Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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69 views

Problems with から, て form and で (because)

Well, searching around the web I came across this post (Difference between から and で in context of because) that had a similar problem, but it did not resolve mine. I found these three sentences: ...
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見てないで and te form [duplicate]

I am at the very beginning of my learning of japanese and am not sure to understand the て in "見てないで". I think 見ないで would mean "don't watch" whereas 見てないで would mean "stop ...
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て-form + く - what does adding ku to a te-formed verb mean? [duplicate]

In: よし じゃあ 出席取ってくぞ what does adding "く" mean for the verb?
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Can I use て connecting form with ている?

I know I can use て-form to connect verbs (e.g chronological order) and I know I can use ている for repeated action. My question is: can I combine them? For example: 毎日{まいにち}コンビニに行{い}って、 りんごを買{か}っている。 ...
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Differences in usage between 付ける and 付けて行く

What are the differences between the two usages? From what I've surmised, the meaning is more or less the same. Typically, I tend to associate this usage of 行く to "moving away" from the ...
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What is the meaning of いて in this sentence?

I understand that いて is the て form of いる but I'm not 100% sure what exact purpose it serves in the following sentence: "こんな私でも奥さんにしてくれる人がいて...今本当に幸せなの" Any help would be much appreciated.
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How to negate connected verbs which in て-form?

As I know if I connect verbs with て-form then the last verb determine the tense, politeness. But how can I negate the sentence? Should I just negate the last verb or should I negate the verb which in ...
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When is「泣かない」used to mean 「泣かないで」? [duplicate]

『あなたの番です』第12話 has a scene where 黒島沙和, female in her early 20s, comforts 榎本総一, a 14 year old boy. 黒島「猫...それ...」 榎本「動かないんです。病院、知りませんか?」 黒島「でも...もう死んじゃってるんじゃないかな...」 榎本は泣いてしまう。 黒島「泣かない!泣かない!」 It is ...
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て・で and use of verbs that involve volition

I came across this sentence today (from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=puZj7spIvFE&t=213s, time: 3:25) コーヒーが好きで始めた仕事ではなく、お客様と接する仕事ということ  I didn't get into the coffee business for coffee, I just ...
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Is the で in というわけで the de-particle or the te-form of だ?

Would the で in というわけで be analyzed as the te-form of da or the de particle? Both of them seem like they would fit, as the de particle can indicate cause/reason (as alluded to in this similar question) ...
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Help understanding sentence that uses 辞めてった grammar

I'm going through a dialog in a game and I came across some grammar I don't think I understand in the following sentence: お前のこと好きになって辞めてった女子も けっこう いるって話じゃねーか! What is the grammar behind 辞めてった? I know ...
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How far can I go with adverbials?

How far can I go just piling them up before it becomes gibberish? 友達たちは、のびのび 話して 歩いて ビールを飲んで 物事を考えて 歩いた Is that something a Japanese person would actually say?
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Can the て-form + ね indicate present progressive tense? [duplicate]

While translating a song for Japanese practice and I came upon this phrase 「あきらか増えてね?」。 From the context of the song, I think it is saying, "It (referring to hair) is obviously increasing/growing,...
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How do I connect verbs with nominalisation?

For example: "I like dancing and singing" "My hobby is studying Japanese and playing guitar" How do I connect "studying and playing"? Do I have to use te form? I'm really ...
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Is the に time particle optional when talk about repeated action?

I have already learned about に time particle (in short: determines the action time if the time expression isn't relative). But I saw some text where dropped when used the まいとし, まいつき、まいにち etc. For ...
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Potential form verbs followed by adjectives to end a sentence have to be in te form?

Do potential verbs followed by adjectives ending a sentence have to be in te form? For example 見られて嬉しい instead of 見られる嬉しい.
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Is there a reason for 乞う to conjugate to 乞うて? [duplicate]

Usually, when conjugating Godan verbs ending with う into て-form, you would get って instead. Is there an etymological reason for this exception for 乞うて? I saw this in a rather recent book written in the ...
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Negative form and て行く (maybe て-form in general)

Sentence: 「おや、Xさん。テストの結果が貼りだされているというのに見て行かなくていいんですか?」 How 見ていく is used here is confounding me. 見て行く would be something like "see the test result and then go his way". I understand that what ...
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Difference between using 読点 and て形 when using multiple adjectives

When linking adjectives, you can either use 読点(、) or て-form. So I could write the following sentence in two ways: くじゃくは、長い、美しい尾を扇のように広げました。 くじゃくは、長くて美しい尾を扇のように広げました。 The peacock expanded its long, ...
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Meaning of -てる in 付けてる

I have stumbled across verbs such as 付けてる, listed as a conjugation of 付ける in takoboto. Is this equivalent to 付けている? Or what?
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How do you join たる-adjectives?

