Linked Questions

1 vote
1 answer
318 views

Te-form beginner question [duplicate]

いもうとは東京に行っています。 How can I discover the meaning of this sentence? I'm studying the te-form and I'm a little bit confused. The correct translation will be: My little sister is in Tokyo (she´s ...
Helen M.'s user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
423 views

Why is it 入っている not 入れてある [duplicate]

I was wondering about this expression 入っている for something being inside. I always wondered about it, since it literally should mean being in the process of entering.. It would make more sense to me if ...
kuy's user avatar
  • 73
0 votes
0 answers
395 views

食べていました meaning "Have eaten" or "Just ate" [duplicate]

I know that the te imashita is the past progressive, yet when asking if my japanese friend had eaten, she often replies with tabetenakatta, and my teacher says the te iru form can also mean " Have ...
GlimGlamGloom's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
116 views

What does 'もう、家に帰っている。' mean? [duplicate]

I always considered the form て+いる as the expression of an ongoing action, but recently I read an article that it can be read as succession of the て form verb and the verb いる. Then, 'もう、家に帰っている。' would ...
Pagginelli's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Why is it [名前を書いたつもりだったが、**書いていなかった**ようだ。] and not just 書かなかった? [duplicate]

What does the 'contuative' form add to the meaning in the sentence?
raruna's user avatar
  • 371
1 vote
0 answers
50 views

Japanese Past Progressive? [duplicate]

《アパート『へ』帰る『と』ハガキ『が』一枚届いていた…》 In that sentence, why is the verb using the past progressive form? 届いていた=〜て+いた right? Does it mean that the letter was being delivered when he got to this apartment? ...
Etienne Zizka's user avatar
28 votes
2 answers
12k views

If Vて+いる isn't a gerund, then what is it?

I always thought that a verb ending in the て form along with the いる suffix was the English equivelent of the "ing" form of a verb. Thus: see = 見{み}る, seeing = 見{み}ている do = する, doing = している ...
Questioner's user avatar
  • 24.8k
23 votes
3 answers
2k views

How do I express sentences like: He is dying?

For instance, "He is eating" is "Kare wa tabete iru". However, "He is dying" is not "Kare wa shinde iru". Another example is "He is going to Japan" is not "Kare wa nihon ni itte iru". So if I can't ...
dotnetN00b's user avatar
  • 6,796
14 votes
1 answer
4k views

Stative verbs: ~ている vs ~てある vs ~(ら)れる

I'm not sure if I'm wording this properly, but I want to know the nuances of these "stative" type verb forms that act kind of like adjectives. For example, you could describe an open window with any ...
istrasci's user avatar
  • 44.2k
4 votes
2 answers
12k views

What's the grammar of て-form + いて?

The いて I'm referring to is in the last line of the lyrics of a song called Don't you see!: 私をつかまえていて So apparently つかまえて is the て-form of つかまえる. But why is there a いて at the end?
Ian Y.'s user avatar
  • 313
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く

If the ている form of these verbs doesn't mean that they're in a continuing action then what do they mean? Q1 How do I use the ている form of these verbs. Q2 What's the difference between using the past ...
Hamzeh's user avatar
  • 375
12 votes
2 answers
758 views

How close are なりつつある and なっている?

語学学習は私の新しい習慣の一部になりつつあるのでしょうか? "Is learning languages becoming a part of my new daily routine?" なりつつある here seems similar to なっている... are they often interchangeable? Would I be able to ...
yadokari's user avatar
  • 10.4k
4 votes
1 answer
3k views

Ai oboete imasu ka, what does "imasu" add here?

"Ai oboete imasu ka" is translated as "Do you remember love?", now Ai is love, oboete is remember and ka is the question marker, why do you need to add "imasu" to this phrase?
Pablo's user avatar
  • 4,447
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is 寝る a stative or active verb?

Looking at past questions I am still confused about the answers given: The answer to this post suggests that 寝る is a continuation of some state. 昨日も全然寝てない。 Yesterday I didn't sleep at all. Instead ...
shade549's user avatar
  • 2,018
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is there a distinction between ‘did" and "have done" in Japanese?

According to internet sources and my Chinese friend living in Japan, there isn't. However, can someone provide more evidence on this issue? If there is no grammatical distinction, how can we ...
Zeyuan's user avatar
  • 637
6 votes
3 answers
3k views

Differences between た/てた

Context: From Yotsuba&, they went gathering chestnuts and one of them had a bug in it so they threw it away. But here the young girl is eating from the rest and her sister is saying that there ...
TheComputerist's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

言っていた Conjugation

I tried to find this answer in other questions in order to not duplicate it, but i couldn't find one answer for that. So I was trying to make the following sentence There's a ramen restaurant in ...
Felipe Chaves de Oliveira's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Usage and meaning : 寝ろ vs 寝てろ?

