Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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1answer
92 views

Meaning of 安定して

政府は、世界と競争をするためには、日本で安定して半導体を作る工場ができることは大事だと言って... The government say it is important to build a factory which makes semiconductors ??? in Japan in order to compete with the (rest of) the world. I'm ...
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84 views

「たら」in linked sentences — is it possible to use only one conditional in two sentences like this?

Taken from the last volume of「娘の友達」, so please be aware of any spoilers! After overcoming multiple hardships and basically what felt like a breakup, the main character confesses to his girlfriend (...
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知りませんでした or 知っていませんでした?

A 「宿題はもう出しましたか」 B 「いいえ。昨日宿題がありましたか。私は___」 知りませんでした 知っていませんでした 覚えません 覚えませんでした I am a little confused because I don't quite catch the difference between the first two options. There was a similar ...
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2answers
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Why is there a を in "土日をただ寝て過ごしては"

待っているのは土日をただ寝て過ごしては、絶望の月曜朝を迎えるだけの社会人生活ですよ My guess is What you're waiting for is to spend Saturdays and Sundays sleeping, and a lifestyle of a working adult who faces Monday mornings with ...
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74 views

Uses of the motion verbs (行く、来る) with the te-form

I'm studying with Tae Kim and it says that you can use a verb in te-form + 行く、来る to show that an action is oriented toward or from someplace. In one example it says: 日本語をずっと前から勉強してきて、結局はやめた。 Studied ...
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109 views

て form with -たい is wrong right?

On a youtube channel I found such an example: "暑くてお酒を飲みたい" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dkFPCNt9ZKo&t=864s Isn't this wrong? I mean て form as reason can be used for feelings or for ...
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1answer
85 views

Linking two colours with te-form

So I read somewhere that you cannot describe an item with two colours using te-form. eg そのシャツは赤くてしろいです. Just want to verify if it's true, and if so, how would you link them? Would using the noun form ...
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47 views

How does 見ての work here? [duplicate]

I found this sentence and I don't know how the grammar works here: 俺たちを見ての反応。 Why is the verb in its て form? and is it different from saying "俺たちを見た反応"?
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93 views

Change into intransitive form

How will the following sentence be written using intransitive verb. Will the verb 建てる use が or を うちの前に高いビルを建てました。 Will it be: うちの前に高いビルが建てられて日当たりが悪くなりました。 Or うちの前に高いビルを建てられて日当たりが悪くなりました。
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Regarding になっている

A game I've been playing has released a new character and I've come across a reaction video in JP. 新キャラの役割はダメージになっている I do understand the meaning of the sentence, except the「になっている」part. The way I'...
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81 views

What's the meaning of 遅れておいて

Student A has been asked by a Teacher to bring Student B to their supplementary lesson. When confronted Student B remembers that the teacher said something about a supplementary lesson and after ...
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162 views

Meaning of 生まれている

My friends and I were translating another sentence containing 死んでいる which we determined to be an expression meaning "to be dead" (which Jisho agrees with). However, there was disagreement as ...
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Te form question in bay city song

At the beginning of Junko Yagami song "Bay city" there are several te form, i can't understand how they are "resolved". Romaji : anata wo otte Tasogare no Bay City meguri aetara ...
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119 views

Is the construction [されて終わりだ] grammatically correct?

I've found it in a parody website novel: のそのそしてる間に攻撃されて終わりだよ。 I tried to separate grammatically 攻撃されて終わりだ, but it's seems wrong to me: Passive voice in the て form + Aux-verb in the ます stem + だ ...
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93 views

て Ending, Short Phrase, and Possibly Fake Saying

In this anime clip: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=4iN2N8KgAw4 Gabriel uses poor Japanese to convey that Japanese is difficult and mentions a saying. As for the first sentence, what is the purpose of ...
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79 views

How does the て form work here?

So I've been told that when you use the て form of verbs in a sentence, the last verb is the one that tells you in what tense the sentence is, but I found this sentence: 目を合わせて逸らさない、というのはそれで真摯に見える。...
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133 views

Polite form of verbs without ます?

