Linked Questions

9
votes
5answers
1k views

A は/が difference [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What’s the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)? I've been trying to wrap my head around the は/が differences, and I'm trying to figure out the differences between the thematic ...
2
votes
1answer
451 views

Differences between は and が [duplicate]

I am reading this article, however, I am not sure if I've already grasped that article correctly or not, so I really need someone to confirm whether my understanding is correct or not. First question ...
-1
votes
1answer
189 views

Difference between は and が [duplicate]

What is the difference between は and が ? when and how do we use these?
2
votes
1answer
115 views

using wa or ga. about particles [duplicate]

I started to learn Japanese grammar yesterday,so I am kinda of new to this. My question is this: in an example in my textbook it says : すしは食べた。 Sushi wa tabeta. I ate sushi. (Literally: As for ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Difference between ”が”はじまる and ”は”はじまる [duplicate]

I asked my teacher why is "が”はじまる instead of ”は”はじまる. She said "が” is always put before はじまる. But she said there are circumstances that ”は” is put before はじまる too. She said there are rules meanwhile ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

particle grammar, は and が [duplicate]

If I want to say the dog barked, which is more grammatically correct: inu WA naita or inu GA naita? I'm thinking the second one because it's identifying what's barking, but I'm not sure I fully ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

implicated differences between は and が [duplicate]

I understand a lot of Japanese is not spoken and implicated through context, but don't really understand the culture behind it. What are the implicated differences between は and が in the following ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
1
vote
0answers
44 views

When to use が and when to use は [duplicate]

I am a little confused when speaking Japanese when I should use が and when I should use は. For example, 学校はたのしかったです。or 学校がたのしかったです。What is the rule of when to use が and when to use は in a context?
15
votes
4answers
29k views

What's the difference between -ga and -o when they are used to designate a direct object?

During the past month I've been addicted to Japanese. I've listened to about 10 online tutorial video courses and read about as much printed lessons. I am determined to learn Japanese, but I am really ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Is it unusual to have the ga particle with a negative verb?

In saying that something doesn't exist, is it unusual to use the ga particle (が) and a negative verb? For example, would "(Uchi ni) Terebi ga arimasen" be an unusual way to say "There isn't a TV (at ...
16
votes
2answers
997 views

Double subject construction?

I've recently been having trouble with constructions that seem to mark two subjects in the same clause. I've only encountered them in ~の方が... constructions, but I can't seem to make sense of them ...
12
votes
2answers
6k views

Can we have two thematic は particles in a sentence?

Good afternoon all, From what I understand, there are two types of は-particle: The thematic-は (topic-marker) which is used to introduce things into the universe of discourse. The contrastive-は. ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 Can ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Using は before 欲しい instead が

I was doing some exercises and the book that I'm using translated: I don't want shoes to 靴は欲しくないです I answered using が particle instead は, since, as far as I know, I should use が before 欲しい. ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Is “anyone” 人はいます or 誰でも?

So I ran across this example sentence: 食べている人はいますか? And the translation was "Is anyone eating?" However I thought the sentence would be: 誰でもが食べていますか? Is this correct? Also is Xはいます = is any X? ...
10
votes
2answers
310 views

Are possessive particles implied in a conversation?

Today, in my Japanese class, my sensei presented a conversation which went as the following: Person A: Bさんのせんこうはなんですか。 Person B: コンピューターかがくです。 Person A: わたしもコンピューターかがくです。 My confusion comes on the ...
7
votes
3answers
196 views

は significance in ゲームは上手いですね

I'm confused by the reaction to は in this exchange A:「ゲームは上手いですね!」 B:「ゲーム「は」.....」 source context: http://neetsha.jp/inside/up/1/2/12840/24.jpg
6
votes
3answers
524 views

Use は or が with ある when the phrase doesn't explicit the place

I'm studying japanese from not that long and a doubt came to my mind studying ある and いる verbs, so sorry in advance if the question isn't clear. If we take those two phrases as example: A. ...
12
votes
1answer
411 views

Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
14
votes
2answers
587 views

Why does 「電話は切れた」 sound more adversarial than 「電話が切れた」?

I noticed that while 「…、電話が切れた」 sounds just like a neutral phrase ("... and the call got cut off."), 「…、電話は切れた」 sounds more like you were negatively affected / that the person on the other side ...
7
votes
3answers
561 views

AはB emphasizing B, rather than A

There are quite a few comments on another question discussing the sentence 彼が持っているのは二百円です, in which the emphasis apparently falls on 二百円. I posted a comment asking if this could be explained as the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

The difference between は and を? [duplicate]

Hello everyone as the title states I am having difficulty understanding when to use the correct particle. As an example 肉は食べません (I do not eat meat) and やさいを食べます (I eat vegetables) Is it ...
6
votes
2answers
534 views

How to rephrase sentences with an ambiguous は to indicate the contrastive or thematic / 「主題」と「対比」の解釈の余地のある、あいまいな「は」の言い換え方

First, some background. My question is kind of an extension of this previously-answered question about the difference between は and が. While I am fairly clear on the different usages of は as a ...
7
votes
1answer
718 views

What is an emphatic particle?

The explanation I have found says that it is a particle on the end of the sentence. However, in the book I am reading (An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese) it is stated that も is an ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between saying 私は日本語を話しません vs 私は日本語が話しません?

私は日本語を話しません 私は日本語が話しません I've seen both versions on the Internet. Maybe only one is the correct version? Maybe both?
0
votes
4answers
248 views

は or が in the example “朝起きるとき、鳥 ( ) いつも歌います”?

