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Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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Problems with -て 来る

A: あの番組を見ましたか。 B: いいえ。見ようとしたら、息子が友達を連れて帰って来たんです。 I only know of ~て来る as an indicator that someone goes to do something and then returns, for example: ちょっとたばこを買って来ます。 But recently my textbook ...
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What does ~くて mean in this sentence?

I've been taught that ~くて is used when linking adjectives, but as I was reading I ran into this sentence : それは嘘じゃなくて? What is exactly the meaning of ~くて in this sentence ? Why isn't it simply じゃない ...
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Why does this sentence ご飯を食べてから部屋を掃除してください。 has から? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence ご飯を食べてから部屋を掃除してください。 has から Considering that the translation given is After eating, please clean your room. I thought with the given sentence it should be translated ...
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Meaning of てなきゃ in this sentence?

While playing a Japanese mobile horror game, a girl appears with a knife in hand and says the following: 「おとなしくしてなきゃダメじゃない」 I can guess this probably means something like It's a problem if you don'...
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食べていました and its use

I was wondering about __ていました and its use. By this I mean, is it possible to turn a て form verb into ていました? For example, would you ever use 食べていました instead of 食べました? Just wondering if it is possible ...
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What does 'もう、家に帰っている。' mean? [duplicate]

I always considered the form て+いる as the expression of an ongoing action, but recently I read an article that it can be read as succession of the て form verb and the verb いる. Then, 'もう、家に帰っている。' would ...
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What does 'ワインを買っていくよ。' mean?

I am very confused about the meaning of the expressions 'ていく' and 'てくる' and seems that every website I look has a different explanation. Translations that I think are good: 'Go in order to buy wine'; '...
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Why do they use the 連用形 instead of the て form here? [duplicate]

I know that the て form can be used to connect verbs together, like the English "and": 毎日私は食べて寝る。 I eat and sleep every day. And I know the 連用形 can be used to connect verbs as well, but it ...
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What form of imperative is this? 是非この機会お見逃しなく!

The following statement seems like an imperative but does not have the structure of the imperative: 是非{ぜひ}この機会{きかい}お見逃{みのが}しなく! Make sure not to miss this opportunity! Is なく 連用形 of ない? If yes, ...
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Interpreting って - te-form or quotation?

(Names below have been changed.) I received the following (partial) message from B先生, my previous teacher, after going through a JLPT class with C先生 and passing the N2 exam. How should I interpret ...
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Why 喜んで in 喜んであなたのお手伝いをします。is in some sort of imperative voice and not in passive voice?

喜んであなたのお手伝いをします。 is translated as I will be pleased to help you. あなたのお手伝いを "help to you" and is the direct object of the verb します , I understand this. But I don't understand why the verb ...
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Function of であって

Is であって a -て form of the copula である and used for chaining, or it has a special meaning in the following examples? どこの出身{しゅっしん}であっても問題{もんだい}ではない。It doesn't matter where he is from. 私{わたし}は彼女{...
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What is the difference between these three sentences

I would like to know what is the difference between these setences : 私はやせていて 私はやせています 私はやせている I already know that the difference between v~いる & v~います is just that one is in the ...
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取り立てて話題がない why are there two てs in this sentence?

I saw this sentence in a TV show 取り立てて話題がない The sentence should mean there is nothing to talk about. But why are there two てs in this sentence? Why can't they just say: 取り立つ話題がない
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Specific use of になる together with て-form

I am learning Japanese via Glossika. I have now come across a construction which I do not really understand and cannot find an explanation online. The sentences in question are always of the form ...
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Meaning of てさ after て form

I could not find anything about it. What does it mean? 崇君は漫画ばっかり読んでてさ。
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Why is a verb in the past (た形) contradicted with ~ていない?

In the episode of the anime Sora no Otoshimono linked below, the following exchange occurs several times (beginning at 3:06): A: 呼んだ? You called? B: 呼んでねええ No I didn't! Could someone please ...
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Rules for 「みたいな感じ」(なっていってるみたいな感じ?)

Was about to tweet something like this: ジェイクさんは野村君にとってどんどん指導者みたいになっていってるみたいな感じだね。 "It feels like Jake is gradually becoming more and more like a mentor to Nomura, doesn't it?" ...but a cursory ...
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Did “soshite” develop from an overused “te”-form?

I'm helping out as a tutor for Japanese in my university and a student asked me, if "soshite" may be derived from a verb in "-te" form. Now, I know that there are a lot of similar-sounding words in ...
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て used as “because”?

My (Japanese) friend gave me a suggested translation of this sentence: 普段ワインはなかなか飲まないのだけど、いろんな味、風味、渋味甘味が感じられて良き体験でした。 By no means do I usually drink wine but, it was a good experience because ...
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sentence-final -て

I'm currently using Genki (Intermediate), and I've seen a couple of times now sentences ending with -て, while I've learned to view this sort of as a conjunction, like "and". Here are two examples: ...
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What's the difference between て form for verbs: 'go' and 'says'

If いきます means 'to go' and いいます means 'to say or call', then how do these verbs convert into て form? Aren't they the same since they both end in 〜ち、〜り、〜い + ます? Is this correct? How do you change it? ...
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Are there any ways to know whether Verbてくる is about time or space?

