Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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82 views

I have a particle curiosity

I tried translating"Grandpa fell down the stairs and got serious injuries". Since Grandpa is the subject,I used the wa particle,and since the action is in the past,I used the ta ending for &...
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Main usages of the た-Form

A couple of weeks ago I learned in my course the usage of the て-Form which were: Chaining verbs together , all of which are written in the で-Form and the last one is written with the polite form. The ...
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What does ''食べろっていう'' mean

ちょっとこれ1本でどうやって食べろっていうのよイヤがらせ? I was watching Gabriel Dropout, Episode 2, and then I came across with that sentence, but I don't get the logic behind it. Why is taberu even in imperative form? What ...
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Whats the meaning of the structure てたって?

I saw this structure on the caption of the anime Batman Ninja, when Joker is speaking: そこの猿野郎が俺たちの頭をいじくってたってわけで I think the only thing I don't understand there is the たって, after the verb いじくる in the て ...
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What is this て-form at the end of a sentence: 「まったく可愛くねー起こし方しやがって!」

That comes from Ranma 1/2. Ranma asked Akane to wake up him up, and she did that by throwing water on him. He then said: 何しやがるんだ! What the hell are ya doing! When she left, he then thought out ...
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Further clarification on ~てある

This is a follow up to this question regarding the difference between てある and ている. So far I have come across two possible reasons to use てある: てある and ている can both be used to show states, however ...
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question on ていく and てくる?

In the following sentence, 最近、宿題をしてこない生徒が多いです which means "Many students come to school without doing homework." why doesn't this mean "Many students don't come to school or do homework....
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What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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Where do dictionaries imply the use of て as 'present perfect/past' and '…ing'?

the new version of Question: 1)What definition in Dictionary implies the '...ing' function of て,( as in 魚を食べている.)? 2) What definition in Dictionary implies the 'present perfect' function of て,( as in ...
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“Te-form” versus “masu-stem + して” (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに)

Is there any difference between 消して and 消しして in the following sentences? For example, A: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消ししているうちに、朝になってしまった。 B: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消しているうちに、朝になってしまった。
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てを form grammar [duplicate]

I encountered this sentence with を directly after て: バックヤードの小包も減っては増えてを繰り返していたが、今日あたりから減る一方になっていた。 Is this a proper usage of を? I normally see を after either a noun or の. Here's how I think what the ...
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Is ちょっと待って。 grammatically correct? Since 待って is an adverbial and must be attached to another verb (as far as i heard/know) [duplicate]

Is ちょっと待って。 grammatically correct? Since 待って is an adverbial and must be attached to another verb (as far as i heard/know).
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What does 'ワインを買っていくよ。' mean?

I am very confused about the meaning of the expressions 'ていく' and 'てくる' and seems that every website I look has a different explanation. Translations that I think are good: 'Go in order to buy wine'; '...
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Do わずかに and しか alter the negation of negative verb to make the meaning positive?+Cases when 行っていません expresses the past?

私は学校へわずかに二ヶ月しか行っていません。 Translation was: I only went to school for barely 2 months. My understanding of the sentence was: 2)[I don't/didn't go to school for barely 2 months only]. Why would 1) be ...
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What conjugation of 送る is used in 返事をしたつもりだったが、送れていなかった

What is the list of conjugation forms that occurred to 送る in the sentence 返事をしたつもりだったが、送れていなかった。
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What does the く in 無くしてく do?

In the song 深い森 by Do As Infinity, this comes up: 僕たちは 生きるほどに 失くしてく 少しずつ 偽りや 嘘をまとい Is this 失くしてく a short-form of 失くしていく? Or is the く after the て-form of 失くす something else? Thanks a lot!
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What is the meaning of 映ってない?

I was checking tangorin.com for example sentences of 映る and the first example is 僕の目には君しか映ってないよ。本当さ which means "I only have eyes for you. Honestly." Closer to the literal sense I suppose ...
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What does て-form plus が mean?