Following up on my earlier question, I want to check if I've got a feel for this subordinate clause particle use correct. This is probably a duplicate, but it really helps me understand things better ...
6
votes
1answer
295 views

「それがなにか」 v.s. 「それはなにか」

According to Weblio, 「それがなにか(問題)」 is similar to "So what", e.g. I'm wondering why the topic marker 「は」, as in 「それはなに」, is not used here. After all, "As to that, is there any thing wrong" sounds ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

Am I correctly using は and が here.

A friend mentioned that he's sometimes not understood well in English. I thought his English was perfectly OK. I responded, それはそうだかもしりませんが私があなたの言うことは通じます Am I using these particles correctly? ...
6
votes
1answer
869 views

What's the difference between ことがある or ことはある?

In Tae Kim's guide, he wrote a few example sentences: 徹夜して、宿題することはある。 一人で行くことはありません。 パリに行ったことはありますか。 お寿司を食べたことがある。 そういうのを見たことがなかった。 In these examples, I don't really understand why some sentences ...
3
votes
3answers
233 views

How to translate this cleft-sentence: あと少し避けるのが遅れていたら……?

I need some help with understanding the meaning of the のが part in the last sentence (shown in bold), which this answer has told me means that the sentence is a cleft sentence and this one told me how ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
1
vote
3answers
564 views

Use of です or あります in the sentence それは椅子

Title says it all. When saying それは椅子 would I use あります or です? I've been using です, but from what I've read, it's used to describe an object, and あります to declare it's existence. So I'm thinking あります ...
0
votes
1answer
707 views

Difference between particles wa, ga and o with sukidesu

What is the difference between these sentences, and their particle usage? watashi wa kore ga sukidesu watashi ga kore o sukidesu I don't really understand the usage of these particles.
1
vote
2answers
548 views

Why is “ashita kaerimasu” not “ashita wa kaerimasu”? is the particle wa being omitted or is it not necessary?

The sentence Ashita wa ame ga furu deshou uses a "wa" after ashita. But the sentence Ashita kaerimasu doesn't. Why is that? Is it being omitted or would it be wrong to say ashita wa ...
3
votes
2answers
422 views

は、が、を、に and information structure of Japanese Question

I read 日本語の助詞(情報構造) and from what I understand it says: What comes before は is old information and after it it's new information. (This makes sense to me). What comes before が is new information (...
2
votes
1answer
762 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is a ...
0
votes
1answer
931 views

X wa Y ga suki desu

I read several times that an expression such as "X wa Y ga suki desu", where say both X and Y are people, is inherently ambiguous and can be understood as either "X likes Y" or "Y likes X", according ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

Using “page” in these sentences? (using counters and の to modify a noun)

I always get confused with these kinds of Japanese sentences. Which is correct? ​ 1. 六ページの本を読んで。 ​ 2. 六ページ目の本を読んで。 Are sentence 3 & 4 ungrammatical?  ​3. 本の六ページ目を読んで。 ​ 4. 本の六ページを読んで。
1
vote
1answer
150 views

What is the function of は in the context?

Previously, I learnt basic expressions like “アダムさんは先生です。”,”アダムさんは医者ですが。” I thought は functions like “am/is/are” in English. But when I start learning Japanese verb this morning, I got a bit confused. ...
2
votes
1answer
393 views

tamago o yoku tabemasu

tamago o yoku tabemasu. kudamono wa amari tabemasen. Why for the first sentence with tamago, the particle "o" is used where as for the second sentence with kudamono, particle "wa" is used?
4
votes
1answer
183 views

How to know who is the subject and obejct in sentence when there are two particle は and が

確かに妻が「ついていてほしい」と言った看護婦さんは、仕事の仕方が他の人とは[一味]{ひとあじ}違っていることに気がついた。-> I'm a bit confused with は and が in this sentence and I can't guess which one is the subject or object. I cut the sentence like this: ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

What is available amount of が in one sentence?

日本海側では太平洋側より雪がたくさん降りますか。 はい、日本海側の方が雪がたくさん降ります。 So, can I use 2 が in 1 sentence, or can there be only one? And which one should stay there? As I learned yesterday, since 雪 was already mentioned ...
7
votes
1answer
236 views

What is “new information” for が?

I've been trying to understand the age old question of が vs は recently. The resources I've used so far have given helpful answers, but I'm still not getting 1 key point. I'll summarize my knowledge so ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

A question about the particle used with potential form

As I know, when the potential form of a verb is being used, direct object particle "を" should not be used. Instead, が or は should be used. So when should we use which? For example, 富⼠⼭が 登れた climb ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

“私が知っている人” or “私の知っている人”?

I have been reading What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)? In the "contrastive wa" section, there is this example sentence: わたしが知っている人はパーティーに来ませんでした。 As 7600+ people have read that ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Extracting from, and introducing to Universe of Discourse using は and が with こそあど-demonstratives

Consider the following: このりんご( は / が )食べないでください。 Person A: どちらが東ですか。  Person B: こちら( は / が )東です。 Workbook answers are は for 1. and が for 2. In 1., I would expect the person to be ...
0
votes
2answers
231 views

Passive or active object?

The sentence inu ga suki is translated as I like dogs. But why don't we translate it as Dogs like ... (something/someone)? For example, for a question Who likes meat? we can answer inu ga suki.
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Justifying が into を

How do I handle a sentence in which I would normally have two が? For example, 彼がその本を読んでる。 彼はその話題があまり分からん。 are normal sentences with slight distinction in meaning between が and は there, but what if I ...
1
vote
1answer
283 views

が usage in this sentence

When translating 'I was busy yesterday' Why is 昨日が忙しかったです Incorrect? Isn't the same as 私は昨日が忙しかったです

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