 日曜【にちよう】?

In all the japanese learning books, they teach you that xxxday ends with 曜日. But sometimes I get to see xxx曜 only without the "Day" Kanji. Can I shorten it when speaking too or is it only written ? ...
14
votes
2answers
704 views

How do native speakers “read” single-kanji signs when those kanji are not also standalone words?

In my time in Japan I've noticed a few kanji that can be used on their own commonly in various kinds of signs, yet I don't think they are also words in their own right: 押 引 危 開 閉 Since all kanji ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Meaning of ちはース

Context: a boy shouts 「ちはース」 after seeing that a fan club for a boxer has only female members. He is happy to discover this since he is the kind of guy that always tries to flirt with pretty girls. I ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Understanding the abbreviated labels on a Japanese driving license

I'm attempting to write a guide to understanding what is written on a Japanese Driving License for Wikipedia, but I've reached the limit of my reading comprehension abilities. Here's a labelled image ...
8
votes
2answers
422 views

Is there a generally accepted “rule” for truncating loan words?

I've noticed that sometimes loan words (usually pairs) are truncated to just the first two morae from each word: Smash Brothers ➤ スマッシュブラザーズ ➤ スマブラ "Don't mind." ➤ ドンマイ I assume this is ...
8
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3answers
656 views

Is 日語 a good two-kanji stand-in for 日本語 (“Japanese language”)?

This is a bit of an ad hoc question, but still should be well within the scope of JLU, so here goes: While trying to come up with ideas for our new logo in the meta group (subliminal message: go and ...
8
votes
1answer
439 views

Why is the affixal 子 treated specially when abbreviating people’s names?

Often, names are abbreviated using the initial letter in romanization, or some random letter, like "A". However, when the name has an affixal 子, that part is often left, like "A子". I have not seen any ...
7
votes
2answers
554 views

What is being abbreviated as っちゃあ in 「忙しいっちゃあ忙しいけど…」?

I see the pattern [Adj1]っちゃあ[Adj1](けど) relatively often, and I know that I've learned it before... I even know what it means. ...but what is it an abbreviation of? It is an abbreviation of something, ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Are there ways to write Japanese fast (like shortening the words)?

When the regular student is hearing a lecture he needs to write the lecturer's words very fast. So many of them are shortening the words (like smb.) and sentences but after the lecture they can still ...
6
votes
4answers
418 views

[因果]{いん・が}: A bass-ackwards contraction?

In Japanese, we often see where the beginnings of multiple words are taken to make a contraction word. 短大 → 短期大学 → A juniour college 収支 → 収入と支出 → income and expenditure; earnings and expenses ...
6
votes
2answers
196 views

How to read the 動_下一, _下二 pattern found in dictionaries?

There's a common abbreviation system in dictionaries and I'm wondering how they're read and used. Here's an example: I'm guessing it has something to do with how to fill in the blanks in the example ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

How is 向 pronounced in 男性向同人?

Different sources have given me different pronunciations. I figured it must mean "Doujin aimed at males", but if that's the case, from what I know, it should be written [男性向け同人]{だんせいむけどうじん}。 Is 男性向 ...
6
votes
2answers
379 views

Is 食べてたい correct?

The following sentence was written by a Japanese. 最近のお気に入りケーキ🍰💕 毎日食べてたい Is 食べてたい just a typo, or is it a short form of something, like 食べておきたい or 食べていただきたい?
6
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4answers
319 views

Abbreviations (etc.)

As I slowly try to learn more grammar and less "1001 survival phrases in Japanese FREE!," I started wondering about abbreviations in the language. From what I have read so far, contractions and word-...
5
votes
1answer
373 views

Pronunciation of「ww」(笑い)

In Japanese internet slang, you see people use「ww」to mean something like "lol". I was curious how this would be pronounced if read aloud. In English, I hear people say either /ɛl oʊ ɛl/ or /lɑl/ for "...
5
votes
4answers
468 views

Why do some loanword sounds get “contracted” when katakanized, but not others?

Not sure the best way to word this. Why is it that some sounds from a loanword get combined down to a shorter or different sound while other do not? Here are some examples: Shortened, but sound ...
5
votes
2answers
490 views

What does ㊙︎DVD mean?

everyone, Ran across this line ㊙︎DVD, with the 秘 encircled. Do any of you know what this might mean?
5
votes
1answer
433 views

Can anyone explain what ないっちゃないんだけど means in this sentence?

I'm reading the first novel in the Library Wars series at the moment, and using an English translation I found online to help out when I don't understand something. But in this case the translation ...
5
votes
2answers
598 views

Understanding a colloquial sentence and meaning of やっぱ

The kids are discussing whether they want a male or female trainee teacher. One of them runs in from the playground and says: 「やっぱ男じゃねぇとな」 I assume this is a colloquial form of 「やっぱり男じゃないと言ったな」...
5
votes
1answer
218 views

What is this strange kanji that looks a bit like 侍, but isn't?

Staying at a ryokan recently, I received some postcards with the following little poem: What are the characters that I have highlighted in red? They look a bit like [侍]{さむらい}, but based on the ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

「おはつよろ」のいみはなんですか?

