For example, is this correct and commonly understood by Japanese-readers:

"日本語 & 英語"

which should represent "Japanese & English" and denote a bilingual edition of a certain text document?

I understand that the most correct way to connect the two language names is:


where "と" does not precisely mean "and", but rather "with", as stated in this post.

Brief background:

I'm designing the layout for bilingual info-brochures for a university-project and Japanese is among the given languages. On the cover page I want to place the contained languages, as a subtitle of sorts, for example:


日本語 & 英語

As the ampersand makes a good design-element in the latin languages, it would be favourable beeing able to use it for the Japanese versions as well.

So the question is really how well or bad it the ampersand perceived and if it's acceptable to be written / printed in a semi-formal context (i.e. university-conference). Or does it look too non-native / unprofessional?

  • 1
    In sufficiently informal contexts, modern Japanese speakers might do all kinds of things like this. I've even seen English conjunctions like in and with loaned. May 26, 2022 at 1:33

1 Answer 1


The letter "&" is indeed used in the sense of "and" (to join) the two words as you say.

It is not that this symbol is particularly impolite or non-native.

However, if you use it at the "university" you are talking about, it might be considered a bit "impolite" by the professor or teacher.

Rather than being impolite, this symbol is rather informal and is used for messages between friends, not for school documents.

  • Thank you for your answer! I will definitely go with "と" based on your answer. This is going to be read by guests from all around the globe and is not an academic exercise. May 26, 2022 at 6:53
  • 1
    nice! Thank you!
    – Qwj_38
    May 26, 2022 at 13:59

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .