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Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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How to state facts in Japanese?

I was wondering if stating facts in an essay was usually done by using the ます form of an verb, or the ている form? I learned that the て form is, among other things, used to describe state of being of ...
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Verb woes; two or three questions

I'm working on a translation and there's this one line I can get through but can't get a handle on. こんなヤツに負けおって いままで何のために練習 してきたと思っておる! Problem 1 is that I can't figure out if this is one sentence ...
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Why is 何が used to mean “sorry for what?” instead of 何で?

I was watching an anime where character A apologizes to character B after trying to kiss her: A: ごめん!I’m sorry! B: 何が?言ってみて!For what? Just try to say it! My question is why was が used after ...
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What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
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What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
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Does the tense of the final verb ALWAYS dictate the tense of an earlier て form verb?

So I was always taught in my textbooks that the last verb in a sentence dictates the whole tense of the sentence, e.g: 神戸に行って、映画を見ました。 I WENT to Kobe and WATCHED a movie. However, I've started ...
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Negative (te-form) + しまう

I'm translating a song and came across this line: 感じなくなっちゃえばいい At first I thought it was: 感じる in negative te-form + しまう in conditional ば form + いい But I think there's something wrong ...
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Desconstructing らしくなってきたの

Let me disassemble this construction bit by bit to see if I get it right, ok? So, の is the explanatory particle. The らしくな part comes from らしい. So らしくない is its negation. Now, I imagine that てきた is ...
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立ってそばを食べる vs 立ちながらそばを食べる

I have a question about grammar and usage. Please help. たち食いそば屋は、座らないで「?」そばを食べる店です。 The question is what grammar form should be inserted there. My book answer is 立って not 立ちながら. But what is wrong ...
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Can someone explain the grammar in this sentence “もうこれで終わってもいい”

I'm having problems with the particle で and its main function here. I can't figure out the real meaning of this sentence. もうこれで終{お}わってもいい I found that [Verb + Te-form + もいい] is used to ask ...
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How do you translate 作ってみたら in 妹がチーズドックを作ってみたら兄がwwww?

It would seem to me the sentence says "little sister makes cheese dokku (whatever that food is) and .. big brother ... ? I can't understand 作ってみたら . Is みたら the tara conditional form of 見る? Is it ...
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Problem with 大きくなって

I'm translating a letter and came across this sentence: 今{いま}よりもっと[大きく]{おおきく}なって... I'm having problems understanding the grammar used here. I know this means "When I get bigger" or "When I grow ...
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Understanding the translation of ~てほしいと頼まれました

In my Japanese textbook, it has the following phrase: 早稲田大学{わせだだいがく}の新聞部員{しんぶんぶいん}である日本人{にほんじん}の友達{ともだち}に、今、「世界{せかい}の大学{だいがく}」というテーマのシリーズを組{く}んでいるので、あなたにはアメリカの大学{だいがく}について投稿{とうこう}してほしいと頼{たの}まれました。 I ...
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How does ていた (from ている) compare to てくる and てきた?

I thought I'd understood the differences until I actually had to use them more often to express myself better. Since this is an old, recurring grammar topic, I'll just lay out all possible forms I can ...
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-ています / present continuous form not used in habitual action

I have read this sentence in my book : 山田{やまだ}さんは毎朝{まいあさ}6時{じ}に起きます{おきます}。 Why isn't the present continuous used (起きています) since it is obviously a habit for Yamada-san to wake up at 6 every morning?...
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A question about the usage of ては and ても

Why can't use も or は in the following sentence: 易しい質問に答えられなくて(は・も)、とても恥ずかしかった。 In the case of ても, I was told it probably has to do with 逆条件.
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double て verb. please help [duplicate]

I often have heard my japanese colleagues a double て used. example, kuruma nottete, ushiro mitete, genba ittete. what i know is single te is command but what does double te mean? does it make more ...
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Differentiate a cause from a succession of terms in a sentence using ~くて / で

How can one differentiate a cause from a succession in a sentence using ~くて / で ? In my book, these sentences are given as examples of successions of terms : 1- この店{みせ}は安{やす}くて,べんりです。 2- ここは新{...
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Why would you use 見えます instead of 見ます?

