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Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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te form negative vs negative form (HW: やっていない, why not やらなかった or やっていなかった)

I've been studying Japanese here in Tokyo from scratch for a good 2 months now. I've been struggling with daily conversation but I try to improve each day by studying. Lately, I am trying to ...
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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What's the use of the て-form in this sentence?

While reading manga a character stole a power from another guy and said: ちょっとこいつの力を試してみたくてな。 I wonder what's the use of the て-form in みたい?. What would be the difference with こいつの力を試してみたいな
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Under what circumstance does using 普通形 of a verb imply a request?

Couple of days back, I was at Japanese class and 先生 wanted us to return the printouts he handed us earlier. 先生 used the sentence 「プリントを出します」instead of 「プリントを出して」. Some other examples I have seen are: ...
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もらう and もらって when used with various forms of verbs

What happens when I post-fix a って to もらう. Example: 手伝ってもらって. I know 手伝ってもらう means I receive the favor of someone helping me. But what does conjugating もらう to its て form does? Also, in its ...
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623 views

The meaning of a て-form verb at the end of this sentence

There are many explanations of t-form at the end of the sentence on internet like: 1) Connecting to other clauses, or if there is no continuation, expressing that you want to continue.て form at end ...
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Difference between using ていない/ている and just ない/る when used with potential (られる) form

I was surfing online for Japanese articles and chanced upon this sentence: 初めて飛行機に乗ったうちの子どもは静かに座っていられませんでした which translates to: my child who sat on a plane for the first time, couldn't sit quietly. ...
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注意する conjugation and ~てもらう

I'm to conjugate 注意する and associate it with either of "てあげる", "てくれる" and ”てもらう" in the following sentence: 隣の人がうるさくて眠れないので、大家さんから静かにするように(注意する)_____ことにしました。 I picked "注意してもらう", which gives this, ...
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〜ている + そうだ(様態) =?

How do you add そうだ meaning "looks like" to the 〜ている form? 〜て(い)そうだ? E.g. 皆が集まっている・食材が揃っている + そうだ = ?
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Why is 燃える + ゴミ = burnable? But the verb is not in ta-form

I saw this in the book. 管理人{かんりにん}: 燃{も}える ごみは 月{げつ}・水{すい}・金{きん}の 朝{あさ} 出{だ}して ください。 I remember that If we want to use a verb as an adjective, we need to change a verb into the Ta-form, but this ...
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What is this そらしてはなりたい

https://www.uta-net.com/song/248289/ From this song, I can't translate " 僕らは目をそらしてはなりたい" and I don't know what's "そらしてはなりたい"
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Tense of なる when used with おそい

すみません、 おそくなって。ずいぶんまちましたか。 I thought the meaning was : Sorry I am running late. Did you wait long? But when I googled it, the おそくなって means "I'm late." Is this one of the usual phrases used in ...
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'いつ空いていますか' vs 'いつ空きますか'

What's the difference between the two? According to some machine translation, it is: いつ空いていますか When are you free いつ空きますか When will you be free Is that as accurate?
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Difference between して and したり

What is the difference between saying 「最近毎日は何もをしなかったり、ただの寝るとからなるよ。」and「最近毎日は何もをしなくて、ただの寝るのよ。」 I'm not sure if one doesn't work with that sentence, or if this works the same in negative form, but I've ...
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Confusion between もらいます and くれます when used as a post-fix to te-form verbs

I was at Japanese class today and I heard these phrases while I was listening to chokai: 休んでくれますか (Can you give me the favour of resting for today) 休ませてもらいませんか (Can you let me rest for today?) ...
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te-form being used two times with the same verb

I saw the following sentences in a picture (attached to the footnotes) and the way it's written exactly the same: ありがとうございます が溢れて溢れて 悲しくて悲しくて 人にお花を買いたいと思う気持ち。 Since it's from a social media, I ...
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What is meant by 魔法が単なる数式みたくなって意味を見いだせなくなってしまう

I need some clarification on two sentences in the below. My first question is that I am not sure what それ is referring to in それを自分で把握, which makes me unable to understand the next sentence. A few ...
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Do I have a good grasp on the basics of what the continuative form is?

I'm doing some research as to what continuative forms are, due to naruto's previous answer to a earlier question of mine. To make sure I understand correctly; roughly; the "continuative form" is what ...
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Can から be omitted in てから?

In this sentence: "Toukyou ni hikkoshite, go-nen ni naru, " => Since moving to Tokyo, it has been [it comes out to] five years. From this site: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-...
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Contraction of ~ている

I've seen some examples of ~ている contractions, like この世は腐{くさ}ってる。 1) Is this a common occurrence? 2) How does this affect the formality of the sentence? 3) Is there a "rule" for the いる verb? ...
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-くて, -なくて forms of adjectives

I got confused by these forms. The book says that -くて(pos) and -なくて(neg) have to be connected with stem of an adjective, e.g. 安い: 安 + くて = 安くて. The positive form is pretty easy to understand and ...
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What does てくる mean when used with 選ぶ?

I don't understand what the difference is between this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選んできます。 and this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選ぶ。
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When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...
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How to state facts in Japanese?

I was wondering if stating facts in an essay was usually done by using the ます form of an verb, or the ている form? I learned that the て form is, among other things, used to describe state of being of ...
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Verb woes; two or three questions

I'm working on a translation and there's this one line I can get through but can't get a handle on. こんなヤツに負けおって いままで何のために練習 してきたと思っておる! Problem 1 is that I can't figure out if this is one sentence ...
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Why is 何が used to mean “sorry for what?” instead of 何で?

