Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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3
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1answer
106 views

〜ていない vs 〜ないでいる

I read many times this question but I'm still confused about the differences between these two grammars. The first answer says that 〜ていない has a possible third meaning not used, "I eat my meal and I am ...
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1answer
211 views

分{わ}かる vs. 分{わ}かっている

What's the difference between 分かる and 分かっている? Based on my experience and this answer on HiNative, I assume 分かっている means something more like "I already know that (so you don't have to tell me)" and ...
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92 views

nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
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1answer
73 views

What is the function of て-form in this sentence?

「また独りになるのが怖くて。」 I just can't understand why the adjective 怖い in the end of this sentence is in て form. 助けてください。
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66 views

いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?
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189 views

ください without て form and auxiliary verbs

I read the following sentence on the shinkansen: かけ込み電車は危ないのでおやめください I looked up on Google but I could not find any mention of やめる being used without the て form. So why is it the case in that ...
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131 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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Explaining “向けてじゃないよ”

I watched a song "あの娘シークレット", and there are these lyrics: 僕に初めて 見せるような表情 でもそれは僕に向けてじゃないよ (Youtube link with timestamp: https://youtu.be/sgdPlDG1-8k?t=106) My question: I have never seen a じゃない ...
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1answer
144 views

Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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1answer
55 views

やる and あげる when used with て-form of verb [duplicate]

What's the difference when using やる and あげる with the て-form of a verb. For example: 教えてやる and 教えてあげる.
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Removal of て in Japanese novels

Is て sometimes dropped in Japanese Novella? I'm asking as I recall being told (in one of my previous question's comment section) that て is sometimes dropped in Japanese novels. And yet, when I went ...
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てform + よ meaning

https://www.lyrical-nonsense.com/lyrics/haku/shoudou/ In the first line 近づいて気付いてよ 恋の衝動 what is the purpose of putting よ after 気付いて. I would understand it if it was a plain form. Does the line mean "...
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1answer
219 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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1answer
38 views

What does the te-form + motion verb mean in 広がってきています?

I came across the word 広がってきています. The sentence is 日本では脱プラスチックの取り組みが広がってきています. I believe this is the verb 広がる, to spread, in its て-form plus the continuous form of 来る. Is that right? So, if this ...
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1answer
92 views

Why are the verbs connected with てhere? 連れて帰って

I understand that you need to use て to connect two verbs but all the example I have seen are like 起きて、コーヒーを飲んだ . There's always a more "complete" sentence for the action that follows the first verb. ...
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2answers
163 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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What does してきてやる mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm reading Yotsuba (1st chapter) and I have come across the sentence じゃあ俺が用意してきてやるおまえ片付けてろ. The sentence translates as "WELL I'LL GO GET SOME STUFF THEN. YOU STAY HERE AND CLEAN UP." I'm having ...
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2answers
552 views

What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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1answer
80 views

Meaning of て form plus てね in dialog

I've come across a portion of dialog, which has some grammar that I have not seen before. Focusing on the portion in bold, what is the purpose of て form plus てね? What does てね mean and is it a ...
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1answer
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Temporal ambiguity on mochiko packaging

I am making some shiratama mochi and want to know if I have to scoop the mochi out after they rise, or 1-2 minutes after they rise: だんごが浮{う}きあがって1~2分してから順{じゅん}にすくいあげ、冷水{れいすい}にとって、さまします。 My first ...
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explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
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Chaining verbs with ~て with an object [closed]

In an exercise, the following sentence came out: (complete the sentence with the propositions in the right order, and say which proposition matches the star) 母の誕生日に_____ _____ * _____贈った A. ...
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156 views

what the different te and tte?

hello minasan konnichiwa, what the different te and tte? what te = ( e ru and i ru) or to another? and tte =(a, o , u ru)? because some word i can fine like hairu ( to come in ) become haitte, why ...
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1answer
51 views

What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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2answers
73 views

What is the purpose of 〜て in this sentence

This activity is from Genki 2 chapter 13 and I was given a question where I was to answer using the potential verb form. Here is what is showed: Q: 宿題をしましたか。 A: 難しすぎてできませんでした. I understand the ...
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1answer
73 views

Possible explanation for the ている-form also being used as past tense?

I was thrown for a loop when I found out that, in addition to describing events that are happening currently, the ている-form could also be used as past tense: まだ食べていない。 I have not eaten yet. I now ...
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2answers
115 views

ては's role in this 「追いかけては来ないでしょう」

So I've read this article about 「ては」 "Te-form" versus "masu-stem + して" (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに) then I understand that there are 2 meanings. First is "Repeated/Habitual action" ...
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1answer
143 views

te form negative vs negative form (HW: やっていない, why not やらなかった or やっていなかった)

I've been studying Japanese here in Tokyo from scratch for a good 2 months now. I've been struggling with daily conversation but I try to improve each day by studying. Lately, I am trying to ...
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2answers
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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1answer
55 views

What's the use of the て-form in this sentence?

