Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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6
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1answer
640 views

Absence of て in お気をつけください

I’m uncertain about the phrase お気をつけください, which I found where I would have expected お気をつけてください. Assuming it’s not a typo is it 尊敬語? Should I understand the honorific お as qualifying 気 only or the ...
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1answer
48 views

やり い-form conjunction vs て-form conjunction

From Assimil's "Japanese With Ease" volume 2, lesson 72, sentence 10. その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから,そのたんびに起【お】こしてやり,半【はん】日【にち】かかって,やっとひとつの山【やま】から降【お】りられた。 その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから, ...
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2answers
123 views

Verb てform + くる what does it mean?

I'd like to know what is the meaning of the previous pattern I mentioned in the following sentence: 職場ではそんな話ばかりきこえてくるぞ! I guess きこえて is the てform of 聞こえる. But what is the meaning of きこえて + くる ...
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1answer
61 views

Can な Adjectives be also used for combination with verbs

I am new to Japanese and found out that Adjectives can also be used along with verbs in て forms. I came to know that there are two adjectives い-adj and な-adj. い is an adjectival verb. Whereas, な is an ...
5
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1answer
214 views

te form + takunaru

I was watching a "Chibi Maruko Chan" episode about Maruko wanting to pet a fluffy dog. In the subtitles, I saw「ずっと触ってたくなるよね」. So I understand that ずっと means "continuously," and that さわって is the te-...
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1answer
443 views

What is the meaning of かけてきた

I am confused by this part にかけてきた. Can someone explain to me? この曲を給食のときにかけてきた放送委員
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1answer
105 views

Understanding て+助詞

Frequently, て (te form) is used to indicate simultaneous, sequential, or causal relationships between the part of the sentence that comes before and the part of the sentence that comes after. ...
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2answers
539 views

Connection between 〜い adjectives and 〜く verbs?

The following pairs of inflections got me thinking a little bit. 〜く verb plain/te, for example: 働く・働いて 〜い adjective plain/nai, for example: 甘い・甘くない Both of these suggest that there is perhaps some ...
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1answer
374 views

What does ては mean in this sentence?

寝太郎{ねたろう}はのんきに空{そら}をながめては暮{く}らしておりました。 My translation: Netarou was living by heedlessly looking the sky. What does ては mean in this sentence?
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1answer
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What does 笑みがこぼれてくる mean and how is it different to 笑みがこぼれる

愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれてくる 愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれる My question is how is the 1st sentence different from the 2nd, and what nuance does the くる add.
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3answers
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When is Vている the continuation of action and when is it the continuation of state?

Last night, when I asked my wife to send an email to me, she said もう送っている which I took to mean that she was "sending the message". (The message had a big attachment so I imagined that it could take a ...
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1answer
237 views

Further clarification on ~てある

This is a follow up to this question regarding the difference between てある and ている. So far I have come across two possible reasons to use てある: てある and ている can both be used to show states, however ...
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1answer
118 views

Logic behind grammar patterns

One of my current biggest challenges in learning Japanese sentence patterns is knowing which verb forms to use when linking to set phrases. The largest classes of verb forms I've seen that are used ...
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2answers
999 views

Making sense of 「出てったって待ってて」

I'm reading Murakami Haruki's ノルウェイの森 and, although I've come across many sentences I haven't been able to grasp too clearly, I recently came across one that was also funny to pronounce. Can anyone ...
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1answer
124 views

What does …て…て mean?

I have the following sentence. その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた 。 I understand the use of ~て in ~ている, but I'm confused by two consecutive verbs using ~て as in 置かれて輝やいていた. Should I understand them ...
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Dictionary form vs Teiru form for habits [duplicate]

Some people say the ている form can be used to talk about regular habits. I'm not sure, but sometimes the dictionary form seems to be used in the same way. Is there any difference between them in that ...
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1answer
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Removal of て in Japanese novels

Is て sometimes dropped in Japanese Novella? I'm asking as I recall being told (in one of my previous question's comment section) that て is sometimes dropped in Japanese novels. And yet, when I went ...
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1answer
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興奮する to be excited or to get excited?

When I was looking at a dictionary the definition (in the English part) was given as be [get] excited; 《口》be [get] worked up What exactly these [] are referring to is unclear to me. From my ...
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1answer
124 views

〜ていない vs 〜ないでいる

I read many times this question but I'm still confused about the differences between these two grammars. The first answer says that 〜ていない has a possible third meaning not used, "I eat my meal and I am ...
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1answer
257 views

分{わ}かる vs. 分{わ}かっている

What's the difference between 分かる and 分かっている? Based on my experience and this answer on HiNative, I assume 分かっている means something more like "I already know that (so you don't have to tell me)" and ...
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nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
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1answer
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What is the function of て-form in this sentence?

「また独りになるのが怖くて。」 I just can't understand why the adjective 怖い in the end of this sentence is in て form. 助けてください。
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1answer
68 views

いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?
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0answers
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Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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2answers
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Why do road signs have 止まれ, not 止まる, 止める or 止めて?

