I encountered what I think is an inflection of the adjective 若い and I couldn't find a suitable explanation for it.

Here is the inflection in context:


Any clues would be greatly appreciated.

  • This entry weblio entry seems to provide some information 若かりし
    – kiyopi
    Commented Aug 22, 2022 at 13:26

1 Answer 1


若かりき is an archaic form of 若かった.

is an auxiliary verb indicating past tense. So 君若かりき is in the sentence-ending form and means you were young. As explained in the Weblio entry, し is a pre-noun form of き. Thus 若かりし is usually followed by a noun, like 若かりしとき = when (subj) was young.

  • Thank you. In keeping with this discussion, would you agree that the にき at the end of the sentence is the 連用形 に of the auxiliary verb ぬ indicating completion followed by the auxiliary verb き marking the past tense? (thus meaning something similar to てしまった)
    – kiyopi
    Commented Aug 22, 2022 at 14:44
  • @grove Yes that should be correct. kobun.weblio.jp/content/%E3%81%AB%E3%81%8D
    – sundowner
    Commented Aug 22, 2022 at 22:29

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