Below stand two examples of the structure NをNに. I feel confident that I understand the meaning of both sentences, but I am having trouble identifying a verb that I can associate with the Nを. I am familiar with cases where を marks the temporal or/and spatial space through which some transition takes place and that this is probably the case in both examples, but in both I remain confused about the verb that describes the transition.
Am I correct in thinking that the verb associated with the を in 働いているアリを横目に is 動き回る because the work-shy ants are seen 横目に of the grafters? But then, if the sentence is simplified to:
then the terminating いる seems to be the only possibility for the verb. Or perhaps 1b makes no sense(?)
Here I suppose that the を in 15歳の子供たちを対象に marks the abstract space of the 15 year-olds, but what about the associated verb? Is it 行う? Here again, the sentence could surely be simplified to something like:
in which case is the associated verb だ?