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Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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Is it more natural/popular to use ~てしまう form in a context of “finish sth completely'' or ”do sth by accident''?

Is it more natural/popular to use ~てしまう form in a context of "finish sth completely'' or "do sth by accident''? I mean if I said a sentence like this: ケーキを食べてしまった。 What would a Japanese native ...
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Can なければなりません apply to previous clause joined with て

気象庁は「まだ火山の活動が続いているので、これからどうなるか気をつけて見ていかなければなりません」と話しています。 The JMA said "Because volcanic activity is still continuing, we'll have to pay attention to what happens from now on, and go and look at it."...
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Can the て-form be used as a た-form substitute?

I've been reading manga by myself for some time, and I've been noticing sentences where the て-form takes the role of a past tense marker (that is, the role of the た-form). At first I was letting it ...
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Double meaning of てしまいます

I learned that てしまいます can both express regret and having finished a task. How can one differentiate between the two meanings without context ? Example: 水を飲んでしまいました. - I have finished drinking the ...
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The -kute (くて) form

I have trouble understanding this form, for example why do people use "じゃなくて"? Can you please give me examples? Thank you in advance!
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Did I translate the て-form correctly in this sentence?

I'm wondering if I translated the bolded part of the following sentence correctly due to not being 100% certain on the rules of the て-form. 軍隊で使うような、重くて厚みのあるサバイバルナイフ。 I managed to translate the ...
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What is the meaning of verb (te form) + くって?

きっと旅立ってくってわかってるんだ My friend translate for me as "I know I will depart on a journey" 旅立って is te form of 旅立つ わかって is te form of わかる then why add くって?
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Tense of て clauses

I answered a question a while back where I translated the following: JR東日本は、新幹線で無線のLANのサービスを始めて、無料でインターネットが利用できるようにすることにしました JR East-Japan is beginning wireless LAN service on the shinkansen ...
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「ではなく」 in: 「x」ではなく「y」を使うべきでしょうか?

EDIT: Although very similar, this isn't a duplicate of the thread linked by @binom. The linked thread deals with how 「ではなく」 is formed; this one, with the sense in which 「ではなく」 is used. I read the ...
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list of actions + てくださる

suppose there is a finite list of actions i want someone to do for me. How would i go about expressing this? (perhaps naively) I would try say something like: 晩御飯を食べてお風呂に入って寝てください or ...
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Why is て form used here?

友達申請をしてくださって、ありがとうございます。 =>"Thank you that you have given the favor of doing a friend request." What I expressed in my translation is something which usually gives me a lot of trouble when I try to ...
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Why the te-form 開けて is used here

In an episode on Crayon Shin-Chan, Shin-Chan says 開けて! In this situation, he was knocking the door (For the second time he was knocking. His mom has already told him that he should properly say "I'...
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Question about the verb 「嗅ぐ」

Here is the sentence containing the verb in て-form. ひさしぶりに この本皮のグローブがしっとりと敵の血をすって なんともいえねえ においをかがしてくれる.... As my understanding, the pattern てくれる use て-form verb which the verb would be 嗅{か}いで. Is ...
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Can you explain この建物は築100年以上たっている to me?

I was studying the word 以上 and I found some examples with them. The meaning of 以上 in my textbook is "or more" and they put an example: 30度以上の日 = A day of 30 degrees or more. Then I was searching ...
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Understanding 見せていただいてて

While watching a Japanese TV drama I came across this sentence "私こちらのお店を見せていただいてて。。。" as shown in the image below. I can't understand the "見せていただいてて" part. Can anyone please break this part down and ...
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Specific usage of て形

Could someone please explain what function the 落ち着いて is serving in the below? What is its subject? CONTEXT: One character is musing out loud about the recent murders (it's a mystery manga) and she ...
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How to say something is [a colour] AND [another adjective] using て form 'and'?

Do all colours work as な adjectives or い adjectives when using て form 'and'? In a sentence such as "my phone is white and small", would it be 私のけいたいは白いで小さいです。OR ~けいたいはしろくて~? Also, if the colour were ...
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Is it possible ~ておく in continuous state (~ている)?

I'm curious now since I read in Tae Kim's Guide that ておく means to prepare/do something for the future. So for example, if one is currently in the progress of studying for the future would it be this? ...
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「〜に関するN」vs 「〜に関してのN」

In Japanese class, we just learned the grammatical form 「〜に関する」and its various usages. The conjugation 「〜に関しての」was also brought up, and our teacher said that there was virtually no difference between ...
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About ておいてね, what does it mean?

I was watching a Japanese TV drama and came across this sentence: そのへんのこと よ〜く念頭に置いといてね. I think といてね comes from ておいてね. Can anyone please tell me how do we use this ておいてね and when it is conjugates with ...
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て form and number, what does it mean example: “ザーレスが滅んで千年”

Sentence:  それがサングルド山脈のどこかにあるというのだが、ザーレスが滅んで千年、いまだに入り口すら見つかっていないのだ。 Is it "...after destruction of ザーレス thousand years passed, and even now..."
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Grammar analysis of “ぽくって”

Recently I heard the sentence: 強い、より命令ぽくってその人がこうもらえると思ってるものを返してほしい when the teacher was trying to explain difference between "要望" and "要求". I am wondering if "ぽくって" is the informal "テ形" of "っぽい" ...
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Difference between ので and て Form?

I've found this question across my JLPT N4 practice 1) 楽しかったですよ。参加(できなくて/できないので)、残念でしたね. The answer is できなくて What are the differences between ので and て in usage for reasonings?
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What is the usage of てくる in this sentence?

社長から電話がかかってきたとき、私は子供とピクニックに出かける準備をしていた I found this question on a JLPT N4 exercise, What I knew about the てくる is to do something and go back or to become, but I don't really think both might make ...
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What's the nuance of ordinary ~ると and ~てみると here?

