Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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167 views

てからに in 大学を出てからにしたら meaning

父 : どうしたんだ? 母 : ゆき(Name of a person) が大学をやめて劇団の仕事やるって言ってるのよ。 父 : 劇団の仕事 ? ああ、ずいぶん熱心にやっているからな。 母 : 大学を出てからにしたらといったんだけど… What is the usage of に in 出てからに  Is it に indicating time ? (When Yuki's finished ...
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What is the difference in nuance between using て form and から to express “so” or “because”?

As discussed in this post. Example: このカフェは安くて好きだ。 このカフェは安いから、好きだ。 Besides the relative context dependency of the first sentence, is there a difference in meaning? Is there a reason to use one over the ...
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What is the meaning of て-forms in this sentence?

While reading a travel blog I stumbled upon this paragraph: この日は-25℃。寒くて落ち着いて歩いていられません。 In my understanding, 寒くて is a て-form of 寒い, 落ち着いて is a て-form of 落ち着く, and 歩いて is a て-form of 歩く. However, I'...
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Comparing: 行く、行っている、行きました、行っていました [closed]

ホテルに行く。I will go to a hotel. ホテルに行きました。I went to the hotel. ホテルに行っている。I am going to a hotel. ホテルに行っていました。I was going to the hotel. Are these correct?
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What's the meaning of the てですね ending?

I was reading a manga and a character who is really excited about the situation says "毎日何度も指折り数えてですね!". Why does it end with the て form and why is ですね added? The full conversation is: A: ...
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Using stem (ます) form when linking sentences/ideas? [duplicate]

I was taught that when て form is used to link sentences and ideas, it shows succession in action. For example, 起きて、歯を洗いました means I woke up, and AFTER that, I brushed my teeth. But lately, I've been ...
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47 views

What is the difference between 連用形 'て-form' and the い-stem?

If they are the same syntactically, why is it right to say 食べている but not 食べいる? Why is it right to say 食べ続ける, but not 食べて続ける? Forgive my ignorance on this topic.
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Can a て conjunction be used in a relative clause?

I considered a situation where two modifying clauses are joined by a て conjunction and wondered if such a thing was too ambiguous to be commonly used. (Brackets show what is being used as a modifying ...
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Does 'masu' form have its own te-form?

Things like「どういたしまして」, someone used「と申しまして」to their name, and more that I can't recall at the moment, it seemed like it's a te-form of masu-form, but I can't find any explanations of it. If it exists, ...
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Is て-form used here to concatenate phrases? [duplicate]

The following phrase is taken from an NHK News article: 「...。そして国が出すお金を使って、働いている人が仕事を続けることができるようにしてほしいと会社に言います」 Why is 使う used in te-form? Just to concatenate the two sentences? Or is it some way to ...
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Help understanding せんで?

From this manga panel: I am trying to understand「せんで」. My guess is it's negated する. In Kansai-ben, I've read that しない=せん, but why is で added (instead of て like しなくて)? Is this how to て-form other ...
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66 views

Can the auxiliary verb Vteみる along with Vteいる i.e. Vteみている make the imperfect verb into a perfect verb

I just got a hang of Vteいる form, and was studying Vteみる and I wanted to ask whether, the Vteみる form causes the imperfect verb to become perfect (for that purposes). Background of the concept ている: ...
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Why do these sentences end differently?

This clip is taken from the Genki 1 CD (page 145, practice B) https://clyp.it/0hidoxpi?token=a6a5bcee7235ba7a1de2723699d145c4 I am confused about why some sentences end differently: かったです でした ...
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1answer
75 views

What is the meaning of the te-form + motion verb in 安心して歩ける

夜、安心して歩けるように街灯を増やして欲しい。 I can sort of understand the meaning of the sentence as someone wants/wishes that the (number of) street lights to increase so that they can feel safe walking at night. But I ...
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What is ~てみ form?

I read the following line from a manga: 入れてみ? このスイッチ 入れてみ? Is てみ an imperative form of てみる, the same way くれ is of くれる? If yes, can verb stems in general be used in that way?
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Can Vte差し上げる be used?

We know that Vteあげる can be used when we talk about the giver doing a; generous act, favour or being helpful. Further, we know that Vteあげる can be used when the two people are of the almost same social ...
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Japanese Past Progressive? [duplicate]

《アパート『へ』帰る『と』ハガキ『が』一枚届いていた…》 In that sentence, why is the verb using the past progressive form? 届いていた=〜て+いた right? Does it mean that the letter was being delivered when he got to this apartment? ...
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Can i omit commas in sentence with multiple verbs connected by て-form (with “and” meaning)?

For example, I have sentence: 朝ご飯を食べて、学校に行きました。 Can I omit the comma or it is required?
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Ending a Sentence with the て form (does not seem like a request) rather it feels like an exclamation 君を超えて! [duplicate]

In My Hero Academia, Deku declares to his opponent 君を超えて!I tried searching the other threads here, but most of the questions that asked about the te form of a verb at the end of a sentence seemed to ...
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Main usages of the た-Form

A couple of weeks ago I learned in my course the usage of the て-Form which were: Chaining verbs together , all of which are written in the で-Form and the last one is written with the polite form. The ...
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What are the difference in nuance between 置いている、置いてある、置いておく?

置いている : Depending on context, this can mean something like present progressive "being placed" or a completed state "have been placed". 置いてある : This is to refer to the resultant state of the item ...
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ている: 上がっています Context and Resultive State?

