Linked Questions

18 votes
4 answers
8k views

What is the *proper* differentiation between 来る and 行く?

In many beginning Japanese classes, 来る【くる】 and 行く【いく】 are presented as "to come" and "to go," respectively. Dictionaries generally also define them this way. However, every once in a while in more ...
rintaun's user avatar
  • 7,609
13 votes
1 answer
2k views

What's the difference between 歩んでいった and 歩んできた?

私はまっすぐな人生を歩んできた。 私はまっすぐな人生を歩んでいった。 Could someone explain to me the difference between the two? Thanks a lot! Edit: I still find ていった confusing even after reading the other post. So ...
Newbie's user avatar
  • 133
6 votes
3 answers
3k views

Differences between た/てた

Context: From Yotsuba&, they went gathering chestnuts and one of them had a bug in it so they threw it away. But here the young girl is eating from the rest and her sister is saying that there ...
TheComputerist's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Meaning of 寒くなる vs. 寒くなっています

Today it crossed my mind how could I translate this, and some confusion arose with the verbal forms to use. If I wanted to say "I got cold", I would say 寒くなった However, for "I'm ...
Jak's user avatar
  • 937
5 votes
2 answers
23k views

In Japanese, what does the word "kimashita" mean and how does it work?

In my text book it says “kimashita” is the past form of “to come”. But then in the textbook it says: How long have you worked here? Koko de wa dorekurai hataraite kimashita ka? How does “kimashita” ...
big_smile's user avatar
  • 1,163
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

When to use 出て来る over 出る

Here is a sentence from the children's story ももたろう, describing when the child appears from within the giant peach. 桃の中から赤ちゃんが出てきました。 My dictionary lists 出て来る as meaning "to come out" with ...
shinykitten's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

「Vていった」 v.s. 「Vてきた」 in the case of 「お花しおれてっちゃった」

In the animated film Spirited Away, there is a line (00:00:54) saying: 「お花しおれてっちゃった」, a contracted form of 「お花がしおれていってしまった」. According to this page by 東京外国語大学, the difference between 「Vていった」 and 「...
null's user avatar
  • 1,611
4 votes
3 answers
153 views

Difference between "seems" from past evidence and "seems" from current experience

Part way through this question I got a bit side-tracked. I'll try and express my problem better here. I think that the conclusion to the previous question was that 飛行機が混みそうです means "It seems the ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.2k
4 votes
1 answer
313 views

What's the purpose of adding って here?

Wouldn't 連れてくれよ be exactly the same?
Simon's user avatar
  • 989
4 votes
1 answer
124 views

Couple of translation questions

I'm on chapter eight of Genki 1 and I'm struggling with a couple of pieces of dialogue and their translations. Here's the first: たけしさん、あしたみんなでバーベキューをしませんか。 The given translation is "Takeshi, ...
Badgerer's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
6k views

Different ways of saying "X continues / keep doing X"

I am trying to figure out the differences between all of these forms listed below. The examples are all part of these two pages: http://japanesetest4you.com/jlpt-n3-grammar-list/ http://...
Michael's user avatar
  • 241
4 votes
1 answer
295 views

Meaning of auxiliary ゆく/いく in this context

While translating a song, I've stumbled upon the following sentence: 落ちた希望を拾って明日に繋いでゆけば Which got me wondering what the difference between the following two is: 落ちた希望を拾って明日に繋いでゆけば 落ちた希望を拾って明日に繋げば ...
Daniel Safari's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
165 views

What does 生きる mean in 才能が生きてくる? Is that expression an idiom? Can you provide some extra examples highlighting the same usage of 生きる?

I came across the following sentence in my textbook, 新完全マスターN2 文法, and I can't understand the part in bold font: チャンスがあってはじめて、才能が生きてくるのではないだろうか。 I looked up the expression 才能が生きる just in case it was ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
  • 6,651
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

Verbs +「~てくる」 , which verbs? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Difference between -て行く and -て来る my doubt is which verbs I can use with ~てくる (~ていく) ABOUT ME I don't want to say "I undestand", but I'd like to say "I'm understanding" (I'm ...
daniel tomio's user avatar
  • 2,213
3 votes
1 answer
203 views

What does 運を消費していく mean?

i'm asking myself what 運を消費していく means? Context: My penpal won concert tickets and i congragulated him with おめでとうございます! and he responded with ありがとうございます!!運を消費していく. Unfortunately i had not the time to ...
Laz22434's user avatar
  • 155
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

Meaning of いって in しっかりしていって

I have trouble fully understanding what's the role of いって in this sentence: リノンのことだけはしっかりしていってくれればと思うけど。 To give it a bit background, this is what Konoha from 月が導く異世界道中 is thinking about Rinon, the ...
Quit007's user avatar
  • 945
3 votes
1 answer
223 views

行ってこなかった meaning

筆記試験の重要性は今更説明するまでもないが、学校はこれまで、体育祭や合宿くらいなもので他学年との交流を深くは行ってこなかった。 It was a sentence from a light novel ようこそ実力至上主義の教室へ that I'm reading at this moment. The school is going to hold a special exam where ...
Amanda Zhang's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
123 views

Meaning of 挙げてきた in this sentence [closed]

実際問題として、近年多くの企業が新卒求職者に求める能力として挙げてきたのが、まさにコミュニケーション能力、「コミュ力」なのであった。 The 挙げてきた part is confusing me, I can't seem to find a definition of this word. In general struggling to translate this sentence and ...
Faye Larkins's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the difference between 行きます and 行ってきます (ました、ません etc)?