重みがあって、振ると音がする未開封のクッキーの箱が、開けてみると空っぽだったみたいに。 Hello there. I'm in the process of reading a complex text now, and I myself am not really good at Japanese right now (around N5, maybe a bit less skillful ...
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「私は日本語会話を分かってみますからTwitchに日本のゲーマーズをみます。」

I wanted to write a short biography on my twitch account which I'm going to use to get used to spoken Japanese, but I am a beginner so I had to write this sentence with my Japanese grammar handbook ...
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What does the て and た forms look like before 音便?

I learned that the reason why て and た forms conjugate the way they do is because of a phenomenon known as 音便. And I know that 音便 happens because it's easier to say the word this way. However, what is ...
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What is the difference between ~してる and ~している?

When do you omit the い? Is it ungrammatical to use してる?
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What is the use of て-form at the end of this sentence?

何かヒーロー友に守られ血を流させて。 I interpret this sentence from the manga 「僕のヒーローアカデミア」to mean "Some hero I am, making my friends spill blood to protect me." However, I have two questions: What is the use of the ...
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Further clarification on ~てある

This is a follow up to this question regarding the difference between てある and ている. So far I have come across two possible reasons to use てある: てある and ている can both be used to show states, however ...
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Are these -てから the same?

I just encountered the following sentence: A) 祖父は生まれてから死ぬまで、この町に住んでいました。 B) お金を入れてから、このボタンを押してください。 Sentence B says "After you have inserted money, push this button please." Sentence A says "...
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How to use the emotional って?

That comes from Ranma 1/2. Ranma asked Akane to wake up him up, and she did that by throwing water on him. He then said: 何しやがるんだ! What the hell are ya doing! When she left, he then thought out ...
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When to use te form vs. で

So 「バスに乗って、会社に行きます。」means "I go to work by bus." Yet, 「バスで会社に行きます。」also means "I go to work by bus." Do these two sentences convey the exact same meaning, or is there some kind of nuance that exists ...
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と conjunction vs. て-form conjunction?

In the Genki series of textbooks, we are taught that both the て-form of a verb and the conjunction と can join sentences. I'm slightly unclear on their semantic differences. Some examples with my best ...
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I don't understand what's the te-form purpose in here

でも傘に穴空いてて髪が濡れた  I understand the message in this "But, my umbrella had a hole in it so my hair got wet" But I don't quite get what it's the te-form in 穴空いてて is doing, is it the te form of compound ...
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Why is there て form at the end of the sentence?

明日みんなで桜を見に行くんですが、先生もいっしょにいらっしゃらないかなと思いまして。 Why is it there? And does it make any difference in meaning compared to dictionary form for example?
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Using adjective's て form as “and”

I know that your can connect to adjectives with the て form, for example, 僕の彼女は美しくて優しいです。 My girfriend is beautiful and kind but can you follow that て with a continuation of the sentence, for example,...
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The interplay of this two verbs

The following sentence: この庭にある大きい石と池は、富士山と海をイメージして造られました。 This イメージして followed by 造られました irritates me. I know of several specific patterns where て form is directly succeeded by another verb like ...
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What is the difference between 行きます and 行ってきます (ました、ません etc)?

When talking with a friend in Japanese, they said "行ってないです", they cannot explain why it's different from "行きません/でした". As far as I'm aware, I'm not sure what the difference would be in terms of it ...
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difference between -なくて and -ないで [duplicate]

When I encounter these two, I usually don't have a problem understanding their meaning in the given context. Still, I don't really know what makes them different from each other xD -なくて still is ...
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using みる with the negative で form of a verb

食べてみる means to eat and see, aka try eating, but can you do this: 食べないでみる meaning "I'm gonna try not eating" 例えば 今日お風呂を入らないで見たい。臭くなりますか?
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Differences between た/てた

Context: From Yotsuba&, they went gathering chestnuts and one of them had a bug in it so they threw it away. But here the young girl is eating from the rest and her sister is saying that there ...
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Difference in use of words implying “decrease” or “decline”

For example, what is the difference between 減少(する) and 削減(する)? Would prefer an answer in English. And also which one is more correct? この株価は3年前からずっと減少している or この株価は3年前からずっと削減している。 Also, are there ...
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Translating a sentence with the て form

[彼は]銀行に入って2年目にアメリカの大学に留学しました。 I'm not sure how I should translate this sentence. The text where I found it describes the life of a japanese guy who graduated from a japanese university and then was ...
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What does しまおう mean? [duplicate]

~おう means "let's do something", while てしまう seems to mean completion of an action (A dictionary of basic japanese grammar). In Nihongo so-matome n3 there is this example: 今日は飲んじゃおう! which they ...
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About “tadashii”, present or past

It's the literal translation of this line お前を正しいと受け入れていた俺の心が弱かった omae o tadashii to ukeireteita ore no kokoro ga yowakatta "My heart was weak because accept that you are right" or "My heart was ...
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Can two requests be made in one sentence using ください?

For example, 許して正してください Or does this make little sense?
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What is て form at the end of sentences when it is not a request

I understand that the phrase ごめん、待たせてしまって! means "I am sorry (and regret) that I made you wait". This statement does not look like a request. Why is a て form and not past form た used here?
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Translating て-form + ばかりいないで

I have a sentence from page 39-108 of Lake and Ura's Learn to Read in Japanese. 食べてばかりいないで少し運動したほうがいいですよ The book gives a somewhat inscrutable: Eating only not being, it would be better to do a ...
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What 生きていけたら means here?

So I was listening to this song and practing a bit while doing so. When trying to translate this line the results I got so far were: そう信じてこれから生きていけたらどれだけ素敵なんだろう So believe me/it, from now on .....