I read a small story with this sentence: お城から豆の木まで走り、豆の木を滑って家に帰りました。 The way I understand it, 走り is the noun form of the verb (polite form without masu) and is used in this phrase just like the て ...
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1answer
113 views

Why does the following sentence end in the て form? [duplicate]

In a conversation between a student (Mike) and his teacher: 先生: ええ。[子供の]頃、私の家の近くに柔道をやっていてとても元気な子供がいてね。 the latter ends the sentence with the ~て form. Why is that so? I would expect the sentence to ...
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-く form for な-adjectives [duplicate]

My textbook (A course in modern Japanese, volume two) states the following (Lesson 11 p.26): In spoken language, sentences are connected with the て-form. And in written language, they are connected ...
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1answer
128 views

Can you use the base of the 〜ます form to mean "and" in spoken Japanese?

When written I've read that you can use the base of the 〜ます form to mean "and". But does the same rule apply when spoken? For example, does the following sentence make sense when spoken? ...
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3answers
687 views

て form of past negative sentence with ちゃう

So I know that to use ちゃう we use the て form a verb and delete the て and add ちゃう, however; how would this work for example with 話す as in 話す->話さない->話さなかった If to say "I'm not speaking" is ...
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Using 〜ています with intransitive and transitive verbs

I am currently learning that 〜ています can be used to express a state that resulted from a previous action, e.g. でんきがついています。 All examples in my textbook (Minna No Nihongo - Lesson 29) use intransitive ...
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Why is「伊藤さんは仕事が多くて休みすぎのようです。」Wrong?

How come 「伊藤さんは仕事が多くて休みすぎのようです。」isn't grammatically correct? According to native speakers, this means something like: Itou-san has a lot of work, therefore he seems to be resting too much Which, yea,...
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3answers
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How to ask if an action in the past was permissible?

I'm familiar with the てもいい form to ask for permission to do something in the future. For instance: Is it okay if I eat the candy? 菓子を食べてもいいか。 How would I ask if something I did already in the past ...
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1answer
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Can "のたもうて" be the て−form of のたもう?

I just learned that the て/た form of the verb たまう can be たまうて/たまうた. Is this the same for the verb のたもう? I am trying to translate a song and this て construction seems to appear in it. If this is the ...
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1answer
77 views

て-form vs ます stem + て-form -- 遊んで vs 遊べて

What would be the difference in the meaning/grammar of 遊んで and 遊べて? Someone wrote me a text saying 一緒に遊べて楽しかったよ. I understand the meaning, but now that I think about it, I don't think I've ever come ...
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use of the に in 一番に, and about て form

Hi can someone help me to figure out what that に in 朝起きて一番に is doing? I´m confused. is it indicating an absolute time, or is it making it an adverbial for what comes next? and also, all the て forms is ...
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A question about 目を合わせる

So the thing is that I found the next sentence: 目を合わせて逸らさない、というのはそれだけで真摯に見える。 I understand the whole sentence and all, but that 「目を合わせて逸らさない」is troubling me. I asked what it meant, and it was ...
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2answers
161 views

「褒めても何も出ないよ」「褒めても何も出さないよ」

I think this is what people commonly say: 褒めても何も出ないよ But I feel iffy about the switch of subject here. 褒めても of course talks about the listener. Why does the subject switch to an inanimate thing in ...
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1answer
99 views

て form to joining sentences but in negative sense

I'm learning about the uses of て-form, one of them is to joining sentences like 家に帰ってTVを見る I come home and I watch TV but if I want to apply a negative sense to the て-form, do I have to use the ないで ...
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1answer
98 views

やまをこえ、のを こえて、。。。-- how to interpert "こえ"?

I'm a newbie and I'm now trying to parse my first text, the 11ぴきの猫 children book. There is a sentence: 山をこえ、のを こえて、どんどん 行くと、はるかむこうに みずうみが みえました。 I think the overall meaning is clear, but I'm puzzled ...
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Problems with から, て form and で (because)

Well, searching around the web I came across this post (Difference between から and で in context of because) that had a similar problem, but it did not resolve mine. I found these three sentences: ...
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見てないで and te form [duplicate]

I am at the very beginning of my learning of japanese and am not sure to understand the て in "見てないで". I think 見ないで would mean "don't watch" whereas 見てないで would mean "stop ...
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75 views

て-form + く - what does adding ku to a te-formed verb mean? [duplicate]

In: よし じゃあ 出席取ってくぞ what does adding "く" mean for the verb?
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1answer
153 views

Can I use て connecting form with ている?

