Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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2
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1answer
205 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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32 views

What does the te-form + motion verb mean in 広がってきています?

I came across the word 広がってきています. The sentence is 日本では脱プラスチックの取り組みが広がってきています. I believe this is the verb 広がる, to spread, in its て-form plus the continuous form of 来る. Is that right? So, if this ...
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1answer
86 views

Why are the verbs connected with てhere? 連れて帰って

I understand that you need to use て to connect two verbs but all the example I have seen are like 起きて、コーヒーを飲んだ . There's always a more "complete" sentence for the action that follows the first verb. ...
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2answers
159 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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What does してきてやる mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm reading Yotsuba (1st chapter) and I have come across the sentence じゃあ俺が用意してきてやるおまえ片付けてろ. The sentence translates as "WELL I'LL GO GET SOME STUFF THEN. YOU STAY HERE AND CLEAN UP." I'm having ...
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537 views

What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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1answer
72 views

Meaning of て form plus てね in dialog

I've come across a portion of dialog, which has some grammar that I have not seen before. Focusing on the portion in bold, what is the purpose of て form plus てね? What does てね mean and is it a ...
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99 views

Temporal ambiguity on mochiko packaging

I am making some shiratama mochi and want to know if I have to scoop the mochi out after they rise, or 1-2 minutes after they rise: だんごが浮{う}きあがって1~2分してから順{じゅん}にすくいあげ、冷水{れいすい}にとって、さまします。 My first ...
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explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
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Chaining verbs with ~て with an object [closed]

In an exercise, the following sentence came out: (complete the sentence with the propositions in the right order, and say which proposition matches the star) 母の誕生日に_____ _____ * _____贈った A. ...
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what the different te and tte?

hello minasan konnichiwa, what the different te and tte? what te = ( e ru and i ru) or to another? and tte =(a, o , u ru)? because some word i can fine like hairu ( to come in ) become haitte, why ...
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49 views

What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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2answers
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What is the purpose of 〜て in this sentence

This activity is from Genki 2 chapter 13 and I was given a question where I was to answer using the potential verb form. Here is what is showed: Q: 宿題をしましたか。 A: 難しすぎてできませんでした. I understand the ...
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1answer
68 views

Possible explanation for the ている-form also being used as past tense?

I was thrown for a loop when I found out that, in addition to describing events that are happening currently, the ている-form could also be used as past tense: まだ食べていない。 I have not eaten yet. I now ...
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2answers
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ては's role in this 「追いかけては来ないでしょう」

So I've read this article about 「ては」 "Te-form" versus "masu-stem + して" (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに) then I understand that there are 2 meanings. First is "Repeated/Habitual action" ...
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1answer
118 views

te form negative vs negative form (HW: やっていない, why not やらなかった or やっていなかった)

I've been studying Japanese here in Tokyo from scratch for a good 2 months now. I've been struggling with daily conversation but I try to improve each day by studying. Lately, I am trying to ...
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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What's the use of the て-form in this sentence?

While reading manga a character stole a power from another guy and said: ちょっとこいつの力を試してみたくてな。 I wonder what's the use of the て-form in みたい?. What would be the difference with こいつの力を試してみたいな
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Under what circumstance does using 普通形 of a verb imply a request?

Couple of days back, I was at Japanese class and 先生 wanted us to return the printouts he handed us earlier. 先生 used the sentence 「プリントを出します」instead of 「プリントを出して」. Some other examples I have seen are: ...
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もらう and もらって when used with various forms of verbs

What happens when I post-fix a って to もらう. Example: 手伝ってもらって. I know 手伝ってもらう means I receive the favor of someone helping me. But what does conjugating もらう to its て form does? Also, in its ...
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1answer
632 views

The meaning of a て-form verb at the end of this sentence

There are many explanations of t-form at the end of the sentence on internet like: 1) Connecting to other clauses, or if there is no continuation, expressing that you want to continue.て form at end ...
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Difference between using ていない/ている and just ない/る when used with potential (られる) form

I was surfing online for Japanese articles and chanced upon this sentence: 初めて飛行機に乗ったうちの子どもは静かに座っていられませんでした which translates to: my child who sat on a plane for the first time, couldn't sit quietly. ...
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1answer
96 views

注意する conjugation and ~てもらう

I'm to conjugate 注意する and associate it with either of "てあげる", "てくれる" and ”てもらう" in the following sentence: 隣の人がうるさくて眠れないので、大家さんから静かにするように(注意する)_____ことにしました。 I picked "注意してもらう", which gives this, ...
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59 views

〜ている + そうだ(様態) =?