In the song イドラサーカス sung by 鏡音{かがみね}リン, there is the line, 「青{あお}い空{そら}が汚{よご}れて見{み}えますか?」I translated it using て as the present continuous. "Can you see the blue sky becoming dirty?" Is my translation ...
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usage of ぎりで in this sentence

どのくらいって、山と田地が少しあるぎりで、金なんかまるでないんでしょう これは夏目漱石の「こころ」の中の一文です。 この「ぎりで」の意味や使い方が分かりません。 Googleでも、「あるぎりで」を使う文章は相当に少ないです。 これらは「ぎりで」に関するページですが、 https://thesaurus.weblio.jp/content/%E3%81%8E%E3%82%8A%E3%81%...
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PhraseA-て + phraseB + ために + phrase C

From here: この行事は、お盆が終わって先祖の霊を送るために行われていて、300年以上の歴史があると言われています。 This is event is performed to dispatch the souls of the ancestors ??? and is said to have over 300 years of history. I'm struggling ...
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How to use 来る in the sense of “is coming”

While reading a book on grammar, I read the following: Context: Shima and Hastushiba Electric's racing team manager Ono are relaxing at a bar after a test run at the track and discussing their ...
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Two or more verbs modifying a noun

I would like to know about how we deal with two or more verbs modifying a noun. Do we connect the verbs using the TE-form or do we keep them in their original tenses? 激しい雷を伴った昨日から降り続いている雨のせいで、...
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What does てもいい mean? [duplicate]

I don't understand what もいい means in the following sentence: 鶏肉は炒めてもいいし、焼いたり、ローストしてもいい。 Any suggestions?
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Meaning of the the structure 〜V1てV2ようとしたが、〜 in the sentence

In the sentence (from Harry Potter) below Dudley tries to grab the letter and then read it. ダドリーが[手紙]{てがみ}を[奪]{うば}って[読]{よ}もうとしたが、おじさんは[手]{て}が[届]{とど}かないように[高々]{たかだか}と[掲]{かか}げていた。 When I read it ...
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How to create te form and plain form from polite form?

I have only been taught polite form and I was wondering how to do te form and plain form using polite form. I don't really understand the verb groups yet which is why I am struggling with te form and ...
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te form for two or more verbs

In A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, one of the uses of the te form is given as listing two or more verbs. An example is given, which is: ジムは日本へ行って勉強しました。 This is translated as 'Jim went to ...
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殺す vs 殺して vs 殺されて confusion

In the trailer of the game-based anime Satsuriku no Tenshi, at 1:08 Rachel (the blonde little girl) says "私を殺して“. Now, as for my limited japanese, I would think that she says "I'll kill you", because ...
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Article title ends in te form [duplicate]

In this article the title ends with the verb in the Te-Form. Why is this or what is intended here? I don't think I have seen a sentence end with the Te-form before エアコンや扇風機を使う季節 火事に気をつけて My ...
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What does よ bring in 「〜ないでよね」?

I sometimes hear or read sentences such as: 行かないでよね! 聞かないでよね! I get 「行かないでね!」and 「行かないでよ!」 but I wonder what nuance is added when both of them are used like in these examples. I have the feeling ...
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About って in the following sentences

って has many meanings in spoken Japanese. Although I have looked it up in the dictionary, I am still confused about it. Please tell me the following usage. ①いいかげんに早く寝なさいだって(please tell me the ...
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What does this sentence translate to or what does 見ていて and 様子 mean in this context?

