Questions tagged [abbreviations]

略語. Shortened forms of words or phrases.

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3 votes
2 answers
226 views

Are there rules for "pronunciation" 略字?

I get that this might be subjective since 略字 themselves originated (mostly) subjectively, but are there any rules for being able to create/use new ones? For example, the 广+マ representing 魔 or 摩 is ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Why does 'アプリストア’ mean appstore?

I initially expected 'appstore' to be アップストア I don't see why it's translated as 'apuri-store'
1 vote
1 answer
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meaning of ブラバン

I came across this phrase in a song I recently listened to: ブラバンが プーとラッパを吹いた. I've not been able to find out what ブラバン means, researching I found it might mean "music band" but I'm not ...
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1 vote
1 answer
137 views

why does "ru" turn into "n" at times?

Since the first time I saw this occurrence I've been wondering how Japanese people conjugate the "ru" into a n" (ex: 邪魔すんな or なにしてんの?)
1 vote
1 answer
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What does こんくらいのほう mean, in this sentence?

まーな、こんくらいのほうが野菜の味がわかんだろ I know it's the abbreviation of これくらいのほう, but what does it mean exactly?
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Is ん an abbreviation of の here?

The Yomiuri had this sentence recently: こんだけ土【つち】のついた野菜【やさい】触【さわ】ったん、初【はじ】めてですわ I've never touched a vegetable with so much dirt on it before. I have been told that ん can be an abbreviation of の, ...
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0 votes
0 answers
71 views

meaning of というように [duplicate]

I'm interested in the grammatical function and overall precise translation of the conjunction made of two particles(?) in the following clause. My attempt: "being tall, (as/like/for example/of/...
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1 answer
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Shortened Greeting? [duplicate]

I would like to know of what term "ちゃーす" is the abbreviated version. It appears to be a greeting. Translation software and my closest dictionary were of no help.
1 vote
1 answer
256 views

How does one write out "1km" -- in hiragana or katakana or both?

This sentence on NHK's Easy News got me wondering: Uの字【じ】のような形【かたち】をしていて、直径【ちょっけい】は1kmぐらいです It is shaped like a U and is about 1 km in diameter. https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10013205991000/...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is ある in this sentence used to refer to animate objects (children)?

I was doing some searches and so know that it is not as simple as just ある = nonliving and いる = living, but the sentence still makes me confused because of "みんな的には…" and "良いとかある?" ...
0 votes
2 answers
106 views

Why った after a noun デコった?

Is it just an abbreviation for だった? Any nuance or just laziness?
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2 answers
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How does one pronounce ≒ the symbol for "approximately"?

It appeared simply as "縮尺:≒1/82" and the meaning is quite clear (="approximately 1/82 scale"). Jim Breen's wwwjdic does not seem to contain an entry for the symbol. jisho.org ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What does the "X" in MEXT(“Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology/Monbukagakusho) stand for? [closed]

If the "X" stands for Culture, Sports and Science, why is it so?
2 votes
0 answers
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Under what circumstances can you abbreviate forms like ないとならない?

For example, if you have this sentence: 急がないとならない You can just say: 急がないと But what if the sentence is...? 急がないとならないからあとで話そうね Can you omit ならない there? It would turn into: 急がないとからあとで話そうね It ...
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4 votes
1 answer
606 views

Leaving away the 目 suffix for ordinal numbers

I've seen 「1ページ」 refer to "page 1" of e.g. a book. Wouldn't this technically mean "one page" and 「1ページ目」 be correct for "page 1"? Is leaving away the 目 when referring to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
79 views

Trying to break down 2 sentences (Genki lesson 15 dialogue 1)

Going through Genki and Lesson 15 has brought up 2 grammar points I can't figure really out.It would help me a lot if I understand how those two sentences are build up and why they need those parts. ...
4 votes
1 answer
846 views

Japanese symbol for "Japanese language"

Imagine you have a list of small square representing different languages where each symbol is using the language itself that it represents. For roman languages it is mostly language codes in roman ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Abbreviation and meaning of 「よか」?

The sentence is taken from the manga 「イエスタデイとうたって」 The person who utters this sentence told her friend that he loves her a few days ago. His friend said that she rather wants to be/stay friends. On ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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体言止め can only be applied to サ変名詞 when する is just する (and not past or passive), right?