When talking with a friend in Japanese, they said "行ってないです", they cannot explain why it's different from "行きません/でした". As far as I'm aware, I'm not sure what the difference would be in terms of it ...
Mat's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
3 answers
663 views

Colloquial grammar question: ...が出来たから...ってくれって言ってきたんだろうが!

My colloquial Japanese needs some brushing up on, in particular with grammar. I'm currently reading a manga, the context is that Character 1 showed up and Character 2 seems surprised that he's there. ...
Leila's user avatar
  • 1,017
3 votes
1 answer
189 views

Interpreting きている

My question is how to understand きている when used after verbs like 入る etc. For example: 太陽の光が中に入ってきているのでとても明るい空間になっていて How is the きている to be interpreted here? I guess in my head the question stems ...
madgadget's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
311 views

How does ていた (from ている) compare to てくる and てきた?

I thought I'd understood the differences until I actually had to use them more often to express myself better. Since this is an old, recurring grammar topic, I'll just lay out all possible forms I can ...
Yeti Ape's user avatar
  • 1,242
3 votes
3 answers
756 views

What is the difference between ~ていてください and ~ていってください?

a.ゆっくりしていてください b.ゆっくりしていってください What's the difference between these two sentences? How to translate them?
たつ_'s user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
828 views

Difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる

What is the difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる? I looked up くる in 大辞林 and found the following: ある事態が出現し,またある現象が現れる意を表す。 「生まれてくる子供のために」 「なくした本が出てきた」 But this still doesn't help me understand the ...
user6981's user avatar
  • 257
3 votes
2 answers
346 views

ていく (auxiliary verb) - Clarification on nuance

I was revising the grammar for ていく and got this sentence from the Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar. これからは寒くなっていく The meaning the book gave was that "It will get colder (and continue to be ...
DK4739's user avatar
  • 331
2 votes
1 answer
358 views

A consistent explanation about the various forms of ていくand てくる?

I don't know if my question will be well received but I searched a pretty long time and didn't found a good answer so I try. I was trying to read this NHK article and I found this form: 「いや、実はそもそも、...
Jirei's user avatar
  • 2,277
2 votes
1 answer
130 views

「辞めてった」 in お前のこと好きになって辞めてった女子も

I'm going through a dialog in a game and I came across some grammar I don't think I understand in the following sentence: お前のこと好きになって辞めてった女子も けっこう いるって話じゃねーか! What is the grammar behind 辞めてった? I ...
Tylersanzura's user avatar
  • 2,052
2 votes
1 answer
351 views

Is こられた (from 来られた from 来られる) here working as a passive helping?

I came across two paragraphs in which こられた is mentioned. 1st paragraph: 萩生田文部科学大臣は、NHKの取材に対し、「報道が事実だとすれば、これまで体調が悪い中でも業務を続けてこられたのに、ここにきて辞任されるのは非常に残念だ。まだお若いので、今後は体調に気をつけていただきながら後輩への指導をしっかりしてもらいたい」...
davidpolygoth's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
172 views

question on ていく and てくる?

In the following sentence, 最近、宿題をしてこない生徒が多いです which means "Many students come to school without doing homework." why doesn't this mean "Many students don't come to school or do homework....
Herenti's user avatar
  • 43
2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Who "acts out" the verb here?

https://i.imgur.com/3cb9EjH.png Found it while browsing fan forums on Nier automata. I'm not sure what the second paragraph means here? It looks like the speaker cuts himself off. Who does the ...
UnwantedGooseQuestion's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
128 views

How do these two を relate to the respective verbs?

For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-1-edition-m?sentenceID=SrOvSLFfSOyCJFzmEmFt Sentence in question: そこを、対向車線を走る車が、もうスピードですれちがっていく => "vehicles, which ...
Narktor's user avatar
  • 4,847
2 votes
1 answer
262 views

What does 白く濁っていく mean?

Reading the lyrics of the song 化粧直し by 東京事変 the first sentence says: 貴方が去ったあとのこの部屋 白く濁っていく So I translate that to: You left after this room 白く濁っていく What do 白く濁っていく means?
Gotey's user avatar
  • 221
2 votes
1 answer
286 views

Meaning of くる in 鼻の奥まで染みこんでくる

独特の臭いだな。鼻の奥まで染みこんでくるぞ。 穴から水が溢れてくる 水槽に手を入れると舐め回してくる人なつっこいホトケドジョウ てくる is something I've never really seen a clear and comprehensive explanation of the different uses and what they mean. They ...
roflcoptaz's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
270 views

Using 〜ていく and 〜てくる [duplicate]

I think that I understand how 〜ていく and 〜てくる affect the meanings of verbs thanks to posts like this. However, I have trouble understanding why one might use these suffixes when the change in meaning ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
133 views

Did I interprete this 反対してきました correctly?

