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Questions tagged [は-and-が]

「は」と「が」. The difference between the は (topic) and が (subject) particles.

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Meaning of は and が here?

ねえ、田中さんがもう一度会ってほしいって。田中さん、犬のこと考え直したんだって。犬飼っていいって。だから、会ってあげれば? いや、無理。私もう田中さんに会う気はないの。だから伝えて、「私はもうあなたに会う気がない」って。 Why does it change from 気はない to 気がない in the message that should be passed on? Is it 1) ...
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Usage and reason for が in XというのがYだ sentence

These are two replies from a long Twitter debate over broadly whether Japan should increase military spending for threats of foreign invasion (much more but not important here, DeepL translation): [A]...
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Difference between ウナギは魚だ and ウナギが魚だ

What's the difference between these two sentences? I know that the particle は is used to topicalize things. Maybe when は is used, the sentence will have different meanings, not just "Eels are ...
Rodion Iskhakov's user avatar
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227 views

Why is ‘は’ instead of 'が' or 'を' used here?

I saw a sentence: これは、オンラインで聞けますか。 Why is ‘は’ instead of 'が' or 'を' used here? I think the full sentence should be like the following.  あなたはこれが/を、オンラインで聞けますか。
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Nonsense sentences with だ

I recently encountered these sentences which must be nonsense because AはBだ means 'A is B'. 私は105号室だ 「ノルウェーの森」は村上春樹だ 東京は初めてだ
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Alternation between が and は in seemingly identical sentence structure

I found the following sentence online; it's a comment about three players A, B, and C that regularly compete against each other. Aに勝てるのがBだけでBに勝てるのはCだけなの良いな To me it seems like the structure of both ...
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Does it matter to use が or は in one sentence lines, for example: textbook questions?

So when doing textbooks, it just asks me to write translate from english to japanese. The sentence I was just doing was, "Since my family will come to Japan, I will show them around Kyoto. In ...
Infernoboy's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the nuance of が in "以上が「は」と「が」の違いについての解説でした。"?

I was reading this article about the difference between は and が, and in the end of it there was this sentence: 以上が「は」と「が」の違いについての解説でした。 I'm trying to understand it based on the article itself, and I ...
BIG-95's user avatar
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Why are there multiple topic markers (は) in this sentence?

To be clear, my level of Japanese is about as elementary as it gets, so it's possible that this question is simply beyond my understanding. Still worth an ask, though! I was looking at the Wiktionary ...
Kyle O'Brien's user avatar
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110 views

What is the difference when I swap が and は in this sentence

I want to know if my first translation of a sentence is wrong and more importantly why. I'm using Duolingo as one of a couple tools for learning Japanese. Today I got the sentence "The coffee ...
ノアー's user avatar
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1 answer
177 views

は or が to describe something with an adjective

I know that は is used for general purposes when describing something with an adjective, and が is more suited for specific things, but in the examples below which sentence is correct? ...
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紅茶がコーヒーより美味しいと思う

A native speaker corrected a learner's sentence from やっぱり紅茶はコーヒーより美味しいと思う to やっぱり紅茶がコーヒーより美味しいと思う I think 紅茶はコーヒーより美味しい sounds perfectly natural. Using は with 思う also seems to be commonplace which ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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Usage of は and が in 文明が進むと、社会は複雑さを増す

文明が進むと、社会は複雑さを増す。 In this sentence, 1 - What are the reasons for using が and は particles in their respective places? 2 - Could we replace any of these two particles with the other one? If yes, how ...
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ハムとチーズが山型パンで、ほうれん草がチャバタです

In this conversation (video clip): 店員:お決まりですか? 客1:私はハムとチーズで山型パン 店員:はい 客2:じゃ私はほうれん草をチャバタでお願いします。 店員:はい、ありがとうございます。 店員:お願いします オーナー:はい 店員:ハムとチーズが山型パンで、ほうれん草がチャバタです。 オーナー:はい、お願いします。 I am not sure why が ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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は・が in 犬が死んだ and 犬は死んだ

犬が死んだ 犬は死んだ は is typically used to mark something already in context as the topic. Would that be equivalent to "The dog died" since "The" typically marks something know? が is a ...
Catdog's user avatar
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は in 名詞節 (content clauses)

I'm not sure what I'm missing here, but 来年の1月には35歳になりますが、サッカーは年齢じゃないということを証明していきたいですし、若い選手に負けないように頑張りたいと思います。(source) 我々はお荷物じゃないことを証明しよう。 Aren't those 名詞節? Is the rule about は not occurring in ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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...はいい=not needed ≠...がいい? Does ...はいい have no subject?

