Questions tagged [て-form]

テ形. A non-finite form of a verb or adjective primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and". Linguists often refer to it as the "gerund" form, and some have also called it the "gerundive" or "past participle" form.

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58 views

Using 〜ています with intransitive and transitive verbs

I am currently learning that 〜ています can be used to express a state that resulted from a previous action, e.g. でんきがついています。 All examples in my textbook (Minna No Nihongo - Lesson 29) use intransitive ...
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Why is「伊藤さんは仕事が多くて休みすぎのようです。」Wrong?

How come 「伊藤さんは仕事が多くて休みすぎのようです。」isn't grammatically correct? According to native speakers, this means something like: Itou-san has a lot of work, therefore he seems to be resting too much Which, yea,...
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How to ask if an action in the past was permissible?

I'm familiar with the てもいい form to ask for permission to do something in the future. For instance: Is it okay if I eat the candy? 菓子を食べてもいいか。 How would I ask if something I did already in the past ...
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Can “のたもうて” be the て−form of のたもう?

I just learned that the て/た form of the verb たまう can be たまうて/たまうた. Is this the same for the verb のたもう? I am trying to translate a song and this て construction seems to appear in it. If this is the ...
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て-form vs ます stem + て-form — 遊んで vs 遊べて

What would be the difference in the meaning/grammar of 遊んで and 遊べて? Someone wrote me a text saying 一緒に遊べて楽しかったよ. I understand the meaning, but now that I think about it, I don't think I've ever come ...
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60 views

use of the に in 一番に, and about て form

Hi can someone help me to figure out what that に in 朝起きて一番に is doing? I´m confused. is it indicating an absolute time, or is it making it an adverbial for what comes next? and also, all the て forms is ...
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A question about 目を合わせる

So the thing is that I found the next sentence: 目を合わせて逸らさない、というのはそれだけで真摯に見える。 I understand the whole sentence and all, but that 「目を合わせて逸らさない」is troubling me. I asked what it meant, and it was ...
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「褒めても何も出ないよ」「褒めても何も出さないよ」

I think this is what people commonly say: 褒めても何も出ないよ But I feel iffy about the switch of subject here. 褒めても of course talks about the listener. Why does the subject switch to an inanimate thing in ...
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て form to joining sentences but in negative sense

I'm learning about the uses of て-form, one of them is to joining sentences like 家に帰ってTVを見る I come home and I watch TV but if I want to apply a negative sense to the て-form, do I have to use the ないで ...
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やまをこえ、のを こえて、。。。— how to interpert “こえ”?

I'm a newbie and I'm now trying to parse my first text, the 11ぴきの猫 children book. There is a sentence: 山をこえ、のを こえて、どんどん 行くと、はるかむこうに みずうみが みえました。 I think the overall meaning is clear, but I'm puzzled ...
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Problems with から, て form and で (because)

Well, searching around the web I came across this post (Difference between から and で in context of because) that had a similar problem, but it did not resolve mine. I found these three sentences: ...
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見てないで and te form [duplicate]

I am at the very beginning of my learning of japanese and am not sure to understand the て in "見てないで". I think 見ないで would mean "don't watch" whereas 見てないで would mean "stop ...
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て-form + く - what does adding ku to a te-formed verb mean? [duplicate]

In: よし じゃあ 出席取ってくぞ what does adding "く" mean for the verb?
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Can I use て connecting form with ている?

I know I can use て-form to connect verbs (e.g chronological order) and I know I can use ている for repeated action. My question is: can I combine them? For example: 毎日{まいにち}コンビニに行{い}って、 りんごを買{か}っている。 ...
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Differences in usage between 付ける and 付けて行く

What are the differences between the two usages? From what I've surmised, the meaning is more or less the same. Typically, I tend to associate this usage of 行く to "moving away" from the ...
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78 views

What is the meaning of いて in this sentence?

I understand that いて is the て form of いる but I'm not 100% sure what exact purpose it serves in the following sentence: "こんな私でも奥さんにしてくれる人がいて...今本当に幸せなの" Any help would be much appreciated.
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How to negate connected verbs which in て-form?

