This is my first post here, so I hope I didn't make any mistake or ask about something silly.

Could someone please explain to me the meaning of こうして in the following sentence?


I searched and saw that こうして is used to mean "like this" or "in this way", but also "thus" when describing the result of a previously stated matter. I understand the rest of the sentence, and I guess こうして here plays the role of "thus", but I don't really know what result it expresses and how it would translate.

For reference, the previous sentences are:


  • I might be wrong, but it seems to me that the following sentence is needed to complete the thought. Commented Jan 2, 2023 at 21:04
  • My bad, the next sentence is rather long and describes another room (the narrator is in a hospital room). > ここより暗くて薬品くさかった部屋も、[...]、すべて、夢のように覚えている。
    – 腐乱剣
    Commented Jan 3, 2023 at 14:38

1 Answer 1


This こうして does not mean "thus". Here it is just "like this", "like now" or "as it is now", and it modifies only 目が覚める. Here こうして is present because this sentence has a contrast between the current status of being "fully awake as I am now" and the previous status of being "vaguely awake (but not like I am now)".

It must be because I have been drowsily looking around before I became (fully) awake like now.

こうして can also work like a conjunctive meaning "As such", "Thus" or "This way", but it doesn't go well with だろう. This type of こうして is used like so:

  • こうしてお姫様は幸せに暮らしました。
    And the princess lived happily ever after.
  • こうして彼は宇宙飛行士になった。
    So, this is how he became an astronaut.
  • 神は「光あれ」と言った。こうして光が生まれた。
    God said, "Let there be light," and there was light.
  • Unrelated, but is it clear what the thing that "must be because" is? That's why I thought the next sentence should be important. Commented Jan 3, 2023 at 16:13
  • 2
    @user3856370 Yes. "(I kind of knew I was on an IV, so I didn't panic, and) it was probably thanks to the fact that I was already looking around before I fully woke up".
    – naruto
    Commented Jan 3, 2023 at 16:19
  • Ah, thanks. I'd read all the sentences correctly but failed to make the logical connection :( Commented Jan 3, 2023 at 16:24

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