I am reading a document that has some normal 体言止め and want to review: 2021年度からaaaドームのネーミングライツ権を取得。 ok. Since 取得 is slated to happen in the future, する has been dropped. This is normal. Then, in ...
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2 answers
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What does 連ツイ mean in this sentence?

I'm starting to read some images that talk about tail holes in clothing, for anthropomorphic animals, and I'm already stuck on the first sentence. しっぽ穴とその周辺についての連ツイのまとめです。 What does 連ツイ mean in ...
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9 votes
3 answers
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Why does the word for "high school" use 校 instead of 学?

I'm learning Japanese on Duolingo and they're starting to teach me some vocabulary about schooling. Things like 大学, 中学, 小学, and... 高校? I know that 学校 is the kanji spelling of "school," but why does "...
1 vote
1 answer
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Japanese chat romaji based acronym/abbreviation usage and meanings [closed]

I know that ww means laugh/warau. Are there any other romaji-based acronyms used in japanese chats only? Please provide the acronym and meaning if possible. I searched online and found many hiragana ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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のです abbreviated to んで?

「いろんな種類あるんで。」 Is this just an abbreviation of のです? Or is it supposed to be ので? I’ve seen んで a handful of times so I thought I would ask about it!
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音?

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音? I see this in an electronic dictionary to indicate on'yomi and kun'yomi reading of kanjis. What I struggle to find is the meaning of the combination of both ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of ちはース

Context: a boy shouts 「ちはース」 after seeing that a fan club for a boxer has only female members. He is happy to discover this since he is the kind of guy that always tries to flirt with pretty girls. I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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use of "やらってか" in this phrase

mc「洗濯物? 俺別にその辺に置いといてもらえればそのまま着るけど」 girl 「だめ、ちゃんと畳むの」 mc「それよりまずメシ……」 girl「これが終わったら作ってあげる♪」 mc 働かざるものなんとやらってか。 I'm pretty sure this is analogous to this saying, so "no folding, no ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How would I ask for a persons Age, Sex, and Location (ASL) in Japanese?

The abbreviation means age, sex and location, and is used frequently in English speaking chatsites during introductions. Is there a similar term used in Japanese chatsites?
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4 votes
1 answer
226 views

「おはつよろ」のいみはなんですか?

「おはつよろ」のいみはなんですか? I was interacting on a chat and after providing greetings, I used hajimemashite and yoroshiku onegaishimasu and I received ohatsuyoro as a response. I was unable to find the word(s) ...
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0 votes
2 answers
250 views

Transcribing iteration marks: kunojiten , くの字点

The iteration marks 々, ヽ, ヾ, ゝ, ゞ are slightly smaller than standard kana, and are often seen in print when a contemporary scholar is transcribing text, a printmaker's seal, etc. My question relates ...
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2 votes
1 answer
72 views

Popularity of ポッド as a abbreviation of ポッドキャスト

I know that many times loanwords are abbreviated in Japanese as a subset of their original length (ex: アイス for アイスクリーム). Recently I heard someone say that ポッド was an abbreviation for ポッドキャスト and this ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Use of と in this line [duplicate]

Short question. Line from 愛は取り戻せ song: 俺との愛を守る為 お前は旅立ち That と is just an abbreviation from 俺たち? Or is some grammatical point with の related? Thanks in advance!
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1 vote
1 answer
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what is grammar pattern for やさしくった

I watched a series. There is a scene, while subtitle text is written as 優しく言ってあげた I heard something like やさしくったあげた。 so I did some search to check if this usage exist in real world. In google I found ...
5 votes
4 answers
441 views

Abbreviations (etc.)

As I slowly try to learn more grammar and less "1001 survival phrases in Japanese FREE!," I started wondering about abbreviations in the language. From what I have read so far, contractions and word-...
0 votes
2 answers
211 views

「ので」のように、「のに」も略せますか?