I am trying to ask a question with several linked open ends at once. いい has the meaning that something is not needed. It seems to be related to the distinction of は vs が. For example here is a ...
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In the sentence, "母がすしを作ります。", why do we use が instead of は?

My book sentence: 母がすしを作ります。 I consulted another book, which states: The case particle ga can mark the subject of the sentence. However, when the subject noun is also treated as the topic of the ...
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What nuance does the が particle add in the following sentence? At what time would each sentence be more appropriate?

両親は結婚した時、どこにも行きませんでした。 VS 両親が結婚した時、どこにも行きませんでした。
Faizaan A.'s user avatar
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割り切れないのが~:割り切る+のは/のが

This is going to be a bit lengthy so please bear with me. I'll start with an excerpt from a game that has sparked this whole fiasco and sent me on a wild goose chase: ゼロス「...
Boolicious's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
144 views

Difference in sentences using は+が vs は+は

So I've come across these two sentences: 雨は降っていますが、雪は降っていません and 雨は降っていません。雪が降っています。 so what i think is happening is that the first sentence shows contrast. in the first sentence, we simply ...
Dani1911's user avatar
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325 views

が vs. は in のが/のは...である cleft-sentence structure

The following is a sentence from the Japanese Wikipedia article about Berlin: ベルリンという名称が歴史的文書で最も古く遡れるのが1244年である。 I understand the sentence, but I would have expected 遡れるのは here instead of 遡れるのが, ...
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「が」(ga) vs 「は」(wa) when it comes to specifically "this" object / referring to self

Learning particles and looking at wa vs ga. From what I have seen wa is the topic/general and ga is for the subject/specific. I was watching this video which had the following example: I like Van ...
TyCobb's user avatar
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は versus が in this sentence

In the Genki 1 textbook, the question prompt 本を読んでいる人は誰ですか? appears alongside an illustration with a bunch of people doing different activities. The textbook user is then supposed to pick out a ...
Daphne's user avatar
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Can が be replaced by something else in this structure?

So reviewing basic grammar I've come across a structure where you use は and が to show contrast in the following way: (私は)土曜日は暇ですが、日曜日は忙しいです。 This sentence sounds right to me, but it would sound ...
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Conflicting rules for when to use は vs が

I came across this video on the difference that I found particularly helpful, but there was a special case not addressed in the video that I was curious about. I will summarize the video here as I ...
Daniel M's user avatar
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1 answer
130 views

は vs が in neutral sentences

I have a couple of situations I was hoping someone could help me understand if が or は is more appropriate in the following situations. Scenario A: Describing what a person is doing. You are by ...
hawkymessengerhawk's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
233 views

difference when using は and が with てくれる structure

So, I think that I'm not alone when it comes to being confused about when は and が are supposed to be used, but here I would like to ask about a specific example 浅野君は(私に)かわいい手袋を編んでくれた x 浅野君が(私に)...
lcsxx's user avatar
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7 votes
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Usage of が in this paragraph

Once again I have been stumped over the usage of particles in a passage from my textbook. 先生: 最近、アメリカでも魚や豆腐を食べている人が増えてきたらしいです。 学生: はい。 先生: アメリカでも、ヘルシーな食べ物[が]{L}人気[が]{L}出てきたということです。 The paragraph ...
Dave07's user avatar
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1 answer
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No が in a sentence

If there's no が in a sentence, should I assume that は marks both the topic & the action-doer? It seems like that's the case every time I encounter sentences without が.
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1 vote
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は vs が in the following passage

ジェームズは事務所で仕事をしています。 彼は毎日とても忙しいです。 彼はお客様と多くの会議をします。 ジェームズはこのような会議は好きではありません。 彼は「お客様がとても退屈しているのでは」と思っています。 The sentence ジェームズはこのような会議は好きではありません sounds like James does not like this kind of meeting (...
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3 votes
1 answer
135 views

How does this passive sentence work?

I'm confused with this sentence. 顔はやや仰向きがち に、天の栄光をながめやる 目が、深くやすらか にみひらかれて いた。 I would like to understand how it's constructed. I think 目 is the passive subject of みひらかれて いた as が is its particle, ...
Daniel's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does the sentence 『ボブは魚は好きだ』 make sense?