I'm reading 「傘を持たない蟻たちは」and there is a sentence that reads:「その肌の白さが際立ったのは、着ていたタンクトップと肘から手にかけてが黒かったからだった。」What conjugation is て-form plus が?
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Semantic classification of verbs

Lately, I've been spending a lot of focus in how to translate certain verbs in the form ~ている. Mostly comes from the fact that, depending on the verb, it can have a meaning of prolonged action (e.g. ...
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Verb てform + くる what does it mean?

I'd like to know what is the meaning of the previous pattern I mentioned in the following sentence: 職場ではそんな話ばかりきこえてくるぞ! I guess きこえて is the てform of 聞こえる. But what is the meaning of きこえて + くる ...
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てからに in 大学を出てからにしたら meaning

父 : どうしたんだ? 母 : ゆき(Name of a person) が大学をやめて劇団の仕事やるって言ってるのよ。 父 : 劇団の仕事 ? ああ、ずいぶん熱心にやっているからな。 母 : 大学を出てからにしたらといったんだけど… What is the usage of に in 出てからに  Is it に indicating time ? (When Yuki's finished ...
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What is the difference in nuance between using て form and から to express “so” or “because”?

As discussed in this post. Example: このカフェは安くて好きだ。 このカフェは安いから、好きだ。 Besides the relative context dependency of the first sentence, is there a difference in meaning? Is there a reason to use one over the ...
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What is the meaning of て-forms in this sentence?

While reading a travel blog I stumbled upon this paragraph: この日は-25℃。寒くて落ち着いて歩いていられません。 In my understanding, 寒くて is a て-form of 寒い, 落ち着いて is a て-form of 落ち着く, and 歩いて is a て-form of 歩く. However, I'...
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Specific usage of て形

Could someone please explain what function the 落ち着いて is serving in the below? What is its subject? CONTEXT: One character is musing out loud about the recent murders (it's a mystery manga) and she ...
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What's the meaning of the てですね ending?

I was reading a manga and a character who is really excited about the situation says "毎日何度も指折り数えてですね!". Why does it end with the て form and why is ですね added? The full conversation is: A: ...
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Using stem (ます) form when linking sentences/ideas? [duplicate]

I was taught that when て form is used to link sentences and ideas, it shows succession in action. For example, 起きて、歯を洗いました means I woke up, and AFTER that, I brushed my teeth. But lately, I've been ...
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What is the difference between 連用形 'て-form' and the い-stem?

If they are the same syntactically, why is it right to say 食べている but not 食べいる? Why is it right to say 食べ続ける, but not 食べて続ける? Forgive my ignorance on this topic.
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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Can a て conjunction be used in a relative clause?

I considered a situation where two modifying clauses are joined by a て conjunction and wondered if such a thing was too ambiguous to be commonly used. (Brackets show what is being used as a modifying ...
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Does 'masu' form have its own te-form?

Things like「どういたしまして」, someone used「と申しまして」to their name, and more that I can't recall at the moment, it seemed like it's a te-form of masu-form, but I can't find any explanations of it. If it exists, ...
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Can i omit commas in sentence with multiple verbs connected by て-form (with “and” meaning)?

For example, I have sentence: 朝ご飯を食べて、学校に行きました。 Can I omit the comma or it is required?
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Is て-form used here to concatenate phrases? [duplicate]

The following phrase is taken from an NHK News article: 「...。そして国が出すお金を使って、働いている人が仕事を続けることができるようにしてほしいと会社に言います」 Why is 使う used in te-form? Just to concatenate the two sentences? Or is it some way to ...
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Help understanding せんで?

From this manga panel: I am trying to understand「せんで」. My guess is it's negated する. In Kansai-ben, I've read that しない=せん, but why is で added (instead of て like しなくて)? Is this how to て-form other ...
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Can the auxiliary verb Vteみる along with Vteいる i.e. Vteみている make the imperfect verb into a perfect verb

I just got a hang of Vteいる form, and was studying Vteみる and I wanted to ask whether, the Vteみる form causes the imperfect verb to become perfect (for that purposes). Background of the concept ている: ...
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Why do these sentences end differently?