As I know if I connect verbs with て-form then the last verb determine the tense, politeness. But how can I negate the sentence? Should I just negate the last verb or should I negate the verb which in ...
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When is「泣かない」used to mean 「泣かないで」? [duplicate]

『あなたの番です』第12話 has a scene where 黒島沙和, female in her early 20s, comforts 榎本総一, a 14 year old boy. 黒島「猫...それ...」 榎本「動かないんです。病院、知りませんか?」 黒島「でも...もう死んじゃってるんじゃないかな...」 榎本は泣いてしまう。 黒島「泣かない!泣かない!」 It is ...
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385 views

て・で and use of verbs that involve volition

I came across this sentence today (from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=puZj7spIvFE&t=213s, time: 3:25) コーヒーが好きで始めた仕事ではなく、お客様と接する仕事ということ  I didn't get into the coffee business for coffee, I just ...
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Is the で in というわけで the de-particle or the te-form of だ?

Would the で in というわけで be analyzed as the te-form of da or the de particle? Both of them seem like they would fit, as the de particle can indicate cause/reason (as alluded to in this similar question) ...
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Help understanding sentence that uses 辞めてった grammar

I'm going through a dialog in a game and I came across some grammar I don't think I understand in the following sentence: お前のこと好きになって辞めてった女子も けっこう いるって話じゃねーか! What is the grammar behind 辞めてった? I know ...
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How far can I go with adverbials?

How far can I go just piling them up before it becomes gibberish? 友達たちは、のびのび 話して 歩いて ビールを飲んで 物事を考えて 歩いた Is that something a Japanese person would actually say?
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Can the て-form + ね indicate present progressive tense? [duplicate]

While translating a song for Japanese practice and I came upon this phrase 「あきらか増えてね?」。 From the context of the song, I think it is saying, "It (referring to hair) is obviously increasing/growing,...
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How do I connect verbs with nominalisation?

For example: "I like dancing and singing" "My hobby is studying Japanese and playing guitar" How do I connect "studying and playing"? Do I have to use te form? I'm really ...
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1answer
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Is the に time particle optional when talk about repeated action?

I have already learned about に time particle (in short: determines the action time if the time expression isn't relative). But I saw some text where dropped when used the まいとし, まいつき、まいにち etc. For ...
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Potential form verbs followed by adjectives to end a sentence have to be in te form?

Do potential verbs followed by adjectives ending a sentence have to be in te form? For example 見られて嬉しい instead of 見られる嬉しい.
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Is there a reason for 乞う to conjugate to 乞うて? [duplicate]

Usually, when conjugating Godan verbs ending with う into て-form, you would get って instead. Is there an etymological reason for this exception for 乞うて? I saw this in a rather recent book written in the ...
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Negative form and て行く (maybe て-form in general)

Sentence: 「おや、Xさん。テストの結果が貼りだされているというのに見て行かなくていいんですか?」 How 見ていく is used here is confounding me. 見て行く would be something like "see the test result and then go his way". I understand that what ...
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Difference between using 読点 and て形 when using multiple adjectives

When linking adjectives, you can either use 読点(、) or て-form. So I could write the following sentence in two ways: くじゃくは、長い、美しい尾を扇のように広げました。 くじゃくは、長くて美しい尾を扇のように広げました。 The peacock expanded its long, ...
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Meaning of -てる in 付けてる

I have stumbled across verbs such as 付けてる, listed as a conjugation of 付ける in takoboto. Is this equivalent to 付けている? Or what?
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How do you join たる-adjectives?

When joining い-adjectives and な-adjectives, you simply put them in 連用形 + て: この料理は美味しくて安いです。 田中さんは綺麗で親切です。 However, I have a bit of trouble with たる-adjectives. I couldn't find any resources on it. ...
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Where's the “intent” shown in this sentence

浦島太郎は心のやさしい若者で、毎日海へ出かけて魚をつって年老いたおとうさんとお母さんを養っていました。 Urashima Taro was a young man with a kind heart; he went out to sea every day to go fishing to support his elderly father and mother. This is from &...
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Is there a rule to writing verbs in hiragana or kanji when used as a suffix? [duplicate]

A common pattern I've noticed is for verbs like 行く and 来る after the て form of another verb. I know this is grammatically simply verb listing, but in terms of meaning the verbs often times sort of ...
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Need help parsing a sentence (てもいい or ても)

「子供たちに仕事ですか?」 「心配しなくても危険な仕事とかじゃないから」 I was reading a web novel and came across this sentences. For the second sentence, should I parse it as "心配しなくてもいい" and "危険な仕事とかじゃないから" as ...
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question about meaning of と言われては in this tweet

そんなに特殊なあれこれはしていないと思うのだけど……。「誰かがこのサイトを偽装しようとしています」と言われては、背景を調べずにokを押すわけにもいかない。こんなことをしている場合ではないのに。 Im don’t understand the meaning to this part : と言われては This might be an answered question but I ...
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Use of 揺らせ as 連用形

I've come across the following clause in ノルウェイの森. 十月の風はすすきの穂をあちこちで揺らせ, ... 揺らせ here clearly seems to be functioning as a 連用形, but I'm not quite sure how this can be derived from 揺らす as it's not 揺らして. ...
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What does the progressive tense 「〜ていて」 of the 「〜ている」 form mean?