While reading manga a character stole a power from another guy and said: ちょっとこいつの力を試してみたくてな。 I wonder what's the use of the て-form in みたい?. What would be the difference with こいつの力を試してみたいな
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1answer
72 views

Under what circumstance does using 普通形 of a verb imply a request?

Couple of days back, I was at Japanese class and 先生 wanted us to return the printouts he handed us earlier. 先生 used the sentence 「プリントを出します」instead of 「プリントを出して」. Some other examples I have seen are: ...
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2answers
123 views

もらう and もらって when used with various forms of verbs

What happens when I post-fix a って to もらう. Example: 手伝ってもらって. I know 手伝ってもらう means I receive the favor of someone helping me. But what does conjugating もらう to its て form does? Also, in its ...
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1answer
648 views

The meaning of a て-form verb at the end of this sentence

There are many explanations of t-form at the end of the sentence on internet like: 1) Connecting to other clauses, or if there is no continuation, expressing that you want to continue.て form at end ...
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2answers
102 views

Difference between using ていない/ている and just ない/る when used with potential (られる) form

I was surfing online for Japanese articles and chanced upon this sentence: 初めて飛行機に乗ったうちの子どもは静かに座っていられませんでした which translates to: my child who sat on a plane for the first time, couldn't sit quietly. ...
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1answer
99 views

注意する conjugation and ~てもらう

I'm to conjugate 注意する and associate it with either of "てあげる", "てくれる" and ”てもらう" in the following sentence: 隣の人がうるさくて眠れないので、大家さんから静かにするように(注意する)_____ことにしました。 I picked "注意してもらう", which gives this, ...
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59 views

〜ている + そうだ(様態) =?

How do you add そうだ meaning "looks like" to the 〜ている form? 〜て(い)そうだ? E.g. 皆が集まっている・食材が揃っている + そうだ = ?
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110 views

Why is 燃える + ゴミ = burnable? But the verb is not in ta-form

I saw this in the book. 管理人{かんりにん}: 燃{も}える ごみは 月{げつ}・水{すい}・金{きん}の 朝{あさ} 出{だ}して ください。 I remember that If we want to use a verb as an adjective, we need to change a verb into the Ta-form, but this ...
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2answers
363 views

What is this そらしてはなりたい

https://www.uta-net.com/song/248289/ From this song, I can't translate " 僕らは目をそらしてはなりたい" and I don't know what's "そらしてはなりたい"
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1answer
145 views

Tense of なる when used with おそい

すみません、 おそくなって。ずいぶんまちましたか。 I thought the meaning was : Sorry I am running late. Did you wait long? But when I googled it, the おそくなって means "I'm late." Is this one of the usual phrases used in ...
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1answer
120 views

'いつ空いていますか' vs 'いつ空きますか'

What's the difference between the two? According to some machine translation, it is: いつ空いていますか When are you free いつ空きますか When will you be free Is that as accurate?
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1answer
153 views

Difference between して and したり

What is the difference between saying 「最近毎日は何もをしなかったり、ただの寝るとからなるよ。」and「最近毎日は何もをしなくて、ただの寝るのよ。」 I'm not sure if one doesn't work with that sentence, or if this works the same in negative form, but I've ...
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1answer
99 views

Confusion between もらいます and くれます when used as a post-fix to te-form verbs

I was at Japanese class today and I heard these phrases while I was listening to chokai: 休んでくれますか (Can you give me the favour of resting for today) 休ませてもらいませんか (Can you let me rest for today?) ...
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2answers
164 views

te-form being used two times with the same verb

I saw the following sentences in a picture (attached to the footnotes) and the way it's written exactly the same: ありがとうございます が溢れて溢れて 悲しくて悲しくて 人にお花を買いたいと思う気持ち。 Since it's from a social media, I ...
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1answer
155 views

What is meant by 魔法が単なる数式みたくなって意味を見いだせなくなってしまう

I need some clarification on two sentences in the below. My first question is that I am not sure what それ is referring to in それを自分で把握, which makes me unable to understand the next sentence. A few ...
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1answer
282 views

Do I have a good grasp on the basics of what the continuative form is?

I'm doing some research as to what continuative forms are, due to naruto's previous answer to a earlier question of mine. To make sure I understand correctly; roughly; the "continuative form" is what ...
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1answer
96 views

Can から be omitted in てから?

In this sentence: "Toukyou ni hikkoshite, go-nen ni naru, " => Since moving to Tokyo, it has been [it comes out to] five years. From this site: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-...
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1answer
81 views

Contraction of ~ている

I've seen some examples of ~ている contractions, like この世は腐{くさ}ってる。 1) Is this a common occurrence? 2) How does this affect the formality of the sentence? 3) Is there a "rule" for the いる verb? ...
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1answer
80 views

-くて, -なくて forms of adjectives

I got confused by these forms. The book says that -くて(pos) and -なくて(neg) have to be connected with stem of an adjective, e.g. 安い: 安 + くて = 安くて. The positive form is pretty easy to understand and ...
3
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1answer
131 views

What does てくる mean when used with 選ぶ?

I don't understand what the difference is between this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選んできます。 and this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選ぶ。
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1answer
145 views

When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...