Linked Questions

17
votes
2answers
1k views

Double subject construction?

I've recently been having trouble with constructions that seem to mark two subjects in the same clause. I've only encountered them in ~の方が... constructions, but I can't seem to make sense of them ...
15
votes
4answers
30k views

What's the difference between -ga and -o when they are used to designate a direct object?

During the past month I've been addicted to Japanese. I've listened to about 10 online tutorial video courses and read about as much printed lessons. I am determined to learn Japanese, but I am really ...
14
votes
2answers
612 views

Why does 「電話は切れた」 sound more adversarial than 「電話が切れた」?

I noticed that while 「…、電話が切れた」 sounds just like a neutral phrase ("... and the call got cut off."), 「…、電話は切れた」 sounds more like you were negatively affected / that the person on the other side ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Can we have two thematic は particles in a sentence?

Good afternoon all, From what I understand, there are two types of は-particle: The thematic-は (topic-marker) which is used to introduce things into the universe of discourse. The contrastive-は. ...
12
votes
1answer
447 views

Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
10
votes
2answers
311 views

Are possessive particles implied in a conversation?

Today, in my Japanese class, my sensei presented a conversation which went as the following: Person A: Bさんのせんこうはなんですか。 Person B: コンピューターかがくです。 Person A: わたしもコンピューターかがくです。 My confusion comes on the ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

A は/が difference [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What’s the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)? I've been trying to wrap my head around the は/が differences, and I'm trying to figure out the differences between the thematic ...
7
votes
3answers
205 views

は significance in ゲームは上手いですね

I'm confused by the reaction to は in this exchange A:「ゲームは上手いですね!」 B:「ゲーム「は」.....」 source context: http://neetsha.jp/inside/up/1/2/12840/24.jpg
7
votes
1answer
790 views

What is an emphatic particle?

The explanation I have found says that it is a particle on the end of the sentence. However, in the book I am reading (An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese) it is stated that も is an ...
7
votes
3answers
570 views

AはB emphasizing B, rather than A

There are quite a few comments on another question discussing the sentence 彼が持っているのは二百円です, in which the emphasis apparently falls on 二百円. I posted a comment asking if this could be explained as the ...
7
votes
1answer
256 views

What is “new information” for が?

I've been trying to understand the age old question of が vs は recently. The resources I've used so far have given helpful answers, but I'm still not getting 1 key point. I'll summarize my knowledge so ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Is it unusual to have the ga particle with a negative verb?

In saying that something doesn't exist, is it unusual to use the ga particle (が) and a negative verb? For example, would "(Uchi ni) Terebi ga arimasen" be an unusual way to say "There isn't a TV (at ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 Can ...
6
votes
3answers
576 views

Use は or が with ある when the phrase doesn't explicit the place

I'm studying japanese from not that long and a doubt came to my mind studying ある and いる verbs, so sorry in advance if the question isn't clear. If we take those two phrases as example: A. ...
6
votes
2answers
158 views

Am I correctly using は and が here.

A friend mentioned that he's sometimes not understood well in English. I thought his English was perfectly OK. I responded, それはそうだかもしりませんが私があなたの言うことは通じます Am I using these particles correctly? ...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

「それがなにか」 v.s. 「それはなにか」

According to Weblio, 「それがなにか(問題)」 is similar to "So what", e.g. I'm wondering why the topic marker 「は」, as in 「それはなに」, is not used here. After all, "As to that, is there any thing wrong" sounds ...
6
votes
2answers
535 views

How to rephrase sentences with an ambiguous は to indicate the contrastive or thematic / 「主題」と「対比」の解釈の余地のある、あいまいな「は」の言い換え方

First, some background. My question is kind of an extension of this previously-answered question about the difference between は and が. While I am fairly clear on the different usages of は as a ...
6
votes
2answers
248 views

Is 私 in 私が我慢ならず object or subject?