The sentence at hand: 雪がたくさん降っていて、… My interpretation would be that 「降っていて」 is the て-form of 「降っている」, which is the ている-form of 「降る」. Intuitively I would understand this as something like "It ...
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Correct negative form of punctual verbs

Take the verb 座る. As a punctual verb, it appears as 座っている when describing a person who "has sat down and remains sitting." When using the negative, there are two options: 座らない and 座っていない. ...
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Placement of 〜て of manner in longer sentence (citing NHK Easy)

Reading an NHK Easy news article today, I came across the following sentence (emphasis mine): 新しいコロナウイルスがうつらないように、映像を使って人が集まらないようにする新しい技術を、いろいろな会社が考えています。 Which I have interpreted to mean Various ...
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「している」と「し続ける」の違い

活用のないままだと別物だと思われるのですが、例えば「want to keep doing something」と言いたい時、「していたい」とも「し続けたい」とも言うことができそうです。違いはあるでしょうか。それから先日、「英語で話しましょうか」と申し出してくださった相手に、そちらは英語でも構いませんが「こちらは日本語を使っていさせていただきたいです」という言い方をしてみたら、「...
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1answer
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Grammar of て + (い)ましょう

How would one explain this -te form of the verb + mashou here: 姫, 城の中で隠れてましょうよ Does it mean: 隠れて (い)ましょう [Lets hide and stay] - where the て is used as sequential action OR 隠れて (い)ましょう [Lets keep ...
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Finishing a sentence with て [duplicate]

来年、フルマラソンに挑戦しようと思って Next year, I'm thinking of trying to run in a (full) marathon. Hopefully an easy one for you all. I'm curious why this sentence ends in 'て' and not 'ている/ています'. My (uneducated) ...
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117 views

Why are が and ~て appropriate instead of は and ~た in the following sentence?

I tried translating "Grandpa fell down the stairs and got serious injuries". Since "Grandpa" is the subject, I used the particle は (wa), and since the action is in past tense, I ...
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1answer
145 views

What does ''食べろっていう'' mean

ちょっとこれ1本でどうやって食べろっていうのよイヤがらせ? I was watching Gabriel Dropout, Episode 2, and then I came across with that sentence, but I don't get the logic behind it. Why is taberu even in imperative form? What ...
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1answer
89 views

Whats the meaning of the structure てたって?

I saw this structure on the caption of the anime Batman Ninja, when Joker is speaking: そこの猿野郎が俺たちの頭をいじくってたってわけで I think the only thing I don't understand there is the たって, after the verb いじくる in the て ...
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2answers
122 views

question on ていく and てくる?

In the following sentence, 最近、宿題をしてこない生徒が多いです which means "Many students come to school without doing homework." why doesn't this mean "Many students don't come to school or do homework....
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26 views

てを form grammar [duplicate]

I encountered this sentence with を directly after て: バックヤードの小包も減っては増えてを繰り返していたが、今日あたりから減る一方になっていた。 Is this a proper usage of を? I normally see を after either a noun or の. Here's how I think what the ...
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Is ちょっと待って。 grammatically correct? Since 待って is an adverbial and must be attached to another verb (as far as i heard/know) [duplicate]

Is ちょっと待って。 grammatically correct? Since 待って is an adverbial and must be attached to another verb (as far as i heard/know).
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141 views

Where do dictionaries imply the use of て as 'present perfect/past' and '…ing'?

the new version of Question: 1)What definition in Dictionary implies the '...ing' function of て,( as in 魚を食べている.)? 2) What definition in Dictionary implies the 'present perfect' function of て,( as in ...
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79 views

Do わずかに and しか alter the negation of negative verb to make the meaning positive?+Cases when 行っていません expresses the past?

私は学校へわずかに二ヶ月しか行っていません。 Translation was: I only went to school for barely 2 months. My understanding of the sentence was: 2)[I don't/didn't go to school for barely 2 months only]. Why would 1) be ...

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