2

君は学生にすぎない

In Bunpro, this is translated to "You are nothing more than a student."

Can anyone explain why there must be a に after 学生?

3
  • 3
    に過ぎない is a set phrase.
    – Eddie Kal
    Dec 6, 2021 at 6:43
  • If its a set phrase, then should I just forget grammar rules and memorize it?
    – Catdog
    Dec 6, 2021 at 8:23
  • 2
    There is also 「○○に過ぎる」 "to exceed something/to be better than something". As to the question why に, you are comparing something against a target or standard.
    – Eddie Kal
    Dec 6, 2021 at 8:27

1 Answer 1

2

The particle に has many roles, and it can mark a subject of comparison. It's explained as the 11th definition of に in デジタル大辞泉:

11 比較・割合の基準や、比較の対象を表す。「君―似ている」「一日―三回服用する」

Examples:

  • AはBに勝る
    A is superior to him
  • AはBに劣る
    B is inferior to him
  • AはBに似ている
    A resembles B
  • AはBに足りる
    A is enough for B
  • 身に余る
    more than one deserves (set phrase)

That being said, ~に過ぎない is a fixed set phrase you have to memorize. It's always used in this form including the negation. 学生に過ぎる will never mean "You're more than a student".

Although highly bookish, there is also a pattern ~に過ぎる (e.g., 慎重に過ぎる "to be too cautious", 身に過ぎる "more than one deserves"). See: 「慎重すぎる」 and 「慎重に過ぎる」 - is there a difference?

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.