Linked Questions

5
votes
3answers
319 views

What is the difference between てある and the passive (ら)れる? [duplicate]

For example: "昼ごはんは作ってある" and "昼ごはんは作られた". Don't both mean the lunch has been made? As a second question, what would be the difference between 昼ごはんは作ってある and 昼ごはんは作ってあった? Much appreciated
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Japanese grammar "てある” [duplicate]

So I just encountered the grammar "te aru" and according to Japanesetest4you it means that something has been done. They provide the following sentence as an example: 君の靴下も全部洗濯してある。 Kimi no ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

How are 飲んだ、and 飲んである different? [duplicate]

What makes 飲んだ、and 飲んである different? Don't they both describe the concept of drinking in the past? More generally, what are the differences between the past tense of a verb, and the auxiliary verb ある?...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

「書いている」vs.「書いてある」vs. 「書かれている」vs. 「書かれてある」 [duplicate]

① 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書いてある。 ② 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書いている。 ③ 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書かれている。 ④ 啓典には「全ての生き物は遅かれ早かれ死に至る。」と書かれてある。 What is the difference between these four and which one is ...
60
votes
3answers
7k views

When is Vている the continuation of action and when is it the continuation of state?

Last night, when I asked my wife to send an email to me, she said もう送っている which I took to mean that she was "sending the message". (The message had a big attachment so I imagined that it could take a ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

Does Vて+いる always mean an action already completed?

For the longest time, I thought that a verb ending in て+いる meant that one was currently doing an action, similar to how we use ~ing in English to mean a contuinuing state. So 食{た}べている means "eating". ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

What's the difference between ~てある and ~た (past form)?

As I understand it てある is rather different to ている in that it refers to a resultant state rather than an ongoing action. However I wonder, what then is the practical difference between a resultant ...
3
votes
3answers
965 views

How does しまう function here and/or what does it mean?

I've frequently encountered problems with しまう. Usually it appears alongside て form, like 遅れてしまいました, "Unfortunately I came too late". In this case, it signals regret on the speakers behalf. I'm ...
6
votes
2answers
360 views

What's the rule for “にしている”?

The sentence that that I heard was 頼りにしている。 Google Translate tells me that means "I'm counting on you". My understanding of Japanese tells me "this doesn't compute". Is there a general rule for ...
2
votes
2answers
509 views

What does 入ってなかった mean?

I couldn't understand 入ってなかった, what verb is it after 入って? で、帰ったときに携帯はかばんに入ってなかっただろう?
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Is 〜てある commonly used with verbs other than 書く?

This question is prompted by @Abi's comment on meanings of 「書{か}いてある」 and 「書かれている」: 書いてある seems to be commonly used, while with other verbs 〜てある is not so common, right? And indeed, I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...