「おはつよろ」のいみはなんですか? I was interacting on a chat and after providing greetings, I used hajimemashite and yoroshiku onegaishimasu and I received ohatsuyoro as a response. I was unable to find the word(s) ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

On 「~ようってんじゃない」

As in a line from the TV drama 「高校教師」 ep1 (00:04:41): 今朝のこと、担任に告げようってんじゃないよ! Or a line from a Japanese version of 「Demian」: おれはなにもお前を、困らせようってんじゃない。 Is it simply an abbreviation of 「ようと思ってんじゃない」...
4
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2answers
230 views

Can ようにする be used without する in colloquial speech?

I came across the following sentence: ご家族とよく相談して書いてくるように。 For context: A teacher is talking to a class of students concerning a report they have to write. I know that ように is often used at the end ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Use of unit abbreviations in Japanese

Are unit abbreviations like mm for millimetres or % for percent used in Japanese? I've seen people translate those two words in to ミリメートル and パーセント respectively and that is what makes me raise this ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Abbreviation for jinmeiyō?

Is there an abbreviation for 人名用漢字, i.e. character set for names? I'm looking for anything shorter, really; It can be English or Japanese, as long as it's widely recognised. For example like Tel for ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Does a word for vending machine shorter than 自販機 exist?

My Japanese teacher told me there is no shorter way to say 自動販売機{じどうはんばいき}. However, I found 自販機{じはんき} in my dictionary. Does a word (including slang) for "vending machine" shorter than four morae ...
3
votes
1answer
512 views

When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about why ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

What does 記 mean in a 公正証書 (notarial document)?

What does 記 mean when is placed between different articles/paragraphs of a 公正証書 (notarial document)? Here's an example: https://goo.gl/yVYQe7 (I have omitted names and addresses for privacy). Thanks ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

What's the difference between すべき (subeki) and べき (beki)?

What's the difference between すべき (subeki) and べき (beki)? すべき (subeki) = should do; ought to do べき (beki) = should; must; that one ought to; to be done Both mean "should", but is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

use of “やらってか” in this phrase

mc「洗濯物? 俺別にその辺に置いといてもらえればそのまま着るけど」 girl 「だめ、ちゃんと畳むの」 mc「それよりまずメシ……」 girl「これが終わったら作ってあげる♪」 mc 働かざるものなんとやらってか。 I'm pretty sure this is analogous to this saying, so "no folding, no ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Popularity of ポッド as a abbreviation of ポッドキャスト

I know that many times loanwords are abbreviated in Japanese as a subset of their original length (ex: アイス for アイスクリーム). Recently I heard someone say that ポッド was an abbreviation for ポッドキャスト and this ...
2
votes
1answer
508 views

Pronouncing abbreviations, acronyms, letters? (NHK, CM, JR, A…)

I've been noticing that Latin letters in abbreviations and acronyms are (obviously) common in Japan. For instance: JR becomes ジェイアール CM becomes シーエム N3 becomes エヌさん NHK becomes エヌエイチケイ (I think) ...
1
vote
1answer
473 views

What is the meaning of 副助?

In 大辞泉 (via goo here) at the first line I found the phrase [副助]種々の語に付く。 What is the meaning of 副助? Can not find it..
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Japanese chat romaji based acronym/abbreviation usage and meanings [closed]

I know that ww means laugh/warau. Are there any other romaji-based acronyms used in japanese chats only? Please provide the acronym and meaning if possible. I searched online and found many hiragana ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

のです abbreviated to んで?

「いろんな種類あるんで。」 Is this just an abbreviation of のです? Or is it supposed to be ので? I’ve seen んで a handful of times so I thought I would ask about it!
1
vote
0answers
68 views

How to pronounce 12歳〜14歳 [duplicate]

Could someone please explain how the Japanese would read the 〜 if they came across a range expressed like this: [12歳]{じゅうにさい}〜[14歳]{じゅうよんさい}
0
votes
2answers
186 views

「ので」のように、「のに」も略せますか?

「ので」が略せるように、接続助詞の「のに」も略せますか? 「ので」が「んで」か、「なんで」か、「なので」になれるなら、 「のに」も「んに」とか、「なんに」とか、「なのに」になれますか? これを思えば、そうですか? また、私の日本語がよくなかったら、すみません!
0
votes
1answer
122 views

what is grammar pattern for やさしくった

I watched a series. There is a scene, while subtitle text is written as 優しく言ってあげた I heard something like やさしくったあげた。 so I did some search to check if this usage exist in real world. In google I found ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音?

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音? I see this in an electronic dictionary to indicate on'yomi and kun'yomi reading of kanjis. What I struggle to find is the meaning of the combination of both ...
0
votes
2answers
168 views

Transcribing iteration marks: kunojiten , くの字点

The iteration marks 々, ヽ, ヾ, ゝ, ゞ are slightly smaller than standard kana, and are often seen in print when a contemporary scholar is transcribing text, a printmaker's seal, etc. My question relates ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Use of と in this line [duplicate]

Short question. Line from 愛は取り戻せ song: 俺との愛を守る為 お前は旅立ち That と is just an abbreviation from 俺たち? Or is some grammatical point with の related? Thanks in advance!
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Does the chat term ASL have a Japanese equivalent?

The abbreviation means age, sex and location. It is used frequently in English. Is there a similar term used in Japanese?