When joining い-adjectives and な-adjectives, you simply put them in 連用形 + て: この料理は美味しくて安いです。 田中さんは綺麗で親切です。 However, I have a bit of trouble with たる-adjectives. I couldn't find any resources on it. ...
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Where's the “intent” shown in this sentence

浦島太郎は心のやさしい若者で、毎日海へ出かけて魚をつって年老いたおとうさんとお母さんを養っていました。 Urashima Taro was a young man with a kind heart; he went out to sea every day to go fishing to support his elderly father and mother. This is from &...
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Is there a rule to writing verbs in hiragana or kanji when used as a suffix? [duplicate]

A common pattern I've noticed is for verbs like 行く and 来る after the て form of another verb. I know this is grammatically simply verb listing, but in terms of meaning the verbs often times sort of ...
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Need help parsing a sentence (てもいい or ても)

「子供たちに仕事ですか?」 「心配しなくても危険な仕事とかじゃないから」 I was reading a web novel and came across this sentences. For the second sentence, should I parse it as "心配しなくてもいい" and "危険な仕事とかじゃないから" as ...
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question about meaning of と言われては in this tweet

そんなに特殊なあれこれはしていないと思うのだけど……。「誰かがこのサイトを偽装しようとしています」と言われては、背景を調べずにokを押すわけにもいかない。こんなことをしている場合ではないのに。 Im don’t understand the meaning to this part : と言われては This might be an answered question but I ...
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Use of 揺らせ as 連用形

I've come across the following clause in ノルウェイの森. 十月の風はすすきの穂をあちこちで揺らせ, ... 揺らせ here clearly seems to be functioning as a 連用形, but I'm not quite sure how this can be derived from 揺らす as it's not 揺らして. ...
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What does the progressive tense 「〜ていて」 of the 「〜ている」 form mean?

The sentence at hand: 雪がたくさん降っていて、… My interpretation would be that 「降っていて」 is the て-form of 「降っている」, which is the ている-form of 「降る」. Intuitively I would understand this as something like "It ...
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Correct negative form of punctual verbs

Take the verb 座る. As a punctual verb, it appears as 座っている when describing a person who "has sat down and remains sitting." When using the negative, there are two options: 座らない and 座っていない. ...
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Placement of 〜て of manner in longer sentence (citing NHK Easy)

Reading an NHK Easy news article today, I came across the following sentence (emphasis mine): 新しいコロナウイルスがうつらないように、映像を使って人が集まらないようにする新しい技術を、いろいろな会社が考えています。 Which I have interpreted to mean Various ...
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「している」と「し続ける」の違い

活用のないままだと別物だと思われるのですが、例えば「want to keep doing something」と言いたい時、「していたい」とも「し続けたい」とも言うことができそうです。違いはあるでしょうか。それから先日、「英語で話しましょうか」と申し出してくださった相手に、そちらは英語でも構いませんが「こちらは日本語を使っていさせていただきたいです」という言い方をしてみたら、「...
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Grammar of て + (い)ましょう

How would one explain this -te form of the verb + mashou here: 姫, 城の中で隠れてましょうよ Does it mean: 隠れて (い)ましょう [Lets hide and stay] - where the て is used as sequential action OR 隠れて (い)ましょう [Lets keep ...
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Finishing a sentence with て [duplicate]

来年、フルマラソンに挑戦しようと思って Next year, I'm thinking of trying to run in a (full) marathon. Hopefully an easy one for you all. I'm curious why this sentence ends in 'て' and not 'ている/ています'. My (uneducated) ...
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I have a particle curiosity

I tried translating"Grandpa fell down the stairs and got serious injuries". Since Grandpa is the subject,I used the wa particle,and since the action is in the past,I used the ta ending for &...
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140 views

What does ''食べろっていう'' mean

ちょっとこれ1本でどうやって食べろっていうのよイヤがらせ? I was watching Gabriel Dropout, Episode 2, and then I came across with that sentence, but I don't get the logic behind it. Why is taberu even in imperative form? What ...
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Whats the meaning of the structure てたって?