I found this sentence: 食事の時しか顔を合わせることもなかったし、互いに口を開いて声を出すこともなかった。映画をよく見に行くぐらいのことしかしない高校生だったのだが、母から見れば俗世に気持を奪われている私が我慢ならず、たまに憤怒の言葉を投げつけてきたが、そうすると私は、十八になったらすぐに家を出て行くんだ、と母に言い返していた which is translated: ...
6
votes
1answer
917 views

What's the difference between ことがある or ことはある?

In Tae Kim's guide, he wrote a few example sentences: 徹夜して、宿題することはある。 一人で行くことはありません。 パリに行ったことはありますか。 お寿司を食べたことがある。 そういうのを見たことがなかった。 In these examples, I don't really understand why some sentences ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

What is available amount of が in one sentence?

日本海側では太平洋側より雪がたくさん降りますか。 はい、日本海側の方が雪がたくさん降ります。 So, can I use 2 が in 1 sentence, or can there be only one? And which one should stay there? As I learned yesterday, since 雪 was already mentioned ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

The difference between は and を? [duplicate]

Hello everyone as the title states I am having difficulty understanding when to use the correct particle. As an example 肉は食べません (I do not eat meat) and やさいを食べます (I eat vegetables) Is it ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Can someone explain the use of は in this sentence?

とりあえず、転入生は自動的に身辺調査をすることにしているんだけどね This is taken from a visual novel It translates to "So anyway I decided to to do a background check on the transfer student" However I don't get the usage of は in ...
5
votes
2answers
72 views

Can this be expressed through an alternate construction

新聞にこんなことが書いてあった。最近の日本人は家族みんなで休日にコンピューターゲームを楽しむそうだ。 In the newspapers, the following is written. It is said that recently the japanese people are enjoying computer games in their spare time with ...
5
votes
0answers
86 views

Who's afraid in 私が怖い? [duplicate]

In an anime I heard this sentence: どうして私と戦おうとしないの?私が怖いの? which is translated as "Why don't you want to fight me? Are you scared of me?". I'm not sure why が is used here: I found that 私は怖い means "I'...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Using は before 欲しい instead が

I was doing some exercises and the book that I'm using translated: I don't want shoes to 靴は欲しくないです I answered using が particle instead は, since, as far as I know, I should use が before 欲しい. ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

How to know who is the subject and obejct in sentence when there are two particle は and が

確かに妻が「ついていてほしい」と言った看護婦さんは、仕事の仕方が他の人とは[一味]{ひとあじ}違っていることに気がついた。-> I'm a bit confused with は and が in this sentence and I can't guess which one is the subject or object. I cut the sentence like this: ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Justifying が into を

How do I handle a sentence in which I would normally have two が? For example, 彼がその本を読んでる。 彼はその話題があまり分からん。 are normal sentences with slight distinction in meaning between が and は there, but what if I ...
4
votes
2answers
168 views

Which is better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?

I am trying to say: "Shall I buy it?" Which would be better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?
3
votes
3answers
244 views

How to translate this cleft-sentence: あと少し避けるのが遅れていたら……?

I need some help with understanding the meaning of the のが part in the last sentence (shown in bold), which this answer has told me means that the sentence is a cleft sentence and this one told me how ...
3
votes
2answers
437 views

は、が、を、に and information structure of Japanese Question

I read 日本語の助詞(情報構造) and from what I understand it says: What comes before は is old information and after it it's new information. (This makes sense to me). What comes before が is new information (...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Using “page” in these sentences? (using counters and の to modify a noun)

I always get confused with these kinds of Japanese sentences. Which is correct? ​ 1. 六ページの本を読んで。 ​ 2. 六ページ目の本を読んで。 Are sentence 3 & 4 ungrammatical?  ​3. 本の六ページ目を読んで。 ​ 4. 本の六ページを読んで。
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Contrastive は vs. が

This is an old and perhaps exhausted topic, but there's still something I don't get. I read these two questions and its best answers, but I don't understand why then あなたの目はきれいです implies ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Membership awareness to differentiate は and が?