また石油の値段が上がっています。 I have problems comprehending the use of ている in this context. To my understanding, 上がっています used in the example sentence is referring to the state of the "increased" price of 石油 (oil) ...
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Usage of て-form in this sentence (Combining verb and adjective)

I came across this sentence, 星が光って、綺麗です To my understanding, て form is usually used to link multiple actions or talk about multiple states. How does the て form work in this sentence with an ...
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Sentence translation: 昨日、学校が終わってから、桜子の家に子犬を見に行った。

I was reading online when I saw this: 昨日、学校が終わってから、桜子の家に子犬を見に行った。 Translates to Yesterday, after school was over, I went to see the puppy at Sakurako's house. Now the question is, in ...
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メアリーがアメリカに帰って悲【かな】しいです meaning

This is an example て-form sentence from bunpro where the translation is "Mary returned to the USA and I am sad." I'm wondering if this could also mean "Mary returned to the USA and she is sad" as ...
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日本語を勉強していて、楽しい? meaning

日本語を勉強していて、楽しい? (From Human Japanese Intermediate Ch. 24) This is translated as "Studying Japanese, is it fun?" in the lesson which got me a bit confused. Can someone explain more about what the て-...
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85 views

Clarification on て-form Usage on an Example Sentence and some Comparison

I got this example sentence online: 人生の最後は、ゲームをプレイして死にたいよね What function does て-form have in this sentence to have it mean this way? The chronological sequence, "and" function does not make sense ...
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Absence of て in お気をつけください

I’m uncertain about the phrase お気をつけください, which I found where I would have expected お気をつけてください. Assuming it’s not a typo is it 尊敬語? Should I understand the honorific お as qualifying 気 only or the ...
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61 views

やり い-form conjunction vs て-form conjunction

From Assimil's "Japanese With Ease" volume 2, lesson 72, sentence 10. その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから,そのたんびに起【お】こしてやり,半【はん】日【にち】かかって,やっとひとつの山【やま】から降【お】りられた。 その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから, ...
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Can な Adjectives be also used for combination with verbs

I am new to Japanese and found out that Adjectives can also be used along with verbs in て forms. I came to know that there are two adjectives い-adj and な-adj. い is an adjectival verb. Whereas, な is an ...
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Verb てform + くる what does it mean?

I'd like to know what is the meaning of the previous pattern I mentioned in the following sentence: 職場ではそんな話ばかりきこえてくるぞ! I guess きこえて is the てform of 聞こえる. But what is the meaning of きこえて + くる ...
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te form + takunaru

I was watching a "Chibi Maruko Chan" episode about Maruko wanting to pet a fluffy dog. In the subtitles, I saw「ずっと触ってたくなるよね」. So I understand that ずっと means "continuously," and that さわって is the te-...
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462 views

What is the meaning of かけてきた

I am confused by this part にかけてきた. Can someone explain to me? この曲を給食のときにかけてきた放送委員
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Understanding て+助詞

Frequently, て (te form) is used to indicate simultaneous, sequential, or causal relationships between the part of the sentence that comes before and the part of the sentence that comes after. ...
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Connection between 〜い adjectives and 〜く verbs?

The following pairs of inflections got me thinking a little bit. 〜く verb plain/te, for example: 働く・働いて 〜い adjective plain/nai, for example: 甘い・甘くない Both of these suggest that there is perhaps some ...
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Logic behind grammar patterns

One of my current biggest challenges in learning Japanese sentence patterns is knowing which verb forms to use when linking to set phrases. The largest classes of verb forms I've seen that are used ...
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136 views

What does …て…て mean?

I have the following sentence. その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた 。 I understand the use of ~て in ~ている, but I'm confused by two consecutive verbs using ~て as in 置かれて輝やいていた. Should I understand them ...
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Dictionary form vs Teiru form for habits [duplicate]

Some people say the ている form can be used to talk about regular habits. I'm not sure, but sometimes the dictionary form seems to be used in the same way. Is there any difference between them in that ...
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138 views

〜ていない vs 〜ないでいる

I read many times this question but I'm still confused about the differences between these two grammars. The first answer says that 〜ていない has a possible third meaning not used, "I eat my meal and I am ...
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515 views

分{わ}かる vs. 分{わ}かっている

What's the difference between 分かる and 分かっている? Based on my experience and this answer on HiNative, I assume 分かっている means something more like "I already know that (so you don't have to tell me)" and ...
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nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
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What is the function of て-form in this sentence?

「また独りになるのが怖くて。」 I just can't understand why the adjective 怖い in the end of this sentence is in て form. 助けてください。
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70 views

いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?
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208 views

ください without て form and auxiliary verbs

I read the following sentence on the shinkansen: かけ込み電車は危ないのでおやめください I looked up on Google but I could not find any mention of やめる being used without the て form. So why is it the case in that ...
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160 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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154 views

Explaining “向けてじゃないよ”

I watched a song "あの娘シークレット", and there are these lyrics: 僕に初めて 見せるような表情 でもそれは僕に向けてじゃないよ (Youtube link with timestamp: https://youtu.be/sgdPlDG1-8k?t=106) My question: I have never seen a じゃない ...
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162 views

Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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68 views

やる and あげる when used with て-form of verb [duplicate]

What's the difference when using やる and あげる with the て-form of a verb. For example: 教えてやる and 教えてあげる.
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1k views

Removal of て in Japanese novels

Is て sometimes dropped in Japanese Novella? I'm asking as I recall being told (in one of my previous question's comment section) that て is sometimes dropped in Japanese novels. And yet, when I went ...
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てform + よ meaning

https://www.lyrical-nonsense.com/lyrics/haku/shoudou/ In the first line 近づいて気付いてよ 恋の衝動 what is the purpose of putting よ after 気付いて. I would understand it if it was a plain form. Does the line mean "...

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