Linked Questions

1 vote
1 answer
504 views

Can we turn nouns into adverb by adding に? [duplicate]

しかし、期待を胸に中学校に赴任すると、理想と現実は大きくかけ離れていました。 加藤さんは大切な手紙を手に再び「パナマ」へ向かいます。 彼女は手紙を手に、階下へ降りてきた。 Is に turning these nouns into adverbs?
Jirei's user avatar
  • 2,277
3 votes
1 answer
231 views

For which verb is を marking the object [duplicate]

「にわかに目をキラキラさせ始めた友蔵を前に、さすがのおかあさんも、ズバリ、 そんな物は必要ないとは言いにくいらしく珍しく口ごもった。」 I'm struggling to parse this sentence. In particular I don't understand which verb the を in bold is marking the object of. We ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.2k
2 votes
0 answers
295 views

What is the function of を in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼は高齢を理由に社長を辞めたよ。 I found this example sentence in some core flashcards, and the translation says He gave up the company presidency due to age. Which makes sense to me, but I don't understand the ...
OKUMA's user avatar
  • 146
1 vote
1 answer
265 views

What does this phrase それをヒントに... mean? [duplicate]

それをヒントに井上さんは演奏だけが履いている「8ジューク」という機会を作り、1971年にレストランや喫茶店に貸し出す会社を始めた。(source: line 7-8) First, my attempt at translation: ??? Inoue constructed a device which was called '8 Juke', which only contained ...
Narktor's user avatar
  • 4,847
2 votes
0 answers
133 views

How to parse 「Nを相手に、」 [duplicate]

I've gotten to the level where I can start going through some basic Japanese material and largely understand all of it, but there are some times where I'm confused by particle usage, and I'm not sure ...
Asprius's user avatar
  • 71
2 votes
0 answers
126 views

Why is を used instead of の? [duplicate]

I was looking at one of the example sentences in a kanji learning app I use, and the particle choice struck me as strange. In the sentence "青空を背景に木々を描く。", I can't understand why を is used after 青空. ...
jimbotherisenclown's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
114 views

multiple を particles before a verb [duplicate]

I chanced across this sentence while doing anki. 彼は高齢を理由に社長を辞めたよ There are 2 を particles before the verb (in this case 辞めた being the verb). From what I understand of the を particle, it marks a ...
Newbie's user avatar
  • 2,141
2 votes
0 answers
93 views

The role of を in this phrase 夜景を背景に歌舞伎の映像が流れます [duplicate]

I am reading this article http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20161005/k10010718561000.html and come across this phrase: 夜景を背景に歌舞伎の映像が流れます I can get the general meaning but I'm not clear on what is ...
SnowOwl's user avatar
  • 39
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

How is the use of を broken down in this sentence? [duplicate]

I've been reading a Visual Novel, and I came across this sentence: リリーはくすくす笑い、ティースプーンを置くと、カップとソーサーを手にゆっくりテーブルに向かってくる。 What's throwing me off is the use of を right after 「カップとソーサー~」I put the sentence ...
diegowrhasta's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
75 views

Particle を without a verb [duplicate]

In the sentence それぞれの心の中にあるそれぞれの思い出を胸に日常が始まるのだ。 translated as And in each heart there are different memories held inside each chest as we turn back to our daily lives. Where is the verb for を胸に? ...
Ares Monteiro's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

(そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む) - What does 壁を背に床に座り込む mean? [duplicate]

そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む。 - And then she sat against the wall to the side of the window. Judging the meaning, I think I managed to grasp what it means but I'm confused about how this sentence works. I ...
339jff's user avatar
  • 297
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Meaning of ~を~に(して) / ~を~として / ~を~にする / ~を~とする / ~を~にした / ~を~とした

While studying I found this grammar form, which I kinda understand by instinct, but can't actually formalize in my head; this is what the book say: [~を~であると考えて] 1) 祖父は今日も孫のヒロシを話し相手にして散歩に出かけた。 ...
Mauro's user avatar
  • 3,597
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Difference between 以外で and 以外に

文部科学省は、病気などの理由以外で、1年に30日以上学校を休んだ子どもが、2016年度に13万4398人いたと発表しました。 The Ministry of Education announced that there were 134398 children in the 2016 school year who had more than 30 days of absence for ...
user3856370's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
285 views

I don't understand こちらは手が出せないのをいいことにやりたい放題だ。

From: 今日もようやく長い一日が終わった。この屋敷で働き始めて今日で三年になるが、ここの仕事は本当に辛い。旦那様と奥様はお優しいのだが、お嬢様がとても厳しく、理不尽な方だ。気に入らないことがあればすぐに怒鳴り、殴ってくる。こちらは手が出せないのをいいことにやりたい放題だ。 The text might be a bit above my Japanese skill...I'm ...
liriii's user avatar
  • 35
4 votes
1 answer
349 views

を before a noun?