For full context: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011277371000/k10011277371000.html The sentence in question: ローマ法王は、今までも「人間は広島や長崎から何も学んでいない」などと言って、核兵器に反対してきました。 My attempt at translation: "...
Narktor's user avatar
  • 4,847
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

Struggling to parse last section of 「あんた 子どもたちを 森へ すててきておくれ」

The sentence is from a Japanese telling of Hansel and Gretel and I know enough to read it as "Leave your children in the forest before it is too late." What I don't understand here is how すてる has ...
Simon Gill's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
330 views

When do you use forms of 歩く as a verb to talk about walking?

I've come across different usages of 歩く as a verb and was unsure in which scenarios they would be most appropriate to use. Is 歩く used with 来る? 東京タワーまで歩いて来ます。 Or is it used with 行く? 東京タワーまで歩いて行きます。 ...
username__hidden__'s user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
152 views

NHK News Easy article: Constant tense changes, and そこに as a conjunction

In this NHK News Easy story, the second paragraph describes an online video showing a river suddenly flooding. 初めは、水は静かに流れています。そこに、急に水がたくさん流れてきます。川はすぐに茶色の水でいっぱいになりました。流れる水の力もとても強くなりました。 The tense is ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
  • 2,192
1 vote
1 answer
110 views

What does the te-form + motion verb mean in 広がってきています?

I came across the word 広がってきています. The sentence is 日本では脱プラスチックの取り組みが広がってきています. I believe this is the verb 広がる, to spread, in its て-form plus the continuous form of 来る. Is that right? So, if this ...
NeonGabu's user avatar
  • 481
1 vote
1 answer
151 views

What does いきやすい say here?

The following is an excerpt from a dialogue between me and my language partner. We talked about movies deviating in certain points from the original works they are derived from (e.g. Lord of the rings ...
Narktor's user avatar
  • 4,847
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

What do the words 「きてやった」 mean?

It is a situation that a little girl throwing several raw eggs to two policemen. After that, she was running away and saying the below sentence. Here is the sentence. なっとうもふりかけてきてやった
George's user avatar
  • 4,247
1 vote
1 answer
116 views

What does the きた in this sentence mean?

今度は何を覚えてきた? Mother said to her daughter that just got back home I wanna interpret it as "what did you learn? (and got back here home)?" but i don't know if that's correct.
prdel smradkava's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
130 views

Usage of the てくる in 近づいてくる。

瞳に涙をためながら、おずおずと、彼が香織さんに近づいてくる。 I'm curious, what is the usage of てくる in this sentence? Why not いく? Given the character in question is clearly "heading" for the 香織さん and it's not 香織さん coming ...
Bluegate's user avatar
  • 1,201
1 vote
1 answer
104 views

what does きた mean in 履いてきた

like in 履いてきた靴 how would it change if i wrote 履いた靴?
sieman's user avatar
  • 73
1 vote
1 answer
135 views

Usage of っ inbetween て and た forms?

I have seen quotes in manga and games in which a verb will be presented as (If I remember correctly) "しまっていった" as opposed to "しまっていた". Why is this? Is this an anomaly? Is one form ...
wanwandrew's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

駅まで遠いですから、歩いていくので - は疲れますよ or 疲れていますよ。

駅まで遠いですから、歩いていくのでは 疲れますよ 疲れていますよ。 I chose 2 above but it was wrong, 1 - は疲れますよ is the correct answer. My interpretation and reasoning: "The station is far from here so, I walked and therefore I ...
fynxgloire's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

Is「していこう」another way to write「移行する」

人間はみな平等だよね、そういう社会にしていこうね I think this quote means something along the lines of transitioning into a society in which everyone is equal, but if that is an accurate translation, then why is していこう not ...
GreenLemonLime's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
381 views

What does きた do in this sentence

What is the difference between 中学生になってもずっとボーッと生きてきたけど 中学生になってもずっとボーッと生きたけど What does きた do in this sentence this is from the second episode of the anime K-On! the character is telling a story about ...
k-on fan's user avatar
  • 313
1 vote
1 answer
232 views

Meaning of 付いてくる and 付いていく

While it may appear as possible duplicate The difference between "follow" using についていく、「あと?」をつける、「あと?」をついていく , the specificity here is a school/training context which was not discussed ...
Makoto's user avatar
  • 1,268
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

What's きます in 持ってきます?

What does きます mean here? Also I'd like a translation for this sentence. 女の子達は両親に朝御飯を持ってきます。
Dav7n's user avatar
  • 1,339

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