This question is essentially about the particle 「が」. I saw the example sentence 「ボブは魚が好きだ」 from the textbook. This is how I understand it: "As for Bob, Fish that is likable is. ---> Likebale fish ...
user35920's user avatar
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1 answer
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は and が in 私が死んだら

I just learned about が and は. I just want to say "If I died" in Japanese. So I typed it. All I see is 私が死んだら Can I say "私は死んだら" (は is put to emphasize what comes after は. So I ...
Kiw's user avatar
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3 answers
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Using は before 欲しい instead が

I was doing some exercises and the book that I'm using translated: I don't want shoes to 靴は欲しくないです I answered using が particle instead は, since, as far as I know, I should use が before 欲しい. ...
LcsxX's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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「侵入したのが〇〇」なぜ「は」ではなく「が」でしょうか

最近この文章を見かけました。 中王国はエジプト初の外来民族の侵入によって衰退しました。侵入したのが混成民族集団ヒクソス。これがアジア方面から侵入した。 太字にした「が」は、なぜ「は」ではないのでしょうか。前の文では、ある侵入が起こったことがすで述べられたので、問題の文の目的は侵入したのは誰かということになるのではないでしょうか。したがって、その文の焦点が「侵入したの」ではなく、「...
lightweaver's user avatar
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Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
shoryuu's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
Wolf's user avatar
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1 answer
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The use of が, は and を in 私は総てを愛している

Is the を interchangeable with が in this case? And if I say 私が総てを愛している does it mean 'I'm everything that I love'?
Contractor's user avatar
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2 answers
517 views

Sushi wa sukidesuka vs sushi ga sukidesuka?

According to Google, I should use ga: (Anata wa) sushi ga sukidesuka? Why ga and not wa?
alex's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
357 views

Are there some cases where は and が are interchangeable?

I understand that は and が can be very different in meaning & emotion, and some structures require one of them. However, are there some cases where I can use either of them but the sentence remains ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
279 views

Do we really have to change particles (usually が into は) in negative and interrogative sentences?

Which alternatives sound more natural? 1.1 - その本は読めない。 1.2 - その本が読めない。 2.1 - ゴルフは上手じゃない。 2.2 - ゴルフが上手じゃない 3.1 - この映画は見たくない。 3.2 - この映画が見たくない。 3.3 - この映画を見たくない。 4.1 - 日本語は分からない。 4.2 - 日本語が分からない。 5.1 - ...
Rafael Ferreira's user avatar
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2 answers
142 views

For phrases modifying nouns, is the subject considered part of the modifier or separate?

Oftentimes I see phrases such as this in songs and such: 僕は迷い込んだ夢の中 I always interpreted these as the first part all modifying the noun, i.e. "Inside the dream I was lost in," here. However, when I ...
Smoothie's user avatar
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たform+こと が/は(particle) ありますか?

Continuation from my other question: if we were asking as a question, 'みたことがありますか。' Can we use the question はparticle interchangeably? Or which to use under which circumstances? Thanks!
Anon's user avatar
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4 answers
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は or が in the example "朝起きるとき、鳥 ( ) いつも歌います"?

Following up on my earlier question, I want to check if I've got a feel for this subordinate clause particle use correct. This is probably a duplicate, but it really helps me understand things better ...
oh no the klaxons's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

「は」vs 「が」 in subordinate clauses

I'm confused about「は」vs「が」 in subordinate clauses. Here are a few examples from (very basic) grammar books: 僕が 電話したとき、ナツミは もういなかった。When I called, Natsumi had already left. 弟が 日本に来たら、私は 日光に連れて行きたい。...
oh no the klaxons's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
273 views

は significance in ゲームは上手いですね

I'm confused by the reaction to は in this exchange A:「ゲームは上手いですね!」 B:「ゲーム「は」.....」 source context: http://neetsha.jp/inside/up/1/2/12840/24.jpg
ORTA's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does それが mean here?

I am reading the visual novel known as Kanon. I'll include some context, but the final sentence is where my question is: 片隅には、白い羽の生えたリュックがあった。 (In a corner, the rucksack with white wings sprouting ...
Ubz's user avatar
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1 answer
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Should I use は or が here?

先日、同級生は飼い犬を学校に連れてきました。 彼の飼い犬はゴールデン・レトリバーで、すごく可愛かったです。 学生達に撫でられたり、甘えられたりすることがとても好きだったので、授業中に教室を走り回っていて、皆を迎えに行きました。 甘えん坊ですね~! I posted that entry on Lang-8 and someone corrected my use ...
Tomm's user avatar
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2 answers
900 views

A question about the particle used with potential form

As I know, when the potential form of a verb is being used, direct object particle "を" should not be used. Instead, が or は should be used. So when should we use which? For example, 富士山が 登れた ...
Lining's user avatar
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