How do you add そうだ meaning "looks like" to the 〜ている form? 〜て(い)そうだ? E.g. 皆が集まっている・食材が揃っている + そうだ = ?
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107 views

Why is 燃える + ゴミ = burnable? But the verb is not in ta-form

I saw this in the book. 管理人{かんりにん}: 燃{も}える ごみは 月{げつ}・水{すい}・金{きん}の 朝{あさ} 出{だ}して ください。 I remember that If we want to use a verb as an adjective, we need to change a verb into the Ta-form, but this ...
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2answers
357 views

What is this そらしてはなりたい

https://www.uta-net.com/song/248289/ From this song, I can't translate " 僕らは目をそらしてはなりたい" and I don't know what's "そらしてはなりたい"
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Tense of なる when used with おそい

すみません、 おそくなって。ずいぶんまちましたか。 I thought the meaning was : Sorry I am running late. Did you wait long? But when I googled it, the おそくなって means "I'm late." Is this one of the usual phrases used in ...
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1answer
120 views

'いつ空いていますか' vs 'いつ空きますか'

What's the difference between the two? According to some machine translation, it is: いつ空いていますか When are you free いつ空きますか When will you be free Is that as accurate?
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1answer
131 views

Difference between して and したり

What is the difference between saying 「最近毎日は何もをしなかったり、ただの寝るとからなるよ。」and「最近毎日は何もをしなくて、ただの寝るのよ。」 I'm not sure if one doesn't work with that sentence, or if this works the same in negative form, but I've ...
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1answer
97 views

Confusion between もらいます and くれます when used as a post-fix to te-form verbs

I was at Japanese class today and I heard these phrases while I was listening to chokai: 休んでくれますか (Can you give me the favour of resting for today) 休ませてもらいませんか (Can you let me rest for today?) ...
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2answers
159 views

te-form being used two times with the same verb

I saw the following sentences in a picture (attached to the footnotes) and the way it's written exactly the same: ありがとうございます が溢れて溢れて 悲しくて悲しくて 人にお花を買いたいと思う気持ち。 Since it's from a social media, I ...
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1answer
151 views

What is meant by 魔法が単なる数式みたくなって意味を見いだせなくなってしまう

I need some clarification on two sentences in the below. My first question is that I am not sure what それ is referring to in それを自分で把握, which makes me unable to understand the next sentence. A few ...
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1answer
220 views

Do I have a good grasp on the basics of what the continuative form is?

I'm doing some research as to what continuative forms are, due to naruto's previous answer to a earlier question of mine. To make sure I understand correctly; roughly; the "continuative form" is what ...
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93 views

Can から be omitted in てから?

In this sentence: "Toukyou ni hikkoshite, go-nen ni naru, " => Since moving to Tokyo, it has been [it comes out to] five years. From this site: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-...
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75 views

Contraction of ~ている

I've seen some examples of ~ている contractions, like この世は腐{くさ}ってる。 1) Is this a common occurrence? 2) How does this affect the formality of the sentence? 3) Is there a "rule" for the いる verb? ...
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1answer
67 views

-くて, -なくて forms of adjectives

I got confused by these forms. The book says that -くて(pos) and -なくて(neg) have to be connected with stem of an adjective, e.g. 安い: 安 + くて = 安くて. The positive form is pretty easy to understand and ...
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1answer
131 views

What does てくる mean when used with 選ぶ?

I don't understand what the difference is between this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選んできます。 and this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選ぶ。
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1answer
138 views

When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...
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99 views
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80 views

How to state facts in Japanese?

I was wondering if stating facts in an essay was usually done by using the ます form of an verb, or the ている form? I learned that the て form is, among other things, used to describe state of being of ...
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2answers
115 views

Verb woes; two or three questions

I'm working on a translation and there's this one line I can get through but can't get a handle on. こんなヤツに負けおって いままで何のために練習 してきたと思っておる! Problem 1 is that I can't figure out if this is one sentence ...
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246 views

Why is 何が used to mean “sorry for what?” instead of 何で?

I was watching an anime where character A apologizes to character B after trying to kiss her: A: ごめん!I’m sorry! B: 何が?言ってみて!For what? Just try to say it! My question is why was が used after ...
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1answer
154 views

What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
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164 views

What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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1answer
313 views

い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
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1answer
253 views

Does the tense of the final verb ALWAYS dictate the tense of an earlier て form verb?

So I was always taught in my textbooks that the last verb in a sentence dictates the whole tense of the sentence, e.g: 神戸に行って、映画を見ました。 I WENT to Kobe and WATCHED a movie. However, I've started ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Negative (te-form) + しまう

I'm translating a song and came across this line: 感じなくなっちゃえばいい At first I thought it was: 感じる in negative te-form + しまう in conditional ば form + いい But I think there's something wrong ...
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1answer
87 views

Desconstructing らしくなってきたの

Let me disassemble this construction bit by bit to see if I get it right, ok? So, の is the explanatory particle. The らしくな part comes from らしい. So らしくない is its negation. Now, I imagine that てきた is ...
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1answer
121 views

立ってそばを食べる vs 立ちながらそばを食べる

I have a question about grammar and usage. Please help. たち食いそば屋は、座らないで「?」そばを食べる店です。 The question is what grammar form should be inserted there. My book answer is 立って not 立ちながら. But what is wrong ...
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2answers
195 views

Can someone explain the grammar in this sentence “もうこれで終わってもいい”

I'm having problems with the particle で and its main function here. I can't figure out the real meaning of this sentence. もうこれで終{お}わってもいい I found that [Verb + Te-form + もいい] is used to ask ...