Linked Questions

61
votes
3answers
8k views

When is Vている the continuation of action and when is it the continuation of state?

Last night, when I asked my wife to send an email to me, she said もう送っている which I took to mean that she was "sending the message". (The message had a big attachment so I imagined that it could take a ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

Does Vて+いる always mean an action already completed?

For the longest time, I thought that a verb ending in て+いる meant that one was currently doing an action, similar to how we use ~ing in English to mean a contuinuing state. So 食{た}べている means "eating". ...
6
votes
2answers
393 views

What's the rule for “にしている”?

The sentence that that I heard was 頼りにしている。 Google Translate tells me that means "I'm counting on you". My understanding of Japanese tells me "this doesn't compute". Is there a general rule for ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

What's the difference between ~てある and ~た (past form)?

As I understand it てある is rather different to ている in that it refers to a resultant state rather than an ongoing action. However I wonder, what then is the practical difference between a resultant ...
5
votes
3answers
332 views

What is the difference between てある and the passive (ら)れる? [duplicate]

For example: "昼ごはんは作ってある" and "昼ごはんは作られた". Don't both mean the lunch has been made? As a second question, what would be the difference between 昼ごはんは作ってある and 昼ごはんは作ってあった? Much appreciated
4
votes
1answer
188 views

Is 〜てある commonly used with verbs other than 書く?

This question is prompted by @Abi's comment on meanings of 「書{か}いてある」 and 「書かれている」: 書いてある seems to be commonly used, while with other verbs 〜てある is not so common, right? And indeed, I don't ...
3
votes
3answers
972 views

How does しまう function here and/or what does it mean?

I've frequently encountered problems with しまう. Usually it appears alongside て form, like 遅れてしまいました, "Unfortunately I came too late". In this case, it signals regret on the speakers behalf. I'm ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

「書いている」vs.「書いてある」vs. 「書かれている」vs. 「書かれてある」 [duplicate]

① 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書いてある。 ② 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書いている。 ③ 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書かれている。 ④ 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書かれてある。 What is the difference between these four and which one is ...
2
votes
2answers
543 views

What does 入ってなかった mean?

I couldn't understand 入ってなかった, what verb is it after 入って? で、帰ったときに携帯はかばんに入ってなかっただろう?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Japanese grammar "てある” [duplicate]

So I just encountered the grammar "te aru" and according to Japanesetest4you it means that something has been done. They provide the following sentence as an example: 君の靴下も全部洗濯してある。 Kimi no ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

How are 飲んだ、and 飲んである different? [duplicate]

What makes 飲んだ、and 飲んである different? Don't they both describe the concept of drinking in the past? More generally, what are the differences between the past tense of a verb, and the auxiliary verb ある?...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...