Source: page 32, Ch.82 of よつばと! My translation of the highlighted text bubble is, Now, sleep quietly okay. But I am confused as to why 寝てろ is used here as opposed to 寝ろ? Is it because sleep is a ...
vadasambar's user avatar
  • 1,445
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

て form of past negative sentence with ちゃう

So I know that to use ちゃう we use the て form a verb and delete the て and add ちゃう, however; how would this work for example with 話す as in 話す->話さない->話さなかった If to say "I'm not speaking" is ...
Bondalton's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What's the rule for "にしている"?

The sentence that that I heard was 頼りにしている。 Google Translate tells me that means "I'm counting on you". My understanding of Japanese tells me "this doesn't compute". Is there a general rule for ...
dotnetN00b's user avatar
  • 6,796
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Meaning of 寝てない

昨日{きのう}も全然{ぜんぜん}寝{ね}てない。* Yesterday I didn't sleep at all. Is it 寝る in て-form followed by ある in negative form? Or a contraction of 寝ていない? Also, why is it not in past form? I thought one should say: ...
Asik's user avatar
  • 769
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

思っている/言っている with a third person subject?

So I was reading A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, and in the part where it explains the uses of いる as an auxiliary verb after て it says something like that: "(...) Also, verbs like 言う and ...
Rodrigo Pará's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
776 views

Which verb receives a negation in a Japanese sentence?

I can say 歩いて渡る which translates to "to cross by walking". However, if I would like to say "I am not going to cross by walking, but by some other means", would I say 歩かないで渡る or 歩いて渡らない? There are ...
takwing's user avatar
  • 267
4 votes
2 answers
772 views

"私の彼女はチリ人で、 学生ビザを使って日本に来ています。" - Why is this "she CAME to Japan" and not "is coming..."?

This is only my second question here. My level is somewhere in the N5 region. My question is this: 私の彼女はチリ人で、 学生ビザを使って日本に来ています。 Both Deepl and the Japanese guy whose podcast this is taken from ...
Richard's user avatar
  • 43
4 votes
1 answer
982 views

why they used -ていれば instead of -ば?

Why they used -ていれば instead of -ば in this context ?
Narutokage's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does しています mean?

TL;DR what does している mean, or what can it mean given various circumstances? What are its limits of use? I am confused on the meaning of the verb する plus the ている ending. I know する has many meanings ...
Curulian's user avatar
  • 255
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

For 知る what is the difference between the simple present (知る) and 知っている forms?

あなたは電話番号を知りますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shirimasu ka)? あなたは電話番号を知っていますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka)? In my book "あなたは電話番号を知っていますか" (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka) ...
Animewar Oficial's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does the verb 好く do?

Observation: The verb 好く exists. 好く is transitive. By extension, "to like ~" is predicted to be: a. ~を好く。 However, empirical data shows that this pattern is the accepted form: b. ~が好きだ。 ...
Flaw's user avatar
  • 20k
4 votes
2 answers
755 views

ている in continuous or perfect aspects

I learned that ている can be used in both Continuous Tense and Perfect Tense, and with both instant state change verbs and durative verbs. If we consider only durative verbs (e.g. 食べる, 作る etc.) When is ...
APK's user avatar
  • 197
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

泣いていた vs. 泣きしていた

I had someone ask me what the difference between these two are, presumably because Google Translate said "was crying" for both 泣【な】いていた and 泣きしていた. My attempt to answer his question involved how the ...
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can I use 行っている間(に) in the sense of a habitual action?

Knowing that 行く is punctual, stative, and a motion verb, I also know that, 日本に行っている means "I/he/she have gone to Japan (and am still there)" rather than "I am currently going to Japan.&...
Nathan Ellenfield's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a newspaper (...
rhyaeris's user avatar
  • 2,686
3 votes
3 answers
318 views

Could someone please explain the meaning of 場面に合った?