Here's the line from NHK easy news: ザギトワ選手のインスタグラムは世界で45万人ぐらいの人が見ていて、犬をかわいがる様子が人気になっています。 Link to the news article. Separating the part before and after comma into two parts, ...
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Difference between し and て形

例えば、 この掃除機は小さいし、軽いし、それに音が静かです。 この掃除機は小さくて、軽くて、それに音が静かです。
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In the phrase いかないで (Ikanaide), what's the function of で (de)? [duplicate]

I'm aware that 行かない means "don't go" (hope I'm not wrong). What I don't understand is the function of で. What's its use in this sentence? (I usually see that character used in です).
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Is 増える a state change verb?

I've been unclear about this for a while and a recent question on this site prompted me to ask for clarification. Consider the sentence, 犯罪が増えている. In this sentence, is it implied that the increasing ...
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The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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Grammar behind ending an utterance with 思って

I have been unable to identify the grammar point in the following sentence in bold. リンさんと一緒に行きたいと思って•••。 Is it the ている form? (If so, why is it shortened? Cannot find anything to it) Or is it ...
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Meaning of かまって in the following title

At the end of each tankōbon, the manga DEAD Tube has always an extra page with a funny drawing/short story. Every time it has a different title. In the volume in question the title of the extra page ...
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How to combine the honourific conjugation and て form?

I was trying to use combined verbs like 忘れてしまう, 連れて行く or 持ってくる with the honourific conjugation お stem になる. What is the correct way to use that conjugation with these types of verbs?
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Can te-form be used to modify a noun?

I encountered the te-form before a noun in the lyrics below: 見つめあなたの表情 (Staring at your expression) 隠して明星ギャラクティカ (Hide the Morning Star Galactica) そのときめいた気持ちが未知だって 手探りでいいから (full lyrics ...
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I don't understand て-form + おくれ structure [duplicate]

I am reading a manga and I happened to read these sentences: お前さん、起きておくれよ。 遅くなるといけないから、早く商いに行っておくれ。 What does the structure ~ておくれ mean?
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Apart from meaning “even if”, does 「ても・でも」 also mean “even though”?

Take the sentence 「私は老人でもそんなことまだできるよ」. At first glance, I would translate this as "Even if I were an old person, I could still do those things", implying that I am not yet old. But could I not also ...
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How to differentiate between separate meanings of て form?

Sometimes the て form has an adverbial meaning like: 重ねて or 歩いて行く and sometimes it functions as a way to connect two sentences. Is there an easy way to differentiate between what meaning is being used?...
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222 views

How is the て form used in this sentence?

There are two cases of the て form used that I do not understand in this sentence: 留学して本当に良かった。僕を変えてくれて友達や色々な大人の方には感謝。 The context is someone returning from overseas exchange. When I usually see ...
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What's the difference between an adjective's adverbial form and continuative form?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/adverbs http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/complete/verb_sequences <-also covers adjectives Following Tae Kim's guide, those two forms of 青黒い are ...
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Question about verb 「ひっこんでろい」

Here is the full sentence said by a young boxer to draw his coach out of the boxing ring. へっぽこセコンドはひっこんでろいっ If it is imperative form, I would like to know the grammatical difference between this ...
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Question about the meaning of あるく in this sentence

I don't understand the usage of あるく in this sentence: おれはあさっての朝早く、鳥のうちを一軒ずつまわって、お前が来たかどうかを聞いてあるく。 As I read it, it's "On the morning of the day after tomorrow, I will visit the birds' houses one ...
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126 views

あってから usage and あったから usage

こんにちは, Im quite new to this platform and also japanese, but recently a question struck me. How do I say , "Because I feel pain, I feel alive" or "Because I feel pain, I know that Im alive" Which is ...
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120 views

“ならない” usage in this sentence [duplicate]

I came across this piece of sentence in a jlpt n2 practice book. "一度はあきらめたが、まだ可能性はあるような気がしてならなかったので、もう一度やってみることにした" Which translates as this "Though I had initially given up, I still felt there was ...