Linked Questions

9
votes
1answer
8k views

小さな vs 小さい/大きな vs 大きい [duplicate]

Is there any difference in meaning between 小さな and 小さい / 大きな and 大きい? I know that they have different syntactical rules, but semantically is there any difference? I was once told that 大きな was more ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

When to use 大きい and 大きな? [duplicate]

I've very often seen both and I use both randomly depending on my small experience. What is the grammar behind that? For example: 人生の小さな瞬間 Why not 人生の小さい瞬間?
50
votes
6answers
10k views

i-adjectives used as na-adjectives: is there a difference? (e.g. 大きい versus 大きな)

There are at the very least several i-adjectives can be used as na-adjectives by dropping the final い and adding な in its place. The most common examples of this, as far as I am aware, are 大きい and 小さい,...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

What's the difference between 大きいケーキ and 大きなケーキ?

I'm studying for Japanese exam of the second year and teacher corrected this sentence-mistake: 音楽 を 聞いた あとで、大きい ケーキ を たべました。 was corrected to  音楽 を 聞いた あとで、大きな ケーキ を たべました。 What is the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What does 'na' at the end of a word mean?

I saw many questions regarding "na" at the end of a sentence; however, what about at the end of a word? Consider these two sentences:  Korewa ōkina kurumadesu. (これはおおきなくるまです) This is a big ...
14
votes
1answer
545 views

How did やわらかい gain its い?

As we know, there is a class of adjectives that end in 〜らか: 滑【なめ】らか, 明【あき】らか, 清【きよ】らか, 安【やす】らか, etc. やわらか (柔らか or 軟らか) is also in this class of adjectives. However, it can also be written as the イ-...
8
votes
1answer
625 views

What exactly is 我が家, and how is it used?

I know the phrase 我が家 means "our home" or "our family". My question is when would you use it, as opposed to say 私の家 or 私の家族? It seems poetic to me, or something that wouldn't exactly be used in ...
4
votes
2answers
256 views

Is there a good explanation for the forms 大きな, 小さな and 多くの?

Is there a good historical/etymological explanation why 大きい and 小さい can take the な ending in attributive position? Also, is there a good historic/etymological explanation why 多い in attributive use ...
5
votes
1answer
266 views

What is 我が身 and how is it justified in this sentence?

First off, I tried looking at the explanation here. However, the reasons for 我が家 don't seem to apply to 我が身. Here is the excerpt that doesn't seem to apply from Jesse Good's post: The above also ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Why is 色んな an adjectival and not an adjective?

I encountered the word here: 世界で色んな人が食べ物がないから、食べ物を捨ててはならない!と子供の頃から両親 が教えてくれた。 and the 'adjectival' definition in https://jisho.org/search/%E8%89%B2%E3%82%93%E3%81%AA Edit: Both @Leebo 's and @Aeon ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

i-Adjective before a Noun, here with a “な”

Source: Lecture notes: Japanese grammar, basic course, University of Duisburg, Germany, Ch. 13, page 5 https://www.japanisch-grund-und-intensivkurs.de/grammar/sem1/lesson13/...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Compound word ending with an adjective stem (形容詞語幹) and used as a noun or a na-adjective

The word 大忙{おおいそが}し is classified as a noun or a na-adjective. If I analyze it correctly, the word 大忙し consists of the prefix (接頭語) "大" and the i-adjective stem of "忙しい." In addition, there is no ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. ...