I saw this structure on the caption of the anime Batman Ninja, when Joker is speaking: そこの猿野郎が俺たちの頭をいじくってたってわけで I think the only thing I don't understand there is the たって, after the verb いじくる in the て ...
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question on ていく and てくる?

In the following sentence, 最近、宿題をしてこない生徒が多いです which means "Many students come to school without doing homework." why doesn't this mean "Many students don't come to school or do homework....
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てを form grammar [duplicate]

I encountered this sentence with を directly after て: バックヤードの小包も減っては増えてを繰り返していたが、今日あたりから減る一方になっていた。 Is this a proper usage of を? I normally see を after either a noun or の. Here's how I think what the ...
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Is ちょっと待って。 grammatically correct? Since 待って is an adverbial and must be attached to another verb (as far as i heard/know) [duplicate]

Is ちょっと待って。 grammatically correct? Since 待って is an adverbial and must be attached to another verb (as far as i heard/know).
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Where do dictionaries imply the use of て as 'present perfect/past' and '…ing'?

the new version of Question: 1)What definition in Dictionary implies the '...ing' function of て,( as in 魚を食べている.)? 2) What definition in Dictionary implies the 'present perfect' function of て,( as in ...
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Do わずかに and しか alter the negation of negative verb to make the meaning positive?+Cases when 行っていません expresses the past?

私は学校へわずかに二ヶ月しか行っていません。 Translation was: I only went to school for barely 2 months. My understanding of the sentence was: 2)[I don't/didn't go to school for barely 2 months only]. Why would 1) be ...
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What conjugation of 送る is used in 返事をしたつもりだったが、送れていなかった

What is the list of conjugation forms that occurred to 送る in the sentence 返事をしたつもりだったが、送れていなかった。
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What does the く in 無くしてく do?

In the song 深い森 by Do As Infinity, this comes up: 僕たちは 生きるほどに 失くしてく 少しずつ 偽りや 嘘をまとい Is this 失くしてく a short-form of 失くしていく? Or is the く after the て-form of 失くす something else? Thanks a lot!
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What is the meaning of 映ってない?

I was checking tangorin.com for example sentences of 映る and the first example is 僕の目には君しか映ってないよ。本当さ which means "I only have eyes for you. Honestly." Closer to the literal sense I suppose ...
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What does て-form plus が mean?

I'm reading 「傘を持たない蟻たちは」and there is a sentence that reads:「その肌の白さが際立ったのは、着ていたタンクトップと肘から手にかけてが黒かったからだった。」What conjugation is て-form plus が?
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Semantic classification of verbs

Lately, I've been spending a lot of focus in how to translate certain verbs in the form ~ている. Mostly comes from the fact that, depending on the verb, it can have a meaning of prolonged action (e.g. ...
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2answers
198 views

てからに in 大学を出てからにしたら meaning

父 : どうしたんだ? 母 : ゆき(Name of a person) が大学をやめて劇団の仕事やるって言ってるのよ。 父 : 劇団の仕事 ? ああ、ずいぶん熱心にやっているからな。 母 : 大学を出てからにしたらといったんだけど… What is the usage of に in 出てからに  Is it に indicating time ? (When Yuki's finished ...
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196 views

What is the difference in nuance between using て form and から to express “so” or “because”?

As discussed in this post. Example: このカフェは安くて好きだ。 このカフェは安いから、好きだ。 Besides the relative context dependency of the first sentence, is there a difference in meaning? Is there a reason to use one over the ...
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77 views

What is the meaning of て-forms in this sentence?

While reading a travel blog I stumbled upon this paragraph: この日は-25℃。寒くて落ち着いて歩いていられません。 In my understanding, 寒くて is a て-form of 寒い, 落ち着いて is a て-form of 落ち着く, and 歩いて is a て-form of 歩く. However, I'...
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121 views

What's the meaning of the てですね ending?

I was reading a manga and a character who is really excited about the situation says "毎日何度も指折り数えてですね!". Why does it end with the て form and why is ですね added? The full conversation is: A: ...
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Using stem (ます) form when linking sentences/ideas? [duplicate]

I was taught that when て form is used to link sentences and ideas, it shows succession in action. For example, 起きて、歯を洗いました means I woke up, and AFTER that, I brushed my teeth. But lately, I've been ...

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