So in th song advise by ARARE a line that reads the next

天国になどとうに行けないけど この音楽なら聴ける

Is など here used after に for lyrical purposes or does it have another use since it does not make sense to me !

1 Answer 1


など here is used to make light of 天国(に). This など is a less colloquial variation of なんか/なんて.

This とうに is this. So:

  • 天国に行けない
    I cannot go to heaven
  • 天国になど行けない
    I cannot go to (something like) heaven
  • 天国になどとうに行けない
    I've long lost my right/chance to go to heaven
  • Thanks for the answer but I am asking about why など is not used directly after 天国 rather after に ? Aug 5, 2022 at 0:32
  • 1
    @user50156 Words like だけ, なんか and など can go either before or after another particle (e.g., 金でなんか買えない = 金なんかで買えない; 君だけに言う = 君にだけ言う), but when など comes directly after a noun, it may tend to mean "et cetera", so I think 天国になど is better in this context. Words like すら, まで (meaning "even") comes only after the other particle.
    – naruto
    Aug 5, 2022 at 0:38

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