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Is it an abbreviation of 転勤することになる? How is it different from just 転勤する?

Example: 父は京都支店へ転勤になりました

Is it similar to the humbleness of 結婚になりました!?

2 Answers 2

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I assume you already know the basics of how ことになる works.

転勤することになりました normally refers to a future event (relative to the time of the statement). "It was decided that (someone) would be transferred."

転勤になりました can also refer to a future event, in which case the two sentences are interchangeable. But 転勤になりました can be used also to refer to a past event, like "(Someone) was transferred (following someone's decision)". So 先月転勤になりました usually means this person was actually transferred last month, whereas 先月転勤することになりました usually means such a decision was made last month (but the actual transfer may happen much later).

Note that noun + になる works like this only when the noun is inherently related to some decision/judgement (有罪, 合格, 採用, 離婚, etc.). Otherwise, noun + になる may mean something different. For example, 勉強することになりました means "(It was decided that) I am going to study", whereas 勉強になりました normally means "I learnd a lot / It was a good lesson".

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In this case, することになる adds a "ended up/resulted in" to the sentence

It emphasizes on the result of getting a job transfer and makes it a decisive fact

The meaning for 転勤になる and 転勤する is almost the same imo, only difference is that 転勤する is the verb form

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