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連邦の対〈レギオン〉戦術は徹底した部隊戦闘──一機の敵に複数名、複数機で相対する集団戦だ。いかに最新鋭の第三世代多脚機甲兵器〈ヴァナルガンド〉といえど、陸戦の支配者たる戦車型とやりあうには最低でも倍は要る。まして劣勢ともなれば、最早勝ち目などあろうはずもない

86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト

I was taught that the verb that takes はずがない should be in dictionary form, as in this link.

https://www.edewakaru.com/archives/19456984.html

Why can はずがない follow volitional form? Is there any difference between volitional form+はずがない and dictionary form+はずがない?

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1 Answer 1

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う can mean simple future.

7 実現の可能性がある意を表す。「足の遅い彼が一着になろうはずがない」→よう

大辞泉

Here it means it is impossible there will be any chance of winning.

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  • Thank you. But doesn’t ある also indicate future? Commented May 25, 2022 at 14:34
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    @chinoalpha Good point. Actually あるはずはない almost equally fits here. I guess it is similar in English (it is impossible there is/will be any chance). With shifting of the tense, it somewhat sounds more hypothetical. That is, the battle may not be real at the moment, but if it started, there will be no chance.
    – sundowner
    Commented May 25, 2022 at 14:47
  • So あろうはずもない means あるであろうはずもない?
    – Jimmy Yang
    Commented May 25, 2022 at 18:16
  • @JimmyYang Yes. In the latter, the second ある(あろ) is more である though.
    – sundowner
    Commented May 25, 2022 at 21:58

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