I know I can use て-form to connect verbs (e.g chronological order) and I know I can use ている for repeated action. My question is: can I combine them? For example: 毎日{まいにち}コンビニに行{い}って、 りんごを買{か}っている。 ...
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1answer
60 views

Differences in usage between 付ける and 付けて行く

What are the differences between the two usages? From what I've surmised, the meaning is more or less the same. Typically, I tend to associate this usage of 行く to "moving away" from the ...
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100 views

What is the meaning of いて in this sentence?

I understand that いて is the て form of いる but I'm not 100% sure what exact purpose it serves in the following sentence: "こんな私でも奥さんにしてくれる人がいて...今本当に幸せなの" Any help would be much appreciated.
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151 views

How to negate connected verbs which in て-form?

As I know if I connect verbs with て-form then the last verb determine the tense, politeness. But how can I negate the sentence? Should I just negate the last verb or should I negate the verb which in ...
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43 views

When is「泣かない」used to mean 「泣かないで」? [duplicate]

『あなたの番です』第12話 has a scene where 黒島沙和, female in her early 20s, comforts 榎本総一, a 14 year old boy. 黒島「猫...それ...」 榎本「動かないんです。病院、知りませんか?」 黒島「でも...もう死んじゃってるんじゃないかな...」 榎本は泣いてしまう。 黒島「泣かない!泣かない!」 It is ...
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389 views

て・で and use of verbs that involve volition

I came across this sentence today (from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=puZj7spIvFE&t=213s, time: 3:25) コーヒーが好きで始めた仕事ではなく、お客様と接する仕事ということ  I didn't get into the coffee business for coffee, I just ...
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1answer
320 views

Is the で in というわけで the de-particle or the te-form of だ?

Would the で in というわけで be analyzed as the te-form of da or the de particle? Both of them seem like they would fit, as the de particle can indicate cause/reason (as alluded to in this similar question) ...
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1answer
75 views

Help understanding sentence that uses 辞めてった grammar

I'm going through a dialog in a game and I came across some grammar I don't think I understand in the following sentence: お前のこと好きになって辞めてった女子も けっこう いるって話じゃねーか! What is the grammar behind 辞めてった? I know ...
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63 views

How far can I go with adverbials?

How far can I go just piling them up before it becomes gibberish? 友達たちは、のびのび 話して 歩いて ビールを飲んで 物事を考えて 歩いた Is that something a Japanese person would actually say?
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54 views

Can the て-form + ね indicate present progressive tense? [duplicate]

While translating a song for Japanese practice and I came upon this phrase 「あきらか増えてね?」。 From the context of the song, I think it is saying, "It (referring to hair) is obviously increasing/growing,...
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48 views

How do I connect verbs with nominalisation?

For example: "I like dancing and singing" "My hobby is studying Japanese and playing guitar" How do I connect "studying and playing"? Do I have to use te form? I'm really ...
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1answer
81 views

Is the に time particle optional when talk about repeated action?

I have already learned about に time particle (in short: determines the action time if the time expression isn't relative). But I saw some text where dropped when used the まいとし, まいつき、まいにち etc. For ...
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1answer
92 views

Potential form verbs followed by adjectives to end a sentence have to be in te form?

Do potential verbs followed by adjectives ending a sentence have to be in te form? For example 見られて嬉しい instead of 見られる嬉しい.
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67 views

Is there a reason for 乞う to conjugate to 乞うて? [duplicate]

Usually, when conjugating Godan verbs ending with う into て-form, you would get って instead. Is there an etymological reason for this exception for 乞うて? I saw this in a rather recent book written in the ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Negative form and て行く (maybe て-form in general)

Sentence: 「おや、Xさん。テストの結果が貼りだされているというのに見て行かなくていいんですか?」 How 見ていく is used here is confounding me. 見て行く would be something like "see the test result and then go his way". I understand that what ...
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1answer
98 views

Difference between using 読点 and て形 when using multiple adjectives

When linking adjectives, you can either use 読点(、) or て-form. So I could write the following sentence in two ways: くじゃくは、長い、美しい尾を扇のように広げました。 くじゃくは、長くて美しい尾を扇のように広げました。 The peacock expanded its long, ...

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