Questions tagged [に-and-で]

「に」と「で」. How to distinguish between the particles に and で.

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Which verb fits in 庭に木をもう一本_?

There is a closed-ended question in Nihongo so-matome: 庭に木をもう一本_ 1)植えました 2)切りました The book says the answer is 植えました. What makes this answer the correct one? Doesn't 切る fit here too? The only thing ...
homocomputeris's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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What does 「で」mean in 「試合で 失敗しました」? Why not use 「に」?

I just did the listening Mondai 2 for Lesson 33 of Minna No Nihongo 2 (the older ver.). And in question 5, it says「山田君は 今の試合で 失敗しましたが、次の試合で 頑張ります。」 I've learned that you use 「に」before 「失敗する」, and I ...
tomotomoya's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Usage of に or で in the following sentence

I have a doubt regarding the use of で and に in the following sentences: 私は車の中に座っている 私は車の中で座っている As per me, I think で should be used as, the person is sitting inside the car (i.e. an action is being ...
APK's user avatar
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What is the difference between ところに/へ and ところで?

This website explains that: 「~ところへ/に」は、ある段階における状況を変化させるような出来事が起こることを表すと説明した方がいい。 to indicate event that will change the situation in certain stage (this is my own translation (it might be incorrect)) ...
Kyuu's user avatar
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2 answers
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紙に書きます or 紙で書きます – which is correct?

Why is the sentence 「紙で書きます」 not correct? Is it not the case that the 紙 is where the writing action takes place?
PeacockIris's user avatar
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1 answer
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Particulars of 『に』 and 『で』 in this context [duplicate]

I'm learning from Genki 1 right now, and working my way through the workbook. The sentence I'm confused about is this: 『私は図書館の前でロバートさんを待ちました。』 I'm already aware of the usage pattern of 『に』 with 『...
LemonyFresh's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
107 views

Is there a difference in using で and に in these two example sentences?

逃げる以外に方法がない。 逃げる以外で方法がない。 I know the sentence means roughly 'There is no other way except to run away' (per this site; https://www.japaneseforbeginners.info/2016/07/igai.html), but I don't ...
MW3777's user avatar
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2 answers
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Why is に marking time and not で?

As I have learned, the に particle is marking the target of the verb. And it make sense for most cases I have seen except for time. How exactly can time be the target of any verb? Wouldn't it make more ...
onyx's user avatar
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Why is に used in that sentence? [duplicate]

でもほんとに、エピソード21には涙が出るほど笑ったよ。 For some reason I feel like it would be better without the に (in bold) but I can't explain why. Another person said that で would be better but I think that it changes the ...
永劫回帰's user avatar
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1 answer
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The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
shade549's user avatar
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What does '家に、とてもおしゃべりですが、学校に、ぜんぜん話しません' translate to?

I'm trying to translate the sentence 'at home, she's very talkative but at school, she never talks/is very shy' roughly into Japanese. Does '家に、とてもおしゃべりですが、学校に、ぜんぜん話しません' make sense? If not, how ...
alex's user avatar
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2 answers
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The use of で and に with 座る

I came across this example in Genki I .....まどの近くに座っています And I was wondering about the use of に here and if we can replace it with で to make ......まどの近くで座っています Is it correct? Please explain ...
ラザン's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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when to use 〜の中で、中には

I think I answered this question for myself while writing it, but maybe someone can confirm: When to use 「の中で」 versus 「の中には」or something similar to mean "among X"? For example, I pulled this ...
user26452's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
458 views

Why is で used instead of に alongside ある?

I am wondering as to why で was used after 間 instead of に as I would expect because it is talking about popularity being present. What is the general definition for this usage of で? そのホテルは安くて清潔なので、...
user13622's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
2k views

Difference between では and には when the final verb is still ある?

So I was under the impression that で/に mostly depends on the final verb of the phrase, and that いる/ある requires に because it doesn't signify an action happening at a location. Tobira's 10th chapter ...
okedoke's user avatar
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1 answer
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use of に or で for 寄ってください as a location particle

As far as I can understand about location に indicates a location where something exists (as in ここに いる), but some verbs use it like つとめる and で the location on which an action takes place ( as in ...
Snaut's user avatar
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に vs で: 映画に見る vs 映画で見る

Branching off from the comments to this question: Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?: Preamble: The comment says 映画に見た is valid for "I saw it in a movie". I went to search for example sentences and ...
Flaw's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Still trying to get my head around に and で

I've been trying to understand those two particles when applied to these phrases: 私は朝ご飯にお茶を飲みます 私は朝ご飯でお茶を飲みます 私は朝ご飯の時にお茶を飲みます What I more or less understand is: the only/...
Daniel's user avatar
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3 votes
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に/で as time particles. What's the difference?

I've read a post on this topic, but really not sure of the difference when applied to something like this: 私は朝飯のみに茶を飲む 私は朝飯のみで茶を飲む From what I read, I'm guessing one of them is incorrect, as に ...
Daniel's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
375 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
unzero's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
6k views

When to use で vs に vs nothing at all

There are a lot of post that describe the ambiguous scenarios when to use で vs に, but there are still many scenarios that are confusing, and sometimes I'm not sure if I should be using a particle at ...
akami's user avatar
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17 votes
1 answer
1k views

後で vs. 前に. Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle? (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate.) They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
564 views

Particles に, で for temporal vs spatial location

What does it mean to put で after a temporal expression? I was taught that only に should be used for times but I still see sentences with で sometimes. This is basically my current understanding: ...
HAL's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Strange usage of に particle

I saw an advertisement on the train that said 世界に友達を作りたい... My Japanese friend said that the difference with "世界で友達を作りたい" is that で means like "In the world" whilst に means "all over the world". I ...
Nathan's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men wear ...
Viridian's user avatar
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14 votes
4 answers
530 views

揺れる with に or で

I rarely have any problems with the に and で particles, but I have been a bit confused since seeing the word 揺れる in a few different sentences. As far as I know it is ok to say either: 旗が風に揺れている or ...
Lucas's user avatar
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23 votes
4 answers
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に vs で again: 前に vs 後で

Following the current trend of pitting the particles に and で against each other, here is another question that does the same but from another type of usage and perspective. When we want to say "do X ...
Lukman's user avatar
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13 votes
3 answers
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に and で revisited

Consider the statement A: ホテル(に/で)泊まる. For both cases would translate to "I stay at a hotel" in English. However they are answers to different questions. Consider the questions 1.どこに泊まる and 2.(ホテルで)...
Flaw's user avatar
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31 votes
3 answers
5k views

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of time of an action?

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of the time of an action? I know に is very specific about time, but I'm not sure when, or how to use で. Can で only be used in certain instances? ...
Miguel's user avatar
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61 votes
8 answers
30k views

Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
language hacker's user avatar