I'm currently learning at the JLPT N3 level, so I'm not sure if this is something I might haven't learned about. I never knew we could put を like this. This is a sentence from an e-dict so it should ...
Alice28's user avatar
  • 1,866
1 vote
1 answer
154 views

Meaning of 疑問を胸に取材を進める

The sentence in question: そんな疑問を胸に取材を進めると、改めて、おんぶの魅力を知ることになりました。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at translation: ...
Narktor's user avatar
  • 4,847
2 votes
1 answer
256 views

Meaning of 境 in その日を境に

その日を境に Why does this mean 'On that day', does 境 mean something other then 'boundary'/'area' in this sentence?
M---'s user avatar
  • 65
2 votes
1 answer
182 views

二十歳を[頭]{かしら}に translation

This kanji 頭 what does it mean in this sentence? うちには二十歳を頭に、3人の男の子がいる。 I looked up the meaning of かしら and still don't understand the meaning of the whole sentence. Please help translate. Thanks
JoisBack's user avatar
  • 723
1 vote
1 answer
151 views

"に(して)" and the "for (purpose) に" clarification

とりあえず目覚ましにシャワーだけ浴びて、さっさとメシの準備をしよう。 speaker has already gotten outa bed に(して)anyways, i'm gonna (fully) wake up, and just take a shower,... (purpose) に anyways, I'm just taking a shower so i can (...
charu's user avatar
  • 2,560
3 votes
1 answer
188 views

What about these particles

For full context, see the following document: https://www.docdroid.net/6ruXJ6r/img-20170802-0002-new.pdf This excerpt was taken from line 1-2: 15歳の子供たちを対象に32か国で行われた国際調査では、国によってかなりちがいがあることがわかった。 ...
Narktor's user avatar
  • 4,847
1 vote
1 answer
153 views

Problems with understanding xをyに完成する

In the definition for 小説 I found (in bold): 文学の一形式。散文体の文学で,一八世紀以後,近代市民社会の生活・道徳・思想を背景に完成した lit. Form of literature. Is prose literature and, from (and after) 18th century, modern civilizations xxx I’...
firuvi's user avatar
  • 714
2 votes
1 answer
147 views

Interpretation of 糧に次から

恋愛も勉強もトライ&エラー。 やってみて失敗し、その教訓を糧に次からまた行動する。 そういう意味では俺も亜子も、今まで恋愛に消極的に生きてきたのはちょっとばかし損だったんじゃないのか。 まあそんな風に周囲から思われたとしても、そこは不思議じゃないかもしれない。 Context: mom giving screwed up love/sex "lesson" to ...
charu's user avatar
  • 2,560
1 vote
2 answers
134 views

Unclear sentence: 選を先行する取り組みを本格化させる

I have difficulty trying to understand the following sentence: 米大統領選などをきっかけに欧米で先行する取り組みを、日本でも本格化させるのが狙い。 Source: http://www.asahi.com/articles/ASK6P62NYK6PUTIL0CS.html What is the meaning of ...
Tabibito's user avatar
  • 309
1 vote
1 answer
203 views

NをNに where the Nを is not clearly associated with any verb

Below stand two examples of the structure NをNに. I feel confident that I understand the meaning of both sentences, but I am having trouble identifying a verb that I can associate with the Nを. I am ...
グラハム's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
176 views

Clarifications regarding the AをBに。。。 construction

I've read Meaning and transitivity of ゴミ袋を手に立ち上がる before, but i'm looking to confirm some things where AをBに(して)is not the case. 彼女の視線を一身に浴びて、私は身が縮む思いだった。 basking my body under her gaze, I feel my ...
charu's user avatar
  • 2,560
1 vote
1 answer
135 views

Intrepretation of 遠慮もしていられないか in this sentence structure

目を強く擦る。俺はひとりなんかじゃないぞ。母さんがいるじゃないか。 母さんとは、連絡はずっと取り合っているが、あえて顔は合わせないようにしていた。あちらは新しい生活を始めているからだ。 でももう、身内を相手に遠慮もしていられないか。 Include prior two sentences for context. Speaker is in a tough situation....
charu's user avatar
  • 2,560
0 votes
1 answer
93 views

Is usage of を片手に necessary in this paragraph?

Is it normal to use 買い与えられたポケベルを片手に in this paragraph?: 私の二人の姉は当時高校生で、両親から買い与えられたポケベルを片手に、高校生活を謳歌しているように私には見えた。 Why not use just 与えられたポケベル or 買い与えられたポケベル. Is it necessary to use を片手に?
Jon's user avatar
  • 1,410
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

About を in 再稼働をてこに収益改善

Can anyone please tell me what does を in 再稼働をてこに収益改善 in the sentence below indicate? I know that を is followed by a verb, but how come in this case it's followed by a noun てこ? 広島高裁による四国電力伊方原発3号機(...
laser2302's user avatar
  • 305
0 votes
1 answer
86 views

What does 白と茶色を基調とする mean in this sentence?

白と茶色を基調とした真新しい洋風の外壁。 I saw that ~を~とする means "as" and that 基調 means "to be the main color in something like a picture" (2nd definition), but I can't link everything in this ...
BIG-95's user avatar
  • 802
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

Difficulty understanding the following sentence 穴? 一体何を証拠に…

So usually when there is an omitted part of a sentence its pretty straightforward to know what the rest of the sentence way going to say. However in this case its really confusing me. This is a scene ...
Ryan's user avatar
  • 535
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

Correct interpretation of "桁1個上へ" in following context

Reviewing the lyrics of a song I found a really confusing phrase: "大切片手に桁1個上へ". As far as I know, "大切片手" is refering to one/a presious hand. Most likely the one the author is in ...
javeowl's user avatar
  • 45
1 vote
0 answers
77 views

に without a verb in a sentence

睨みあうサラスとユキを尻目に、平松がハンカチを差し出してくれた Why isn't there a verb in going with the に in the sentence above? In fact, what does the first sentence even mean? (since there is not verb). Is the 差し出し verb shared ...
Newbie's user avatar
  • 2,141
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

Why is the particle を used without a verb in the following context? [duplicate]

First of all, this question shares the same context with another Q&A asking for the meaning of 手{て}かがり. What follows is an excerpt from N2新完全マスター, in particular the section 問題紹介 where they are ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
  • 6,673