So, I've been trying to properly use は and が. It is often said, online, to differentiate using topic and subject. That has always confused me, so I noticed a way to use it that seems to always ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Why is the が particle being used with these adjectives

I'm learning the use of なる with adjectives/nouns in my textbook. I was given two examples and in both the particle が was used. ex.1 にほんごのべんきょうがすきになりました。 I have grown fond of studying Japanese. ...
3
votes
1answer
385 views

Usage of「が」and 「は」in ~くれる [duplicate]

everyone. May I know why does different particle is used in the following examples? 小林さんは私にチョコをくれた。 友達が私にチョコをくれた。 姉が娘におもちゃをくれた。 Thanks.
3
votes
1answer
463 views

Differences between は and が [duplicate]

I am reading this article, however, I am not sure if I've already grasped that article correctly or not, so I really need someone to confirm whether my understanding is correct or not. First question ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Is “anyone” 人はいます or 誰でも?

So I ran across this example sentence: 食べている人はいますか? And the translation was "Is anyone eating?" However I thought the sentence would be: 誰でもが食べていますか? Is this correct? Also is Xはいます = is any X? ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

question about sentence structure

I came across this sentence in a workbook: 大町は電車や車の音が五月蠅いです。 If it was changed to: 大町の電車や車の音が五月蠅いです。 would it still be grammatically correct? Thank you.
2
votes
1answer
137 views

A question about the particle used with potential form

As I know, when the potential form of a verb is being used, direct object particle "を" should not be used. Instead, が or は should be used. So when should we use which? For example, 富⼠⼭が 登れた climb ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

How to interpret intransitives in non-past tense

I've been reading linguistics books lately and they've gotten me reexamining things I've learned in Japanese textbooks for foreign learners. Susumu Kuno's book The Structure of the Japanese Language ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

The use of が, は and を in 私は総てを愛している

Is the を interchangeable with が in this case? And if I say 私が総てを愛している does it mean 'I'm everything that I love'?
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Extracting from, and introducing to Universe of Discourse using は and が with こそあど-demonstratives

Consider the following: このりんご( は / が )食べないでください。 Person A: どちらが東ですか。  Person B: こちら( は / が )東です。 Workbook answers are は for 1. and が for 2. In 1., I would expect the person to be ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Particle Usages [closed]

I have 3 main questions regarding different particles and their use. 1) In the sentence 明日、テストがありますね what is the point of having が instead of は? 2) In the sentence このへんに本屋がありますか how is に being used ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Should I use は or が here?

先日、同級生は飼い犬を学校に連れてきました。 彼の飼い犬はゴールデン・レトリバーで、すごく可愛かったです。 学生達に撫でられたり、甘えられたりすることがとても好きだったので、授業中に教室を走り回っていて、皆を迎えに行きました。 甘えん坊ですね~! I posted that entry on Lang-8 and someone corrected my use ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

using wa or ga. about particles [duplicate]

I started to learn Japanese grammar yesterday,so I am kinda of new to this. My question is this: in an example in my textbook it says : すしは食べた。 Sushi wa tabeta. I ate sushi. (Literally: As for ...
2
votes
1answer
445 views

tamago o yoku tabemasu

tamago o yoku tabemasu. kudamono wa amari tabemasen. Why for the first sentence with tamago, the particle "o" is used where as for the second sentence with kudamono, particle "wa" is used?
2
votes
1answer
808 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is a ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

‥ができないと vs ‥はできないと

Every evening, we play the かたづけ怪獣 song, where they sing: おかたづけができないと あらあら、大変 (x3) おかたづけ怪獣が出て来るぞ! Now I've been grappling with this language long enough that ‥ができないと sounds natural in this context, ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

usage of 『は』and『が』with adjectives { na-adj and i-adj }

i really had this question in my mind and it caused me a lot of pain. My question is : what is the difference between using ( wa ) and ( ga ) with adjectives ? i got confusion because i studied ...

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