Are there any ways to know whether Verbてくる is about time or space ? My friend told me that when the verb involves changing from a state to another state, ~てくる is usually about time, when there's ...
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Difference between ~てから and ~たあとで

It is my understanding that both these sentences have very similar translations but I don't quite understand the nuances: おわった あとで 行きます。 おわってから 行きます。
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“negative te form” vs “te form of the negative”

In "Japanese in MangaLand" Lesson 35, the "negative te form" and "the te form of the negative" were both introduced. And a table was showing the following: simple | neg. -te | -te f. of the neg. 教える ...
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Verb te form + くれて

So I was helping this girl with her English sentences and she sent me this: 正しくしてくれてありがとう As the context goes I guess it means "thanks for correcting me" There's a lot of things confusing me on ...
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~ているところ used with continuing verbs

It is my understanding (could be wrong of course) that the addition of ところ to a verb draws the time aspect of the verb nearer to the speaker/subject. So the following progression can be established. ...
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What is the difference between しないで and しなくて? [duplicate]

I am still not so clear with the difference between '.....しないで.....’ and '....しなくて....' . Could you please explain them for me, and give me some examples?
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What is the difference between し and て-form in connecting verbs together?

Are there any differences between these sentences? Are they correct? 彼女は優しくて、綺麗で、楽しいんだ。だから大好きだ。 彼女は優しいし、綺麗だし、楽しいし。だから大好きだ。 How do し and て-form differ? How about these sentences: 今日はたくさん食べて、...
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Yet another question about ~ている

This question is in response to an answer given here 言っていた Conjugation It is my understanding that ~ている in general is used to show that the state reached after the verb has been initiated is ...
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Using て-form to indicate purpose

Someone asked me: どんな本を使って日本語を勉強していますか I'm confused about the て-form here. The only sensible translation I can think of is: What kind of books do you use (in order) to study Japanese I've not ...
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te form + infinitive +noun

In a song called "Tegami" I don't understand 宛てて+書く in 未来の自分に宛てて書く手紙なら I wonder what's this rule and does this mean address(v) + write (v) or together make new meaning?
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What does て-form used on its own mean?

I've come across a few examples before, but never quite known what te-form used on its own means. I know that te-form used on its own can be an indication of omitted ~ください, but these examples do not ...
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2 verbs link together ?

I'm a bit confuse while trying to read a few sentences. 離れて見ると、彼は実際よりずっと若く見える。(離れる + 見る)(I understand the first phrase mean "from distance view") 相手の名前をなかなか思い出すことができなくて困った (this is either "2 verbs ...
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Multiple verbs in a sentence ending with ている

If I want to state that a thing or multiple things have come to be in more than one state, do I have to use ている more than once. For example: お腹は太って大きくなっている その地域の空間が歪んで、魔界に繋がっている Are those ...
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て form and adverbial meaning

While reading I sometimes come across some sentences like 包丁を使ってたまねぎを切った。  Where 使って is word just like an adverb which modifies 切る. So I looked up a little more about the Te form and I ...
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How to translate 入っていいのかな?

I came across the sentence 入って{はいって}いいのかな and I wasn't able to translate it into English. If I'm not mistaken the first Kanji is read as "Hai" annd this should mean "enter" right ? Then it goes ...
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て-form for a cause/reason

I just learned about this construction as detailed here. Wondering if I have it right. I understand that one use case is when what comes after the て-form verb describes a feeling, so I assume 欲しい ...
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Imperative form is rude…?

So I've been digging around some more and found this image from a PDF here. Basically, it said that the Imperative form (such as 見ろ{みろ} or 飛べ{とべ}) is usually considered ruder than the ~て form (such ...
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What is the grammar behind 'te' 'soshite' and 'to'? [duplicate]

I want to know which 'and' to use in this context: I went out today and it was fun. I don't know for sure if it is 'te'.
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Does “te-form” of a verb always include て/で? Why?

In so-called 学校文法 (the Japanese grammar which all native Japanese speakers learn at around middle school), one form of a verb is called 連用形 (aka continuative form), which looks like this (screenshot ...
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Using -ている form in the past tense

What's the difference between きのう、いちじかんほんをよみました。 and きのう、いちじかんほんをよんでいました。 ? What would be the equivalent English translations for the two sentences?
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と聞いて in this sentence

山に登るのは大変そうだから、本当は行きたくなかった。 Climbing mountain seems difficult so truthfully, i didn't want to go... The second sentence is the one i need help with... I wasn't sure if i get it right... でも ロープウェイを ...
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What's the grammar of て-form + いて?

The いて I'm referring to is in the last line of the lyrics of a song called Don't you see!: 私をつかまえていて So apparently つかまえて is the て-form of つかまえる. But why is there a いて at the end?
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Difference between 言う and 話す

I've been trying to read Japanese articles (easy ones) and was wondering if someone could explain how と話す and と言う differ in nuance or meaning. They seem to be used interchangeably. For example, how ...
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Confused over 「ろうそくが置かれている」

I encountered this sentence. 「ろうそくが置かれている」 I can tell from context it means something like "Candles are placed", but I'm confused about the usage of ている with a transitive verb. Genki tells me that ...
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Masu te-form with Kudasai?

Can you use the -masu te form to form requests? Like, can you say "machimashite kudasai"? (O.o sounds weird huh.)
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What does 笑みがこぼれてくる mean and how is it different to 笑みがこぼれる

愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれてくる 愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれる My question is how is the 1st sentence different from the 2nd, and what nuance does the くる add.
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Confusing use of 減る

Maruko is complaining that mum is buying seaweed as a new year's present. Mum replies: 「のりは食べる機会が多くてすぐに減るからもらったらありがたいもんなのよ。」 There are plenty of opportunities to eat seaweed, and because they ...
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Meaning of くる in 鼻の奥まで染みこんでくる

独特の臭いだな。鼻の奥まで染みこんでくるぞ。 穴から水が溢れてくる 水槽に手を入れると舐め回してくる人なつっこいホトケドジョウ てくる is something I've never really seen a clear and comprehensive explanation of the different uses and what they mean. They ...