This clip is taken from the Genki 1 CD (page 145, practice B) https://clyp.it/0hidoxpi?token=a6a5bcee7235ba7a1de2723699d145c4 I am confused about why some sentences end differently: かったです でした ...
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What is the meaning of the te-form + motion verb in 安心して歩ける

夜、安心して歩けるように街灯を増やして欲しい。 I can sort of understand the meaning of the sentence as someone wants/wishes that the (number of) street lights to increase so that they can feel safe walking at night. But I ...
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Can Vte差し上げる be used?

We know that Vteあげる can be used when we talk about the giver doing a; generous act, favour or being helpful. Further, we know that Vteあげる can be used when the two people are of the almost same social ...
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What is ~てみ form?

I read the following line from a manga: 入れてみ? このスイッチ 入れてみ? Is てみ an imperative form of てみる, the same way くれ is of くれる? If yes, can verb stems in general be used in that way?
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Japanese Past Progressive? [duplicate]

《アパート『へ』帰る『と』ハガキ『が』一枚届いていた…》 In that sentence, why is the verb using the past progressive form? 届いていた=〜て+いた right? Does it mean that the letter was being delivered when he got to this apartment? ...
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Ending a Sentence with the て form (does not seem like a request) rather it feels like an exclamation 君を超えて! [duplicate]

In My Hero Academia, Deku declares to his opponent 君を超えて!I tried searching the other threads here, but most of the questions that asked about the te form of a verb at the end of a sentence seemed to ...
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て versus combining-form for joining clauses

Is there a difference between these two sentences 昨日はビールを飲んでパイを食べました。 昨日はビールを飲みパイを食べました。 More generally, when should I choose one form over the other? Thanks.
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131 views

What are the difference in nuance between 置いている、置いてある、置いておく?

置いている : Depending on context, this can mean something like present progressive "being placed" or a completed state "have been placed". 置いてある : This is to refer to the resultant state of the item ...
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ている: 上がっています Context and Resultive State?

また石油の値段が上がっています。 I have problems comprehending the use of ている in this context. To my understanding, 上がっています used in the example sentence is referring to the state of the "increased" price of 石油 (oil) ...
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1answer
41 views

Usage of て-form in this sentence (Combining verb and adjective)

I came across this sentence, 星が光って、綺麗です To my understanding, て form is usually used to link multiple actions or talk about multiple states. How does the て form work in this sentence with an ...
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What's the difference between による, により and によって?

I don't understand when you use them and what the difference is between the three. For example, when you say: 火事によって多くの森林が焼けてしまった。 今回の地震による津波の心配はない。
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なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as conjunctions

I have been wondering about this, since every time I hand in a 作文 in a Japanese class, I'm corrected on conjunctions. It seems to me that whenever I use a てform as a conjunction, a response comes back ...
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Removal of て in Japanese novels

Is て sometimes dropped in Japanese Novella? I'm asking as I recall being told (in one of my previous question's comment section) that て is sometimes dropped in Japanese novels. And yet, when I went ...
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Is the 「て」 missing from 「され」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. ソフトのプレイ中にHOMEボタンを押すと、ソフトが中断されHOMEメニューが表示されます。 I think 「て」 should follow the verb 「中断され」 to create conjunctive/continuative form.
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Sentence translation: 昨日、学校が終わってから、桜子の家に子犬を見に行った。

I was reading online when I saw this: 昨日、学校が終わってから、桜子の家に子犬を見に行った。 Translates to Yesterday, after school was over, I went to see the puppy at Sakurako's house. Now the question is, in ...
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メアリーがアメリカに帰って悲【かな】しいです meaning

This is an example て-form sentence from bunpro where the translation is "Mary returned to the USA and I am sad." I'm wondering if this could also mean "Mary returned to the USA and she is sad" as ...

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