Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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32 views

Usage of て-form in this sentence (Combining verb and adjective)

I came across this sentence, 星が光って、綺麗です To my understanding, て form is usually used to link multiple actions or talk about multiple states. How does the て form work in this sentence with an ...
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Sentence translation: 昨日、学校が終わってから、桜子の家に子犬を見に行った。

I was reading online when I saw this: 昨日、学校が終わってから、桜子の家に子犬を見に行った。 Translates to Yesterday, after school was over, I went to see the puppy at Sakurako's house. Now the question is, in ...
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メアリーがアメリカに帰って悲【かな】しいです meaning

This is an example て-form sentence from bunpro where the translation is "Mary returned to the USA and I am sad." I'm wondering if this could also mean "Mary returned to the USA and she is sad" as ...
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日本語を勉強していて、楽しい? meaning

日本語を勉強していて、楽しい? (From Human Japanese Intermediate Ch. 24) This is translated as "Studying Japanese, is it fun?" in the lesson which got me a bit confused. Can someone explain more about what the て-...
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Clarification on て-form Usage on an Example Sentence and some Comparison

I got this example sentence online: 人生の最後は、ゲームをプレイして死にたいよね What function does て-form have in this sentence to have it mean this way? The chronological sequence, "and" function does not make sense ...
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Absence of て in お気をつけください

I’m uncertain about the phrase お気をつけください, which I found where I would have expected お気をつけてください. Assuming it’s not a typo is it 尊敬語? Should I understand the honorific お as qualifying 気 only or the ...
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やり い-form conjunction vs て-form conjunction

From Assimil's "Japanese With Ease" volume 2, lesson 72, sentence 10. その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから,そのたんびに起【お】こしてやり,半【はん】日【にち】かかって,やっとひとつの山【やま】から降【お】りられた。 その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから, ...
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Can な Adjectives be also used for combination with verbs

I am new to Japanese and found out that Adjectives can also be used along with verbs in て forms. I came to know that there are two adjectives い-adj and な-adj. い is an adjectival verb. Whereas, な is an ...
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Verb てform + くる what does it mean?

I'd like to know what is the meaning of the previous pattern I mentioned in the following sentence: 職場ではそんな話ばかりきこえてくるぞ! I guess きこえて is the てform of 聞こえる. But what is the meaning of きこえて + くる ...
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te form + takunaru

I was watching a "Chibi Maruko Chan" episode about Maruko wanting to pet a fluffy dog. In the subtitles, I saw「ずっと触ってたくなるよね」. So I understand that ずっと means "continuously," and that さわって is the te-...
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446 views

What is the meaning of かけてきた

I am confused by this part にかけてきた. Can someone explain to me? この曲を給食のときにかけてきた放送委員
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Understanding て+助詞

Frequently, て (te form) is used to indicate simultaneous, sequential, or causal relationships between the part of the sentence that comes before and the part of the sentence that comes after. ...
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Connection between 〜い adjectives and 〜く verbs?

The following pairs of inflections got me thinking a little bit. 〜く verb plain/te, for example: 働く・働いて 〜い adjective plain/nai, for example: 甘い・甘くない Both of these suggest that there is perhaps some ...
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Logic behind grammar patterns

One of my current biggest challenges in learning Japanese sentence patterns is knowing which verb forms to use when linking to set phrases. The largest classes of verb forms I've seen that are used ...
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126 views

What does …て…て mean?

I have the following sentence. その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた 。 I understand the use of ~て in ~ている, but I'm confused by two consecutive verbs using ~て as in 置かれて輝やいていた. Should I understand them ...
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Dictionary form vs Teiru form for habits [duplicate]

Some people say the ている form can be used to talk about regular habits. I'm not sure, but sometimes the dictionary form seems to be used in the same way. Is there any difference between them in that ...
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126 views

〜ていない vs 〜ないでいる

I read many times this question but I'm still confused about the differences between these two grammars. The first answer says that 〜ていない has a possible third meaning not used, "I eat my meal and I am ...
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分{わ}かる vs. 分{わ}かっている

What's the difference between 分かる and 分かっている? Based on my experience and this answer on HiNative, I assume 分かっている means something more like "I already know that (so you don't have to tell me)" and ...
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nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
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What is the function of て-form in this sentence?

