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Is there any terms for words that connect in specific ways? For example,

Verb[ます stem]+ っぽい

[い]Adjective[remove the い]+ っぽい

[な]Adjective + っぽい

Noun + っぽい

Is what Bunpro lists for the grammar point ppoi https://www.bunpro.jp/grammar_points/%E3%81%A3%E3%81%BD%E3%81%84

Is there a catch all term for the pattern of words that you can place before ppoi? They all seem to be nouns, but is there like a group of Japanese words that describe this connection pattern?

4
  • 1
    接続 is commonly used in this context
    – Jimmy Yang
    Apr 29 at 0:34
  • 1
    Are you asking for a term denoting 'connection patterns' or a term for the connection pattern where the preceding word is noun-like?
    – sundowner
    Apr 29 at 6:15
  • A list of terms denoting connection patterns if they exist.
    – Catdog
    Apr 30 at 0:44
  • Maybe this is better for Linguistics? May 11 at 20:00

1 Answer 1

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Is there a catch all term for the pattern of words that you can place before ppoi?

but is there like a group of Japanese words that describe this connection pattern?

There is no catch-all term, but there are individual terms for each allowable word. In the case of っぽい:

  1. noun (名詞)
  2. verb stem or conjunctive form of a verb (動詞詞幹)
  3. stem of an i-adjective (形容詞語幹)
  4. stem of a na-adjective (ナ形容詞の語幹 or 形容動詞の語幹)

Grammar references vary in their terminology used to describe components of grammar patterns:

  1. Makino and Tsutsui in A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar on page 337 defines the formation of -っぽい as:

    (i) N っぽい

    (ii) Adj(i)stem っぽい

    (iii) Adj(na)stem っぽい

    (iv) V masu っぽい

  2. Group Jamassy in A Handbook of Japanese Grammar Patterns for Teachers and Learners on page 250 defines the formations of っぽい as:

    • [Nっぽい]
    • [Rっぽい]

    In the explanation associated with っぽい on page 251, they describe the formation of っぽい as:

    Used with a noun or verb stem to form i-adjectives to express the meaning "feels that way" or "has the tendency to."

    On page viii, they define N and R as:

    • N: noun
    • R: conjunctive form of a verb
  3. Michiel "Pomax" Kamermans has a thorough list of verb inflections here, complete with grammatical terms in both English and Japanese.

  4. 旅する応用言語学 explains verb stems (詞幹) here page (in Japanese) using their own terminology.

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