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Is there any terms for words that connect in specific ways? For example,
Verb［ます stem］+ っぽい
［い］Adjective［remove the い］+ っぽい
［な］Adjective + っぽい
Noun + っぽい
Is what Bunpro lists for the grammar point ppoi https://www.bunpro.jp/grammar_points/%E3%81%A3%E3%81%BD%E3%81%84
Is there a catch all term for the pattern of words that you can place before ppoi? They all seem to be nouns, but is there like a group of Japanese words that describe this connection pattern?
asked Apr 29, 2022 at 0:22
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Is there a catch all term for the pattern of words that you can place before ppoi?
but is there like a group of Japanese words that describe this connection pattern?
There is no catch-all term, but there are individual terms for each allowable word. In the case of っぽい:
- noun (名詞)
- verb stem or conjunctive form of a verb (動詞詞幹)
- stem of an i-adjective (形容詞語幹)
- stem of a na-adjective (ナ形容詞の語幹 or 形容動詞の語幹)
Grammar references vary in their terminology used to describe components of grammar patterns:
Makino and Tsutsui in A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar on page 337 defines the formation of -っぽい as:
(i) N っぽい
(ii) Adj(i)stem っぽい
(iii) Adj(na)stem っぽい
(iv) V masu っぽい
Group Jamassy in A Handbook of Japanese Grammar Patterns for Teachers and Learners on page 250 defines the formations of っぽい as:
In the explanation associated with っぽい on page 251, they describe the formation of っぽい as:
Used with a noun or verb stem to form i-adjectives to express the meaning "feels that way" or "has the tendency to."
On page viii, they define N and R as:
- N: noun
- R: conjunctive form of a verb
Michiel "Pomax" Kamermans has a thorough list of verb inflections here, complete with grammatical terms in both English and Japanese.
旅する応用言語学 explains verb stems (詞幹) here page (in Japanese) using their own terminology.
answered May 7, 2022 at 6:28
Norman SueNorman Sue
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