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This paper discusses how どうも is used. On page 216, the following sentence shows up.

「どうも」は、これらの文表現において、一話部をになっている。

文表現 here refers to the expressions, "Thank You" "Sorry" "Excuse Me" "thank you for coming" "sorry to take your time" "Hello" and "Goodbye". I am having a hard time figuring out what 一話部 means. I'm guessing it means "part of a sentence", but am not sure.

Does 一話部をになっている mean that the word どうも is a part of those sentences in Japanese? Or simply that it carries the meaning of some of those expressions?

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  • Is をに intentional?
    – Jimmy Yang
    Mar 25 at 2:31
  • 2
    @JimmyYang the verb is 担う not なる
    – Shurim
    Mar 25 at 2:57

1 Answer 1

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I think it's "one; certain" followed by 話部 "speech (fragment); a part of spoken sentence; phrase". 話部 is a rare word, but I don't think there is a meaning more profound than what the kanji suggest. This 一話部をになっている should mean どうも functions as a part of a longer sentence (rather than functioning as a single-word sentence like "Hello!" or "Thanks!").

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