I was watching an anime where character A apologizes to character B after trying to kiss her: A: ごめん!I’m sorry! B: 何が?言ってみて!For what? Just try to say it! My question is why was が used after ...
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What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
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What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
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Does the tense of the final verb ALWAYS dictate the tense of an earlier て form verb?

So I was always taught in my textbooks that the last verb in a sentence dictates the whole tense of the sentence, e.g: 神戸に行って、映画を見ました。 I WENT to Kobe and WATCHED a movie. However, I've started ...
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Negative (te-form) + しまう

I'm translating a song and came across this line: 感じなくなっちゃえばいい At first I thought it was: 感じる in negative te-form + しまう in conditional ば form + いい But I think there's something wrong ...
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Desconstructing らしくなってきたの

Let me disassemble this construction bit by bit to see if I get it right, ok? So, の is the explanatory particle. The らしくな part comes from らしい. So らしくない is its negation. Now, I imagine that てきた is ...
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立ってそばを食べる vs 立ちながらそばを食べる

I have a question about grammar and usage. Please help. たち食いそば屋は、座らないで「?」そばを食べる店です。 The question is what grammar form should be inserted there. My book answer is 立って not 立ちながら. But what is wrong ...
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Can someone explain the grammar in this sentence “もうこれで終わってもいい”

I'm having problems with the particle で and its main function here. I can't figure out the real meaning of this sentence. もうこれで終{お}わってもいい I found that [Verb + Te-form + もいい] is used to ask ...
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How do you translate 作ってみたら in 妹がチーズドックを作ってみたら兄がwwww?

It would seem to me the sentence says "little sister makes cheese dokku (whatever that food is) and .. big brother ... ? I can't understand 作ってみたら . Is みたら the tara conditional form of 見る? Is it ...
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Problem with 大きくなって

I'm translating a letter and came across this sentence: 今{いま}よりもっと[大きく]{おおきく}なって... I'm having problems understanding the grammar used here. I know this means "When I get bigger" or "When I grow ...
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Understanding the translation of ~てほしいと頼まれました

In my Japanese textbook, it has the following phrase: 早稲田大学{わせだだいがく}の新聞部員{しんぶんぶいん}である日本人{にほんじん}の友達{ともだち}に、今、「世界{せかい}の大学{だいがく}」というテーマのシリーズを組{く}んでいるので、あなたにはアメリカの大学{だいがく}について投稿{とうこう}してほしいと頼{たの}まれました。 I ...
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How does ていた (from ている) compare to てくる and てきた?

I thought I'd understood the differences until I actually had to use them more often to express myself better. Since this is an old, recurring grammar topic, I'll just lay out all possible forms I can ...
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-ています / present continuous form not used in habitual action

I have read this sentence in my book : 山田{やまだ}さんは毎朝{まいあさ}6時{じ}に起きます{おきます}。 Why isn't the present continuous used (起きています) since it is obviously a habit for Yamada-san to wake up at 6 every morning?...
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A question about the usage of ては and ても

Why can't use も or は in the following sentence: 易しい質問に答えられなくて(は・も)、とても恥ずかしかった。 In the case of ても, I was told it probably has to do with 逆条件.
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double て verb. please help [duplicate]

I often have heard my japanese colleagues a double て used. example, kuruma nottete, ushiro mitete, genba ittete. what i know is single te is command but what does double te mean? does it make more ...
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Differentiate a cause from a succession of terms in a sentence using ~くて / で

How can one differentiate a cause from a succession in a sentence using ~くて / で ? In my book, these sentences are given as examples of successions of terms : 1- この店{みせ}は安{やす}くて,べんりです。 2- ここは新{...
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Why would you use 見えます instead of 見ます?

In the song イドラサーカス sung by 鏡音{かがみね}リン, there is the line, 「青{あお}い空{そら}が汚{よご}れて見{み}えますか?」I translated it using て as the present continuous. "Can you see the blue sky becoming dirty?" Is my translation ...
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usage of ぎりで in this sentence

どのくらいって、山と田地が少しあるぎりで、金なんかまるでないんでしょう これは夏目漱石の「こころ」の中の一文です。 この「ぎりで」の意味や使い方が分かりません。 Googleでも、「あるぎりで」を使う文章は相当に少ないです。 これらは「ぎりで」に関するページですが、 https://thesaurus.weblio.jp/content/%E3%81%8E%E3%82%8A%E3%81%...
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PhraseA-て + phraseB + ために + phrase C

From here: この行事は、お盆が終わって先祖の霊を送るために行われていて、300年以上の歴史があると言われています。 This is event is performed to dispatch the souls of the ancestors ??? and is said to have over 300 years of history. I'm struggling ...
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How to use 来る in the sense of “is coming”

While reading a book on grammar, I read the following: Context: Shima and Hastushiba Electric's racing team manager Ono are relaxing at a bar after a test run at the track and discussing their ...
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161 views

Two or more verbs modifying a noun

I would like to know about how we deal with two or more verbs modifying a noun. Do we connect the verbs using the TE-form or do we keep them in their original tenses? 激しい雷を伴った昨日から降り続いている雨のせいで、...
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300 views

What does てもいい mean? [duplicate]

I don't understand what もいい means in the following sentence: 鶏肉は炒めてもいいし、焼いたり、ローストしてもいい。 Any suggestions?
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Meaning of the the structure 〜V1てV2ようとしたが、〜 in the sentence

In the sentence (from Harry Potter) below Dudley tries to grab the letter and then read it. ダドリーが[手紙]{てがみ}を[奪]{うば}って[読]{よ}もうとしたが、おじさんは[手]{て}が[届]{とど}かないように[高々]{たかだか}と[掲]{かか}げていた。 When I read it ...