I came across this sentence today and it stumped me a little. 日本で色々な場面に合った話し方が出来るように、日本に行く前に色々なスピーチレベルの話し方を練習しておいた The 場面に合った part I’m don’t understand, and why is it in past tense? Thank you ...
Dave07's user avatar
  • 463
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
Toyu_Frey's user avatar
  • 1,470
4 votes
1 answer
836 views

Confused with verb form ( I am eating vs I was eating, vs I haven’t eaten (yet))

So i came across this question and I can’t seem to get my head around it! Sorry if it’s obvious. I learned that the progressive form for a verb (-ing ) is the ーて form + (-いる/-います) . So I am eating ...
Lisa Ishii's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

verb-て+いたい vs verb-たい

I can't seem to wrap my head around the form verb-て+いたい Is it a conjugation of verb-て+いる, or is it its own form? And how is it different from verb-たい ? It seems to be translated the same. Some ...
squidlydeux's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
434 views

Why are adverbs written in hiragana sometimes?

The more I read Japanese and use this site. I notice sentences that have adverbs sometimes are written in hiragana. Example found on this site (source): アイスが溶けているよ。はやく食べなさい。 Your ice cream is ...
王Moses's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
528 views

How to say "unit tests are passing"

When unit tests run successfully, in English I would say: Unit tests are passing. But how to say that in Japanese? My Japanese colleagues always say something that sounds a bit like "ユニットテストXX(...
Nicolas Raoul's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
843 views

Usage of ている in Punctual Verbs in Japanese and the Concept of Present Perfect in English

Answer to the first question has been given by ナルトさん. But any new answers or thoughts or suggestions are really appreciated!! Answer to the second question can be extended, as only a touchstone was ...
APK's user avatar
  • 197
0 votes
2 answers
639 views

How do I write the verb "To be"? 居る or いる?

Do native Japanese speakers write 居る or いる?
エイミ's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
488 views

Progressive form of movement verbs (or other stative verbs)

This is a fork from the question What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く. So the question explained that when ている is conjugated with these movement verbs (or other verbs that are more or less ...
nayfaan's user avatar
  • 334
2 votes
2 answers
758 views

The use of "ている"

I'm a bit confused by the use of ている. I thought ~ている is similar to -ing in English, but I'm not sure about the examples below. そして、原子炉が入っている格納容器の中を調べました。 とても強い放射線が出ている可能性があることがわかりました
Lamothy's user avatar
  • 23
2 votes
1 answer
676 views

になりました vs になっています

Can someone explain the difference between these two to me? 長い間日本語を勉強しなくて、下手になりました 長い間日本語を勉強しなくて、下手になっています The way I understand it currently is that the first one indicates that at some point in ...
Lint's user avatar
  • 25
5 votes
1 answer
489 views

Difference between 付く and 付いている

I read this sentence and got confused: この曲には「昔のほうがよかったと言っても何の意味もありません。今を大切にしましょう」と、市民を元気にするような歌詞がついていました The song had lyrics to cheer up the people which said "Even though we say the old days ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.3k
1 vote
1 answer
706 views

"must have been" construction

Passage in question: よっぽど おなかが すいて いたんだなあ。 As I understand, the translation is something along the lines of "You must have been very hungry." My problem lies within the bold text: how exactly each ...
rixavie's user avatar
  • 13
2 votes
1 answer
392 views

謙譲語:お「verb stem」する

男:今朝の新聞、お読みになりましたか。 女:いえ、お読みしませんでした。 According to my textbook, this response is incorrect? Why? I thought this pattern is 謙譲語 and suitable. Are there additional rules around this pattern that I'm ...
octosquakk's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
638 views

Passive voice with ている

When a verb in the passive voice is used in the ている form, what nuance does that carry? Some examples: 図書館はいろいろな情報が集められています。 米は特にアジアで食べられています。 漢字は中国や日本などで使われています。 中国からお茶が輸入されています。 My interpretation ...
makamoe's user avatar
  • 127
3 votes
1 answer
588 views

What's the difference between ように and ことに? What if you add the te-form?

I am quite confused regarding the differences between the usages of ように and ことに when they precede する/なる. Here are some examples: 忘れ物をしないようにしましょう 忘れ物をしないことにしましょう In the previous example, I would ...
Elizabeth Middleford's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
214 views

What does ゴミが落ちていない mean when replying the question 日本に来て、驚いたことは何ですか?

There is a dialogue as follows, A: 日本に来て、驚いたことは何ですか。What struck you when you arrived in Japan? B: ゴミが落ちていない。The trash is not falling down. I am confused in translating ゴミが落ちていない。. My attempt is &...
Display Name's user avatar
  • 7,489
1 vote
1 answer
933 views

What does 行っている mean?

太郎が今ヨーロッパに行っている。 ‘Taro is now in Europe (as a result of having gone there).’ 太郎が去年ヨーロッパに行っている。 ‘Taro is the one who has the experience of having gone to Europe last year.’ Can the latter mean the same ...
Healer's user avatar
  • 249

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