The sentence:


Is it "Mike is thrilled for winter vacation"?

If I change it to マイクは冬休みわくわくしています, does it become "Mike is thrilled in winter vacation"?

I learned that "で" can mean in, e.g. "I make food in the restaurant", レストラン料理をしています; at, "I'm at school", 私は学校います; or by, "I will go to school by car", 車学校に行く

1 Answer 1


Using or in the sentence won't change the meaning. Both would be understood as Mike is excited because of winter vacation.

Both で and に can mean a reason or cause. The following is from the entry に. All the に used here can be replaced by で without changing the meaning (much).


She blushed for shame.

He danced for [with] joy.

They shivered with cold.

They were suffering from hunger.

We were startled by the alarm.

On the other hand, 彼はがんで死んだ (He died of cancer., で is used for a cause) can't be ×彼はがんに死んだ. So it ultimately depends on the verb whether で/に is used.

BTW 私は学校でいます is not acceptable. It should be 私は学校にいます.

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