「ので」が略せるように、接続助詞の「のに」も略せますか? 「ので」が「んで」か、「なんで」か、「なので」になれるなら、 「のに」も「んに」とか、「なんに」とか、「なのに」になれますか? これを思えば、そうですか? また、私の日本語がよくなかったら、すみません!
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9 votes
1 answer
564 views

Pronunciation of「ww」(笑い)

In Japanese internet slang, you see people use「ww」to mean something like "lol". I was curious how this would be pronounced if read aloud. In English, I hear people say either /ɛl oʊ ɛl/ or /lɑl/ for "...
3 votes
1 answer
221 views

On 「~ようってんじゃない」

As in a line from the TV drama 「高校教師」 ep1 (00:04:41): 今朝のこと、担任に告げようってんじゃないよ! Or a line from a Japanese version of 「Demian」: おれはなにもお前を、困らせようってんじゃない。 Is it simply an abbreviation of 「ようと思ってんじゃない」...
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3 votes
1 answer
135 views

Abbreviation for jinmeiyō?

Is there an abbreviation for 人名用漢字, i.e. character set for names? I'm looking for anything shorter, really; It can be English or Japanese, as long as it's widely recognised. For example like Tel for ...
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7 votes
2 answers
811 views

What does ㊙︎DVD mean?

everyone, Ran across this line ㊙︎DVD, with the 秘 encircled. Do any of you know what this might mean?
4 votes
2 answers
326 views

Can ようにする be used without する in colloquial speech?

I came across the following sentence: ご家族とよく相談して書いてくるように。 For context: A teacher is talking to a class of students concerning a report they have to write. I know that ように is often used at the end ...
4 votes
1 answer
10k views

What's the difference between すべき (subeki) and べき (beki)?

What's the difference between すべき (subeki) and べき (beki)? すべき (subeki) = should do; ought to do べき (beki) = should; must; that one ought to; to be done Both mean "should", but is there a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
529 views

What is the meaning of 副助?

In 大辞泉 (via goo here) at the first line I found the phrase [副助]種々の語に付く。 What is the meaning of 副助? Can not find it..
3 votes
2 answers
534 views

What does 記 mean in a 公正証書 (notarial document)?

What does 記 mean when is placed between different articles/paragraphs of a 公正証書 (notarial document)? Here's an example: https://goo.gl/yVYQe7 (I have omitted names and addresses for privacy). Thanks ...
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6 votes
1 answer
266 views

How is 向 pronounced in 男性向同人?

Different sources have given me different pronunciations. I figured it must mean "Doujin aimed at males", but if that's the case, from what I know, it should be written [男性向け同人]{だんせいむけどうじん}。 Is 男性向 ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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How to pronounce 12歳〜14歳 [duplicate]

Could someone please explain how the Japanese would read the 〜 if they came across a range expressed like this: [12歳]{じゅうにさい}〜[14歳]{じゅうよんさい}
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4 votes
2 answers
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Understanding a colloquial sentence and meaning of やっぱ

The kids are discussing whether they want a male or female trainee teacher. One of them runs in from the playground and says: 「やっぱ男じゃねぇとな」 I assume this is a colloquial form of 「やっぱり男じゃないと言ったな」...
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6 votes
2 answers
720 views

Is 食べてたい correct?

The following sentence was written by a Japanese. 最近のお気に入りケーキ🍰💕 毎日食べてたい Is 食べてたい just a typo, or is it a short form of something, like 食べておきたい or 食べていただきたい?
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18 votes
2 answers
9k views

What is the significance of ココ and サ in emoji?

I am wondering what these emoji mean. Like, why would they create these ones specifically? I'm trying to think of a translation for ココ, but all I can think of is "cocoa" or a shortened long word, but ...
3 votes
1 answer
840 views

When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about ...
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4 votes
1 answer
252 views

What is this strange kanji that looks a bit like 侍, but isn't?

Staying at a ryokan recently, I received some postcards with the following little poem: What are the characters that I have highlighted in red? They look a bit like [侍]{さむらい}, but based on the ...
1 vote
1 answer
695 views

Pronouncing abbreviations, acronyms, letters? (NHK, CM, JR, A...)

I've been noticing that Latin letters in abbreviations and acronyms are (obviously) common in Japan. For instance: JR becomes ジェイアール CM becomes シーエム N3 becomes エヌさん NHK becomes エヌエイチケイ (I think) ...