「また独りになるのが怖くて。」 I just can't understand why the adjective 怖い in the end of this sentence is in て form. 助けてください。
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いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?
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ください without て form and auxiliary verbs

I read the following sentence on the shinkansen: かけ込み電車は危ないのでおやめください I looked up on Google but I could not find any mention of やめる being used without the て form. So why is it the case in that ...
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What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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Explaining “向けてじゃないよ”

I watched a song "あの娘シークレット", and there are these lyrics: 僕に初めて 見せるような表情 でもそれは僕に向けてじゃないよ (Youtube link with timestamp: https://youtu.be/sgdPlDG1-8k?t=106) My question: I have never seen a じゃない ...
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Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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やる and あげる when used with て-form of verb [duplicate]

What's the difference when using やる and あげる with the て-form of a verb. For example: 教えてやる and 教えてあげる.
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Removal of て in Japanese novels

Is て sometimes dropped in Japanese Novella? I'm asking as I recall being told (in one of my previous question's comment section) that て is sometimes dropped in Japanese novels. And yet, when I went ...
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てform + よ meaning

https://www.lyrical-nonsense.com/lyrics/haku/shoudou/ In the first line 近づいて気付いてよ 恋の衝動 what is the purpose of putting よ after 気付いて. I would understand it if it was a plain form. Does the line mean "...
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Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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What does the te-form + motion verb mean in 広がってきています?

I came across the word 広がってきています. The sentence is 日本では脱プラスチックの取り組みが広がってきています. I believe this is the verb 広がる, to spread, in its て-form plus the continuous form of 来る. Is that right? So, if this ...
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Why are the verbs connected with てhere? 連れて帰って

I understand that you need to use て to connect two verbs but all the example I have seen are like 起きて、コーヒーを飲んだ . There's always a more "complete" sentence for the action that follows the first verb. ...
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Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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What does してきてやる mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm reading Yotsuba (1st chapter) and I have come across the sentence じゃあ俺が用意してきてやるおまえ片付けてろ. The sentence translates as "WELL I'LL GO GET SOME STUFF THEN. YOU STAY HERE AND CLEAN UP." I'm having ...
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What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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Meaning of て form plus てね in dialog

I've come across a portion of dialog, which has some grammar that I have not seen before. Focusing on the portion in bold, what is the purpose of て form plus てね? What does てね mean and is it a ...
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Temporal ambiguity on mochiko packaging

I am making some shiratama mochi and want to know if I have to scoop the mochi out after they rise, or 1-2 minutes after they rise: だんごが浮{う}きあがって1~2分してから順{じゅん}にすくいあげ、冷水{れいすい}にとって、さまします。 My first ...
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explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
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Chaining verbs with ~て with an object [closed]

In an exercise, the following sentence came out: (complete the sentence with the propositions in the right order, and say which proposition matches the star) 母の誕生日に_____ _____ * _____贈った A. ...
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what the different te and tte?

hello minasan konnichiwa, what the different te and tte? what te = ( e ru and i ru) or to another? and tte =(a, o , u ru)? because some word i can fine like hairu ( to come in ) become haitte, why ...
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What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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What is the purpose of 〜て in this sentence

This activity is from Genki 2 chapter 13 and I was given a question where I was to answer using the potential verb form. Here is what is showed: Q: 宿題をしましたか。 A: 難しすぎてできませんでした. I understand the ...
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Possible explanation for the ている-form also being used as past tense?

I was thrown for a loop when I found out that, in addition to describing events that are happening currently, the ている-form could also be used as past tense: まだ食べていない。 I have not eaten yet. I now ...
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ては's role in this 「追いかけては来ないでしょう」

So I've read this article about 「ては」 "Te-form" versus "masu-stem + して" (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに) then I understand that there are 2 meanings. First is "Repeated/Habitual action" ...
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te form negative vs negative form (HW: やっていない, why not やらなかった or やっていなかった)

I've been studying Japanese here in Tokyo from scratch for a good 2 months now. I've been struggling with daily conversation but I try to improve each day by studying. Lately, I am trying to ...
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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What's the use of the て-form in this sentence?

While reading manga a character stole a power from another guy and said: ちょっとこいつの力を試してみたくてな。 I wonder what's the use of the て-form in みたい?. What would be the difference with こいつの力を試してみたいな
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Under what circumstance does using 普通形 of a verb imply a request?

Couple of days back, I was at Japanese class and 先生 wanted us to return the printouts he handed us earlier. 先生 used the sentence 「プリントを出します」instead of 「プリントを出して」. Some other examples I have seen are: ...
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132 views

もらう and もらって when used with various forms of verbs

What happens when I post-fix a って to もらう. Example: 手伝ってもらって. I know 手伝ってもらう means I receive the favor of someone helping me. But what does conjugating もらう to its て form does? Also, in its ...
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662 views

The meaning of a て-form verb at the end of this sentence

There are many explanations of t-form at the end of the sentence on internet like: 1) Connecting to other clauses, or if there is no continuation, expressing that you want to continue.て form at end ...
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Difference between using ていない/ている and just ない/る when used with potential (られる) form

I was surfing online for Japanese articles and chanced upon this sentence: 初めて飛行機に乗ったうちの子どもは静かに座っていられませんでした which translates to: my child who sat on a plane for the first time, couldn't sit quietly. ...

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