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So, often I see こと being used at the end of sentences like

「私の最後の希望はあなたと共に死ねることなのに」

「それは僕の生命を吸い取るために 僕の全身を凍らせていないことだ」

Is this like how in English you normally would say "My aim is ーーー" and you would use a verb in gerund form like "living there" (although to live there would be ok too)? So because 希望 is a noun what 希望 is should be a noun too, therefore 「死ねること」is like "My hope is dying with you", right?

Should the second phrase be understood as:

それは•••全身を凍らせていないことだ
That is... not freezing my whole body

Would this phrases make sense without こと?

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    Show us the context/sentence right before それは~
    – chocolate
    Mar 6, 2022 at 1:19
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    @Chocolate The previous sentence is「ディオ 勝ったと思うな  お前はミスを犯しているんだ。」 Mar 6, 2022 at 2:46

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Your understanding is basically correct, this こと is a nominalizer, something that turns a verb into a noun. You need a noun before だ, なのに, etc.

But note that 死ねる is the potential form of 死ぬ. Thus 死ぬこと is "dying" but 死ねること is "being able to die". Likewise, 凍らせていない is negative -teiru form. 凍らせないこと is "not freezing" but 凍らせていないこと is "having not frozen".

私の最後の希望はあなたと共に死ねることなのに
My last hope is being able to die with you, but...

それは僕の生命を吸い取るために 僕の全身を凍らせていないことだ
It is that [something/someone] has not frozen my whole body in order to absorb my life.

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    Is it essential to nominalize the predicate if the subject is a noun if I want to say "the (subject) is ~~~" and not "(subject) does ~~~"? Something like "My plan is to eat", "your mistake is not eating". 「私の計画は食べることだ」「あなたのミスは食べないことだ」. As I write this it's becoming more clear that it indeed makes more sense this way. Mar 6, 2022 at 3:03
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    @RubenOliveira Yes, こと is used that way, and it's mandatory. 私の計画は食べる would mean "My plan eats."
    – naruto
    Mar 6, 2022 at 3:46
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    What about this sentence: 「この穴は いずれは私の体も吸い込んでしまうことだろう」? I think without こと it would probably mean the same thing, but why is it there? Mar 7, 2022 at 1:02

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