From what I know ending verb in え makes it sound rough and very casual. I checked in tangorin.com online dictionary - it's said there it is actually a noun. To me, though, it looks like a rough ...
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1answer
199 views

ください without て form and auxiliary verbs

I read the following sentence on the shinkansen: かけ込み電車は危ないのでおやめください I looked up on Google but I could not find any mention of やめる being used without the て form. So why is it the case in that ...
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1answer
134 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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1answer
152 views

Explaining “向けてじゃないよ”

I watched a song "あの娘シークレット", and there are these lyrics: 僕に初めて 見せるような表情 でもそれは僕に向けてじゃないよ (Youtube link with timestamp: https://youtu.be/sgdPlDG1-8k?t=106) My question: I have never seen a じゃない ...
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1answer
61 views

やる and あげる when used with て-form of verb [duplicate]

What's the difference when using やる and あげる with the て-form of a verb. For example: 教えてやる and 教えてあげる.
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3answers
5k views

Meaning of ~てやる

Does ~てやる work the same way as ~てあげる does? Does ~てやる have any other meanings?
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2answers
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Is it ok to use ~て下さりました instead of ~ていただきました?

Just to avoid repeatedly saying いただきました too much, can I occasionally switch it with 下さりました or 下さいました?
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3answers
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〜くて form of a verb

I ask here my question because I couldn't find anything on internet. My problem is about 〜くて form for a verb. I asked a Japanese friend what for example "会いたくて" means. She told me that there is a ...
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0answers
50 views

てform + よ meaning

https://www.lyrical-nonsense.com/lyrics/haku/shoudou/ In the first line 近づいて気付いてよ 恋の衝動 what is the purpose of putting よ after 気付いて. I would understand it if it was a plain form. Does the line mean "...
17
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2answers
567 views

“Te-form” versus “masu-stem + して” (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに)

Is there any difference between 消して and 消しして in the following sentences? For example, A: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消ししているうちに、朝になってしまった。 B: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消しているうちに、朝になってしまった。
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1answer
232 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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1answer
44 views

What does the te-form + motion verb mean in 広がってきています?

I came across the word 広がってきています. The sentence is 日本では脱プラスチックの取り組みが広がってきています. I believe this is the verb 広がる, to spread, in its て-form plus the continuous form of 来る. Is that right? So, if this ...
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2answers
166 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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1answer
96 views

Why are the verbs connected with てhere? 連れて帰って

I understand that you need to use て to connect two verbs but all the example I have seen are like 起きて、コーヒーを飲んだ . There's always a more "complete" sentence for the action that follows the first verb. ...
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0answers
55 views

What does してきてやる mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm reading Yotsuba (1st chapter) and I have come across the sentence じゃあ俺が用意してきてやるおまえ片付けてろ. The sentence translates as "WELL I'LL GO GET SOME STUFF THEN. YOU STAY HERE AND CLEAN UP." I'm having ...
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0answers
114 views

explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
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1answer
89 views

Meaning of て form plus てね in dialog

I've come across a portion of dialog, which has some grammar that I have not seen before. Focusing on the portion in bold, what is the purpose of て form plus てね? What does てね mean and is it a ...
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2answers
574 views

What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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1answer
144 views

もらわれていくの grammar

I have problem understanding grammar in this sentence: アニー、もらわれていくのがいやになったの。。。 Could you help to translate it and give links to grammar?
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1answer
1k views

Passive voice (~あれる) + Te form?

I've been faced with the following sentence: いきなりあんな事聞かれて平常心でいられるかよ! What I'm wondering about it is the "聞かれて" part. I know that Kikareru would be the passive form of Kiku - to listen. So, what ...
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4answers
3k views

What does the final て in 待ってて signify?

In this scene a young girl, Yotsuba, drops in on her neighbors for some breakfast. The mother who's cooking breakfast says: 「今お父さんの焼いてるからその次ねー。ちょっと待っててー。」 So I guess she's preparing her husbands ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Temporal ambiguity on mochiko packaging

I am making some shiratama mochi and want to know if I have to scoop the mochi out after they rise, or 1-2 minutes after they rise: だんごが浮{う}きあがって1~2分してから順{じゅん}にすくいあげ、冷水{れいすい}にとって、さまします。 My first ...
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0answers
52 views

Chaining verbs with ~て with an object [closed]

In an exercise, the following sentence came out: (complete the sentence with the propositions in the right order, and say which proposition matches the star) 母の誕生日に_____ _____ * _____贈った A. ...
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1answer
298 views

what the different te and tte?

hello minasan konnichiwa, what the different te and tte? what te = ( e ru and i ru) or to another? and tte =(a, o , u ru)? because some word i can fine like hairu ( to come in ) become haitte, why ...
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1answer
55 views

What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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2answers
76 views

What is the purpose of 〜て in this sentence

This activity is from Genki 2 chapter 13 and I was given a question where I was to answer using the potential verb form. Here is what is showed: Q: 宿題をしましたか。 A: 難しすぎてできませんでした. I understand the ...

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